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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2020

45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; or cleaning, grading, sorting, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities. Excludes "Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation" (37-3012), "Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products" (45-2041), and "Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers" (45-4011 through 45-4029).


National estimates for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse
Industry profile for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse
Geographic profile for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse

National estimates for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
293,910 1.8 % $ 14.49 $ 30,140 0.5 %

Percentile wage estimates for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 12.15 $ 13.02 $ 13.78 $ 15.05 $ 18.27
Annual Wage (2) $ 25,270 $ 27,070 $ 28,660 $ 31,310 $ 37,990


Industry profile for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Support Activities for Crop Production 234,800 67.01 $ 14.36 $ 29,870
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 14,400 2.69 $ 14.27 $ 29,670
Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores 11,560 7.00 $ 14.46 $ 30,070
Beverage Manufacturing 5,800 2.22 $ 16.51 $ 34,330
Services to Buildings and Dwellings 2,680 0.13 $ 14.16 $ 29,460

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Support Activities for Crop Production 234,800 67.01 $ 14.36 $ 29,870
Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores 11,560 7.00 $ 14.46 $ 30,070
Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods (4241, 4247, and 4249 only) 14,400 2.69 $ 14.27 $ 29,670
Beverage Manufacturing 5,800 2.22 $ 16.51 $ 34,330
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant Wholesalers 1,010 1.47 $ 17.80 $ 37,010

Top paying industries for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Elementary and Secondary Schools 110 (7) $ 23.41 $ 48,690
Grantmaking and Giving Services (8) (8) $ 22.05 $ 45,860
Chemical Manufacturing (3251, 3252, 3253, and 3259 only) 170 0.05 $ 20.04 $ 41,680
Water, Sewage and Other Systems 60 0.11 $ 19.91 $ 41,410
Restaurants and Other Eating Places (8) (8) $ 19.75 $ 41,070


Geographic profile for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 200,130 12.18 5.76 $ 14.60 $ 30,370
Washington 14,850 4.65 2.20 $ 15.73 $ 32,710
Arizona 10,090 3.56 1.68 $ 14.17 $ 29,480
Florida 9,140 1.08 0.51 $ 11.83 $ 24,600
Oregon 7,480 4.14 1.96 $ 14.27 $ 29,670




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 200,130 12.18 5.76 $ 14.60 $ 30,370
Washington 14,850 4.65 2.20 $ 15.73 $ 32,710
Oregon 7,480 4.14 1.96 $ 14.27 $ 29,670
Arizona 10,090 3.56 1.68 $ 14.17 $ 29,480
Idaho 2,450 3.41 1.62 $ 12.82 $ 26,670




Top paying states for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 50 0.07 0.03 $ 21.37 $ 44,450
Hawaii 960 1.67 0.79 $ 18.21 $ 37,880
Vermont 240 0.84 0.40 $ 17.87 $ 37,170
Wyoming 40 0.16 0.08 $ 17.78 $ 36,990
Minnesota 880 0.33 0.15 $ 16.98 $ 35,320





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Bakersfield, CA 37,610 123.15 58.29 $ 13.80 $ 28,700
Salinas, CA 32,940 192.11 90.92 $ 15.63 $ 32,510
Fresno, CA 24,250 64.45 30.50 $ 13.86 $ 28,840
Visalia-Porterville, CA 21,120 142.14 67.27 $ 14.38 $ 29,920
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA 9,510 52.10 24.66 $ 14.31 $ 29,770
Stockton-Lodi, CA 8,460 34.12 16.15 $ 14.59 $ 30,350
Madera, CA 6,880 149.80 70.90 $ 13.81 $ 28,710
Modesto, CA 6,480 36.11 17.09 $ 14.42 $ 29,990
Yuma, AZ 6,370 105.01 49.70 $ 13.68 $ 28,450
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 6,370 4.27 2.02 $ 14.43 $ 30,020




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Salinas, CA 32,940 192.11 90.92 $ 15.63 $ 32,510
Madera, CA 6,880 149.80 70.90 $ 13.81 $ 28,710
Visalia-Porterville, CA 21,120 142.14 67.27 $ 14.38 $ 29,920
Bakersfield, CA 37,610 123.15 58.29 $ 13.80 $ 28,700
Yuma, AZ 6,370 105.01 49.70 $ 13.68 $ 28,450
El Centro, CA 5,020 87.50 41.41 $ 14.49 $ 30,140
Merced, CA 4,710 65.96 31.22 $ 14.96 $ 31,120
Fresno, CA 24,250 64.45 30.50 $ 13.86 $ 28,840
Wenatchee, WA 2,720 60.37 28.57 $ 15.15 $ 31,510
Hanford-Corcoran, CA 2,520 58.92 27.88 $ 14.34 $ 29,830




Top paying metropolitan areas for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Champaign-Urbana, IL 30 0.33 0.16 $ 19.43 $ 40,420
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 1,750 0.75 0.35 $ 19.31 $ 40,170
Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI 60 0.91 0.43 $ 19.30 $ 40,150
Urban Honolulu, HI 240 0.59 0.28 $ 18.96 $ 39,430
Greeley, CO 150 1.40 0.66 $ 18.91 $ 39,330
Madison, WI 100 0.26 0.12 $ 18.39 $ 38,250
Boulder, CO 140 0.80 0.38 $ 18.32 $ 38,110
Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA (8) (8) (8) $ 18.27 $ 37,990
Napa, CA 2,570 37.18 17.59 $ 18.19 $ 37,840
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 50 0.28 0.13 $ 18.12 $ 37,680

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Washington nonmetropolitan area 2,520 27.24 12.89 $ 16.90 $ 35,160
North Valley-Northern Mountains Region of California nonmetropolitan area 2,470 25.41 12.02 $ 14.25 $ 29,630
Eastern Oregon nonmetropolitan area 1,490 21.72 10.28 $ 13.52 $ 28,110
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 1,380 14.04 6.65 $ 16.04 $ 33,360
South Florida nonmetropolitan area 830 11.35 5.37 $ 11.19 $ 23,260

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Washington nonmetropolitan area 2,520 27.24 12.89 $ 16.90 $ 35,160
North Valley-Northern Mountains Region of California nonmetropolitan area 2,470 25.41 12.02 $ 14.25 $ 29,630
Eastern Oregon nonmetropolitan area 1,490 21.72 10.28 $ 13.52 $ 28,110
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 1,380 14.04 6.65 $ 16.04 $ 33,360
South Florida nonmetropolitan area 830 11.35 5.37 $ 11.19 $ 23,260

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East Central Illinois nonmetropolitan area 100 0.87 0.41 $ 21.48 $ 44,680
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 100 0.86 0.41 $ 20.88 $ 43,430
Western Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 20.35 $ 42,330
Connecticut nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 20.33 $ 42,280
Coastal Plains Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 19.86 $ 41,310


About May 2020 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2020 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2021