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Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers transport goods from one location to another. Most tractor-trailer drivers are long-haul drivers and operate trucks with a total weight exceeding 26,000 pounds for the vehicle, passengers, and cargo. These drivers deliver goods over intercity routes that sometimes span several states.
As of May 2020, there were 1,797,710 people employed in this occupation. The average hourly wage was $23.42, and the average annual wage was $48,710.
In private industry for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers, there were 43,500 nonfatal injury and illness cases involving days away from work in 2020. The incidence rate per 10,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers was 259.7.
|Case characteristic||Number of cases|
Nature of injury or illness
Sprains, strains, tears
All other natures
Part of body affected
Multiple body parts
Source of injury or illness
Worker motion or position
Parts and materials
Floors, walkways, ground surfaces
Event or exposure leading to injury or illness
Fall to lower level
Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles
Fall on same level
Struck by object or equipment
Overexertion in lifting or lowering
 Data shown correspond to Nature, Part, Source, and Event codes based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
Fatal work injuries totaled 766 for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers during 2020, compared to 843 during 2019.
|Event or exposure||2016||2017||2018||2019||2020|
Total fatal injuries (number)
Violence and other injuries by persons or animals
Fires and explosions
Falls, slips, trips
Exposure to harmful substances or environments
Contact with objects and equipment
 CFOI data by event are only provided if there are fatal case counts in three or more of the six event categories.
 Data shown correspond to Event codes based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Note: Dashes indicate data do not meet BLS publication guidelines.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries
Wage and employment estimates come from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) program. Injury and illness information come from the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) and Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). For more information on SOII program concepts, see the definitions page and the SOII Handbook of Methods. For more information on CFOI program concepts, see the definitions page and the CFOI Handbook of Methods.
Last Modified Date: February 11, 2022