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National Compensation Survey
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Data Requests

The National Compensation Survey (NCS) is used to produce labor cost changes through the Employment Cost Index (ECI) and the average costs per hour worked through the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC). The NCS also provides estimates on the incidence and provisions of benefits by the percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans through the Employee Benefits in the United States. The survey covers a broad range of benefits including holidays and vacations, sick leave, health and life insurance, and retirement plans. Benefit plan details of employer-provided health and retirement plan provisions are also available.

The latest data can be accessed from the:

In some circumstances, BLS can provide estimates not available through NCS publications. When requests for unpublished data are received, they are evaluated and processed based on resource availability and the complexity of the request. The NCS is not designed to produce estimates for individual states. All tabulations of data are reviewed for reliability and confidentiality prior to release, which may limit the data provided. The NCS can be used to produce estimates by aggregate occupational and industry groups, census regions and divisions, the fifteen largest combined statistical areas and metropolitan statistical areas, and by various worker characteristics (such as work status, bargaining status, and basis of pay).

When making a data request, users should provide a detailed explanation of the scope that includes ownership (civilian, private, and state and local government), industry group(s) or industry, occupational group(s) or occupation, worker and establishment characteristics, and reference period. This detailed explanation will expedite the evaluation. Once we receive the request, we will evaluate it and contact you regarding an expected timeframe for tabulation, review, and clearance. All estimates are evaluated to ensure respondent confidentiality and estimate reliability. In cases where the level of detail requested does not meet publication criteria, BLS staff will contact you with possible alternatives including on-site microdata access. Access to restricted microdata requires a well-defined research proposal that will be thoroughly reviewed as explained on the BLS Restricted Data Access page.

Please review the list of fulfilled requests prior to submitting a tabulation data request. To submit a request, complete the NCS online form, enter “data request” in the subject line and indicate the scope of the request. BLS staff evaluating the request will respond and ask for clarification, if necessary. These tabulations can take anywhere from four to eight weeks to produce, review, and fulfill.

For an explanation of survey design, calculation and weighting methodology, and history of the NCS see the National Compensation Measures in the Handbook of Methods.

Examples of previously fulfilled requests are listed below, in order to demonstrate the level of detail that can be provided outside of the NCS publications.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC)

  1. Compensation component costs by industry

      The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services use this information to assist in estimation and comparison of U.S. employer-based private health insurance expenditures in the National Health Expenditure Accounts.

      Cost per employee hour worked by compensation component, March 2019
      Industry Wages and salaries Paid leave Supplemental pay Health insurance

      Private Industry

      $24.17 $2.48 $1.10 $2.60

        Mining*

      33.10 3.32 1.78 3.69

        Construction

      27.38 1.74 1.26 3.05

        Manufacturing

      25.86 3.00 1.94 3.71

        Wholesale trade

      26.83 2.77 1.18 2.73

        Retail trade

      15.22 0.97 0.44 1.31

        Transportation and warehousing

      25.41 2.78 1.27 3.88

        Utilities

      38.13 5.38 2.28 5.82

        Information

      38.67 5.28 2.58 4.58

        Finance and insurance

      34.95 4.76 3.14 4.20

        Real estate and rental and leasing

      23.12 2.16 0.91 2.55

        Professional, scientific, and technical services

      38.62 4.71 1.68 3.20

        Management of companies and enterprises*

      41.04 5.89 2.30 3.68

        Administrative and support and waste management and    remediation services

      17.84 1.16 0.63 1.37

        Educational services

      33.56 3.61 0.25 3.69

        Health care and social assistance

      25.03 2.99 0.87 2.93

        Arts, entertainment, and recreation*

      17.39 0.83 0.27 1.26

        Accommodation and food services

      11.29 0.45 0.21 0.74

        Other services

      21.30 1.74 0.45 2.03

      State and local government

      31.75 3.80 0.50 5.90

      * indicates unpublished estimates.

      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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  2. Scheduled and worked hours, compensation costs for full-time workers in the Pacific census division (XLSX)

      The California Department of Human Resources office uses this information to assist in meeting their requirement to compare total compensation of State of California employees with employees working in comparable occupations in local government, federal government, and the private sector.

      Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, number of hours, and associated relative standard errors for full-time workers in the Pacific Census Division, March 2019
      Ownership and establishment characteristics Occupational groups and occupations Average scheduled annual hours (1) Average annual hours worked (2) Total compensation Wages and salaries Benefit costs
      Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
      Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3)

      Private industry

      All workers 2,044 0.3 1,909 0.5 $46.92 4.0 $32.51 4.1 $14.41 4.0 $3.69 5.3 $1.35 7.5 $3.87 3.8 $1.96 9.2 $3.54 1.7

      Private industry

      Management, professional, and related 2,057 0.5 1,851 0.6 $71.43 6.4 $49.76 6.5 $21.67 6.2 $6.56 7.2 $2.20 10.2 $5.20 5.1 $3.08 12.4 $4.63 3.5

      Private industry

      Management, business, and financial 2,079 0.1 1,855 0.2 $74.13 2.4 $51.79 2.6 $22.34 2.5 $6.96 3.2 $2.75 9.8 $4.98 2.6 $2.82 5.4 $4.84 2.1

      Private industry

      Management occupations 2,083 0.2 1,847 0.4 $87.35 3.6 $61.76 3.5 $25.59 4.5 $8.52 4.8 $3.09 15.1 $5.36 2.3 $3.11 10.4 $5.50 2.7

      Private industry

      Business and financial operations occupations 2,074 0.2 1,864 0.2 $58.35 5.5 $39.89 5.3 $18.46 6.2 $5.09 6.1 $2.34 13.3 $4.53 4.5 $2.47 12.2 $4.04 4.0

      Private industry

      Professional and related 2,045 0.8 1,849 1.0 $70.00 9.5 $48.67 9.8 $21.32 9.0 $6.34 10.5 $1.91 13.3 $5.31 7.1 $3.22 17.5 $4.53 4.9

      Private industry

      Computer and mathematical occupations 2,081 0.5 1,857 0.6 $74.33 9.5 $52.02 8.0 $22.31 13.1 $6.61 10.7 - - $5.42 5.0 $3.30 24.5 $4.87 8.6

      Private industry

      Architecture and engineering occupations 2,130 1.2 1,937 2.5 $80.06 3.7 $53.53 2.7 $26.54 6.9 $7.17 7.0 $4.13 22.9 $5.65 5.8 $4.33 12.3 $5.25 1.9

      Private industry

      Life, Physical, and social science occupations 2,076 0.2 1,888 1.1 $52.82 9.3 $34.59 11.1 $18.24 7.4 $4.65 14.0 - - $6.65 17.3 $2.04 24.9 $3.75 8.8

      Private industry

      Community and social service occupations 2,060 0.6 1,930 3.4 $34.00 3.1 $23.60 3.2 $10.41 5.7 $2.72 9.0 - - $3.93 6.7 $0.75 15.9 $2.58 5.1

      Private industry

      Education, training, and library occupations 1,699 3.3 1,559 3.3 $48.74 19.8 $35.77 18.2 $12.97 24.7 $3.68 28.3 - - $3.72 27.5 - - $3.25 15.3

      Private industry

      Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations 2,024 2.4 1,810 2.1 $57.55 4.5 $39.41 4.7 $18.15 5.1 $5.19 9.8 $2.10 24.6 $4.50 16.7 $2.16 25.1 $4.21 6.5

      Private industry

      Service 2,012 0.8 1,917 0.9 $22.41 3.6 $15.88 2.9 $6.54 5.7 $1.29 6.6 $0.34 16.7 $2.27 7.0 $0.52 19.4 $2.12 2.5

      Private industry

      Healthcare support occupations 2,061 0.3 1,905 0.6 $27.51 4.8 $18.32 4.5 $9.19 8.6 $2.02 9.1 $0.51 16.7 $3.57 12.7 $0.81 16.4 $2.27 6.9

      Private industry

      Protective service occupations 1,892 2.3 1,798 1.8 $25.59 9.5 $16.96 9.6 $8.63 10.3 $1.75 12.6 $0.88 24.2 $2.98 14.6 $0.73 26.6 $2.29 8.4

      Private industry

      Food preparation and serving related occupations 1,999 1.2 1,966 2.3 $21.04 4.2 $15.48 3.0 $5.57 8.3 $0.87 21.4 $0.31 25.8 $1.73 14.7 $0.59 19.8 $2.06 3.0

      Private industry

      Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 2,044 0.8 1,945 0.8 $21.97 4.7 $15.42 3.3 $6.55 8.2 $1.24 8.4 $0.31 19.3 $2.33 9.2 - - $2.14 4.4

      Private industry

      Personal care and service occupations 2,002 2.3 1,871 3.1 $19.73 5.0 $14.66 5.9 $5.07 3.8 $1.18 8.2 $0.10 29.8 $1.68 7.5 - - $1.99 6.0

      Private industry

      Sales and office 2,053 0.4 1,909 0.5 $32.57 3.4 $23.03 3.8 $9.54 3.0 $2.18 5.1 $0.80 14.3 $3.10 3.7 $0.92 7.8 $2.55 2.0

      Private industry

      Sales and related occupations 2,051 0.4 1,936 0.6 $36.78 7.5 $28.12 8.3 $8.66 7.1 $2.02 10.0 $0.96 28.5 $2.13 9.3 $0.76 15.8 $2.79 3.8

      Private industry

      Office and administrative support occupations 2,053 0.4 1,898 0.5 $30.91 2.7 $21.02 2.6 $9.89 3.9 $2.25 5.8 $0.73 13.4 $3.48 3.6 $0.98 11.5 $2.45 2.2

      Private industry

      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 2,031 1.4 2,001 1.5 $43.33 7.4 $29.05 4.8 $14.28 13.1 $2.32 12.4 $1.41 15.4 $3.79 15.9 $2.48 29.7 $4.28 2.9

      Private industry

      Construction and extraction occupations 1,991 2.7 1,973 2.7 $46.79 10.9 $31.29 7.0 $15.50 19.3 $2.07 24.5 $1.42 20.0 $4.02 21.7 - - $4.91 3.7

      Private industry

      Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2,076 0.4 2,031 0.7 $39.70 8.4 $26.69 6.5 $13.02 12.3 $2.62 6.3 $1.40 12.6 $3.56 18.8 $1.83 27.5 $3.61 5.5

      Private industry

      Production, transportation, and material moving 2,039 2.4 1,994 3.0 $35.60 7.0 $23.46 5.7 $12.14 10.0 $2.26 14.4 $1.07 11.1 $3.51 10.0 $1.96 24.4 $3.34 4.1

      Private industry

      Production occupations 2,071 0.4 2,048 1.2 $31.07 3.1 $21.15 2.6 $9.92 7.1 $1.74 10.4 $1.17 9.2 $3.00 9.9 $1.06 20.6 $2.95 2.2

      Private industry

      Transportation and material moving occupations 2,008 4.6 1,944 4.9 $39.86 11.3 $25.64 9.6 $14.22 14.6 $2.74 20.5 $0.98 17.0 $4.00 14.2 $2.81 29.2 $3.70 6.0

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      All workers 2,016 1.6 1,833 1.6 $64.82 5.2 $41.86 5.3 $22.96 5.1 $5.96 5.4 $2.86 12.4 $6.02 4.2 $3.77 9.7 $4.35 4.1

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Management, professional, and related 2,082 0.9 1,840 1.0 $83.41 3.6 $54.69 3.6 $28.72 4.1 $8.18 4.1 $3.86 10.8 $6.96 3.8 $4.51 9.1 $5.21 3.3

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Management, business, and financial 2,087 0.3 1,835 0.7 $84.85 6.1 $55.74 6.3 $29.11 6.0 $8.46 9.8 $4.56 7.6 $6.53 4.7 $4.34 10.5 $5.22 4.3

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Management occupations 2,095 0.6 1,808 1.0 $105.88 7.5 $70.55 7.4 $35.33 8.1 $11.40 10.6 $5.25 14.3 $7.50 6.1 $5.02 16.3 $6.17 4.5

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Business and financial operations occupations 2,079 0.2 1,857 0.5 $66.42 4.7 $42.76 4.7 $23.66 5.4 $5.88 5.4 $3.95 12.1 $5.68 3.8 $3.76 13.8 $4.39 3.9

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Professional and related 2,081 1.2 1,842 1.2 $82.87 4.7 $54.29 4.5 $28.57 5.5 $8.07 4.6 $3.60 16.9 $7.12 4.8 $4.58 10.2 $5.20 4.0

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Computer and mathematical occupations 2,114 1.0 1,868 1.0 $94.62 1.9 $63.19 2.4 $31.43 1.2 $8.59 5.2 $4.33 10.9 $7.41 3.0 $5.25 12.9 $5.84 1.9

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Architecture and engineering occupations 2,177 1.9 1,928 1.6 $89.22 4.2 $56.89 2.9 $32.33 7.8 $8.24 4.9 $5.68 26.0 $6.80 2.9 $6.12 13.3 $5.49 1.4

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Education, training, and library occupations 1,715 3.8 1,528 3.4 $130.24 15.0 $96.19 17.0 $34.06 9.6 $12.49 12.2 $1.12 14.0 $8.70 9.5 $5.19 12.3 $6.57 8.4

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations 1,965 1.3 1,739 1.9 $77.96 6.4 $50.29 6.4 $27.67 7.0 $8.82 7.3 $2.10 8.8 $7.94 10.8 $3.69 15.7 $5.12 4.8

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Service 1,984 1.5 1,850 0.7 $27.07 9.6 $17.22 7.5 $9.84 14.2 $2.03 12.2 $0.73 28.8 $3.92 14.8 $0.94 30.0 $2.23 6.4

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Healthcare support occupations 1,997 1.7 1,816 2.0 $33.90 1.5 $19.36 0.9 $14.54 3.3 $2.69 3.5 $1.20 22.1 $6.24 6.7 $1.91 21.5 $2.49 1.3

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 2,047 1.0 1,907 1.2 $22.90 8.6 $15.61 5.6 $7.29 16.7 $1.67 13.8 - - $2.60 24.3 $0.60 30.0 $2.00 4.8

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Sales and office 2,077 0.1 1,890 0.5 $37.65 4.9 $23.52 4.1 $14.13 6.4 $3.12 6.4 $1.76 23.6 $4.55 7.8 $1.95 11.3 $2.74 2.6

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Office and administrative support occupations 2,077 0.1 1,891 0.6 $37.82 5.2 $23.58 4.4 $14.24 6.8 $3.14 6.9 $1.75 23.3 $4.65 7.6 $1.96 11.0 $2.74 2.8

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 1,748 11.1 1,774 11.2 $55.48 9.3 $34.34 7.4 $21.14 12.7 $3.29 16.6 $2.60 24.8 $6.00 8.2 $4.50 28.4 $4.75 4.7

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Construction and extraction occupations 1,539 19.6 1,602 20.0 $50.39 18.8 $31.78 13.6 $18.61 27.8 - - - - $5.55 16.0 - - $4.84 7.8

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2,010 3.7 1,988 1.0 $61.87 3.2 $37.55 3.3 $24.32 6.0 $4.65 6.2 $3.15 27.1 $6.55 9.4 $5.31 13.9 $4.65 2.9

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Production, transportation, and material moving 1,840 9.8 1,767 11.0 $52.51 20.7 $32.33 19.4 $20.18 22.8 - - $1.81 21.2 $5.49 21.8 - - $4.06 16.7

      Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

      Production occupations 2,077 0.2 2,035 0.9 $42.95 9.3 $26.59 8.6 $16.36 11.3 $2.95 14.7 $2.64 13.5 $4.92 10.8 $2.59 23.3 $3.26 7.3

      State and local government

      All workers 1,896 0.7 1,701 1.1 $68.46 2.0 $40.82 1.7 $27.64 2.4 $5.43 3.8 $0.89 7.4 $8.03 2.6 $9.96 3.9 $3.33 3.4

      State and local government

      Management, professional, and related 1,755 1.0 1,566 1.2 $79.80 1.8 $49.38 1.9 $30.42 2.1 $5.84 4.9 $0.75 10.0 $8.47 3.6 $11.79 3.1 $3.58 4.6

      State and local government

      Management, business, and financial 2,030 0.3 1,741 0.4 $87.67 3.4 $52.35 3.4 $35.31 3.6 $9.12 5.8 $1.16 13.0 $7.97 2.3 $12.73 5.8 $4.34 4.9

      State and local government

      Management occupations 2,021 0.5 1,730 0.4 $102.36 4.6 $61.94 4.4 $40.42 4.9 $10.82 7.6 $1.39 14.7 $7.86 3.0 $15.62 8.2 $4.73 5.6

      State and local government

      Business and financial operations occupations 2,042 0.9 1,756 0.8 $67.94 1.7 $39.48 1.5 $28.45 2.7 $6.84 3.3 $0.85 25.9 $8.12 3.6 $8.84 7.6 $3.81 8.1

      State and local government

      Professional and related 1,685 1.5 1,522 1.5 $77.81 2.3 $48.63 2.4 $29.18 2.6 $5.00 6.6 $0.64 10.6 $8.60 4.3 $11.55 3.8 $3.38 6.0

      State and local government

      Computer and mathematical occupations 2,073 0.3 1,814 0.9 $69.67 7.6 $40.85 8.2 $28.82 7.3 $6.93 11.5 $0.96 21.4 $7.32 4.6 $9.68 12.2 $3.93 10.1

      State and local government

      Architecture and engineering occupations 2,060 0.8 1,766 1.0 $78.29 5.4 $48.12 5.6 $30.17 6.5 $8.64 6.3 - - $8.71 6.2 $7.63 11.6 $3.73 11.6

      State and local government

      Life, Physical, and social science occupations 1,958 2.3 1,698 2.3 $63.32 5.2 $37.93 6.3 $25.38 4.7 $5.79 7.7 - - $8.03 7.8 $7.29 11.2 $3.37 8.2

      State and local government

      Community and social service occupations 1,907 2.3 1,697 2.2 $63.97 5.7 $37.46 8.0 $26.52 3.1 $4.92 6.7 $0.57 17.7 $7.80 5.9 $9.97 7.4 $3.26 7.5

      State and local government

      Education, training, and library occupations 1,444 2.2 1,336 2.2 $80.36 1.9 $51.53 1.6 $28.83 2.8 $3.78 10.3 $0.35 10.5 $9.18 5.5 $12.60 3.9 $2.92 9.4

      State and local government

      Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations 2,168 6.7 1,944 7.6 $77.73 7.4 $47.75 8.8 $29.98 5.8 $7.05 14.0 $1.73 10.9 $7.70 15.8 $8.88 10.4 $4.62 7.5

      State and local government

      Service 2,144 2.7 2,011 4.9 $59.68 7.4 $32.78 6.3 $26.89 9.0 $5.29 9.9 $1.77 7.1 $6.84 4.9 $10.17 14.8 $2.83 5.9

      State and local government

      Protective service occupations 2,247 4.0 2,176 7.7 $75.02 7.5 $40.93 5.9 $34.09 9.4 $6.71 9.3 $2.64 9.5 $6.96 8.1 $14.74 12.5 $3.04 11.5

      State and local government

      Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 2,041 1.1 1,788 1.7 $40.70 6.3 $22.45 6.3 $18.25 6.4 $3.77 9.9 - - $6.74 3.6 $4.51 7.6 $2.64 5.7

      State and local government

      Sales and office 2,045 0.3 1,783 0.3 $45.89 1.8 $25.16 2.0 $20.73 1.8 $4.17 3.2 $0.40 18.2 $7.68 3.5 $5.71 2.5 $2.77 4.2

      State and local government

      Office and administrative support occupations 2,043 0.3 1,783 0.3 $46.32 2.0 $25.38 2.2 $20.94 2.1 $4.19 3.2 $0.40 18.3 $7.74 3.8 $5.80 2.8 $2.80 3.8

      State and local government

      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 2,080 0.0 1,866 0.8 $60.43 5.7 $34.50 6.1 $25.93 5.6 $5.95 7.1 $1.14 11.6 $7.93 4.1 $7.24 8.4 $3.67 9.8

      State and local government

      Construction and extraction occupations 2,094 0.6 1,908 2.4 $57.87 6.8 $32.81 7.8 $25.06 5.8 $5.47 10.6 $0.86 15.1 $7.69 5.3 $7.15 7.5 $3.89 12.2

      State and local government

      Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2,068 0.5 1,831 1.2 $62.01 5.8 $35.68 5.5 $26.33 6.7 $6.30 5.4 $1.36 20.2 $8.07 6.8 $7.18 10.6 $3.42 9.3

      State and local government

      Production, transportation, and material moving 1,965 1.7 1,763 1.9 $55.07 5.5 $30.32 6.3 $24.75 4.7 $5.13 8.4 $1.34 11.3 $8.30 6.2 $6.12 6.5 $3.85 5.6

      State and local government

      Transportation and material moving occupations 1,943 2.3 1,747 2.5 $53.42 5.9 $29.19 6.2 $24.23 5.8 $4.87 8.5 $1.28 13.1 $8.34 7.7 $5.70 5.4 $4.04 5.1

      State government

      All workers 2,071 1.9 1,866 3.3 $66.30 5.3 $38.44 5.4 $27.86 5.4 $6.21 8.3 $1.11 10.0 $7.30 4.9 $9.28 11.2 $3.96 5.8

      State government

      Management, professional, and related 2,022 2.9 1,758 3.5 $77.83 5.3 $46.68 5.7 $31.16 5.0 $7.65 8.7 $0.98 12.0 $7.54 8.9 $10.25 9.5 $4.74 4.8

      State government

      Management, business, and financial 2,068 0.2 1,767 0.5 $81.71 6.0 $48.91 7.3 $32.79 4.6 $8.70 9.1 $1.23 15.0 $7.89 5.5 $10.56 7.6 $4.42 6.5

      State government

      Management occupations 2,075 0.2 1,768 0.6 $101.51 10.6 $61.81 12.1 $39.71 8.5 $10.94 14.0 - - $8.23 5.5 $13.73 11.1 $5.18 11.9

      State government

      Business and financial operations occupations 2,062 0.5 1,766 0.7 $64.49 3.1 $37.70 4.3 $26.79 3.1 $6.75 6.8 $0.88 23.2 $7.60 5.8 $7.81 9.7 $3.75 7.4

      State government

      Professional and related 2,004 3.9 1,754 4.7 $76.40 6.9 $45.85 7.0 $30.55 6.9 $7.26 11.7 $0.89 14.7 $7.41 10.4 $10.14 13.5 $4.86 6.5

      State government

      Education, training, and library occupations 1,660 1.2 1,446 2.1 $91.36 10.2 $57.46 10.0 $33.90 10.7 $8.37 23.4 - - $8.59 23.4 $10.98 21.2 $5.20 7.8

      State government

      Sales and office 2,063 0.2 1,791 0.1 $43.48 3.9 $23.71 4.2 $19.77 3.8 $3.88 4.5 $0.16 24.7 $7.69 3.2 $5.13 5.7 $2.90 9.2

      State government

      Office and administrative support occupations 2,061 0.2 1,793 0.2 $43.93 3.1 $23.96 3.5 $19.96 2.7 $3.86 3.5 $0.17 25.5 $7.73 3.1 $5.25 5.0 $2.96 8.3

      Local government

      All workers 1,831 1.0 1,640 1.1 $69.26 1.9 $41.70 2.0 $27.56 2.2 $5.14 3.5 $0.81 10.8 $8.30 2.4 $10.21 3.6 $3.10 4.0

      Local government

      All workers, excluding education, training, and library occupations 2,026 0.8 1,788 1.0 $64.97 2.4 $37.61 2.4 $27.36 2.5 $6.13 3.4 $1.05 11.6 $7.85 2.9 $8.99 4.5 $3.35 4.1

      Local government

      Management, professional, and related 1,660 2.0 1,498 1.9 $80.51 1.6 $50.35 1.7 $30.16 2.1 $5.19 5.4 $0.67 14.0 $8.80 2.4 $12.34 3.5 $3.16 5.9

      Local government

      Management, professional, and related, excluding Education, training, and library occupations 1,972 0.8 1,721 0.6 $82.95 1.9 $50.11 2.2 $32.85 2.2 $7.88 4.0 $1.14 18.3 $8.22 2.7 $11.68 5.3 $3.92 4.6

      Local government

      Management, business, and financial 2,010 0.5 1,727 0.4 $90.90 3.2 $54.22 3.0 $36.68 3.9 $9.35 5.0 $1.13 20.9 $8.01 2.4 $13.90 7.8 $4.30 5.1

      Local government

      Management occupations 2,000 0.9 1,715 0.6 $102.70 4.6 $61.99 4.4 $40.71 5.5 $10.76 7.4 $1.30 17.3 $7.71 3.6 $16.38 9.4 $4.55 5.0

      Local government

      Business and financial operations occupations 2,026 1.4 1,748 1.3 $70.66 3.0 $40.89 2.5 $29.77 4.2 $6.91 2.7 - - $8.52 3.6 $9.66 11.9 $3.86 11.6

      Local government

      Professional and related 1,584 2.1 1,448 2.1 $78.26 1.8 $49.51 2.0 $28.74 2.3 $4.29 5.4 $0.57 14.5 $8.97 2.8 $12.00 3.4 $2.91 6.4

      Local government

      Professional, and related, excluding Education, training, and library occupations 1,947 1.4 1,718 1.1 $77.66 3.0 $47.37 3.9 $30.30 2.4 $6.91 5.2 $1.15 18.2 $8.36 4.6 $10.21 4.9 $3.67 5.1

      Local government

      Community and social service occupations 1,855 3.1 1,658 2.9 $70.59 5.8 $41.96 7.4 $28.63 4.6 $5.33 8.5 $0.67 14.9 $7.99 7.2 $11.25 10.7 $3.38 9.4

      Local government

      Education, training, and library occupations 1,409 2.4 1,318 2.6 $78.54 2.0 $50.55 1.7 $27.99 3.1 $3.02 8.1 $0.29 16.6 $9.27 3.4 $12.87 3.6 $2.55 8.2

      Local government

      Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations 1,955 3.7 1,739 3.1 $83.84 4.3 $52.43 5.6 $31.41 4.0 $7.43 11.2 $1.52 17.8 $9.07 6.8 $9.37 14.7 $4.03 9.5

      Local government

      Service 2,105 2.9 1,898 3.3 $58.34 8.2 $32.57 7.6 $25.77 9.4 $5.44 10.6 $1.35 14.0 $7.20 2.6 $9.05 19.0 $2.74 3.3

      Local government

      Protective service occupations 2,224 3.6 2,032 3.6 $77.22 3.2 $43.03 3.1 $34.19 5.1 $7.45 5.2 $2.18 11.5 $7.79 5.4 $13.89 10.8 $2.88 7.5

      Local government

      Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 2,037 1.3 1,783 2.0 $41.66 6.9 $23.11 6.8 $18.55 7.1 $3.91 11.2 - - $6.67 4.0 $4.69 8.3 $2.70 6.4

      Local government

      Sales and office 2,036 0.3 1,780 0.4 $46.97 2.6 $25.82 2.6 $21.16 3.0 $4.30 4.3 $0.50 20.4 $7.68 5.8 $5.97 5.1 $2.71 3.7

      Local government

      Office and administrative support occupations 2,035 0.3 1,778 0.4 $47.40 3.2 $26.02 3.1 $21.37 3.6 $4.34 5.0 $0.51 20.5 $7.75 6.5 $6.05 4.9 $2.73 3.6

      Local government

      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 2,078 0.1 1,843 0.3 $63.06 6.3 $35.90 6.3 $27.16 6.5 $6.24 7.7 $1.21 12.9 $8.22 6.1 $7.67 8.3 $3.82 9.7

      Local government

      Construction and extraction occupations 2,080 0.0 1,839 0.7 $60.56 7.3 $34.40 7.8 $26.16 6.9 $5.96 9.2 $0.67 18.7 $8.10 7.9 $7.31 8.0 $4.12 11.9

      Local government

      Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2,077 0.2 1,847 0.7 $64.24 7.1 $36.72 6.9 $27.52 7.8 $6.37 8.2 $1.58 17.7 $8.24 8.2 $7.78 11.0 $3.54 9.7

      Local government

      Production, transportation, and material moving 1,947 2.5 1,743 2.6 $55.86 6.3 $30.52 7.1 $25.34 5.5 $5.20 10.4 $1.42 14.1 $8.15 6.3 $6.58 9.1 $3.99 6.4

      Footnotes:
      (1) The number of daily hours, weekly hours, and annual weeks that workers in an occupation are scheduled and do work. This is the standard schedule for the occupation; short-term fluctuations and one-time events are not considered unless the change becomes permanent, see Work Schedules in the National Compensation Survey.
      (2) The number of scheduled hours plus overtime hours and removing vacation time, holidays, sick leave, and personal leave, see Work Schedules in the National Compensation Survey.
      (3) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

      Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals. Dash indicates estimates did not pass publication criteria or there are no observations in the domain.
      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey

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  3. Long-term disability costs
      Cost per employee hour worked for select workers*, March 2017
      Occupational group and bargaining status Long-term disability

      All workers

      $ 0.12

      Occupational group

      Management, professional, and related

      0.13

      Sales and office

      0.04

      Service

      0.06

      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

      0.07

      Production, transportation, and material moving

      0.22

      Bargaining unit status

      Union

      0.27

      Nonunion

      0.10

      * Full-time workers offered vacation leave in private industry (excluding leisure and hospitality industries) for establishments with 500 or more workers.

      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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Employment Cost Index (ECI)

  1. Wages and salaries for state and local government excluding the educational services industry group
      Wages and salaries for state and local government workers excluding the educational services industry, March 2006 - December 2018
      Month Year Index 3-month
      percent changes
      12-month
      percent changes

      March

      2006 100.7 0.7 -

      June

      2006 101.3 0.6 -

      September

      2006 102.5 1.2 -

      December

      2006 103.8 1.3 3.8

      March

      2007 104.8 1.0 4.1

      June

      2007 105.5 0.7 4.1

      September

      2007 106.7 1.1 4.1

      December

      2007 107.6 0.8 3.7

      March

      2008 108.4 0.7 3.4

      June

      2008 108.9 0.5 3.2

      September

      2008 110.4 1.4 3.5

      December

      2008 110.9 0.5 3.1

      March

      2009 111.6 0.6 3.0

      June

      2009 112.4 0.7 3.2

      September

      2009 113.0 0.5 2.4

      December

      2009 113.2 0.2 2.1

      March

      2010 113.6 0.4 1.8

      June

      2010 113.9 0.3 1.3

      September

      2010 114.4 0.4 1.2

      December

      2010 114.6 0.2 1.2

      March

      2011 115.1 0.4 1.3

      June

      2011 115.2 0.1 1.1

      September

      2011 115.6 0.3 1.0

      December

      2011 115.9 0.3 1.1

      March

      2012 116.5 0.5 1.2

      June

      2012 116.7 0.2 1.3

      September

      2012 117.0 0.3 1.2

      December

      2012 117.3 0.3 1.2

      March

      2013 117.6 0.3 0.9

      June

      2013 117.8 0.2 0.9

      September

      2013 118.3 0.4 1.1

      December

      2013 118.8 0.4 1.3

      March

      2014 119.3 0.4 1.4

      June

      2014 119.7 0.3 1.6

      September

      2014 120.4 0.6 1.8

      December

      2014 121.0 0.5 1.9

      March

      2015 121.6 0.5 1.9

      June

      2015 122.0 0.3 1.9

      September

      2015 122.5 0.4 1.7

      December

      2015 123.2 0.6 1.8

      March

      2016 123.8 0.5 1.8

      June

      2016 124.2 0.3 1.8

      September

      2016 125.1 0.7 2.1

      December

      2016 125.8 0.6 2.1

      March

      2017 126.7 0.7 2.3

      June

      2017 127.0 0.2 2.3

      September

      2017 128.0 0.8 2.3

      December

      2017 128.7 0.5 2.3

      March

      2018 129.3 0.5 2.1

      June

      2018 129.7 0.3 2.1

      September

      2018 130.9 0.9 2.3

      December

      2018 131.8 0.7 2.4

      Dash indicates data not available.

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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Benefits

  1. Access to paid sick leave benefits by industry
      Percentage of private industry workers with access to paid sick leave by 3-digit industry group, March 2019
      Industry (1) Estimate Standard error

      All workers

      73 1.0

      Oil and gas extraction

      100 0.0

      Mining (except oil and gas)

      84 8.8

      Support activities for mining

      72 16.7

      Utilities

      95 2.8

      Construction of buildings

      57 5.7

      Heavy and civil engineering construction

      53 5.9

      Specialty trade contractors

      60 2.8

      Food manufacturing

      76 5.3

      Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

      89 9.3

      Apparel Manufacturing

      78 9.0

      Wood product manufacturing

      68 7.7

      Paper manufacturing

      73 11.8

      Printing and related support activities

      73 10.0

      Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

      100 0.0

      Chemical manufacturing

      86 5.8

      Plastic and rubber products manufacturing

      80 5.6

      Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

      68 19.9

      Primary metal manufacturing

      83 7.6

      Fabricated metal product manufacturing

      61 6.2

      Machinery manufacturing

      74 8.1

      Computer and electronic product manufacturing

      99 0.6

      Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

      90 7.6

      Transportation equipment manufacturing

      88 3.1

      Furniture and related product manufacturing

      57 10.8

      Miscellaneous manufacturing

      85 6.6

      Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

      88 1.8

      Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

      83 3.6

      Wholesale electronic markets and agents and brokers

      91 4.6

      Motor vehicle and parts dealers

      66 4.2

      Furniture and home furnishings stores

      52 11.9

      Electronics and appliance stores

      75 6.5

      Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers

      68 4.2

      Food and beverage stores

      61 3.9

      Health and personal care stores

      53 5.5

      Gasoline stations

      47 7.6

      Clothing and clothing accessories stores

      51 7.5

      Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

      62 5.6

      General merchandise stores

      74 3.3

      Miscellaneous store retailers

      69 4.6

      Nonstore retailers

      97 1.8

      Air transportation

      100 0.0

      Rail transportation

      75 21.7

      Truck transportation

      53 8.3

      Transit and ground passenger transportation

      54 9.4

      Support activities for transportation

      78 8.9

      Warehousing and storage

      93 2.6

      Publishing industries (except Internet)

      97 0.8

      Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries

      68 10.1

      Broadcasting (except Internet)

      91 4.9

      Telecommunications

      100 0.0

      Internet service providers, web search portals, and data processing services

      100 0.5

      Other information services

      87 6.3

      Credit intermediation and related activities

      98 0.3

      Securities, commodity contracts, and other financial investments and related activities

      95 1.5

      Insurance carriers and related activities

      96 1.0

      Real estate

      80 4.3

      Rental and leasing services

      62 6.8

      Professional, scientific, and technical services

      91 2.4

      Management of companies and enterprises

      94 2.9

      Administrative and support services

      55 3.5

      Waste management and remediation services

      89 4.7

      Educational services

      79 2.5

      Ambulatory health care services

      85 3.2

      Hospitals

      95 1.1

      Nursing and residential care facilities

      79 4.0

      Social assistance

      75 8.1

      Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions

      80 10.1

      Amusement, gambling, and recreation industries

      57 6.5

      Accommodation

      72 7.2

      Food services and drinking places

      39 4.2

      Repair and maintenance

      56 5.2

      Personal and laundry services

      43 8.1

      Religious, grant making, civic, professional, and similar organizations

      74 5.1

      Footnotes:
      (1) Industries are defined using the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).

      See Paid sick leave: What is available to workers? for additional information.
      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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  2. Access to paid sick leave benefits by geographic area
      Percentage of private industry workers with access to paid sick leave access by area, March 2019
      Area (1), (2) Estimate Standard
      error

      United States(3)

      73 1.0

      Northeast Region (3)

      76 1.2

      New England Division (3)

      81 3.4

      Rest of New England Division

      77 2.9

      Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

      86 4.8

      Middle Atlantic Division (3)

      75 1.9

      Rest of Middle Atlantic Division

      70 5.3

      Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

      73 3.5

      New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

      78 2.1

      South Region (3)

      68 2.1

      South Atlantic Division (3)

      68 2.6

      Rest of South Atlantic Division

      66 3.4

      Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

      70 2.0

      Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

      76 1.2

      Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

      73 7.1

      East South Central Division (3)

      62 5.0

      Rest of East South Central Division

      62 4.9

      West South Central Division (3)

      71 4.2

      Rest of West South Central Division

      70 5.7

      Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

      76 6.4

      Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

      66 8.9

      Midwest Region (3)

      66 1.4

      East North Central Division (3)

      65 1.8

      Rest of East North Central Division

      64 1.9

      Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

      65 4.7

      Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

      65 6.9

      West North Central Division (3)

      70 1.9

      Rest of West North Central Division

      65 2.0

      Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

      87 3.4

      West Region (3)

      86 1.5

      Mountain Division (3)

      75 1.9

      Rest of Mountain Division

      73 1.6

      Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

      85 6.8

      Pacific Division (3)

      91 1.8

      Rest of Pacific Division

      86 4.3

      Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

      93 2.1

      San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

      95 0.9

      Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

      90 2.5

      Footnotes:
      (1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs), Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), and 9 sampling areas used by the National Compensation Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013.
      (2) Census division definitions are available in the concepts section of the Handbook of Methods. The 'rest of' refers to the census division with the corresponding CSA or MSA excluded for the area.
      (3) These estimates are included in the Employee Benefits in the United States, March 2019 and are provided here as a basis of comparison to other areas.

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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  3. Retirement benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates for workers in elementary and secondary schools
      Retirement Benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates for workers in elementary and secondary schools, March 2018
      Retirement benefit State and local government
      workers
      Private industry
      workers
      Estimate Standard
      error
      Estimate Standard
      error

      All retirement benefits: Access

      93 0.5 65 11.2

      All retirement benefits: Participation

      84 0.8 57 10.2

      All retirement benefits: Take-up rate

      91 0.7 88 4.2

      Defined benefit: Access

      92 0.5 25 7.1

      Defined benefit: Participation

      84 0.8 24 6.9

      Defined benefit: Take-up rate

      91 0.7 96 1.9

      Defined contribution: Access

      28 0.9 46 8.7

      Defined contribution: Participation

      8 0.7 35 7.8

      Defined contribution: Take-up rate

      29 2.1 76 6.5

      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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  4. Access to disability insurance combinations
      Percent of civilian workers with access to disability insurance benefit combinations, March 2017
      Occupational group Both short- and long-term disability insurance Only
      short-term disability insurance
      Only
      long-term disability insurance
      Without access to disability insurance
      Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error

      All Workers

      23.4 0.5 15.4 0.5 10.6 0.5 50.6 0.7

       Management, professional, and related

      34.6 1.1 11.8 0.7 18.4 0.9 35.2 1.3

       Service

      8.3 0.8 15.0 1.1 5.2 0.4 71.4 1.4

       Sales and office

      23.5 0.9 16.1 0.7 9.5 0.6 51.0 0.9

       Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

      19.1 1.2 16.7 1.4 6.6 0.8 57.6 1.7

       Production, transportation, and material moving

      23.9 1.2 21.4 1.3 6.2 0.6 48.5 1.4

      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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Last Modified Date: April 2, 2020