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Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey
JOLTS JLT Program Links

JOLTS 2021 Benchmark Article

Incorporation of March 2021 Benchmarks into Estimates for the BLS Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

Authored by Jonathan Krause

Jonathan Krause is an economist in the Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released its annual revisions to the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) estimates on March 9, 2022. This release includes revisions to national and regional estimates of job openings, hires, and separations for a 5-year period. The revised estimates incorporate benchmarks based on Current Employment Statistics (CES) benchmarked employment estimates and revised seasonal adjustment factors, as well as special adjustments for 2020 to incorporate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and temporary hiring for the decennial census.

Overview of the revisions

  • For job openings, the March 2021 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 8,480,000. This is a revision of 192,000, or 2.3 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for job openings is 8,286,000. This is a revision of -80,000, or -1.0 percent.
  • For hires, the March 2021 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 6,208,000. This is a revision of 202,000, or 3.3 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for hires is 5,632,000. This is a revision of 15,000, or 0.3 percent.
  • For total separations, the March 2021 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 5,540,000. This is a revision of 104,000, or 1.9 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for separations is 4,855,000. This is a revision of 110,000, or 2.3 percent.
  • For quits, the March 2021 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 3,695,000. This is a revision of 127,000, or 3.4 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for quits is 3,325,000. This is a revision of 29,000, or 0.9 percent.
  • For layoffs and discharges, the March 2021 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 1,512,000. This is a revision of -13,000, or -0.9 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for layoffs and discharges is 1,218,000. This is a revision of 86,000, or 7.1 percent.
  • For other separations, the March 2021 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 333,000. This is a revision of -10,000, or -3.0 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for other separations is 311,000. This is a revision of -6,000, or -1.9 percent.
Table 1:  Percent and level differences (in thousands) between March 2021 benchmarks and estimates by data element for total nonfarm
Data elementSeasonally adjustedNot seasonally adjusted
As revisedAs previously published Level differencePercent differenceAs revisedAs previously published Level differencePercent difference

Job openings

8,4808,288+192+2.38,2868,366-80-1.0

Hires

6,2086,006+202+3.35,6325,617+15+0.3

Total separations

5,5405,436+104+1.94,8554,745+110+2.3

Quits

3,6953,568+127+3.43,3253,296+29+0.9

Layoffs and discharges

1,5121,525-13-0.91,2181,132+86+7.1

Other separations

333343-10-3.0311317-6-1.9

Benchmarking & Associated Annual Processing Overview

Benchmarking process

The JOLTS estimates are revised each year to reflect annual updates to the CES employment estimates. Once the CES benchmarked employment estimates are available, the JOLTS employment levels (not published) are ratio-adjusted to the CES employment levels. The resulting ratios are applied to all JOLTS data elements. This annual benchmark process results in revisions to both the not seasonally adjusted and seasonally adjusted estimates for the period since the last benchmark was established.

Associated Annual Processing Adjustments

Seasonal adjustment

Each year, seasonally adjusted estimates are recalculated for the most recent 5 years for each of the JOLTS data elements in order to reflect annual updates to the seasonal adjustment factors. The JOLTS alignment process aligns the JOLTS seasonally adjusted estimates to the CES seasonally adjusted trend. After these estimates are aligned, the process removes the seasonal factors to obtain the not seasonally adjusted series. The seasonal adjustment process is repeated using the aligned not-seasonally-adjusted estimates. Because of this process, the series that are not seasonally adjusted are also recalculated for the most recent 5 years. More information on the JOLTS alignment procedure can be found in the JOLTS Handbook of Methods.

Seasonal adjustment changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic

Selecting outliers, or any data points that fall outside of the normal monthly values, is a standard part of seasonally adjusting any time series. Until the 2021 benchmark, BLS included only point outliers (also known as additive outliers, or AO) in its annual seasonal adjustment processing. Point outliers only affect the month in which they occur and do not have a persistent influence over subsequent months. Using AOs allowed for more control over outliers from the end of the input series in the most recent year of data. However, research into the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on seasonal patterns has resulted in improvements to how BLS will treat outliers in JOLTS seasonal adjustment from January 2022 forward.

With the 2021 benchmark, BLS will allow other types of outliers, known as temporary change (TC) and level shift (LS) outliers, to be included in seasonal adjustment of series to better account for seasonal patterns without removing the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic. Temporary change outliers show a shock to one month of data followed by an effect on subsequent months that diminishes over time. Level shift outliers show a shock that interrupts a normal seasonal pattern that is then continued at the new post-shock level. Any shock at the end of a time series must be an AO because TC and LS outliers can only be identified after enough time has passed to recognize either a diminishing effect (for a TC) or a continuation of seasonal pattern at a new level (for an LS).

A seasonal adjustment run selecting only AOs is run initially. The other two outlier types, in addition to the AO outliers, are automatically chosen by X13-ARIMA-SEATS and used in a second seasonal adjustment run. Both the AO-only and additional outlier runs are manually reviewed by JOLTS analysts for each basic level series, and the seasonally adjusted series with the best fit is chosen.

For technical information on how seasonal adjustment is performed in the JOLTS program, see the Seasonal Adjustment section of the JOLTS Handbook of Methods.

Additional information

See the JOLTS 2020 Benchmark Article for information on additional processes implemented to incorporate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the decennial census.

Availability of revised estimates

The BLS public database contains all historical JOLTS estimates that have been revised as a result of the benchmark process. The estimates can be accessed on the JOLTS database page.

Tables

Table 2a. Revisions in job openings data January 2021 - December 2021, seasonally adjusted
2021Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

7,2327,099+1334.84.7+0.1

February

7,8607,526+3345.25.0+0.2

March

8,4808,288+1925.55.4+0.1

April

9,2659,193+726.06.0+0.0

May

9,6399,483+1566.26.1+0.1

June

9,85210,185-3336.36.5-0.2

July

10,78311,098-3156.97.0-0.1

August

10,62910,629+06.76.7+0.0

September

10,67310,602+716.86.7+0.1

October

11,09411,091+37.07.0+0.0

November

10,92210,775+1476.86.8+0.0

December

11,44810,925+5237.16.8+0.3
Table 2b. Revisions in hires data January 2021 - December 2021, seasonally adjusted
2021Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

5,7195,465+2544.03.8+0.2

February

6,0285,794+2344.24.0+0.2

March

6,2086,006+2024.34.2+0.1

April

6,1216,012+1094.24.2+0.0

May

6,0926,022+704.24.2+0.0

June

6,4146,827-4134.44.7-0.3

July

6,5566,761-2054.54.6-0.1

August

6,3626,497-1354.34.4-0.1

September

6,5046,546-424.44.4+0.0

October

6,4606,506-464.44.4+0.0

November

6,7056,596+1094.54.4+0.1

December

6,4506,263+1874.34.2+0.1
Table 2c. Revisions in total separations data January 2021 - December 2021, seasonally adjusted
2021Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

5,1725,323-1513.63.7-0.1

February

5,4005,429-293.83.8+0.0

March

5,5405,436+1043.83.8+0.0

April

5,7535,803-504.04.0+0.0

May

5,5135,330+1833.83.7+0.1

June

5,7935,612+1814.03.8+0.2

July

5,8745,792+824.03.9+0.1

August

5,9136,032-1194.04.1-0.1

September

6,0086,147-1394.14.2-0.1

October

5,8525,891-394.04.0+0.0

November

6,1976,205-84.24.2+0.0

December

6,0425,900+1424.14.0+0.1
Table 2d. Revisions in quits data January 2021 - December 2021, seasonally adjusted
2021Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

3,3113,306+52.32.3+0.0

February

3,4393,383+562.42.4+0.0

March

3,6953,568+1272.62.5+0.1

April

4,0153,992+232.82.8+0.0

May

3,8383,630+2082.62.5+0.1

June

4,0353,870+1652.82.7+0.1

July

4,0884,028+602.82.7+0.1

August

4,1264,270-1442.82.9-0.1

September

4,2534,362-1092.93.0-0.1

October

4,1324,157-252.82.8+0.0

November

4,5104,499+113.03.0+0.0

December

4,4034,338+653.02.9+0.1
Table 2e. Revisions in layoffs and discharges data January 2021 - December 2021, seasonally adjusted
2021Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

1,5821,724-1421.11.2-0.1

February

1,6411,723-821.11.2-0.1

March

1,5121,525-131.01.1-0.1

April

1,3841,450-661.01.0+0.0

May

1,3431,353-100.90.9+0.0

June

1,3611,354+70.90.9+0.0

July

1,4401,423+171.01.0+0.0

August

1,4041,385+191.00.9+0.1

September

1,4051,396+91.00.9+0.1

October

1,3421,350-80.90.9+0.0

November

1,2951,309-140.90.9+0.0

December

1,2621,169+930.80.8+0.0
Table 2f. Revisions in other separations data January 2021 - December 2021, seasonally adjusted
2021Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

278294-160.20.2+0.0

February

319323-40.20.2+0.0

March

333343-100.20.2+0.0

April

354360-60.20.2+0.0

May

333347-140.20.2+0.0

June

397389+80.30.3+0.0

July

346341+50.20.2+0.0

August

383378+50.30.3+0.0

September

349388-390.20.3-0.1

October

379385-60.30.3+0.0

November

393397-40.30.3+0.0

December

377392-150.30.3+0.0
Tables 3a: Revisions to job openings by industry, March 2021, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

8,4808,288+192+2.3

Total private

7,6627,446+216+2.8

Mining and logging

2531-6-24.0

Construction

336334+2+0.6

Manufacturing

751749+2+0.3

Durable goods

387393-6-1.6

Nondurable goods

365356+9+2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,6671,562+105+6.3

Wholesale trade

246256-10-4.1

Retail trade

966899+67+6.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

456406+50+11.0

Information

111102+9+8.1

Financial activities

335346-11-3.3

Finance and insurance

266264+2+0.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

6982-13-18.8

Professional and business services

1,5881,421+167+10.5

Education and health services

1,4991,431+68+4.5

Educational services

129144-15-11.6

Healthcare and social assistance

1,3701,287+83+6.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,1081,195-87-7.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

174206-32-18.4

Accommodation and food services

934989-55-5.9

Other services

241275-34-14.1

Government

818843-25-3.1

Federal

127126+1+0.8

State and local

691717-26-3.8

State and local education

266267-1-0.4

State and local, excluding education

426450-24-5.6

Region

Midwest

1,8071,783+24+1.3

Northeast

1,5211,524-3-0.2

South

3,3103,163+147+4.4

West

1,8411,818+23+1.2
Tables 3b: Revisions to hires by industry, March 2021, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
Industry As revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

6,2086,006+202+3.3

Total private

5,8325,646+186+3.2

Mining and logging

2431-7-29.2

Construction

444442+2+0.5

Manufacturing

449434+15+3.3

Durable goods

261255+6+2.3

Nondurable goods

188180+8+4.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,2701,156+114+9.0

Wholesale trade

157148+9+5.7

Retail trade

812755+57+7.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

301252+49+16.3

Information

10294+8+7.8

Financial activities

205209-4-2.0

Finance and insurance

135132+3+2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

7077-7-10.0

Professional and business services

1,2141,129+85+7.0

Education and health services

763754+9+1.2

Educational services

102114-12-11.8

Healthcare and social assistance

661640+21+3.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,1431,172-29-2.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

154157-3-1.9

Accommodation and food services

9891,015-26-2.6

Other services

219226-7-3.2

Government

376360+16+4.3

Federal

3835+3+7.9

State and local

338325+13+3.8

State and local education

175162+13+7.4

State and local, excluding education

162164-2-1.2

Region

Midwest

1,3541,295+59+4.4

Northeast

1,014997+17+1.7

South

2,4062,295+111+4.6

West

1,4341,419+15+1.0
Tables 3c: Revisions to total separations by industry, March 2021, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

5,5405,436+104+1.9

Total private

5,2125,100+112+2.1

Mining and logging

1514+1+6.7

Construction

353358-5-1.4

Manufacturing

414402+12+2.9

Durable goods

235229+6+2.6

Nondurable goods

179172+7+3.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,1881,120+68+5.7

Wholesale trade

153141+12+7.8

Retail trade

744726+18+2.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

292253+39+13.4

Information

8789-2-2.3

Financial activities

195198-3-1.5

Finance and insurance

128132-4-3.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

6766+1+1.5

Professional and business services

1,1061,058+48+4.3

Education and health services

690678+12+1.7

Educational services

8080+0+0.0

Healthcare and social assistance

611598+13+2.1

Leisure and hospitality

958981-23-2.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

107116-9-8.4

Accommodation and food services

851865-14-1.6

Other services

204203+1+0.5

Government

328335-7-2.1

Federal

3836+2+5.3

State and local

290299-9-3.1

State and local education

139149-10-7.2

State and local, excluding education

151150+1+0.7

Region

Midwest

1,2431,200+43+3.5

Northeast

818815+3+0.4

South

2,2512,197+54+2.4

West

1,2281,223+5+0.4
Tables 3d: Revisions to quits by industry, March 2021, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

3,6953,568+127+3.4

Total private

3,5133,387+126+3.6

Mining and logging

99+0+0.0

Construction

187198-11-5.9

Manufacturing

278262+16+5.8

Durable goods

161150+11+6.8

Nondurable goods

117113+4+3.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

852787+65+7.6

Wholesale trade

9489+5+5.3

Retail trade

573543+30+5.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

185155+30+16.2

Information

5657-1-1.8

Financial activities

124122+2+1.6

Finance and insurance

7980-1-1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

4442+2+4.5

Professional and business services

633613+20+3.2

Education and health services

526507+19+3.6

Educational services

5246+6+11.5

Healthcare and social assistance

474460+14+3.0

Leisure and hospitality

718703+15+2.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

5852+6+10.3

Accommodation and food services

660650+10+1.5

Other services

130129+1+0.8

Government

182181+1+0.5

Federal

1916+3+15.8

State and local

163164-1-0.6

State and local education

7984-5-6.3

State and local, excluding education

8580+5+5.9

Region

Midwest

834780+54+6.5

Northeast

509491+18+3.5

South

1,5411,505+36+2.3

West

810792+18+2.2
Tables 3e: Revisions to layoffs and discharges by industry, March 2021, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

1,5121,525-13-0.9

Total private

1,4301,433-3-0.2

Mining and logging

54+1+20.0

Construction

156149+7+4.5

Manufacturing

114119-5-4.4

Durable goods

5965-6-10.2

Nondurable goods

5554+1+1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

279279+0+0.0

Wholesale trade

4841+7+14.6

Retail trade

136148-12-8.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

9590+5+5.3

Information

2827+1+3.6

Financial activities

6163-2-3.3

Finance and insurance

3840-2-5.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2223-1-4.5

Professional and business services

393357+36+9.2

Education and health services

125130-5-4.0

Educational services

2229-7-31.8

Healthcare and social assistance

102102+0+0.0

Leisure and hospitality

207244-37-17.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4761-14-29.8

Accommodation and food services

160182-22-13.8

Other services

6161+0+0.0

Government

8392-9-10.8

Federal

89-1-12.5

State and local

7583-8-10.7

State and local education

4042-2-5.0

State and local, excluding education

3541-6-17.1

Region

Midwest

340349-9-2.6

Northeast

248263-15-6.0

South

581562+19+3.3

West

344351-7-2.0
Tables 3f: Revisions to other separations by industry, March 2021, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

333343-10-3.0

Total private

269280-11-4.1

Mining and logging

11+0+0.0

Construction

1010+0+0.0

Manufacturing

2221+1+4.5

Durable goods

1515+0+0.0

Nondurable goods

76+1+14.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

5753+4+7.0

Wholesale trade

1111+0+0.0

Retail trade

3535+0+0.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

117+4+36.4

Information

44+0+0.0

Financial activities

1113-2-18.2

Finance and insurance

1113-2-18.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

11+0+0.0

Professional and business services

8089-9-11.3

Education and health services

4041-1-2.5

Educational services

55+0+0.0

Healthcare and social assistance

3436-2-5.9

Leisure and hospitality

3335-2-6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

22+0+0.0

Accommodation and food services

3133-2-6.5

Other services

1313+0+0.0

Government

6463+1+1.6

Federal

1211+1+8.3

State and local

5251+1+1.9

State and local education

2123-2-9.5

State and local, excluding education

3128+3+9.7

Region

Midwest

6971-2-2.9

Northeast

6162-1-1.6

South

129129+0+0.0

West

7580-5-6.7
Tables 4a: Revisions to job openings by industry, March 2021, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
Industry As revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

8,2868,366-80-1.0

Total private

7,4477,492-45-0.6

Mining and logging

2431-7-29.2

Construction

346354-8-2.3

Manufacturing

742751-9-1.2

Durable goods

385393-8-2.1

Nondurable goods

357358-1-0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,5391,520+19+1.2

Wholesale trade

233256-23-9.9

Retail trade

858835+23+2.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

447429+18+4.0

Information

10694+12+11.3

Financial activities

320334-14-4.4

Finance and insurance

249256-7-2.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

7178-7-9.9

Professional and business services

1,5541,446+108+6.9

Education and health services

1,4271,434-7-0.5

Educational services

118141-23-19.5

Healthcare and social assistance

1,3081,293+15+1.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,1441,241-97-8.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

188222-34-18.1

Accommodation and food services

9551,019-64-6.7

Other services

246288-42-17.1

Government

839874-35-4.2

Federal

138139-1-0.7

State and local

701735-34-4.9

State and local education

267270-3-1.1

State and local, excluding education

434465-31-7.1

Region

Midwest

1,7951,806-11-0.6

Northeast

1,4631,519-56-3.8

South

3,2663,208+58+1.8

West

1,7621,833-71-4.0
Tables 4b: Revisions to hires by industry, March 2021, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

5,6325,617+15+0.3

Total private

5,3635,337+26+0.5

Mining and logging

2633-7-26.9

Construction

422425-3-0.7

Manufacturing

417419-2-0.5

Durable goods

248248+0+0.0

Nondurable goods

169172-3-1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,1141,064+50+4.5

Wholesale trade

156148+8+5.1

Retail trade

743710+33+4.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

215206+9+4.2

Information

8989+0+0.0

Financial activities

187189-2-1.1

Finance and insurance

122119+3+2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

6569-4-6.2

Professional and business services

1,1391,076+63+5.5

Education and health services

688704-16-2.3

Educational services

6678-12-18.2

Healthcare and social assistance

622626-4-0.6

Leisure and hospitality

1,0941,145-51-4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

143164-21-14.7

Accommodation and food services

951980-29-3.0

Other services

188192-4-2.1

Government

269280-11-4.1

Federal

3332+1+3.0

State and local

236248-12-5.1

State and local education

99103-4-4.0

State and local, excluding education

137145-8-5.8

Region

Midwest

1,2371,236+1+0.1

Northeast

909922-13-1.4

South

2,2152,152+63+2.8

West

1,2711,307-36-2.8
Tables 4c: Revisions to total separations by industry, March 2021, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

4,8554,745+110+2.3

Total private

4,6184,521+97+2.1

Mining and logging

1413+1+7.1

Construction

303312-9-3.0

Manufacturing

408394+14+3.4

Durable goods

238228+10+4.2

Nondurable goods

169166+3+1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,052981+71+6.7

Wholesale trade

151134+17+11.3

Retail trade

633627+6+0.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

268220+48+17.9

Information

7981-2-2.5

Financial activities

176171+5+2.8

Finance and insurance

120118+2+1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

5653+3+5.4

Professional and business services

1,003978+25+2.5

Education and health services

623617+6+1.0

Educational services

4741+6+12.8

Healthcare and social assistance

576576+0+0.0

Leisure and hospitality

789804-15-1.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

6357+6+9.5

Accommodation and food services

726748-22-3.0

Other services

173170+3+1.7

Government

237224+13+5.5

Federal

3531+4+11.4

State and local

202193+9+4.5

State and local education

7167+4+5.6

State and local, excluding education

131126+5+3.8

Region

Midwest

1,0791,042+37+3.4

Northeast

650662-12-1.8

South

2,0711,973+98+4.7

West

1,0551,067-12-1.1
Tables 4d: Revisions to quits by industry, March 2021, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

3,3253,296+29+0.9

Total private

3,1833,162+21+0.7

Mining and logging

88+0+0.0

Construction

168181-13-7.7

Manufacturing

274262+12+4.4

Durable goods

161152+9+5.6

Nondurable goods

113110+3+2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

789748+41+5.2

Wholesale trade

9590+5+5.3

Retail trade

507505+2+0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

186153+33+17.7

Information

5253-1-1.9

Financial activities

108105+3+2.8

Finance and insurance

7069+1+1.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

3836+2+5.3

Professional and business services

566567-1-0.2

Education and health services

486483+3+0.6

Educational services

3328+5+15.2

Healthcare and social assistance

453454-1-0.2

Leisure and hospitality

611627-16-2.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4138+3+7.3

Accommodation and food services

571589-18-3.2

Other services

123128-5-4.1

Government

142134+8+5.6

Federal

1815+3+16.7

State and local

124119+5+4.0

State and local education

4442+2+4.5

State and local, excluding education

8077+3+3.8

Region

Midwest

741721+20+2.7

Northeast

433449-16-3.7

South

1,4521,401+51+3.5

West

699725-26-3.7
Tables 4e: Revisions to layoffs and discharges by industry, March 2021, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
Industry As revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

1,2181,132+86+7.1

Total private

1,1751,090+85+7.2

Mining and logging

54+1+20.0

Construction

122117+5+4.1

Manufacturing

111111+0+0.0

Durable goods

6262+0+0.0

Nondurable goods

4949+0+0.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

214187+27+12.6

Wholesale trade

4533+12+26.7

Retail trade

9896+2+2.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

7158+13+18.3

Information

2324-1-4.3

Financial activities

5755+2+3.5

Finance and insurance

4039+1+2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

1716+1+5.9

Professional and business services

354319+35+9.9

Education and health services

10198+3+3.0

Educational services

1110+1+9.1

Healthcare and social assistance

9088+2+2.2

Leisure and hospitality

150147+3+2.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2017+3+15.0

Accommodation and food services

129130-1-0.8

Other services

3728+9+24.3

Government

4441+3+6.8

Federal

76+1+14.3

State and local

3635+1+2.8

State and local education

1614+2+12.5

State and local, excluding education

2021-1-5.0

Region

Midwest

273257+16+5.9

Northeast

162160+2+1.2

South

506459+47+9.3

West

277256+21+7.6
Tables 4f: Revisions to other separations by industry, March 2021, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

311317-6-1.9

Total private

260269-9-3.5

Mining and logging

11+0+0.0

Construction

1313+0+0.0

Manufacturing

2221+1+4.5

Durable goods

1514+1+6.7

Nondurable goods

87+1+12.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

5046+4+8.0

Wholesale trade

1110+1+9.1

Retail trade

2827+1+3.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

118+3+27.3

Information

45-1-25.0

Financial activities

1011-1-10.0

Finance and insurance

1010+0+0.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

11+0+0.0

Professional and business services

8392-9-10.8

Education and health services

3636+0+0.0

Educational services

33+0+0.0

Healthcare and social assistance

3334-1-3.0

Leisure and hospitality

2830-2-7.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

21+1+50.0

Accommodation and food services

2729-2-7.4

Other services

1313+0+0.0

Government

5149+2+3.9

Federal

109+1+10.0

State and local

4139+2+4.9

State and local education

1111+0+0.0

State and local, excluding education

3028+2+6.7

Region

Midwest

6565+0+0.0

Northeast

5453+1+1.9

South

114114+0+0.0

West

7985-6-7.6
Table 5:  Percent and level differences (in thousands) between benchmarks and estimates by data element for total nonfarm March 2011 - March 2021, not seasonally adjusted
Data elementType20112012201320142015201620172018201920202021

Job openings

Percent-1.2%+2.1%-0.9%+0.2%+1.7%+3.2%-4.5%+4.3%-1.1%-2.1%-1.0%
Level-37+80-33+7+85+186-247+294-81-123-80

Hires

Percent+0.0%+2.0%+1.6%-0.4%+0.9%-0.4%-0.9%+3.0%+0.0%+1.5%+0.3%
Level+1+83+64-18+44-20-46+161+0+72+15

Total separations

Percent+1.9%+1.6%+0.3%+0.3%-0.6%-0.9%-0.7%+1.8%+0.5%+10.6%+2.3%
Level+62+56+12+12-28-38-30+85+26+1655+110

Quits

Percent+0.6%+1.4%-1.7%-1.6%-0.6%-0.7%+0.7%-3.3%+2.0%+6.1%+0.9%
Level+11+27-32-36-15-19+19-99+63+159+29

Layoffs and discharges

Percent+3.9%+4.1%+3.2%+3.1%+1.2%-1.5%-0.7%+13.5%-0.7%+11.8%+7.1%
Level+52+55+44+41+18-22-10+197-10+1497+86

Other separations

Percent-0.7%-9.2%+0.0%+1.8%-10.1%+0.6%-11.8%-3.8%-8.9%-0.6%-1.9%
Level-2-26+0+6-32+2-38-13-27-2-6

Table of figures

Tables


Last Modified Date: March 18, 2022