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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters

Help plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying, or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Construction laborers who do not primarily assist plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers are classified under “Construction Laborers” (47-2061). Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).


National estimates for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
Industry profile for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
Geographic profile for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters

National estimates for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
45,930 3.2 % $ 17.47 $ 36,350 1.1 %

Percentile wage estimates for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 13.18 $ 14.07 $ 17.18 $ 18.47 $ 22.90
Annual Wage (2) $ 27,410 $ 29,260 $ 35,720 $ 38,420 $ 47,630


Industry profile for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Building Equipment Contractors 39,480 1.76 $ 17.29 $ 35,950
Utility System Construction 1,910 0.35 $ 19.12 $ 39,770
Nonresidential Building Construction 1,080 0.14 $ 20.88 $ 43,420
Residential Building Construction 430 0.05 $ 17.79 $ 37,010
Other Specialty Trade Contractors 420 0.06 $ 17.36 $ 36,120

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Building Equipment Contractors 39,480 1.76 $ 17.29 $ 35,950
Utility System Construction 1,910 0.35 $ 19.12 $ 39,770
Water, Sewage and Other Systems 90 0.17 $ 14.89 $ 30,960
Ship and Boat Building 210 0.15 $ 15.08 $ 31,370
Nonresidential Building Construction 1,080 0.14 $ 20.88 $ 43,420

Top paying industries for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 370 0.01 $ 23.73 $ 49,350
Nonresidential Building Construction 1,080 0.14 $ 20.88 $ 43,420
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 30 (7) $ 19.28 $ 40,100
Utility System Construction 1,910 0.35 $ 19.12 $ 39,770
Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing (3323 and 3324 only) 50 0.01 $ 17.83 $ 37,080


Geographic profile for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 7,420 0.61 1.86 $ 16.89 $ 35,130
Florida 5,500 0.64 1.96 $ 15.76 $ 32,780
California 3,100 0.19 0.58 $ 21.35 $ 44,410
New York 2,720 0.31 0.96 $ 19.58 $ 40,720
North Carolina 2,590 0.59 1.80 $ 15.85 $ 32,960


Map of location quotient of helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Louisiana 2,280 1.27 3.89 $ 16.31 $ 33,910
Oklahoma 1,310 0.84 2.58 $ 16.54 $ 34,410
Delaware 320 0.74 2.26 $ 16.81 $ 34,960
Florida 5,500 0.64 1.96 $ 15.76 $ 32,780
Texas 7,420 0.61 1.86 $ 16.89 $ 35,130


Map of annual mean wages of helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Utah 630 0.41 1.25 $ 21.45 $ 44,620
California 3,100 0.19 0.58 $ 21.35 $ 44,410
District of Columbia (8) (8) (8) $ 20.69 $ 43,020
Massachusetts 1,120 0.33 1.01 $ 20.68 $ 43,010
Hawaii 80 0.15 0.46 $ 20.45 $ 42,540



Map of employment of helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 3,020 0.35 1.07 $ 19.14 $ 39,810
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 1,880 0.65 1.99 $ 18.18 $ 37,820
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 1,850 0.51 1.58 $ 17.01 $ 35,390
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 1,140 0.39 1.20 $ 19.51 $ 40,570
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL 960 0.39 1.21 $ 17.00 $ 35,350
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 950 0.17 0.51 $ 20.96 $ 43,610
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 920 0.36 1.09 $ 20.97 $ 43,620
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 910 0.34 1.05 $ 19.83 $ 41,240
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 880 0.72 2.22 $ 16.64 $ 34,610
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 870 0.74 2.28 $ 15.85 $ 32,970


Map of location quotient of helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Lake Charles, LA 220 2.44 7.47 $ 16.17 $ 33,630
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 470 1.75 5.36 $ 15.12 $ 31,450
Baton Rouge, LA 580 1.57 4.82 $ 17.37 $ 36,140
Sumter, SC 60 1.56 4.77 $ 16.19 $ 33,670
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 200 1.35 4.13 $ 19.12 $ 39,760
New Orleans-Metairie, LA 680 1.34 4.13 $ 17.17 $ 35,710
Panama City, FL 100 1.21 3.73 $ 15.86 $ 32,990
Decatur, AL 60 1.16 3.57 $ 16.08 $ 33,440
Rapid City, SD 80 1.15 3.52 $ 14.81 $ 30,810
Houma-Thibodaux, LA 90 1.14 3.50 $ 14.47 $ 30,100


Map of annual mean wages of helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters by area, May 2021


Top paying metropolitan areas for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA 60 0.43 1.31 $ 25.10 $ 52,210
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 340 0.15 0.47 $ 24.14 $ 50,200
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 230 0.21 0.65 $ 24.00 $ 49,910
Salt Lake City, UT 340 0.46 1.40 $ 22.42 $ 46,640
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 70 0.24 0.73 $ 22.38 $ 46,540
Santa Rosa, CA 40 0.22 0.68 $ 22.20 $ 46,180
Erie, PA 60 0.50 1.54 $ 21.76 $ 45,250
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 310 0.20 0.63 $ 21.67 $ 45,070
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 160 0.59 1.80 $ 21.45 $ 44,610
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO (8) (8) (8) $ 21.04 $ 43,770

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Hill Country Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 180 0.97 2.96 $ 16.24 $ 33,790
Southeast Coastal North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 140 0.56 1.73 $ 15.41 $ 32,050
Piedmont North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 130 0.55 1.69 $ 13.15 $ 27,350
Southeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 130 0.82 2.50 $ 13.79 $ 28,670
Northwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 130 1.38 4.22 $ 13.94 $ 28,990

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 130 1.38 4.22 $ 13.94 $ 28,990
Southwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 70 1.18 3.61 $ 14.95 $ 31,100
Southwest Louisiana nonmetropolitan area 70 1.06 3.24 $ 15.42 $ 32,080
Hill Country Region of Texas nonmetropolitan area 180 0.97 2.96 $ 16.24 $ 33,790
Southeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 130 0.82 2.50 $ 13.79 $ 28,670

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area 40 0.25 0.75 $ 19.05 $ 39,620
Northeast Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 30 0.33 1.02 $ 18.48 $ 38,450
Northwest Virginia nonmetropolitan area 40 0.61 1.88 $ 17.67 $ 36,750
West Northwestern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 60 0.27 0.83 $ 17.59 $ 36,590
Coast Oregon nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $ 17.42 $ 36,230


About May 2021 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022