Hand laborers and freight, stock, and material movers move materials to and from storage and production areas, loading docks, delivery trucks, ships, and containers. Their specific duties may vary and could include performing other general labor.
As of May 2019, there were 2,953,170 people employed in this occupation. The average hourly wage was $15.45 and the average annual wage was $32,130.
In private industry for this occupation, there were 64,160 nonfatal injury and illness cases requiring days away from work during 2019. The incidence rate per 10,000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers was 275.5.
|Case characteristic||Number of cases|
Nature of injury or illness
Sprains, strains, tears
All other natures
Part of body affected
Source of injury or illness
Worker motion or position
Floors, walkways, ground surfaces
Parts and materials
Event or exposure leading to injury or illness
Struck by object or equipment
Overexertion in lifting or lowering
Fall on same level
Caught in or compressed by object or equipment
Struck against object or equipment
 Data shown correspond to Nature, Part, Source, and Event codes based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
Fatal work injuries totaled 102 for hand laborers and freight, stock, and material movers during 2019, compared to 113 during 2018.
|Event or exposure||2015||2016||2017||2018||2019|
Total fatal injuries (number)
Violence and other injuries by persons or animals
Fires and explosions
Falls, slips, trips
Exposure to harmful substances or environments
Contact with objects and equipment
 CFOI data by event are only provided if there are fatal case counts in three or more of the six event categories. For more information visit: https://www.bls.gov/iif/overview/cfoi.htm.
 Data shown correspond to Event codes based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Note: Dashes indicate data do not meet BLS publication guidelines.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries
Wage and employment estimates come from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program. Injury and illness information come from the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) and Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). For more information on SOII and CFOI program concepts and definitions see the SOII Handbook of Methods and the CFOI Handbook of Methods.
Last Modified Date: February 3, 2021