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National Compensation Survey
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Classification systems used by the National Compensation Survey

The National Compensation Survey (NCS) publishes estimates of compensation costs and trends, as well as benefit coverage and provisions. Estimates are available by ownership (civilian, private industry, and state and local government), industry group, occupational group, and geographic areas.

The NCS excludes workers employed by the federal government, volunteers, unpaid workers, individuals receiving long-term disability compensation, overseas workers, workers who set their own pay (e.g., proprietors, owners, major stockholders, and partners in unincorporated firms), and the self-employed. Additional exclusions by industry, occupational group, and geographic areas are indicated in the respective sections below.


The sections below provide information on the use of the classification systems and availability of estimates by industry group, occupational group, and geographic areas. NCS product sections are collapsed by default. To expand or collapse all sections use the buttons below. Individual NCS product sections can be expanded or collapsed by clicking the arrow next to the section.

Industry groups and industries

The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is the standard used by federal statistical agencies to classify establishments into industries for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. economy. Prior to the implementation of NAICS, the NCS used the Standard Industry Classification (SIC) system to classify establishments. For information on the transition, see Change has come to the ECI and ECEC changes to NAICS and SOC. The NCS program adopted NAICS in 2004 for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation and in 2006 for the Employment Cost Index. Currently, the NCS program uses NAICS 2017. There are several industry groups that are out of scope for the NCS including agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting (sector 11), postal service (industry group 491), and private households (industry group 814).

The tables below contain the industries and industry groups published in the Employment Cost Index (ECI), Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), and Employee Benefits in the Unites States are covered in this section. Estimates for some industries and industry groups are not available for all of the ownerships or NCS products. For example, estimates for schools (6111, 6112, and 6113) are available for state and local government workers in the ECI but are not available for ECEC and Employee Benefits in the United States.

Additionally, the tables provide the NAICS code and corresponding NCS industry code used in the mapping (text) files that accompany the public database estimates. The two-digit NAICS codes represent the sectors such as construction (sector 23) and more detailed NAICS codes represent industry groups such as credit intermediation and related activities (522) and industries elementary and secondary schools (6111). Dashes (-) indicate a span of sectors, industry groups, or industries. For example, retail trade includes store (sector 44) and nonstore (sector 45) retailers.

  1. ECI industry groups and industries
      Table 1A. Published industry groups and industries in the Employment Cost Index (ECI)
      Industry title NAICS code NCS industry code (1)

      All workers

      21-92 000000

      Goods-producing industries

      21, 23, 31-33 G00000

      Construction (2)

      23 230000

      Manufacturing (3)

      31-33 300000

      Aircraft manufacturing (2)

      336411 336411

      Service-providing industries 

      22, 42-92 S00000

      Trade, transportation, and utilities (2)

      42, 44-45, 48-49, 22 400000

      Utilities (3)

      22 220000

      Wholesale trade (2)

      42 420000

      Retail trade (2)

      44-45 412000

      Transportation and warehousing (2)

      48-49 430000

      Information (2)

      51 510000

      Financial activities (2)

      52-53 520A00

      Finance and insurance (2)

      52 520000

      Credit intermediation and related activities (2)

      522 522000

      Insurance carriers and related activities (2)

      524 524000

      Real estate and rental and leasing (2)

      53 530000

      Professional and business services (2)

      54-56 540A00

      Professional, scientific, and technical services (2)

      54 540000

      Administrative and support and waste management and remediation
      services (2)

      56 560000

      Education and health services

      61-62 600000

      Educational services

      61 610000

      Schools (4)

      6111-6113 610500

      Elementary and secondary schools (5)

      6111 611100

      Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools (3)

      6112-6113 612000

      Healthcare and social assistance

      62 620000

      Hospitals

      622 622000

      Nursing and residential care facilities (3)

      623 623000

      Nursing care facilities (2)

      6231 623100

      Leisure and hospitality (2)

      71-72 700000

      Accommodation and food services (2)

      72 720000

      Other services (except Public administration) (2)

      81 810000

      Public administration (5)

      92 920000

      Footnotes:
      (1) For mapping files definitions and relationships see Employment Cost Index overview.
      (2) Private industry only.
      (3) Not available for state and local government.
      (4) State and local government only.
      (5) Not available for private industry.

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey and the North American Industry Classification System

  2. ECEC industry groups and industries
      Table 1B. Published industry groups and industries in the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC)
      Industry title NAICS code NCS industry code (1)

      All workers

      21-92 000000

      Goods-producing industries (2)

      21, 23, 31-33 G00000

      Construction (3)

      23 230000

      Manufacturing (3)

      31-33 300000

      Aircraft manufacturing (3)

      336411 336411

      Service-providing industries

      22, 42-92 S00000

      Trade, transportation, and utilities (3)

      42, 44-45, 48-49, 22 400000

      Utilities (3)

      22 220000

      Wholesale trade (3)

      42 420000

      Retail trade (3)

      44-45 412000

      Transportation and warehousing (3)

      48-49 430000

      Information (3)

      51 510000

      Financial activities (3)

      52-53 520A00

      Finance and insurance (3)

      52 520000

      Credit intermediation and related activities (3)

      522 522000

      Insurance carriers and related activities (3)

      524 524000

      Real estate and rental and leasing (3)

      53 530000

      Professional and business services (3)

      54-56 540A00

      Professional, scientific, and technical services (3)

      54 540000

      Administrative and support and waste management and remediation
      services (3)

      56 560000

      Education and health services

      61-62 600000

      Educational services

      61 610000

      Elementary and secondary schools (4)

      6111 611100

      Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

      6112-6113 612000

      Healthcare and social assistance

      62 620000

      Hospitals

      622 622000

      Nursing and residential care facilities (3)

      623 623000

      Nursing care facilities (3)

      6231 623100

      Leisure and hospitality (3)

      71-72 700000

      Accommodation and food services (3)

      72 720000

      Other services (except Public administration) (3)

      81 810000

      Public administration (5)

      92 920000

      Footnotes:
      (1) For mapping files definitions and relationships see Employer Costs for Employee Compensation file overview.
      (2) Not available for state and local government.
      (3) Private industry only.
      (4) Not available for private industry.
      (5) State and local government only.

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey and the North American Industry Classification System

  3. Benefits industry groups and industries
      Table 1C. Published industry groups and industries within the Employee Benefits in the United States
      Industry title NAICS code NCS industry code (1)

      All workers

      21-92 000000

      Goods-producing industries (2)

      21, 23, 31-33 G00000

      Construction (3)

      23 230000

      Manufacturing (3)

      31-33 300000

      Service-providing industries 

      22, 42-92 S00000

      Trade, transportation, and utilities (3)

      42, 44-45, 48-49, 22 400000

      Utilities (3)

      22 220000

      Wholesale trade (3)

      42 420000

      Retail trade (3)

      44-45 412000

      Transportation and warehousing (3)

      48, 49 430000

      Information (3)

      51 510000

      Financial activities (3)

      52-53 520A00

      Finance and insurance (3)

      52 520000

      Credit intermediation and related activities (3)

      522 522000

      Insurance carriers and related activities (3)

      524 524000

      Real estate and rental and leasing (3)

      53 530000

      Professional and business services (3)

      54-56 540A00

      Professional, scientific, and technical services (3)

      54 540000

      Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services (3)

      56 560000

      Education and health services

      61-62 600000

      Educational services

      61 610000

      Elementary and secondary schools (4)

      6111 611100

      Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

      6112, 6113 612000

      Healthcare and social assistance

      62 620000

      Hospitals (4)

      622 622000

      Leisure and hospitality (3)

      71-72 700000

      Accommodation and food services (3)

      72 720000

      Other services (except Public administration) (3)

      81 810000

      Public administration (3)

      92 920000

      Footnotes:
      (1) For mapping files definitions and relationships see Benefits overview.
      (2) Not available for state and local government.
      (3) Private industry only.
      (4) Not available for private industry.

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey and the North American Industry Classification System

Occupational groups and occupations

The Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system is the standard used by federal statistical agencies to classify workers into occupations for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. economy. In the SOC, occupations are classified into 23 major groups; however, military specific occupations (55-0000) are out of scope for the NCS program. The NCS adopted the SOC system in 2006. For information on the transition from the Occupational Classification Series (OCS) to SOC, see Change has come to the ECI and ECEC changes to NAICS and SOC.

The NCS is currently sampling and collecting occupational data based on SOC 2018. The ECI uses employment weights from the Occupational Employment Statistics based on SOC 2010, see Introducing 2012 weights for the Employment Cost Index. The NCS anticipates publishing estimates based on the SOC 2018 system with the December 2022 ECI release.

The tables below contain the occupations and occupational groups published in the Employment Cost Index (ECI), Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), and Employee Benefits in the Unites States. Estimates for some occupations and occupational groups are not available for all of the ownerships or NCS products. For example, estimates for teachers (25-1000) are available for civilian workers in the ECEC and benefits publications but not for the ECI. Additionally, the tables below provide the SOC code and corresponding occupational code used by the NCS in the mapping files for use with the public database.

  1. ECI occupational groups
      Table 2A. Published occupational groups and occupations within the Employment Cost Index
      Occupational groups SOC code Occupation code (1)

      All workers

      11-53 000000

      Management, professional, and related

      11-29 112900

      Management, business, and financial (2)

      11-13 111300

      Professional and related

      15-29 152900

      Service occupations

      31-39 313900

      Sales and office

      41-43 414300

      Sales and related

      41 410000

      Office and administrative support

      43 430000

      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance (2)

      45-49 454900

      Construction and extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry (2)

      45-47 454700

      Installation, maintenance, and repair (2)

      49 490000

      Production, transportation, and material moving (2)

      51-53 515300

      Production occupations (2)

      51 510000

      Transportation and material moving (2)

      53 530000

      Footnotes:
      (1) For mapping files definitions and relationships see Employment Cost Index overview.
      (2) Not available for state and local government.

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey and the Standard Occupational Classification

  2. ECEC occupational groups and occupations
      Table 2B. Published occupational groups and occupations within the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation
      Occupational groups SOC code Occupation code (1)

      All workers

      11-53 000000

      Management, professional, and related

      11-29 112900

      Management, business, and financial (2)

      11-13 111300

      Professional and related

      15-29 152900

      Teachers (3)

      251 250001

      Primary, secondary, and special education teachers (3)

      252 252000

      Registered nurses (2)

      2911 291111

      Service

      31-39 313900

      Sales and office

      41-43 414300

      Sales and related (2)

      41 410000

      Office and administrative support

      43 430000

      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance (2)

      45-49 454900

      Construction and extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry (2)

      45-47 454700

      Installation, maintenance, and repair (2)

      49 490000

      Production, transportation, and material moving (2)

      51-53 515300

      Production occupations (2)

      51 510000

      Transportation and material moving (2)

      53 530000

      Footnotes:
      (1) For mapping files definitions and relationships see Employer Costs for Employee Compensation file overview.
      (2) Not available for state and local government.
      (3) Not available for private industry.

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey and the Standard Occupational Classification

  3. Benefits occupational groups and occupations
      Table 2C. Published occupation groups and occupations within the Employee Benefits in the United States
      Occupational groups SOC code Occupation code (1)

      All workers

      11-53 000000

      Management, professional, and related

      11-29 112900

      Management, business, and financial (2)

      11-13 111300

      Professional and related

      15-29 152900

      Teachers (3)

      251 250001

      Primary, secondary, and special education teachers (3)

      252 252000

      Registered nurses (4)

      2911 291111

      Service

      31-39 313900

      Protective service

      39 330000

      Sales and office

      41-43 414300

      Sales and related (2)

      41 410000

      Office and administrative support

      43 430000

      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

      45-49 454900

      Construction and extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry (2)

      45-47 454700

      Installation, maintenance, and repair (2)

      49 490000

      Production, transportation, and material moving

      51-53 515300

      Production occupations (2)

      51 510000

      Transportation and material moving (2)

      53 530000

      Footnotes:
      (1) For mapping files definitions and relationships see Benefits file overview.
      (2) Not available for state and local government.
      (3) Not available for private industry.
      (4) Available for civilian workers only.

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey and the Standard Occupational Classification

Geographic areas

The NCS uses a sample design based on 24 geographic areas that consist of the 15 largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) and Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) based on total employment and the balance (rest) of the 9 census divisions. The balance (rest) of census divisions are the remaining portions of each of the divisions excluding the 15 largest MSAs and CSAs. Establishments from all 50 states and the District of Columbia are eligible for selection. In 2006, the NCS expanded the published geographic detail by adding the nine census divisions which compose the four census regions. In 2009, compensation costs and changes were added for the 15 largest MSAs and CSAs see BLS introduces New Employer Costs for Employee Compensation Data for Private Industry Workers in 15 Metropolitan Areas and BLS introduces new Employment Cost Indexes for 14 metropolitan areas.

  1. Census regions

      There are four census regions comprised of states and the District of Columbia. Each census region can be further disaggregated to smaller ares, which are referred to as census divisions.

      Region Map Washington Alaska Oregon California Nevada Utah Arizona Montana Wyoming Colorado New Mexico North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas Hawaii Minnesota Iowa Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Wisconsin Illinois Indiana Michigan Ohio Kentucky Tennessee Mississippi Alabama Florida Georgia South Carolina North Carolina Virginia West Virginia Pennsylvania New York Maine Vermont New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Jersey Maryland Delaware Washington DC West Midwest South South
  2. Census divisions

      The nine census divisions are groupings of the fifty states as well as the District of Columbia which compose the four census regions.

      Washington Alaska Oregon California Nevada Utah Arizona Montana Wyoming Colorado New Mexico North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Kansas Oklahoma Texas Hawaii Minnesota Iowa Missouri Arkansas Louisiana Wisconsin Illinois Indiana Michigan Ohio Kentucky Tennessee Mississippi Alabama Florida Georgia South Carolina North Carolina Virginia West Virginia Pennsylvania New York Maine Vermont New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut New Jersey Maryland Delaware Washington DC PACIFIC MOUNTAIN WEST NORTH CENTRAL WEST SOUTH CENTRAL EAST NORTH CENTRAL EAST SOUTH CENTRAL NEW ENGLAND MIDDLE ATLANTIC SOUTH ATLANTIC
      Table 3A. Published census regions and divisions in the NCS with associated states
      Region: Northeast South Midwest West
      Division: New England Middle Atlantic South Atlantic East South Central West South Central East North Central West North Central Mountain Pacific
      States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, U.S. Census, and Office of Management and Budget

  3. Metropolitan areas

      Currently, the NCS area definitions are based on the Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see the Census’ Metropolitan and Micropolitan page.

      NCS sampled areas map
      Table 3B. The MSAs and CSAs published in the Employment Cost Index and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation
      Census region and metropolitan area
      Northeast

      Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

      New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

      Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

      South

      Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

      Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

      Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

      Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

      Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

      Midwest

      Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

      Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

      Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

      West

      Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

      Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

      San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

      Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, U.S. Census, and Office of Management and Budget

More information

For technical information on survey methods, see National Compensation Measures in the BLS Handbook of Methods. The Concepts section of the Handbook provides definitions for worker and establishment characteristics, including geographic areas. For more information on transition from SIC to NAICS and OCS to SOC, see Employment Cost Index publication plans and Transitional Employment Cost Indexes for seasonal adjustment.

 

Last Modified Date: August 20, 2020