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National Compensation Survey
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Data Requests

The National Compensation Survey (NCS) is used to produce labor cost changes through the Employment Cost Index (ECI) and the average costs per hour worked through the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC). The NCS also provides estimates on the incidence and provisions of benefits by the percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans through the Employee Benefits in the United States. The survey covers a broad range of benefits including holidays and vacations, sick leave, health and life insurance, and retirement plans. Benefit plan details of employer-provided health and retirement plan provisions are also available.

The latest data can be accessed from the:

In some circumstances, BLS can provide estimates not available through NCS publications. When requests for unpublished data are received, they are evaluated and processed based on resource availability and the complexity of the request. The NCS is not designed to produce estimates for individual states. All tabulations of data are reviewed for reliability and confidentiality prior to release, which may limit the data provided. The NCS can be used to produce estimates by aggregate occupational and industry groups, census regions and divisions, the fifteen largest combined statistical areas and metropolitan statistical areas, and by various worker characteristics (such as work status, bargaining status, and basis of pay).

When making a data request, users should provide a detailed explanation of the scope that includes ownership (civilian, private, and state and local government), industry group(s) or industry, occupational group(s) or occupation, worker and establishment characteristics, and reference period. This detailed explanation will expedite the evaluation. Once we receive the request, we will evaluate it and contact you regarding an expected timeframe for tabulation, review, and clearance. All estimates are evaluated to ensure respondent confidentiality and estimate reliability. In cases where the level of detail requested does not meet publication criteria, BLS staff will contact you with possible alternatives including on-site microdata access. Access to restricted microdata requires a well-defined research proposal that will be thoroughly reviewed as explained on the BLS Restricted Data Access page.

Please review the list of fulfilled requests prior to submitting a tabulation data request. To submit a request, complete the NCS online form, enter “data request” in the subject line and indicate the scope of the request. BLS staff evaluating the request will respond and ask for clarification, if necessary. These tabulations can take anywhere from four to eight weeks to produce, review, and fulfill.

For an explanation of survey design, calculation and weighting methodology, and history of the NCS see the National Compensation Measures in the Handbook of Methods.

Examples of previously fulfilled requests are listed below, in order to demonstrate the level of detail that can be provided outside of the NCS publications.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC)

  1. Wages and salaries and benefit component costs
      Cost per employee hour worked by compensation component, March 2019
      Industry Wages and salaries Paid leave Supplemental pay Health insurance

      Private Industry

      $24.17 $2.48 $1.10 $2.60

        Mining*

      33.10 3.32 1.78 3.69

        Construction

      27.38 1.74 1.26 3.05

        Manufacturing

      25.86 3.00 1.94 3.71

        Wholesale trade

      26.83 2.77 1.18 2.73

        Retail trade

      15.22 0.97 0.44 1.31

        Transportation and warehousing

      25.41 2.78 1.27 3.88

        Utilities

      38.13 5.38 2.28 5.82

        Information

      38.67 5.28 2.58 4.58

        Finance and insurance

      34.95 4.76 3.14 4.20

        Real estate and rental and leasing

      23.12 2.16 0.91 2.55

        Professional, scientific, and technical services

      38.62 4.71 1.68 3.20

        Management of companies and enterprises*

      41.04 5.89 2.30 3.68

        Administrative and support and waste management and    remediation services

      17.84 1.16 0.63 1.37

        Educational services

      33.56 3.61 0.25 3.69

        Health care and social assistance

      25.03 2.99 0.87 2.93

        Arts, entertainment, and recreation*

      17.39 0.83 0.27 1.26

        Accommodation and food services

      11.29 0.45 0.21 0.74

        Other services

      21.30 1.74 0.45 2.03

      State and local government

      31.75 3.80 0.50 5.90

      * indicates unpublished estimates.

      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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  2. Long-term disability costs
      Cost per employee hour worked for select workers*, March 2017
      Occupational group and bargaining status Long-term disability

      All workers

      $ 0.12

      Occupational group

      Management, professional, and related

      0.13

      Sales and office

      0.04

      Service

      0.06

      Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

      0.07

      Production, transportation, and material moving

      0.22

      Bargaining unit status

      Union

      0.27

      Nonunion

      0.10

      * Full-time workers offered vacation leave in private industry (excluding leisure and hospitality industries) for establishments with 500 or more workers.

      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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Employment Cost Index (ECI)

  1. Wages and salaries for state and local government excluding the educational services industry group
      Wages and salaries for state and local government workers excluding the educational services industry, March 2006 - December 2018
      Month Year Index 3-month
      percent changes
      12-month
      percent changes

      March

      2006 100.7 0.7 -

      June

      2006 101.3 0.6 -

      September

      2006 102.5 1.2 -

      December

      2006 103.8 1.3 3.8

      March

      2007 104.8 1.0 4.1

      June

      2007 105.5 0.7 4.1

      September

      2007 106.7 1.1 4.1

      December

      2007 107.6 0.8 3.7

      March

      2008 108.4 0.7 3.4

      June

      2008 108.9 0.5 3.2

      September

      2008 110.4 1.4 3.5

      December

      2008 110.9 0.5 3.1

      March

      2009 111.6 0.6 3.0

      June

      2009 112.4 0.7 3.2

      September

      2009 113.0 0.5 2.4

      December

      2009 113.2 0.2 2.1

      March

      2010 113.6 0.4 1.8

      June

      2010 113.9 0.3 1.3

      September

      2010 114.4 0.4 1.2

      December

      2010 114.6 0.2 1.2

      March

      2011 115.1 0.4 1.3

      June

      2011 115.2 0.1 1.1

      September

      2011 115.6 0.3 1.0

      December

      2011 115.9 0.3 1.1

      March

      2012 116.5 0.5 1.2

      June

      2012 116.7 0.2 1.3

      September

      2012 117.0 0.3 1.2

      December

      2012 117.3 0.3 1.2

      March

      2013 117.6 0.3 0.9

      June

      2013 117.8 0.2 0.9

      September

      2013 118.3 0.4 1.1

      December

      2013 118.8 0.4 1.3

      March

      2014 119.3 0.4 1.4

      June

      2014 119.7 0.3 1.6

      September

      2014 120.4 0.6 1.8

      December

      2014 121.0 0.5 1.9

      March

      2015 121.6 0.5 1.9

      June

      2015 122.0 0.3 1.9

      September

      2015 122.5 0.4 1.7

      December

      2015 123.2 0.6 1.8

      March

      2016 123.8 0.5 1.8

      June

      2016 124.2 0.3 1.8

      September

      2016 125.1 0.7 2.1

      December

      2016 125.8 0.6 2.1

      March

      2017 126.7 0.7 2.3

      June

      2017 127.0 0.2 2.3

      September

      2017 128.0 0.8 2.3

      December

      2017 128.7 0.5 2.3

      March

      2018 129.3 0.5 2.1

      June

      2018 129.7 0.3 2.1

      September

      2018 130.9 0.9 2.3

      December

      2018 131.8 0.7 2.4

      Dash indicates data not available.

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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Benefits

  1. Retirement benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates for workers in elementary and secondary schools
      Retirement Benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates for workers in elementary and secondary schools, March 2018
      Retirement benefit State and local government
      workers
      Private industry
      workers
      Estimate Standard
      error
      Estimate Standard
      error

      All retirement benefits: Access

      93 0.5 65 11.2

      All retirement benefits: Participation

      84 0.8 57 10.2

      All retirement benefits: Take-up rate

      91 0.7 88 4.2

      Defined benefit: Access

      92 0.5 25 7.1

      Defined benefit: Participation

      84 0.8 24 6.9

      Defined benefit: Take-up rate

      91 0.7 96 1.9

      Defined contribution: Access

      28 0.9 46 8.7

      Defined contribution: Participation

      8 0.7 35 7.8

      Defined contribution: Take-up rate

      29 2.1 76 6.5

      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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  2. Access to disability insurance combinations
      Percent of civilian workers with access to disability insurance benefit combinations, March 2017
      Occupational group Both short- and long-term disability insurance Only
      short-term disability insurance
      Only
      long-term disability insurance
      Without access to disability insurance
      Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error

      All Workers

      23.4 0.5 15.4 0.5 10.6 0.5 50.6 0.7

       Management, professional, and related

      34.6 1.1 11.8 0.7 18.4 0.9 35.2 1.3

       Service

      8.3 0.8 15.0 1.1 5.2 0.4 71.4 1.4

       Sales and office

      23.5 0.9 16.1 0.7 9.5 0.6 51.0 0.9

       Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

      19.1 1.2 16.7 1.4 6.6 0.8 57.6 1.7

       Production, transportation, and material moving

      23.9 1.2 21.4 1.3 6.2 0.6 48.5 1.4

      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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Last Modified Date: October 18, 2019