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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2020

51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend food or tobacco roasting, baking, or drying equipment, including hearth ovens, kiln driers, roasters, char kilns, and vacuum drying equipment.


National estimates for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders
Industry profile for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders
Geographic profile for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

National estimates for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
19,010 4.4 % $ 17.01 $ 35,370 1.6 %

Percentile wage estimates for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 10.83 $ 13.01 $ 15.62 $ 19.91 $ 25.45
Annual Wage (2) $ 22,530 $ 27,060 $ 32,480 $ 41,410 $ 52,940


Industry profile for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Food Manufacturing 3,670 1.61 $ 16.92 $ 35,190
Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Manufacturing 2,760 1.68 $ 15.90 $ 33,070
Animal Slaughtering and Processing 2,230 0.42 $ 15.61 $ 32,470
Bakeries and Tortilla Manufacturing 2,170 0.74 $ 16.73 $ 34,790
Food and Beverage Stores (4451 and 4452 only) 1,490 0.05 $ 12.13 $ 25,240

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Tobacco Manufacturing 730 7.40 $ 25.12 $ 52,240
Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Manufacturing 2,760 1.68 $ 15.90 $ 33,070
Other Food Manufacturing 3,670 1.61 $ 16.92 $ 35,190
Grain and Oilseed Milling 740 1.20 $ 21.96 $ 45,680
Sugar and Confectionery Product Manufacturing 680 0.94 $ 17.27 $ 35,910

Top paying industries for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Tobacco Manufacturing 730 7.40 $ 25.12 $ 52,240
Grain and Oilseed Milling 740 1.20 $ 21.96 $ 45,680
Dairy Product Manufacturing 780 0.52 $ 19.67 $ 40,920
Restaurants and Other Eating Places 1,200 0.01 $ 19.60 $ 40,770
Animal Food Manufacturing 420 0.65 $ 18.25 $ 37,970


Geographic profile for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 2,360 0.19 1.43 $ 12.42 $ 25,830
California 1,510 0.09 0.67 $ 17.60 $ 36,610
New Jersey 1,130 0.30 2.18 $ 18.24 $ 37,940
Illinois 1,000 0.18 1.30 $ 16.70 $ 34,740
North Carolina 820 0.19 1.39 $ 22.86 $ 47,560




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Vermont 230 0.80 5.86 $ 17.62 $ 36,650
Oregon 800 0.44 3.25 $ 18.07 $ 37,590
South Dakota 140 0.35 2.57 $ 17.09 $ 35,540
New Hampshire 210 0.34 2.47 $ 17.44 $ 36,270
Idaho 240 0.33 2.43 $ 16.69 $ 34,710




Top paying states for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Carolina 820 0.19 1.39 $ 22.86 $ 47,560
Iowa 270 0.19 1.37 $ 22.45 $ 46,690
Oklahoma 480 0.30 2.22 $ 20.70 $ 43,070
Kentucky 140 0.08 0.56 $ 20.00 $ 41,600
Montana 90 0.21 1.51 $ 19.74 $ 41,050





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 1,140 0.13 0.94 $ 18.61 $ 38,710
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 890 0.20 1.49 $ 16.78 $ 34,900
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 460 0.08 0.58 $ 16.97 $ 35,310
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 440 0.38 2.79 $ 18.49 $ 38,450
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 320 0.12 0.87 $ 15.86 $ 32,980
St. Louis, MO-IL 300 0.23 1.69 $ 15.20 $ 31,620
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 270 0.09 0.67 $ 12.08 $ 25,140
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 210 0.14 1.04 $ 16.96 $ 35,280
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 200 0.08 0.56 $ 17.61 $ 36,620
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 170 0.08 0.59 $ 19.94 $ 41,470




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Grand Forks, ND-MN 60 1.28 9.37 $ 15.78 $ 32,810
Logan, UT-ID 70 1.17 8.59 (8) (8)
Burlington-South Burlington, VT 130 1.15 8.45 (8) (8)
Twin Falls, ID 50 1.04 7.62 $ 18.98 $ 39,480
Green Bay, WI 120 0.75 5.51 $ 10.64 $ 22,120
Cedar Rapids, IA 100 0.74 5.44 $ 30.76 $ 63,970
Salem, OR 120 0.74 5.43 $ 16.07 $ 33,430
Chico, CA 50 0.72 5.26 $ 18.69 $ 38,870
Merced, CA 50 0.68 4.97 $ 18.79 $ 39,090
Lebanon, PA 30 0.67 4.94 $ 14.71 $ 30,600




Top paying metropolitan areas for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Cedar Rapids, IA 100 0.74 5.44 $ 30.76 $ 63,970
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 40 0.02 0.16 $ 26.76 $ 55,670
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (8) (8) (8) $ 21.39 $ 44,480
York-Hanover, PA 40 0.22 1.58 $ 21.18 $ 44,050
Lancaster, PA 110 0.48 3.48 $ 21.03 $ 43,740
Lynchburg, VA (8) (8) (8) $ 20.83 $ 43,330
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 170 0.08 0.59 $ 19.94 $ 41,470
St. Cloud, MN 50 0.55 4.00 $ 19.47 $ 40,490
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 80 0.03 0.23 $ 19.24 $ 40,020
Twin Falls, ID 50 1.04 7.62 $ 18.98 $ 39,480

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 240 2.23 16.32 $ 14.98 $ 31,170
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 190 0.51 3.72 $ 16.34 $ 33,990
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 120 0.78 5.70 $ 20.42 $ 42,470
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 90 0.50 3.69 $ 18.51 $ 38,490
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 80 0.66 4.84 $ 18.24 $ 37,940

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 240 2.23 16.32 $ 14.98 $ 31,170
Northern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 50 0.84 6.14 $ 17.22 $ 35,810
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 120 0.78 5.70 $ 20.42 $ 42,470
Southwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 80 0.66 4.84 $ 18.24 $ 37,940
Nevada nonmetropolitan area 50 0.59 4.34 $ 16.11 $ 33,510

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 40 0.33 2.44 $ 21.50 $ 44,730
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 120 0.78 5.70 $ 20.42 $ 42,470
Eastern Oregon nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 20.32 $ 42,260
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 50 0.25 1.80 $ 19.88 $ 41,350
Northwest Minnesota nonmetropolitan area 50 0.30 2.16 $ 19.24 $ 40,030


About May 2020 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2020 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2020 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2021