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National Compensation Survey
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Data Requests

The National Compensation Survey (NCS) is used to produce labor cost changes through the Employment Cost Index (ECI) and the average costs per hour worked through the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC). The NCS also provides estimates on the incidence and provisions of benefits by the percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans through the Employee Benefits in the United States. The survey covers a broad range of benefits including holidays and vacations, sick leave, health and life insurance, and retirement plans. Benefit plan details of employer-provided health and retirement plan provisions are also available.

The latest data can be accessed from the:

In some circumstances, BLS can provide estimates not available through NCS publications. When requests for unpublished data are received, they are evaluated and processed based on resource availability and the complexity of the request. The NCS is not designed to produce estimates for individual states. All tabulations of data are reviewed for reliability and confidentiality prior to release, which may limit the data provided. The NCS can be used to produce estimates by aggregate occupational and industry groups, census regions and divisions, the fifteen largest combined statistical areas and metropolitan statistical areas, and by various worker characteristics (such as work status, bargaining status, and basis of pay).

When making a data request, users should provide a detailed explanation of the scope that includes ownership (civilian, private, and state and local government), industry group(s) or industry, occupational group(s) or occupation, worker and establishment characteristics, and reference period. This detailed explanation will expedite the evaluation. Once we receive the request, we will evaluate it and contact you regarding an expected timeframe for tabulation, review, and clearance. All estimates are evaluated to ensure respondent confidentiality and estimate reliability. In cases where the level of detail requested does not meet publication criteria, BLS staff will contact you with possible alternatives including on-site microdata access. Access to restricted microdata requires a well-defined research proposal that will be thoroughly reviewed as explained on the BLS Restricted Data Access page.

Please review the list of fulfilled requests prior to submitting a tabulation data request. To submit a request, complete the NCS online form, enter “data request” in the subject line and indicate the scope of the request. BLS staff evaluating the request will respond and ask for clarification, if necessary. These tabulations can take anywhere from four to eight weeks to produce, review, and fulfill.

For an explanation of survey design, calculation and weighting methodology, and history of the NCS see the National Compensation Measures in the Handbook of Methods.

Examples of previously fulfilled requests are listed below, in order to demonstrate the level of detail that can be provided outside of the NCS publications.

National Compensation Survey (NCS)

  1. Average leveling points for six-digit occupations

      This table provides the average leveling points for 2010 SOC based six-digit occupations in the National Compensation Survey, which gives an idea of the work level of the duties and responsibilities of the job. It was created by totaling up and averaging the leveling points from the four leveling factors for jobs in the March 2018 reference period.

      Average total number of leveling points by occupation, March 2018
      SOC Occupation Average leveling points Relative standard error

      251071

      Health specialties teachers, postsecondary 2813 2.1

      231011

      Lawyers 2645 2.6

      113021

      Computer and information systems managers 2587 3.1

      172199

      Engineers, all other 2557 4.4

      119032

      Education administrators, elementary and secondary school 2551 1.7

      119033

      Education administrators, postsecondary 2522 3.4

      172011

      Aerospace engineers 2496 6.0

      151143

      Computer network architects 2450 6.0

      291051

      Pharmacists 2429 1.9

      251042

      Biological science teachers, postsecondary 2419 3.3

      172071

      Electrical engineers 2404 2.9

      151133

      Software developers, systems software 2399 3.4

      191042

      Medical scientists, except epidemiologists 2367 8.2

      251011

      Business teachers, postsecondary 2357 5.4

      152031

      Operations research analysts 2350 9.1

      119199

      Managers, all other 2335 4.9

      112021

      Marketing managers 2326 4.2

      251199

      Postsecondary teachers, all other 2321 2.6

      172141

      Mechanical engineers 2292 3.6

      151132

      Software developers, applications 2290 2.3

      113031

      Financial managers 2285 2.1

      112022

      Sales managers 2283 3.3

      193031

      Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists 2270 3.1

      151199

      Computer occupations, all other 2245 3.8

      111021

      General and operations managers 2202 4.2

      172051

      Civil engineers 2190 2.8

      151141

      Database administrators 2186 7.7

      119021

      Construction managers 2180 2.8

      172112

      Industrial engineers 2163 4.1

      291123

      Physical therapists 2132 6.6

      151121

      Computer systems analysts 2110 3.7

      132051

      Financial analysts 2060 2.9

      131111

      Management analysts 2059 3.4

      291127

      Speech-language pathologists 2027 2.6

      113011

      Administrative services managers 2016 3.5

      132052

      Personal financial advisors 2005 4.9

      291122

      Occupational therapists 1989 2.7

      131051

      Cost estimators 1978 4.9

      259031

      Instructional coordinators 1966 2.7

      132053

      Insurance underwriters 1965 2.8

      151142

      Network and computer systems administrators 1950 3.6

      131151

      Training and development specialists 1949 3.7

      254021

      Librarians 1945 1.9

      151131

      Computer programmers 1938 6.0

      132099

      Financial specialists, all other 1937 4.8

      132072

      Loan officers 1933 3.1

      331012

      First-line supervisors of police and detectives 1909 2.3

      131199

      Business operations specialists, all other 1907 2.6

      151152

      Computer network support specialists 1907 4.1

      291141

      Registered nurses 1905 0.5

      131023

      Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products 1885 4.2

      252031

      Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education 1874 0.3

      131041

      Compliance officers 1871 3.2

      252052

      Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school 1867 0.6

      252021

      Elementary school teachers, except special education 1862 0.3

      252022

      Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education 1849 0.7

      131161

      Market research analysts and marketing specialists 1846 3.6

      252012

      Kindergarten teachers, except special education 1845 1.3

      132011

      Accountants and auditors 1839 1.8

      252054

      Special education Teachers, secondary school 1837 1.8

      211012

      Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors 1794 2.0

      131031

      Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators 1742 3.6

      211021

      Child, family, and school social workers 1742 3.2

      119141

      Property, real estate, and community association managers 1735 4.5

      132041

      Credit analysts 1714 5.3

      414011

      Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products 1665 6.5

      211022

      Healthcare social workers 1658 4.7

      131071

      Human resources specialists 1645 5.0

      413031

      Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents 1570 3.7

      292011

      Medical and clinical laboratory technologists 1515 2.7

      474011

      Construction and building inspectors 1504 3.1

      232011

      Paralegals and legal assistants 1501 2.3

      411012

      First-line supervisors of nonretail sales workers 1501 5.3

      491011

      First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers 1486 2.5

      511011

      First-line supervisors of production and operating workers 1484 3.3

      271024

      Graphic designers 1478 4.8

      253099

      Teachers and instructors, all other 1448 2.9

      471011

      First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers 1442 3.2

      493011

      Aircraft mechanics and service technicians 1424 3.7

      333051

      Police and sheriff's patrol officers 1402 2.0

      292034

      Radiologic technologists 1378 2.1

      173023

      Electrical and electronics engineering technicians 1374 5.1

      211093

      Social and human service assistants 1370 10.2

      151151

      Computer user support specialists 1364 3.0

      531031

      First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving machine and vehicle operators 1322 4.3

      332011

      Firefighters 1302 3.5

      431011

      First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers 1238 3.2

      371011

      First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers 1236 4.2

      414012

      Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products 1228 6.6

      413099

      Sales representatives, services, all other 1226 6.8

      292041

      Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 1222 3.2

      499041

      Industrial machinery mechanics 1215 2.7

      499051

      Electrical powerLine installers and repairers 1215 4.7

      436011

      Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants 1211 2.7

      472152

      Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters 1202 3.9

      492022

      Telecommunications equipment Installers and repairers, except line installers 1183 2.1

      472111

      Electricians 1181 3.1

      254031

      Library technicians 1180 4.6

      413021

      Insurance sales agents 1166 5.2

      493031

      Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists 1163 2.2

      514041

      Machinists 1139 4.0

      434061

      Eligibility interviewers, government programs 1138 6.6

      292061

      Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses 1122 2.6

      351012

      First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers 1094 7.6

      333012

      Correctional officers and jailers 1089 4.0

      292071

      Medical records and health information technicians 1052 8.0

      499043

      Maintenance workers, machinery 1046 7.4

      411011

      First-line supervisors of retail sales workers 1045 2.0

      512011

      Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers 1044 14.1

      434011

      Brokerage clerks 1036 5.9

      435061

      Production, planning, and expediting clerks 1036 4.5

      499021

      Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers 1022 6.6

      493023

      Automotive service technicians and mechanics 993 4.0

      472031

      Carpenters 981 7.3

      514121

      Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers 971 4.3

      434131

      Loan interviewers and clerks 959 3.1

      439041

      Insurance claims and policy processing clerks 944 2.9

      435032

      Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance 934 8.2

      292012

      Medical and clinical laboratory technicians 927 7.8

      434141

      New accounts clerks 922 2.6

      472073

      Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators 919 8.1

      434031

      Court, municipal, and license clerks 912 3.7

      434161

      Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping 905 5.6

      499071

      Maintenance and repair workers, general 899 3.5

      514011

      ComputerControlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic 899 7.2

      433031

      Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks 878 2.1

      515112

      Printing press operators 871 7.9

      433051

      Payroll and timekeeping clerks 870 4.3

      433021

      Billing and posting clerks 834 2.8

      436014

      Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive 825 1.9

      435031

      Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers 822 6.0

      434199

      Information and record clerks, all other 821 3.8

      292052

      Pharmacy technicians 820 2.8

      319092

      Medical assistants 805 4.2

      499099

      Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other 804 7.6

      433011

      Bill and account collectors 802 10.8

      433099

      Financial clerks, all other 800 6.4

      474051

      Highway maintenance workers 797 5.4

      519061

      Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers 796 6.7

      434051

      Customer service representatives 794 2.5

      436013

      Medical secretaries 790 4.6

      533032

      Heavy and tractor trailer truck drivers 779 2.9

      439199

      Office and administrative support workers, all other 740 10.7

      514031

      Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic 737 7.8

      434151

      Order clerks 731 6.7

      439061

      Office clerks, general 723 2.5

      512022

      Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers 722 12.3

      259041

      Teacher assistants 714 2.0

      311011

      Home health aides 705 21.4

      533021

      Bus drivers, transit and intercity 704 5.0

      435071

      Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks 698 3.5

      412022

      Parts salespersons 678 2.4

      412021

      Counter and rental clerks 632 4.0

      512092

      Team assemblers 627 3.9

      352012

      Cooks, institution and cafeteria 625 4.0

      311014

      Nursing assistants 621 2.4

      439021

      Data entry keyers 618 5.4

      433071

      Tellers 617 1.6

      537051

      Industrial truck and tractor operators 613 3.3

      512099

      Assemblers and fabricators, all other 597 8.0

      352014

      Cooks, restaurant 595 3.9

      399011

      Childcare workers 587 6.7

      419099

      sales and related workers, all other 586 8.7

      339032

      Security guards 584 4.8

      399021

      Personal care aides 579 3.6

      434121

      Library assistants, clerical 578 4.9

      472061

      Construction laborers 575 5.4

      533033

      Light truck or delivery services drivers 573 4.9

      533022

      Bus drivers, school or special client 554 4.2

      392021

      Nonfarm animal caretakers 553 8.7

      499098

      Helpers-installation, maintenance, and repair workers 534 5.3

      353011

      Bartenders 529 5.2

      434171

      Receptionists and information clerks 528 4.0

      434071

      File clerks 520 9.9

      339092

      Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers 510 6.4

      412031

      Retail salespersons 497 2.2

      399032

      Recreation workers 490 4.6

      373011

      Landscaping and groundskeeping workers 482 6.9

      519111

      Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders 479 10.7

      372011

      Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners 458 3.0

      533031

      Driver/sales workers 436 10.2

      435081

      stock clerks and order fillers 426 2.4

      352021

      Food preparation workers 424 5.6

      412011

      Cashiers 408 2.0

      353031

      Waiters and waitresses 405 4.0

      519199

      Production workers, all other 404 9.8

      352011

      Cooks, fast food 403 12.2

      353022

      Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop 392 7.0

      537062

      Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand 391 3.8

      353021

      Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food 377 3.4

      519198

      Helpers-production workers 371 5.9

      372012

      Maids and housekeeping cleaners 367 5.6

      353041

      Food servers, nonrestaurant 363 6.2

      516011

      Laundry and dry-cleaning workers 307 10.6

      537064

      Packers and packagers, hand 304 7.4

      359011

      Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers 298 10.9

      537061

      Cleaners of vehicles and equipment 290 6.4

      359021

      Dishwashers 238 4.7

      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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  2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC)

    1. Postsecondary teachers compensation component costs by work status
        Costs per employee hour worked for civilian postsecondary teachers within colleges, universities and professional schools by work status, March 2014-2019
        Year Total compensation (1) Wages and salaries Total benefits
        Full-time Part-time Full-time Part-time Full-time Part-time
        Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2)

        2014

        81.95 4.1 49.56 8.3 58.54 4.6 38.25 7.4 23.41 3.5 11.31 17.5

        2015

        83.49 4.3 48.20 8.5 59.27 4.8 37.59 7.5 24.23 3.5 10.61 18.6

        2016

        84.81 4.8 49.45 8.8 60.53 5.6 38.33 6.8 24.28 3.4 11.12 20.8

        2017

        85.89 1.9 55.96 8.4 60.53 2.0 39.33 8.2 25.36 2.1 16.63 27.5

        2018

        88.74 1.9 56.74 8.2 62.39 2.0 37.78 8.2 26.34 2.0 18.96 26.2

        2019

        91.80 1.8 57.27 11.5 64.41 2.0 40.80 11.7 27.39 1.9 16.48 24.0

        Footnotes:
        (1)  Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
        (2) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    2. Compensation component costs for the construction sector by bargaining status and construction subsector
        Construction sector costs per employee hour worked by bargaining status in private industry
        Compensation component (1) March 2017 March 2018 March 2019
        All workers Union Nonunion All workers Union Nonunion All workers Union Nonunion
        Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2)

        Total compensation

        $38.73 2.8 $59.19 3.6 $33.45 3.1 $39.09 2.8 $60.24 3.6 $33.62 2.8 $39.55 2.3 $61.85 3.7 $34.47 2.2

        Wages and salaries

        26.96 2.7 34.91 3.0 24.91 3.2 27.04 2.3 35.38 3.3 24.88 2.6 27.38 1.8 36.30 3.1 25.36 2.1

        Total benefits

        11.77 3.6 24.28 4.8 8.54 3.0 12.05 4.2 24.86 4.5 8.74 3.9 12.16 4.2 25.55 4.9 9.12 3.3

        Paid leave

        1.70 5.4 2.11 10.2 1.60 6.0 1.68 7.1 2.17 11.0 1.55 7.6 1.74 5.7 2.20 13.0 1.64 5.5

        Supplemental pay

        1.04 5.6 1.39 5.3 0.94 6.8 1.11 5.4 1.52 7.0 1.00 7.2 1.26 5.0 1.70 6.3 1.16 6.1

        Insurance

        3.03 4.5 7.62 4.4 1.85 3.5 3.20 6.0 7.97 4.4 1.97 7.4 3.20 6.7 8.17 5.0 2.07 7.2

        Health

        2.91 4.5 7.29 4.4 1.78 3.5 3.06 6.1 7.58 4.5 1.89 7.4 3.05 6.7 7.77 5.1 1.98 7.2

        Retirement and savings

        2.09 8.0 7.69 7.2 0.65 8.9 2.16 9.8 7.82 7.2 0.70 11.1 2.04 10.3 8.07 7.9 0.67 8.6

        Legally required

        3.90 2.1 5.47 4.2 3.50 2.0 3.90 1.5 5.38 2.7 3.52 1.9 3.91 1.2 5.41 3.1 3.57 1.7

        Footnotes:
        (1)  Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
        (2) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals.
        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.


        Construction of buildings subsector costs per employee hour worked by bargaining status in private industry
        Compensation component (1) March 2017 March 2018 March 2019
        All workers Union Nonunion All workers Union Nonunion All workers Union Nonunion
        Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2)

        Total compensation

        $45.00 5.7 $50.66 7.7 $43.87 7.0 $40.54 7.0 $48.94 10.5 $39.47 8.1 $39.60 7.1 $54.78 8.3 $38.48 7.6

        Wages and salaries

        32.33 6.4 32.37 4.0 32.32 7.7 29.59 6.8 30.30 5.1 29.50 7.7 28.50 6.7 31.35 7.6 28.29 7.0

        Total benefits

        12.67 5.5 18.28 14.9 11.55 6.5 10.95 8.7 18.64 21.7 9.97 10.2 11.09 9.3 23.43 13.0 10.19 9.7

        Paid leave

        2.62 11.6 1.76 28.0 2.80 12.2 2.24 12.8 - - 2.26 15.5 2.09 13.5 2.08 27.6 2.09 14.6

        Supplemental pay

        1.23 13.7 1.17 11.8 1.24 16.9 0.99 16.8 1.16 14.6 0.97 18.8 1.22 12.8 1.43 23.1 1.20 13.8

        Insurance

        2.86 9.2 4.86 20.2 2.47 10.5 2.43 13.1 4.78 24.9 2.13 16.4 2.47 13.6 6.13 8.4 2.20 14.8

        Health

        2.72 9.3 4.63 20.1 2.34 10.6 2.31 13.4 4.51 24.8 2.02 16.5 2.33 13.7 5.74 8.6 2.08 14.8

        Retirement and savings

        1.68 11.7 5.33 22.6 0.95 12.4 1.31 18.6 - - 0.77 16.1 1.39 20.0 8.43 26.1 0.87 16.6

        Legally required

        4.27 3.1 5.16 6.1 4.10 4.0 3.98 4.1 5.12 9.3 3.84 4.5 3.92 4.2 5.35 10.0 3.81 4.3

        Footnotes:
        (1)  Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
        (2) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals. Dash indicates estimates did not pass publication criteria or there are no observations in the domain.
        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.


        Specialty trades contractors subsector costs per employee hour worked by bargaining status
        Compensation component (1) March 2017 March 2018 March 2019
        All workers Union Nonunion All workers Union Nonunion All workers Union Nonunion
        Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2)

        Total compensation

        $36.52 3.9 $62.35 4.5 $28.56 2.5 $37.83 4.0 $63.28 3.8 $30.08 2.7 $38.88 3.5 $64.62 4.5 $31.82 4.5

        Wages and salaries

        25.06 2.9 36.14 4.2 21.65 2.3 25.77 3.1 36.79 3.9 22.41 2.4 26.58 2.5 37.56 3.8 23.57 3.8

        Total benefits

        11.46 6.6 26.22 5.4 6.91 3.7 12.06 6.1 26.49 4.2 7.67 4.1 12.30 5.9 27.06 5.8 8.26 5.8

        Paid leave

        1.32 6.7 2.22 14.2 1.04 5.9 1.40 8.7 2.29 13.1 1.12 6.7 1.51 8.0 2.26 15.5 1.30 15.5

        Supplemental pay

        0.95 6.1 1.46 6.0 0.79 7.1 1.06 4.1 1.56 7.0 0.91 4.5 1.22 6.7 1.74 7.1 1.08 7.1

        Insurance

        3.03 8.8 8.39 4.4 1.38 6.5 3.27 8.1 8.71 3.6 1.62 8.2 3.36 7.9 8.83 5.1 1.86 5.1

        Health

        2.92 8.8 8.04 4.4 1.34 6.6 3.12 8.2 8.28 3.7 1.55 8.3 3.21 8.0 8.39 5.2 1.79 5.2

        Retirement and savings

        2.33 14.0 8.50 6.6 0.43 20.7 2.43 13.0 8.37 5.9 0.62 18.4 2.29 13.7 8.67 8.5 0.54 8.5

        Legally required

        3.83 2.7 5.65 5.6 3.27 2.0 3.90 2.3 5.56 3.7 3.39 3.1 3.92 1.8 5.55 3.4 3.48 3.4

        Footnotes:
        (1)  Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
        (2) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals.
        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    3. Compensation component costs for residential and nonresidential construction workers
        Construction of buildings subsector costs per employee hour worked by residential and nonresidential in private industry
        Compensation component (1) March 2019
        All workers Residential Nonresidential
        Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2)

        Total compensation

        $39.60 7.1 $31.66 8.7 $48.06 7.3

        Wages and salaries

        28.50 6.7 24.01 8.0 33.30 7.7

        Total benefits

        11.09 9.3 7.65 12.6 14.76 7.9

        Paid leave

        2.09 13.5 1.22 18.8 3.03 14.4

        Supplemental pay

        1.22 12.8 0.83 19.7 1.63 16.6

        Insurance

        2.47 13.6 1.47 24.5 3.54 8.3

        Health

        2.33 13.7 1.41 24.6 3.32 8.5

        Retirement and savings

        1.39 20.0 - - 2.32 19.4

        Legally required

        3.92 4.2 3.61 5.5 4.24 4.4

        Footnotes:
        (1)  Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
        (2) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals. Dash indicates estimates did not pass publication criteria or there are no observations in the domain.
        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.


        Specialty trades contractors subsector costs per employee hour worked by residential and nonresidential in private industry
        Compensation component (1) March 2019
        All workers Residential Nonresidential
        Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2) Cost ($) RSE (2)

        Total compensation

        $38.88 3.5 $30.10 3.5 $44.48 4.5

        Wages and salaries

        26.58 2.5 22.35 2.5 29.27 3.3

        Total benefits

        12.30 5.9 7.74 7.3 15.21 7.2

        Paid leave

        1.51 8.0 1.09 8.8 1.78 9.9

        Supplemental pay

        1.22 6.7 0.90 12.1 1.43 6.2

        Insurance

        3.36 7.9 1.65 14.0 4.45 7.9

        Health

        3.21 8.0 1.59 13.8 4.25 8.1

        Retirement and savings

        2.29 13.7 - - 3.30 14.7

        Legally required

        3.92 1.8 3.41 3.8 4.25 3.3

        Footnotes:
        (1)  Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
        (2) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals. Dash indicates estimates did not pass publication criteria or there are no observations in the domain.
        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    4. Compensation component costs by industry

        The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services use this information to assist in estimation and comparison of U.S. employer-based private health insurance expenditures in the National Health Expenditure Accounts.

        Cost per employee hour worked by compensation component, March 2019
        Industry Wages and salaries Paid leave Supplemental pay Health insurance

        Private Industry

        $24.17 $2.48 $1.10 $2.60

          Mining*

        33.10 3.32 1.78 3.69

          Construction

        27.38 1.74 1.26 3.05

          Manufacturing

        25.86 3.00 1.94 3.71

          Wholesale trade

        26.83 2.77 1.18 2.73

          Retail trade

        15.22 0.97 0.44 1.31

          Transportation and warehousing

        25.41 2.78 1.27 3.88

          Utilities

        38.13 5.38 2.28 5.82

          Information

        38.67 5.28 2.58 4.58

          Finance and insurance

        34.95 4.76 3.14 4.20

          Real estate and rental and leasing

        23.12 2.16 0.91 2.55

          Professional, scientific, and technical services

        38.62 4.71 1.68 3.20

          Management of companies and enterprises*

        41.04 5.89 2.30 3.68

          Administrative and support and waste management and    remediation services

        17.84 1.16 0.63 1.37

          Educational services

        33.56 3.61 0.25 3.69

          Health care and social assistance

        25.03 2.99 0.87 2.93

          Arts, entertainment, and recreation*

        17.39 0.83 0.27 1.26

          Accommodation and food services

        11.29 0.45 0.21 0.74

          Other services

        21.30 1.74 0.45 2.03

        State and local government

        31.75 3.80 0.50 5.90

        * indicates unpublished estimates.

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    5. Scheduled and worked hours, compensation costs for full-time workers in the Pacific census division (XLSX)

        The California Department of Human Resources office uses this information to assist in meeting their requirement to compare total compensation of State of California employees with employees working in comparable occupations in local government, federal government, and the private sector.

        Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, number of hours, and associated relative standard errors for full-time workers in the Pacific Census Division, March 2019
        Ownership and establishment characteristics Occupational groups and occupations Average scheduled annual hours (1) Average annual hours worked (2) Total compensation Wages and salaries Benefit costs
        Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
        Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3) Estimate RSE (3)

        Private industry

        All workers 2,044 0.3 1,909 0.5 $46.92 4.0 $32.51 4.1 $14.41 4.0 $3.69 5.3 $1.35 7.5 $3.87 3.8 $1.96 9.2 $3.54 1.7

        Private industry

        Management, professional, and related 2,057 0.5 1,851 0.6 $71.43 6.4 $49.76 6.5 $21.67 6.2 $6.56 7.2 $2.20 10.2 $5.20 5.1 $3.08 12.4 $4.63 3.5

        Private industry

        Management, business, and financial 2,079 0.1 1,855 0.2 $74.13 2.4 $51.79 2.6 $22.34 2.5 $6.96 3.2 $2.75 9.8 $4.98 2.6 $2.82 5.4 $4.84 2.1

        Private industry

        Management occupations 2,083 0.2 1,847 0.4 $87.35 3.6 $61.76 3.5 $25.59 4.5 $8.52 4.8 $3.09 15.1 $5.36 2.3 $3.11 10.4 $5.50 2.7

        Private industry

        Business and financial operations occupations 2,074 0.2 1,864 0.2 $58.35 5.5 $39.89 5.3 $18.46 6.2 $5.09 6.1 $2.34 13.3 $4.53 4.5 $2.47 12.2 $4.04 4.0

        Private industry

        Professional and related 2,045 0.8 1,849 1.0 $70.00 9.5 $48.67 9.8 $21.32 9.0 $6.34 10.5 $1.91 13.3 $5.31 7.1 $3.22 17.5 $4.53 4.9

        Private industry

        Computer and mathematical occupations 2,081 0.5 1,857 0.6 $74.33 9.5 $52.02 8.0 $22.31 13.1 $6.61 10.7 - - $5.42 5.0 $3.30 24.5 $4.87 8.6

        Private industry

        Architecture and engineering occupations 2,130 1.2 1,937 2.5 $80.06 3.7 $53.53 2.7 $26.54 6.9 $7.17 7.0 $4.13 22.9 $5.65 5.8 $4.33 12.3 $5.25 1.9

        Private industry

        Life, Physical, and social science occupations 2,076 0.2 1,888 1.1 $52.82 9.3 $34.59 11.1 $18.24 7.4 $4.65 14.0 - - $6.65 17.3 $2.04 24.9 $3.75 8.8

        Private industry

        Community and social service occupations 2,060 0.6 1,930 3.4 $34.00 3.1 $23.60 3.2 $10.41 5.7 $2.72 9.0 - - $3.93 6.7 $0.75 15.9 $2.58 5.1

        Private industry

        Education, training, and library occupations 1,699 3.3 1,559 3.3 $48.74 19.8 $35.77 18.2 $12.97 24.7 $3.68 28.3 - - $3.72 27.5 - - $3.25 15.3

        Private industry

        Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations 2,024 2.4 1,810 2.1 $57.55 4.5 $39.41 4.7 $18.15 5.1 $5.19 9.8 $2.10 24.6 $4.50 16.7 $2.16 25.1 $4.21 6.5

        Private industry

        Service 2,012 0.8 1,917 0.9 $22.41 3.6 $15.88 2.9 $6.54 5.7 $1.29 6.6 $0.34 16.7 $2.27 7.0 $0.52 19.4 $2.12 2.5

        Private industry

        Healthcare support occupations 2,061 0.3 1,905 0.6 $27.51 4.8 $18.32 4.5 $9.19 8.6 $2.02 9.1 $0.51 16.7 $3.57 12.7 $0.81 16.4 $2.27 6.9

        Private industry

        Protective service occupations 1,892 2.3 1,798 1.8 $25.59 9.5 $16.96 9.6 $8.63 10.3 $1.75 12.6 $0.88 24.2 $2.98 14.6 $0.73 26.6 $2.29 8.4

        Private industry

        Food preparation and serving related occupations 1,999 1.2 1,966 2.3 $21.04 4.2 $15.48 3.0 $5.57 8.3 $0.87 21.4 $0.31 25.8 $1.73 14.7 $0.59 19.8 $2.06 3.0

        Private industry

        Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 2,044 0.8 1,945 0.8 $21.97 4.7 $15.42 3.3 $6.55 8.2 $1.24 8.4 $0.31 19.3 $2.33 9.2 - - $2.14 4.4

        Private industry

        Personal care and service occupations 2,002 2.3 1,871 3.1 $19.73 5.0 $14.66 5.9 $5.07 3.8 $1.18 8.2 $0.10 29.8 $1.68 7.5 - - $1.99 6.0

        Private industry

        Sales and office 2,053 0.4 1,909 0.5 $32.57 3.4 $23.03 3.8 $9.54 3.0 $2.18 5.1 $0.80 14.3 $3.10 3.7 $0.92 7.8 $2.55 2.0

        Private industry

        Sales and related occupations 2,051 0.4 1,936 0.6 $36.78 7.5 $28.12 8.3 $8.66 7.1 $2.02 10.0 $0.96 28.5 $2.13 9.3 $0.76 15.8 $2.79 3.8

        Private industry

        Office and administrative support occupations 2,053 0.4 1,898 0.5 $30.91 2.7 $21.02 2.6 $9.89 3.9 $2.25 5.8 $0.73 13.4 $3.48 3.6 $0.98 11.5 $2.45 2.2

        Private industry

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 2,031 1.4 2,001 1.5 $43.33 7.4 $29.05 4.8 $14.28 13.1 $2.32 12.4 $1.41 15.4 $3.79 15.9 $2.48 29.7 $4.28 2.9

        Private industry

        Construction and extraction occupations 1,991 2.7 1,973 2.7 $46.79 10.9 $31.29 7.0 $15.50 19.3 $2.07 24.5 $1.42 20.0 $4.02 21.7 - - $4.91 3.7

        Private industry

        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2,076 0.4 2,031 0.7 $39.70 8.4 $26.69 6.5 $13.02 12.3 $2.62 6.3 $1.40 12.6 $3.56 18.8 $1.83 27.5 $3.61 5.5

        Private industry

        Production, transportation, and material moving 2,039 2.4 1,994 3.0 $35.60 7.0 $23.46 5.7 $12.14 10.0 $2.26 14.4 $1.07 11.1 $3.51 10.0 $1.96 24.4 $3.34 4.1

        Private industry

        Production occupations 2,071 0.4 2,048 1.2 $31.07 3.1 $21.15 2.6 $9.92 7.1 $1.74 10.4 $1.17 9.2 $3.00 9.9 $1.06 20.6 $2.95 2.2

        Private industry

        Transportation and material moving occupations 2,008 4.6 1,944 4.9 $39.86 11.3 $25.64 9.6 $14.22 14.6 $2.74 20.5 $0.98 17.0 $4.00 14.2 $2.81 29.2 $3.70 6.0

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        All workers 2,016 1.6 1,833 1.6 $64.82 5.2 $41.86 5.3 $22.96 5.1 $5.96 5.4 $2.86 12.4 $6.02 4.2 $3.77 9.7 $4.35 4.1

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Management, professional, and related 2,082 0.9 1,840 1.0 $83.41 3.6 $54.69 3.6 $28.72 4.1 $8.18 4.1 $3.86 10.8 $6.96 3.8 $4.51 9.1 $5.21 3.3

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Management, business, and financial 2,087 0.3 1,835 0.7 $84.85 6.1 $55.74 6.3 $29.11 6.0 $8.46 9.8 $4.56 7.6 $6.53 4.7 $4.34 10.5 $5.22 4.3

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Management occupations 2,095 0.6 1,808 1.0 $105.88 7.5 $70.55 7.4 $35.33 8.1 $11.40 10.6 $5.25 14.3 $7.50 6.1 $5.02 16.3 $6.17 4.5

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Business and financial operations occupations 2,079 0.2 1,857 0.5 $66.42 4.7 $42.76 4.7 $23.66 5.4 $5.88 5.4 $3.95 12.1 $5.68 3.8 $3.76 13.8 $4.39 3.9

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Professional and related 2,081 1.2 1,842 1.2 $82.87 4.7 $54.29 4.5 $28.57 5.5 $8.07 4.6 $3.60 16.9 $7.12 4.8 $4.58 10.2 $5.20 4.0

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Computer and mathematical occupations 2,114 1.0 1,868 1.0 $94.62 1.9 $63.19 2.4 $31.43 1.2 $8.59 5.2 $4.33 10.9 $7.41 3.0 $5.25 12.9 $5.84 1.9

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Architecture and engineering occupations 2,177 1.9 1,928 1.6 $89.22 4.2 $56.89 2.9 $32.33 7.8 $8.24 4.9 $5.68 26.0 $6.80 2.9 $6.12 13.3 $5.49 1.4

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Education, training, and library occupations 1,715 3.8 1,528 3.4 $130.24 15.0 $96.19 17.0 $34.06 9.6 $12.49 12.2 $1.12 14.0 $8.70 9.5 $5.19 12.3 $6.57 8.4

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations 1,965 1.3 1,739 1.9 $77.96 6.4 $50.29 6.4 $27.67 7.0 $8.82 7.3 $2.10 8.8 $7.94 10.8 $3.69 15.7 $5.12 4.8

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Service 1,984 1.5 1,850 0.7 $27.07 9.6 $17.22 7.5 $9.84 14.2 $2.03 12.2 $0.73 28.8 $3.92 14.8 $0.94 30.0 $2.23 6.4

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Healthcare support occupations 1,997 1.7 1,816 2.0 $33.90 1.5 $19.36 0.9 $14.54 3.3 $2.69 3.5 $1.20 22.1 $6.24 6.7 $1.91 21.5 $2.49 1.3

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 2,047 1.0 1,907 1.2 $22.90 8.6 $15.61 5.6 $7.29 16.7 $1.67 13.8 - - $2.60 24.3 $0.60 30.0 $2.00 4.8

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Sales and office 2,077 0.1 1,890 0.5 $37.65 4.9 $23.52 4.1 $14.13 6.4 $3.12 6.4 $1.76 23.6 $4.55 7.8 $1.95 11.3 $2.74 2.6

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Office and administrative support occupations 2,077 0.1 1,891 0.6 $37.82 5.2 $23.58 4.4 $14.24 6.8 $3.14 6.9 $1.75 23.3 $4.65 7.6 $1.96 11.0 $2.74 2.8

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 1,748 11.1 1,774 11.2 $55.48 9.3 $34.34 7.4 $21.14 12.7 $3.29 16.6 $2.60 24.8 $6.00 8.2 $4.50 28.4 $4.75 4.7

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Construction and extraction occupations 1,539 19.6 1,602 20.0 $50.39 18.8 $31.78 13.6 $18.61 27.8 - - - - $5.55 16.0 - - $4.84 7.8

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2,010 3.7 1,988 1.0 $61.87 3.2 $37.55 3.3 $24.32 6.0 $4.65 6.2 $3.15 27.1 $6.55 9.4 $5.31 13.9 $4.65 2.9

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Production, transportation, and material moving 1,840 9.8 1,767 11.0 $52.51 20.7 $32.33 19.4 $20.18 22.8 - - $1.81 21.2 $5.49 21.8 - - $4.06 16.7

        Private industry establishments with 500 or more workers

        Production occupations 2,077 0.2 2,035 0.9 $42.95 9.3 $26.59 8.6 $16.36 11.3 $2.95 14.7 $2.64 13.5 $4.92 10.8 $2.59 23.3 $3.26 7.3

        State and local government

        All workers 1,896 0.7 1,701 1.1 $68.46 2.0 $40.82 1.7 $27.64 2.4 $5.43 3.8 $0.89 7.4 $8.03 2.6 $9.96 3.9 $3.33 3.4

        State and local government

        Management, professional, and related 1,755 1.0 1,566 1.2 $79.80 1.8 $49.38 1.9 $30.42 2.1 $5.84 4.9 $0.75 10.0 $8.47 3.6 $11.79 3.1 $3.58 4.6

        State and local government

        Management, business, and financial 2,030 0.3 1,741 0.4 $87.67 3.4 $52.35 3.4 $35.31 3.6 $9.12 5.8 $1.16 13.0 $7.97 2.3 $12.73 5.8 $4.34 4.9

        State and local government

        Management occupations 2,021 0.5 1,730 0.4 $102.36 4.6 $61.94 4.4 $40.42 4.9 $10.82 7.6 $1.39 14.7 $7.86 3.0 $15.62 8.2 $4.73 5.6

        State and local government

        Business and financial operations occupations 2,042 0.9 1,756 0.8 $67.94 1.7 $39.48 1.5 $28.45 2.7 $6.84 3.3 $0.85 25.9 $8.12 3.6 $8.84 7.6 $3.81 8.1

        State and local government

        Professional and related 1,685 1.5 1,522 1.5 $77.81 2.3 $48.63 2.4 $29.18 2.6 $5.00 6.6 $0.64 10.6 $8.60 4.3 $11.55 3.8 $3.38 6.0

        State and local government

        Computer and mathematical occupations 2,073 0.3 1,814 0.9 $69.67 7.6 $40.85 8.2 $28.82 7.3 $6.93 11.5 $0.96 21.4 $7.32 4.6 $9.68 12.2 $3.93 10.1

        State and local government

        Architecture and engineering occupations 2,060 0.8 1,766 1.0 $78.29 5.4 $48.12 5.6 $30.17 6.5 $8.64 6.3 - - $8.71 6.2 $7.63 11.6 $3.73 11.6

        State and local government

        Life, Physical, and social science occupations 1,958 2.3 1,698 2.3 $63.32 5.2 $37.93 6.3 $25.38 4.7 $5.79 7.7 - - $8.03 7.8 $7.29 11.2 $3.37 8.2

        State and local government

        Community and social service occupations 1,907 2.3 1,697 2.2 $63.97 5.7 $37.46 8.0 $26.52 3.1 $4.92 6.7 $0.57 17.7 $7.80 5.9 $9.97 7.4 $3.26 7.5

        State and local government

        Education, training, and library occupations 1,444 2.2 1,336 2.2 $80.36 1.9 $51.53 1.6 $28.83 2.8 $3.78 10.3 $0.35 10.5 $9.18 5.5 $12.60 3.9 $2.92 9.4

        State and local government

        Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations 2,168 6.7 1,944 7.6 $77.73 7.4 $47.75 8.8 $29.98 5.8 $7.05 14.0 $1.73 10.9 $7.70 15.8 $8.88 10.4 $4.62 7.5

        State and local government

        Service 2,144 2.7 2,011 4.9 $59.68 7.4 $32.78 6.3 $26.89 9.0 $5.29 9.9 $1.77 7.1 $6.84 4.9 $10.17 14.8 $2.83 5.9

        State and local government

        Protective service occupations 2,247 4.0 2,176 7.7 $75.02 7.5 $40.93 5.9 $34.09 9.4 $6.71 9.3 $2.64 9.5 $6.96 8.1 $14.74 12.5 $3.04 11.5

        State and local government

        Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 2,041 1.1 1,788 1.7 $40.70 6.3 $22.45 6.3 $18.25 6.4 $3.77 9.9 - - $6.74 3.6 $4.51 7.6 $2.64 5.7

        State and local government

        Sales and office 2,045 0.3 1,783 0.3 $45.89 1.8 $25.16 2.0 $20.73 1.8 $4.17 3.2 $0.40 18.2 $7.68 3.5 $5.71 2.5 $2.77 4.2

        State and local government

        Office and administrative support occupations 2,043 0.3 1,783 0.3 $46.32 2.0 $25.38 2.2 $20.94 2.1 $4.19 3.2 $0.40 18.3 $7.74 3.8 $5.80 2.8 $2.80 3.8

        State and local government

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 2,080 0.0 1,866 0.8 $60.43 5.7 $34.50 6.1 $25.93 5.6 $5.95 7.1 $1.14 11.6 $7.93 4.1 $7.24 8.4 $3.67 9.8

        State and local government

        Construction and extraction occupations 2,094 0.6 1,908 2.4 $57.87 6.8 $32.81 7.8 $25.06 5.8 $5.47 10.6 $0.86 15.1 $7.69 5.3 $7.15 7.5 $3.89 12.2

        State and local government

        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2,068 0.5 1,831 1.2 $62.01 5.8 $35.68 5.5 $26.33 6.7 $6.30 5.4 $1.36 20.2 $8.07 6.8 $7.18 10.6 $3.42 9.3

        State and local government

        Production, transportation, and material moving 1,965 1.7 1,763 1.9 $55.07 5.5 $30.32 6.3 $24.75 4.7 $5.13 8.4 $1.34 11.3 $8.30 6.2 $6.12 6.5 $3.85 5.6

        State and local government

        Transportation and material moving occupations 1,943 2.3 1,747 2.5 $53.42 5.9 $29.19 6.2 $24.23 5.8 $4.87 8.5 $1.28 13.1 $8.34 7.7 $5.70 5.4 $4.04 5.1

        State government

        All workers 2,071 1.9 1,866 3.3 $66.30 5.3 $38.44 5.4 $27.86 5.4 $6.21 8.3 $1.11 10.0 $7.30 4.9 $9.28 11.2 $3.96 5.8

        State government

        Management, professional, and related 2,022 2.9 1,758 3.5 $77.83 5.3 $46.68 5.7 $31.16 5.0 $7.65 8.7 $0.98 12.0 $7.54 8.9 $10.25 9.5 $4.74 4.8

        State government

        Management, business, and financial 2,068 0.2 1,767 0.5 $81.71 6.0 $48.91 7.3 $32.79 4.6 $8.70 9.1 $1.23 15.0 $7.89 5.5 $10.56 7.6 $4.42 6.5

        State government

        Management occupations 2,075 0.2 1,768 0.6 $101.51 10.6 $61.81 12.1 $39.71 8.5 $10.94 14.0 - - $8.23 5.5 $13.73 11.1 $5.18 11.9

        State government

        Business and financial operations occupations 2,062 0.5 1,766 0.7 $64.49 3.1 $37.70 4.3 $26.79 3.1 $6.75 6.8 $0.88 23.2 $7.60 5.8 $7.81 9.7 $3.75 7.4

        State government

        Professional and related 2,004 3.9 1,754 4.7 $76.40 6.9 $45.85 7.0 $30.55 6.9 $7.26 11.7 $0.89 14.7 $7.41 10.4 $10.14 13.5 $4.86 6.5

        State government

        Education, training, and library occupations 1,660 1.2 1,446 2.1 $91.36 10.2 $57.46 10.0 $33.90 10.7 $8.37 23.4 - - $8.59 23.4 $10.98 21.2 $5.20 7.8

        State government

        Sales and office 2,063 0.2 1,791 0.1 $43.48 3.9 $23.71 4.2 $19.77 3.8 $3.88 4.5 $0.16 24.7 $7.69 3.2 $5.13 5.7 $2.90 9.2

        State government

        Office and administrative support occupations 2,061 0.2 1,793 0.2 $43.93 3.1 $23.96 3.5 $19.96 2.7 $3.86 3.5 $0.17 25.5 $7.73 3.1 $5.25 5.0 $2.96 8.3

        Local government

        All workers 1,831 1.0 1,640 1.1 $69.26 1.9 $41.70 2.0 $27.56 2.2 $5.14 3.5 $0.81 10.8 $8.30 2.4 $10.21 3.6 $3.10 4.0

        Local government

        All workers, excluding education, training, and library occupations 2,026 0.8 1,788 1.0 $64.97 2.4 $37.61 2.4 $27.36 2.5 $6.13 3.4 $1.05 11.6 $7.85 2.9 $8.99 4.5 $3.35 4.1

        Local government

        Management, professional, and related 1,660 2.0 1,498 1.9 $80.51 1.6 $50.35 1.7 $30.16 2.1 $5.19 5.4 $0.67 14.0 $8.80 2.4 $12.34 3.5 $3.16 5.9

        Local government

        Management, professional, and related, excluding Education, training, and library occupations 1,972 0.8 1,721 0.6 $82.95 1.9 $50.11 2.2 $32.85 2.2 $7.88 4.0 $1.14 18.3 $8.22 2.7 $11.68 5.3 $3.92 4.6

        Local government

        Management, business, and financial 2,010 0.5 1,727 0.4 $90.90 3.2 $54.22 3.0 $36.68 3.9 $9.35 5.0 $1.13 20.9 $8.01 2.4 $13.90 7.8 $4.30 5.1

        Local government

        Management occupations 2,000 0.9 1,715 0.6 $102.70 4.6 $61.99 4.4 $40.71 5.5 $10.76 7.4 $1.30 17.3 $7.71 3.6 $16.38 9.4 $4.55 5.0

        Local government

        Business and financial operations occupations 2,026 1.4 1,748 1.3 $70.66 3.0 $40.89 2.5 $29.77 4.2 $6.91 2.7 - - $8.52 3.6 $9.66 11.9 $3.86 11.6

        Local government

        Professional and related 1,584 2.1 1,448 2.1 $78.26 1.8 $49.51 2.0 $28.74 2.3 $4.29 5.4 $0.57 14.5 $8.97 2.8 $12.00 3.4 $2.91 6.4

        Local government

        Professional, and related, excluding Education, training, and library occupations 1,947 1.4 1,718 1.1 $77.66 3.0 $47.37 3.9 $30.30 2.4 $6.91 5.2 $1.15 18.2 $8.36 4.6 $10.21 4.9 $3.67 5.1

        Local government

        Community and social service occupations 1,855 3.1 1,658 2.9 $70.59 5.8 $41.96 7.4 $28.63 4.6 $5.33 8.5 $0.67 14.9 $7.99 7.2 $11.25 10.7 $3.38 9.4

        Local government

        Education, training, and library occupations 1,409 2.4 1,318 2.6 $78.54 2.0 $50.55 1.7 $27.99 3.1 $3.02 8.1 $0.29 16.6 $9.27 3.4 $12.87 3.6 $2.55 8.2

        Local government

        Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations 1,955 3.7 1,739 3.1 $83.84 4.3 $52.43 5.6 $31.41 4.0 $7.43 11.2 $1.52 17.8 $9.07 6.8 $9.37 14.7 $4.03 9.5

        Local government

        Service 2,105 2.9 1,898 3.3 $58.34 8.2 $32.57 7.6 $25.77 9.4 $5.44 10.6 $1.35 14.0 $7.20 2.6 $9.05 19.0 $2.74 3.3

        Local government

        Protective service occupations 2,224 3.6 2,032 3.6 $77.22 3.2 $43.03 3.1 $34.19 5.1 $7.45 5.2 $2.18 11.5 $7.79 5.4 $13.89 10.8 $2.88 7.5

        Local government

        Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 2,037 1.3 1,783 2.0 $41.66 6.9 $23.11 6.8 $18.55 7.1 $3.91 11.2 - - $6.67 4.0 $4.69 8.3 $2.70 6.4

        Local government

        Sales and office 2,036 0.3 1,780 0.4 $46.97 2.6 $25.82 2.6 $21.16 3.0 $4.30 4.3 $0.50 20.4 $7.68 5.8 $5.97 5.1 $2.71 3.7

        Local government

        Office and administrative support occupations 2,035 0.3 1,778 0.4 $47.40 3.2 $26.02 3.1 $21.37 3.6 $4.34 5.0 $0.51 20.5 $7.75 6.5 $6.05 4.9 $2.73 3.6

        Local government

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 2,078 0.1 1,843 0.3 $63.06 6.3 $35.90 6.3 $27.16 6.5 $6.24 7.7 $1.21 12.9 $8.22 6.1 $7.67 8.3 $3.82 9.7

        Local government

        Construction and extraction occupations 2,080 0.0 1,839 0.7 $60.56 7.3 $34.40 7.8 $26.16 6.9 $5.96 9.2 $0.67 18.7 $8.10 7.9 $7.31 8.0 $4.12 11.9

        Local government

        Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2,077 0.2 1,847 0.7 $64.24 7.1 $36.72 6.9 $27.52 7.8 $6.37 8.2 $1.58 17.7 $8.24 8.2 $7.78 11.0 $3.54 9.7

        Local government

        Production, transportation, and material moving 1,947 2.5 1,743 2.6 $55.86 6.3 $30.52 7.1 $25.34 5.5 $5.20 10.4 $1.42 14.1 $8.15 6.3 $6.58 9.1 $3.99 6.4

        Footnotes:
        (1) The number of daily hours, weekly hours, and annual weeks that workers in an occupation are scheduled and do work. This is the standard schedule for the occupation; short-term fluctuations and one-time events are not considered unless the change becomes permanent, see Work Schedules in the National Compensation Survey.
        (2) The number of scheduled hours plus overtime hours and removing vacation time, holidays, sick leave, and personal leave, see Work Schedules in the National Compensation Survey.
        (3) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals. Dash indicates estimates did not pass publication criteria or there are no observations in the domain.
        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey

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    6. State and local government compensation components (XLSX)

        The table below has been modified for display purposes. The XLSX file, linked above, contains all tabulated estimates.

        Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by census region and division, September 2018
        Compensation component Northeast Region New England Division Middle Atlantic Division South Region South Atlantic Division East South Central Division West South Central Division Midwest Region East North Central Division West North Central Division West Region Mountain Division Pacific Division
        Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1) Cost ($) Percent
        of total
        comp.
        RSE(1)

        Total compensation

        63.31 100.0 1.5 58.69 100.0 2.5 64.84 100.0 1.7 41.42 100.0 1.2 43.88 100.0 2.1 38.21 100.0 1.9 39.31 100.0 1.3 47.54 100.0 1.5 50.31 100.0 1.7 42.41 100.0 2.6 55.79 100.0 1.9 43.49 100.0 2.6 61.46 100.0 2.3

        Wages and salaries

        36.97 58.4 1.1 36.83 62.8 2.3 37.02 57.1 1.2 26.97 65.1 1.5 27.86 63.5 2.7 24.27 63.5 1.8 26.96 68.6 1.5 30.21 63.5 1.2 31.67 63.0 1.5 27.50 64.8 2.1 34.57 62.0 1.8 28.56 65.7 2.4 37.34 60.8 2.3

        Total benefits

        26.34 41.6 2.2 21.86 37.2 3.4 27.82 42.9 2.5 14.45 34.9 1.1 16.02 36.5 1.5 13.94 36.5 2.2 12.35 31.4 1.6 17.33 36.5 2.1 18.64 37.0 2.4 14.91 35.2 3.8 21.22 38.0 2.2 14.93 34.3 3.7 24.12 39.2 2.4

        Paid leave

        4.64 7.3 4.3 4.19 7.1 3.2 4.79 7.4 5.1 3.23 7.8 2.2 3.68 8.4 2.2 2.70 7.1 8.1 2.81 7.1 3.9 3.44 7.2 3.4 3.67 7.3 4.7 3.01 7.1 3.7 4.25 7.6 3.3 3.12 7.2 5.5 4.77 7.8 3.8

        Vacation

        1.65 2.6 7.0 1.42 2.4 6.2 1.73 2.7 8.2 1.25 3.0 3.5 1.50 3.4 3.1 1.04 2.7 11.5 0.97 2.5 8.2 1.24 2.6 4.9 1.32 2.6 6.5 1.11 2.6 6.3 1.75 3.1 4.2 1.25 2.9 9.7 1.99 3.2 4.3

        Holiday

        1.28 2.0 6.5 1.01 1.7 10.2 1.36 2.1 7.5 0.94 2.3 2.9 1.12 2.6 3.0 0.82 2.1 13.0 0.72 1.8 3.3 0.94 2.0 3.7 1.06 2.1 4.4 0.72 1.7 6.1 1.26 2.3 4.4 0.92 2.1 6.6 1.41 2.3 5.2

        Sick

        1.29 2.0 2.5 1.30 2.2 6.2 1.28 2.0 2.7 0.76 1.8 1.9 0.81 1.8 1.8 0.62 1.6 2.1 0.76 1.9 4.5 0.96 2.0 3.5 0.96 1.9 3.7 0.97 2.3 7.3 1.02 1.8 2.9 0.74 1.7 2.9 1.14 1.9 3.6

        Personal

        0.43 0.7 4.4 0.46 0.8 4.9 0.42 0.6 6.0 0.28 0.7 3.7 0.25 0.6 4.7 0.22 0.6 12.2 0.36 0.9 6.2 0.29 0.6 4.3 0.33 0.7 6.0 0.21 0.5 2.6 0.22 0.4 6.1 0.21 0.5 11.4 0.23 0.4 7.3

        Supplemental pay

        0.67 1.1 5.6 0.57 1.0 11.4 0.71 1.1 6.5 0.38 0.9 3.7 0.42 1.0 4.2 0.40 1.0 6.5 0.32 0.8 9.5 0.46 1.0 6.3 0.49 1.0 6.2 0.40 0.9 15.0 0.62 1.1 7.2 0.30 0.7 15.7 0.76 1.2 8.1

        Overtime and premium

        0.29 0.5 6.8 0.30 0.5 13.8 0.28 0.4 7.2 0.18 0.4 4.8 0.17 0.4 4.9 0.16 0.4 6.9 0.20 0.5 11.1 0.17 0.4 8.9 0.20 0.4 10.4 0.13 0.3 18.1 0.27 0.5 7.5 0.14 0.3 20.1 0.33 0.5 8.3

        Shift differentials

        0.05 0.1 12.8 - - - 0.05 0.1 8.3 0.05 0.1 11.9 0.06 0.1 15.9 - - - 0.04 0.1 17.2 0.05 0.1 6.8 0.06 0.1 6.6 0.02 0.1 24.5 0.03 0.1 16.8 - - - 0.04 0.1 17.2

        Nonproduction bonuses

        0.33 0.5 7.4 0.20 0.3 18.1 0.38 0.6 8.6 0.15 0.4 4.6 0.19 0.4 5.8 0.17 0.5 2.6 0.09 0.2 15.9 0.23 0.5 9.3 0.22 0.4 9.4 0.25 0.6 19.4 0.32 0.6 10.2 - - - 0.40 0.6 10.7

        Footnotes:
        (1) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals. Dashes indicate data did not meet publication criteria.
        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    7. Workers' compensation

        The National Academy of Social Insurance uses these data in their annual report Workers' Compensation Benefits, Costs, and Coverage.

        Percent of civilian workers with zero or positive workers' compensation costs, March 2018
        Workers' compensation cost Rate (percent of workers) Standard error of rate

        Zero workers' compensation cost

        3.6 0.28

        Positive workers' compensation cost

        96.4 0.28

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    8. Compensation component costs by bargaining status in the construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry; leisure and hospitality; and wholesale trade industries (XLSX)

        The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation uses NCS data for many purposes, such as: responding to congressional requests, research into retirement savings rates, and to help evaluate the viability of their insurance programs.

        Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation, for private industry workers in construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry industry
        Compensation component March 2014 March 2015 March 2016 March 2017 March 2018
        Union Nonunion Union Nonunion Union Nonunion Union Nonunion Union Nonunion
        Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1)

        Total compensation

        $55.66 1.59 $29.33 0.67 $55.08 1.83 $30.45 0.78 $56.71 1.80 $31.82 0.90 $59.19 2.11 $33.45 1.02 $60.24 2.19 $33.62 0.95

        Wages and salaries

        32.20 0.61 21.86 0.47 32.44 0.74 22.76 0.56 33.73 0.87 23.76 0.69 34.91 1.05 24.91 0.81 35.38 1.15 24.88 0.65

        Total benefits

        23.46 1.12 7.47 0.24 22.63 1.15 7.70 0.25 22.98 1.04 8.06 0.24 24.28 1.16 8.54 0.26 24.86 1.12 8.74 0.34

        Paid leave

        2.03 0.23 1.37 0.07 2.08 0.25 1.46 0.08 2.03 0.20 1.45 0.08 2.11 0.21 1.60 0.10 2.17 0.24 1.55 0.12

        Vacation

        1.10 0.16 0.70 0.04 1.11 0.16 0.74 0.04 1.17 0.13 0.74 0.04 1.17 0.14 0.82 0.05 1.16 0.13 0.79 0.06

        Holiday

        0.68 0.06 0.49 0.02 0.73 0.06 0.53 0.03 0.68 0.06 0.52 0.02 0.72 0.06 0.56 0.03 0.75 0.08 0.56 0.04

        Sick leave

        0.16 0.05 0.12 0.01 0.14 0.05 0.12 0.01 0.11 0.03 0.12 0.01 0.12 0.04 0.13 0.01 0.17 0.03 0.13 0.01

        Personal leave

        0.09 0.02 0.05 0.01 0.10 0.02 0.07 0.01 0.07 0.02 0.08 0.01 0.09 0.04 0.09 0.01 0.08 0.03 0.07 0.01

        Supplemental pay

        1.27 0.08 0.88 0.11 1.27 0.07 0.79 0.05 1.33 0.07 0.87 0.05 1.39 0.07 0.94 0.06 1.52 0.11 1.00 0.07

        Overtime and premium pay

        1.12 0.08 0.46 0.03 1.10 0.05 0.45 0.03 1.11 0.07 0.45 0.02 1.17 0.07 0.48 0.03 1.31 0.11 0.53 0.05

        Shift differentials

        0.04 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.00

        Nonproduction bonuses

        0.10 0.03 0.42 0.10 0.13 0.04 0.34 0.04 0.17 0.03 0.41 0.05 0.17 0.03 0.46 0.06 0.16 0.03 0.46 0.05

        Insurance

        7.16 0.34 1.56 0.08 6.96 0.33 1.68 0.08 7.21 0.34 1.69 0.06 7.62 0.34 1.85 0.07 7.97 0.35 1.97 0.15

        Life insurance

        0.10 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.08 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.09 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.10 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.13 0.01 0.03 0.00

        Health insurance

        6.82 0.32 1.50 0.08 6.68 0.31 1.61 0.08 6.92 0.32 1.62 0.06 7.29 0.32 1.78 0.06 7.58 0.34 1.89 0.14

        Short-term disability insurance

        0.19 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.16 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.12 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.14 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.19 0.02 0.03 0.01

        Long-term disability insurance

        0.05 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.08 0.02 0.03 0.00 0.08 0.02 0.03 0.00 0.08 0.01 0.02 0.00

        Retirement and savings

        7.68 0.71 0.46 0.05 7.03 0.56 0.47 0.05 6.85 0.58 0.60 0.05 7.69 0.56 0.65 0.06 7.82 0.56 0.70 0.08

        Defined benefit

        5.86 0.50 0.05 0.03 5.33 0.34 0.04 0.02 5.39 0.43 0.09 0.02 5.95 0.43 0.09 0.03 6.06 0.41 0.12 0.05

        Defined contribution

        1.82 0.36 0.40 0.04 1.69 0.32 0.43 0.04 1.46 0.19 0.51 0.04 1.74 0.17 0.56 0.04 1.76 0.25 0.58 0.06

        Legally required benefits

        5.33 0.20 3.20 0.05 5.30 0.17 3.30 0.07 5.55 0.18 3.46 0.07 5.47 0.23 3.50 0.07 5.38 0.15 3.52 0.07

        Social Security and Medicare

        2.69 0.06 1.81 0.04 2.71 0.08 1.88 0.04 2.81 0.08 1.95 0.05 2.93 0.10 2.05 0.06 2.97 0.10 2.06 0.05

        Social Security

        2.18 0.05 1.46 0.03 2.20 0.06 1.51 0.03 2.28 0.07 1.58 0.04 2.37 0.08 1.66 0.05 2.40 0.08 1.66 0.04

        Medicare

        0.51 0.01 0.35 0.01 0.52 0.01 0.36 0.01 0.53 0.02 0.38 0.01 0.55 0.02 0.40 0.01 0.56 0.02 0.40 0.01

        Federal unemployment insurance

        0.04 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00

        State unemployment insurance

        0.58 0.04 0.32 0.01 0.54 0.03 0.32 0.01 0.53 0.04 0.30 0.01 0.53 0.04 0.27 0.01 0.47 0.04 0.25 0.01

        Workers' compensation

        2.02 0.19 1.04 0.04 2.00 0.14 1.07 0.04 2.17 0.18 1.17 0.03 1.99 0.16 1.14 0.03 1.91 0.10 1.18 0.05

        Footnotes:
        (1) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished estimates.
        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals.


        Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation, for private industry workers in leisure and hospitality industry
        Compensation component March 2014 March 2015 March 2016 March 2017 March 2018
        Union Nonunion Union Nonunion Union Nonunion Union Nonunion Union Nonunion
        Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1)

        Total compensation

        $31.25 4.41 $12.09 0.39 $30.30 4.19 $12.42 0.32 $32.77 4.60 $13.00 0.24 $33.37 4.49 $13.33 0.26 $28.97 2.07 $14.48 0.60

        Wages and salaries

        19.12 3.10 9.73 0.27 18.72 2.64 9.98 0.22 20.04 3.04 10.43 0.19 20.50 2.99 10.77 0.21 17.57 1.81 11.54 0.44

        Total benefits

        12.13 1.38 2.35 0.13 11.58 1.62 2.44 0.11 12.73 1.65 2.58 0.07 12.87 1.65 2.56 0.08 11.40 0.81 2.94 0.17

        Paid leave

        2.44 0.60 0.35 0.04 2.24 0.62 0.32 0.03 2.52 0.72 0.33 0.02 2.52 0.74 0.32 0.02 1.76 0.28 0.40 0.05

        Vacation

        1.23 0.29 0.20 0.02 1.21 0.33 0.18 0.02 1.31 0.38 0.17 0.01 1.37 0.41 0.17 0.01 0.93 0.17 0.22 0.03

        Holiday

        0.78 0.26 0.10 0.01 0.67 0.22 0.09 0.01 0.73 0.27 0.09 0.01 0.67 0.26 0.09 0.01 0.38 0.06 0.11 0.01

        Sick leave

        0.31 0.09 0.04 0.01 0.26 0.08 0.03 0.00 0.31 0.09 0.04 0.00 0.31 0.09 0.04 0.00 0.28 0.05 0.06 0.01

        Personal leave

        0.12 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.16 0.04 0.03 0.01 0.16 0.04 0.02 0.00 0.16 0.04 0.02 0.01

        Supplemental pay

        0.55 0.11 0.13 0.01 0.43 0.08 0.13 0.01 0.46 0.12 0.14 0.01 0.44 0.12 0.12 0.01 0.40 0.12 0.16 0.02

        Overtime and premium pay

        0.30 0.05 0.06 0.01 0.26 0.03 0.06 0.01 0.25 0.04 0.06 0.00 0.24 0.05 0.06 0.00 0.24 0.05 0.07 0.01

        Shift differentials

        0.07 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.11 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.09 0.00 0.00

        Nonproduction bonuses

        0.17 0.09 0.07 0.01 0.07 0.05 0.07 0.01 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.02 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.08 0.02

        Insurance

        4.30 0.26 0.48 0.05 4.24 0.27 0.54 0.05 4.60 0.22 0.57 0.04 4.78 0.23 0.57 0.04 4.69 0.28 0.72 0.06

        Life insurance

        0.08 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.08 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.01 0.01 0.00

        Health insurance

        4.09 0.26 0.46 0.05 4.05 0.27 0.53 0.05 4.39 0.22 0.56 0.04 4.59 0.24 0.55 0.04 4.51 0.28 0.70 0.06

        Short-term disability insurance

        0.12 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.10 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.11 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.10 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.11 0.02 0.01 0.00

        Long-term disability insurance

        0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00

        Retirement and savings

        1.97 0.42 0.09 0.01 2.01 0.58 0.10 0.01 2.44 0.52 0.12 0.02 2.40 0.57 0.10 0.01 2.30 0.49 0.14 0.03

        Defined benefit

        1.56 0.34 0.01 0.00 1.49 0.45 0.01 0.01 1.92 0.36 0.02 0.01 1.96 0.43 0.01 0.01 1.97 0.43 0.01 0.01

        Defined contribution

        0.41 0.13 0.08 0.01 0.52 0.16 0.09 0.01 0.51 0.21 0.10 0.01 0.45 0.19 0.09 0.01 0.34 0.15 0.13 0.02

        Legally Required benefits

        2.87 0.30 1.31 0.04 2.66 0.27 1.34 0.03 2.71 0.36 1.42 0.03 2.74 0.33 1.45 0.04 2.25 0.15 1.52 0.05

        Social Security and Medicare

        1.81 0.24 0.83 0.02 1.69 0.21 0.86 0.02 1.78 0.24 0.92 0.02 1.83 0.24 0.96 0.02 1.54 0.14 1.01 0.04

        Social Security

        1.46 0.19 0.67 0.02 1.36 0.17 0.70 0.02 1.44 0.19 0.75 0.02 1.47 0.19 0.77 0.02 1.25 0.11 0.82 0.03

        Medicare

        0.35 0.05 0.16 0.00 0.33 0.05 0.16 0.00 0.34 0.05 0.18 0.00 0.35 0.05 0.18 0.00 0.29 0.03 0.19 0.01

        Federal unemployment insurance

        0.04 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.03 0.01 0.05 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.05 0.01

        State unemployment insurance

        0.35 0.05 0.19 0.01 0.30 0.05 0.17 0.01 0.26 0.05 0.16 0.01 0.23 0.06 0.15 0.01 0.17 0.06 0.14 0.01

        Workers' compensation

        0.68 0.09 0.25 0.01 0.64 0.07 0.26 0.01 0.64 0.09 0.29 0.01 0.65 0.09 0.29 0.01 0.52 0.04 0.31 0.02

        Footnotes:
        (1) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished estimates.
        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals.


        Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation, for private industry workers in wholesale trade industry
        Compensation component March 2014 March 2015 March 2016 March 2017 March 2018
        Union Nonunion Union Nonunion Union Nonunion Union Nonunion Union Nonunion
        Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1) Cost ($) RSE (1)

        Total compensation

        $36.00 2.17 $32.12 0.95 $37.92 2.35 $34.31 0.96 $35.62 1.30 $35.36 1.30 $36.48 1.39 $36.48 1.51 $35.32 1.77 $36.63 1.41

        Wages and salaries

        21.73 1.40 22.94 0.67 22.46 1.44 24.44 0.65 21.20 0.68 25.28 0.96 21.80 0.73 26.06 1.12 21.45 1.01 26.09 1.05

        Total benefits

        14.26 0.94 9.18 0.31 15.46 1.01 9.87 0.34 14.43 0.71 10.07 0.38 14.68 0.75 10.42 0.43 13.87 0.84 10.55 0.42

        Paid leave

        2.29 0.23 2.27 0.11 2.45 0.22 2.46 0.11 2.17 0.17 2.57 0.12 2.24 0.17 2.67 0.14 2.16 0.24 2.67 0.12

        Vacation

        1.20 0.14 1.18 0.06 1.29 0.14 1.29 0.06 1.13 0.12 1.35 0.06 1.16 0.12 1.39 0.07 1.10 0.18 1.39 0.07

        Holiday

        0.74 0.09 0.74 0.03 0.83 0.08 0.80 0.04 0.72 0.04 0.82 0.04 0.74 0.05 0.86 0.05 0.69 0.06 0.83 0.04

        Sick leave

        0.23 0.05 0.26 0.02 0.24 0.04 0.26 0.01 0.25 0.05 0.29 0.01 0.27 0.06 0.30 0.02 0.31 0.06 0.31 0.02

        Personal leave

        0.11 0.02 0.10 0.01 0.09 0.02 0.11 0.01 0.07 0.02 0.12 0.01 0.08 0.02 0.13 0.01 0.06 0.02 0.13 0.01

        Supplemental pay

        1.32 0.28 0.80 0.07 1.37 0.26 1.00 0.10 1.26 0.13 1.06 0.12 1.24 0.12 1.05 0.12 1.21 0.12 1.18 0.14

        Overtime and premium pay

        0.86 0.10 0.24 0.02 0.79 0.11 0.25 0.02 0.80 0.09 0.26 0.02 0.81 0.09 0.27 0.02 0.79 0.07 0.28 0.02

        Shift differentials

        0.15 0.06 0.02 0.00 0.19 0.07 0.01 0.00 0.14 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.14 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.18 0.06 0.02 0.00

        Nonproduction bonuses

        0.32 0.23 0.54 0.07 0.39 0.20 0.74 0.10 0.32 0.10 0.78 0.12 0.29 0.09 0.76 0.13 0.24 0.06 0.88 0.14

        Insurance

        5.66 0.43 2.63 0.10 6.26 0.42 2.74 0.12 5.67 0.37 2.67 0.09 5.72 0.40 2.79 0.11 5.01 0.34 2.69 0.11

        Life insurance

        0.08 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.08 0.01 0.05 0.00 0.08 0.02 0.05 0.00 0.08 0.02 0.05 0.00 0.08 0.02 0.05 0.00

        Health insurance

        5.30 0.41 2.50 0.09 5.82 0.40 2.59 0.12 5.35 0.38 2.51 0.09 5.43 0.40 2.62 0.11 4.68 0.28 2.54 0.10

        Short-term disability insurance

        0.16 0.03 0.04 0.00 0.18 0.03 0.04 0.00 0.14 0.02 0.05 0.00 0.14 0.02 0.05 0.00 0.15 0.03 0.05 0.00

        Long-term disability insurance

        0.11 0.05 0.05 0.00 0.18 0.07 0.06 0.00 0.11 0.05 0.06 0.00 0.07 0.02 0.06 0.00 0.10 0.05 0.06 0.00

        Retirement and savings

        1.89 0.31 0.90 0.07 2.18 0.33 0.96 0.06 2.36 0.27 1.03 0.07 2.51 0.33 1.09 0.08 2.46 0.31 1.18 0.08

        Defined benefit

        1.51 0.34 0.22 0.05 1.72 0.38 0.21 0.04 1.74 0.30 0.20 0.04 1.90 0.35 0.21 0.05 1.81 0.34 0.26 0.07

        Defined contribution

        0.38 0.08 0.68 0.04 0.46 0.10 0.75 0.05 0.62 0.11 0.83 0.05 0.61 0.11 0.88 0.06 0.65 0.11 0.92 0.06

        Legally Required benefits

        3.10 0.14 2.58 0.05 3.20 0.16 2.71 0.06 2.96 0.09 2.75 0.07 2.98 0.09 2.82 0.08 3.04 0.12 2.82 0.07

        Social Security and Medicare

        1.91 0.13 1.90 0.05 2.02 0.14 2.02 0.05 1.86 0.07 2.08 0.07 1.92 0.07 2.16 0.08 1.90 0.10 2.17 0.07

        Social Security

        1.55 0.11 1.52 0.04 1.64 0.11 1.62 0.04 1.51 0.05 1.66 0.06 1.55 0.06 1.73 0.07 1.54 0.08 1.74 0.05

        Medicare

        0.36 0.03 0.38 0.01 0.38 0.03 0.40 0.01 0.35 0.01 0.42 0.02 0.36 0.01 0.43 0.02 0.36 0.02 0.43 0.02

        Federal unemployment insurance

        0.03 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00

        State unemployment insurance

        0.27 0.03 0.20 0.01 0.23 0.02 0.17 0.01 0.20 0.03 0.16 0.01 0.16 0.02 0.15 0.01 0.15 0.02 0.14 0.00

        Workers' compensation

        0.89 0.08 0.45 0.02 0.92 0.06 0.48 0.02 0.87 0.06 0.48 0.02 0.87 0.06 0.48 0.03 0.96 0.05 0.48 0.01

        Footnotes:
        (1) Relative standard errors (RSE) are a measure of precision (reliability) of estimates expressed as a percentage of cost or hours. For more information see Relative standard errors for the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation.

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished estimates.
        Note: Due to rounding individual compensation components may not sum to the totals.


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    9. Long-term disability costs
        Cost per employee hour worked for select workers*, March 2017
        Occupational group and bargaining status Long-term disability

        All workers

        $ 0.12

        Occupational group

        Management, professional, and related

        0.13

        Sales and office

        0.04

        Service

        0.06

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

        0.07

        Production, transportation, and material moving

        0.22

        Bargaining unit status

        Union

        0.27

        Nonunion

        0.10

        * Full-time workers offered vacation leave in private industry (excluding leisure and hospitality industries) for establishments with 500 or more workers.

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    Employment Cost Index (ECI)

    1. Wages and salaries for state and local government excluding the educational services industry group
        This table is used by the Bureau of Economic Analysis in the preparation of the state and local government consumption expenditures and the gross investment components of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPAs). The ECI data are an input into the formula that calculates the GDP and NIPA estimates.
        Wages and salaries for state and local government workers excluding the educational services industry, March 2006 - March 2020
        Month Year Index 3-month
        percent changes
        12-month
        percent changes

        March

        2006 100.7 0.7 -

        June

        2006 101.3 0.6 -

        September

        2006 102.5 1.2 -

        December

        2006 103.8 1.3 3.8

        March

        2007 104.8 1.0 4.1

        June

        2007 105.5 0.7 4.1

        September

        2007 106.7 1.1 4.1

        December

        2007 107.6 0.8 3.7

        March

        2008 108.4 0.7 3.4

        June

        2008 108.9 0.5 3.2

        September

        2008 110.4 1.4 3.5

        December

        2008 110.9 0.5 3.1

        March

        2009 111.6 0.6 3.0

        June

        2009 112.4 0.7 3.2

        September

        2009 113.0 0.5 2.4

        December

        2009 113.2 0.2 2.1

        March

        2010 113.6 0.4 1.8

        June

        2010 113.9 0.3 1.3

        September

        2010 114.4 0.4 1.2

        December

        2010 114.6 0.2 1.2

        March

        2011 115.1 0.4 1.3

        June

        2011 115.2 0.1 1.1

        September

        2011 115.6 0.3 1.0

        December

        2011 115.9 0.3 1.1

        March

        2012 116.5 0.5 1.2

        June

        2012 116.7 0.2 1.3

        September

        2012 117.0 0.3 1.2

        December

        2012 117.3 0.3 1.2

        March

        2013 117.6 0.3 0.9

        June

        2013 117.8 0.2 0.9

        September

        2013 118.3 0.4 1.1

        December

        2013 118.8 0.4 1.3

        March

        2014 119.3 0.4 1.4

        June

        2014 119.7 0.3 1.6

        September

        2014 120.4 0.6 1.8

        December

        2014 121.0 0.5 1.9

        March

        2015 121.6 0.5 1.9

        June

        2015 122.0 0.3 1.9

        September

        2015 122.5 0.4 1.7

        December

        2015 123.2 0.6 1.8

        March

        2016 123.8 0.5 1.8

        June

        2016 124.2 0.3 1.8

        September

        2016 125.1 0.7 2.1

        December

        2016 125.8 0.6 2.1

        March

        2017 126.7 0.7 2.3

        June

        2017 127.0 0.2 2.3

        September

        2017 128.0 0.8 2.3

        December

        2017 128.7 0.5 2.3

        March

        2018 129.3 0.5 2.1

        June

        2018 129.7 0.3 2.1

        September

        2018 130.9 0.9 2.3

        December

        2018 131.8 0.7 2.4

        March

        2019 132.6 0.6 2.6

        June

        2019 133.1 0.4 2.6

        September

        2019 134.3 0.9 2.6

        December

        2019 135.2 0.7 2.6

        March

        2020 136.2 0.7 2.9

        Dash indicates data not available.

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    Benefits

    1. Access to paid sick leave benefits by industry
        Percentage of private industry workers with access to paid sick leave by 3-digit industry group, March 2019
        Industry (1) Estimate Standard error

        All workers

        73 1.0

        Oil and gas extraction

        100 0.0

        Mining (except oil and gas)

        84 8.8

        Support activities for mining

        72 16.7

        Utilities

        95 2.8

        Construction of buildings

        57 5.7

        Heavy and civil engineering construction

        53 5.9

        Specialty trade contractors

        60 2.8

        Food manufacturing

        76 5.3

        Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

        89 9.3

        Apparel Manufacturing

        78 9.0

        Wood product manufacturing

        68 7.7

        Paper manufacturing

        73 11.8

        Printing and related support activities

        73 10.0

        Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

        100 0.0

        Chemical manufacturing

        86 5.8

        Plastic and rubber products manufacturing

        80 5.6

        Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

        68 19.9

        Primary metal manufacturing

        83 7.6

        Fabricated metal product manufacturing

        61 6.2

        Machinery manufacturing

        74 8.1

        Computer and electronic product manufacturing

        99 0.6

        Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

        90 7.6

        Transportation equipment manufacturing

        88 3.1

        Furniture and related product manufacturing

        57 10.8

        Miscellaneous manufacturing

        85 6.6

        Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

        88 1.8

        Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

        83 3.6

        Wholesale electronic markets and agents and brokers

        91 4.6

        Motor vehicle and parts dealers

        66 4.2

        Furniture and home furnishings stores

        52 11.9

        Electronics and appliance stores

        75 6.5

        Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers

        68 4.2

        Food and beverage stores

        61 3.9

        Health and personal care stores

        53 5.5

        Gasoline stations

        47 7.6

        Clothing and clothing accessories stores

        51 7.5

        Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

        62 5.6

        General merchandise stores

        74 3.3

        Miscellaneous store retailers

        69 4.6

        Nonstore retailers

        97 1.8

        Air transportation

        100 0.0

        Rail transportation

        75 21.7

        Truck transportation

        53 8.3

        Transit and ground passenger transportation

        54 9.4

        Support activities for transportation

        78 8.9

        Warehousing and storage

        93 2.6

        Publishing industries (except Internet)

        97 0.8

        Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries

        68 10.1

        Broadcasting (except Internet)

        91 4.9

        Telecommunications

        100 0.0

        Internet service providers, web search portals, and data processing services

        100 0.5

        Other information services

        87 6.3

        Credit intermediation and related activities

        98 0.3

        Securities, commodity contracts, and other financial investments and related activities

        95 1.5

        Insurance carriers and related activities

        96 1.0

        Real estate

        80 4.3

        Rental and leasing services

        62 6.8

        Professional, scientific, and technical services

        91 2.4

        Management of companies and enterprises

        94 2.9

        Administrative and support services

        55 3.5

        Waste management and remediation services

        89 4.7

        Educational services

        79 2.5

        Ambulatory health care services

        85 3.2

        Hospitals

        95 1.1

        Nursing and residential care facilities

        79 4.0

        Social assistance

        75 8.1

        Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions

        80 10.1

        Amusement, gambling, and recreation industries

        57 6.5

        Accommodation

        72 7.2

        Food services and drinking places

        39 4.2

        Repair and maintenance

        56 5.2

        Personal and laundry services

        43 8.1

        Religious, grant making, civic, professional, and similar organizations

        74 5.1

        Footnotes:
        (1) Industries are defined using the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).

        See Paid sick leave: What is available to workers? for additional information.
        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    2. Access to paid sick leave benefits by geographic area
        Percentage of private industry workers with access to paid sick leave access by area, March 2019
        Area (1), (2) Estimate Standard
        error

        United States (3)

        73 1.0

        Northeast Region (3)

        76 1.2

        New England Division (3)

        81 3.4

        Rest of New England Division

        77 2.9

        Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

        86 4.8

        Middle Atlantic Division (3)

        75 1.9

        Rest of Middle Atlantic Division

        70 5.3

        Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

        73 3.5

        New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

        78 2.1

        South Region (3)

        68 2.1

        South Atlantic Division (3)

        68 2.6

        Rest of South Atlantic Division

        66 3.4

        Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

        70 2.0

        Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

        76 1.2

        Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

        73 7.1

        East South Central Division (3)

        62 5.0

        Rest of East South Central Division

        62 4.9

        West South Central Division (3)

        71 4.2

        Rest of West South Central Division

        70 5.7

        Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

        76 6.4

        Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

        66 8.9

        Midwest Region (3)

        66 1.4

        East North Central Division (3)

        65 1.8

        Rest of East North Central Division

        64 1.9

        Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

        65 4.7

        Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

        65 6.9

        West North Central Division (3)

        70 1.9

        Rest of West North Central Division

        65 2.0

        Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

        87 3.4

        West Region (3)

        86 1.5

        Mountain Division (3)

        75 1.9

        Rest of Mountain Division

        73 1.6

        Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

        85 6.8

        Pacific Division (3)

        91 1.8

        Rest of Pacific Division

        86 4.3

        Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

        93 2.1

        San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

        95 0.9

        Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

        90 2.5

        Footnotes:
        (1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs), Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), and 9 sampling areas used by the National Compensation Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013.
        (2) Census division definitions are available in the concepts section of the Handbook of Methods. The 'rest of' refers to the census division with the corresponding CSA or MSA excluded for the area.
        (3) These estimates are included in the Employee Benefits in the United States, March 2019 and are provided here as a basis of comparison to other areas.

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    3. Access to leave benefits by worker and establishment characteristics (XLSX)

        To sort this table by a different column, click on the link to the Excel file above.

        Percentage of private industry workers with access to leave benefits and corresponding standard errors, March 2018
        Occupation Industry Work status Establishment size Average wage category Paid sick leave Paid family leave Unpaid family leave
        Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error

        All occupations

        Accommodation and food services All workers 100 workers or more All workers 63 7.7 15 3.1 97 1.7

        All occupations

        Administrative and waste services All workers 100 workers or more All workers 51 6.7 - - 80 3.9

        All occupations

        Construction All workers 100 workers or more All workers 63 4.3 8 2.4 96 1.5

        All occupations

        Credit intermediation and related activities All workers 100 workers or more All workers 99 0.3 38 4.8 98 8.6

        All occupations

        Education and health services All workers 100 workers or more All workers 90 1.4 27 2.6 96 8.2

        All occupations

        Educational services All workers 100 workers or more All workers 86 3.8 23 3.0 94 7.0

        All occupations

        Finance and insurance All workers 100 workers or more All workers 99 0.3 44 2.0 98 4.4

        All occupations

        Financial activities All workers 100 workers or more All workers 99 0.5 42 1.9 98 2.5

        All occupations

        Goods-producing industries All workers 100 workers or more All workers 77 2.4 14 1.4 96 1.4

        All occupations

        Health care and social assistance All workers 100 workers or more All workers 91 1.8 27 2.9 96 1.8

        All occupations

        Information All workers 100 workers or more All workers 100 0.3 44 4.7 98 7.0

        All occupations

        Insurance carriers and related activities All workers 100 workers or more All workers 100 0.1 47 3.1 98 1.8

        All occupations

        Junior colleges, colleges, and universities All workers 100 workers or more All workers 87 1.0 25 1.8 97 0.9

        All occupations

        Leisure and hospitality All workers 100 workers or more All workers 66 4.3 12 2.4 94 2.6

        All occupations

        Manufacturing All workers 100 workers or more All workers 79 2.9 15 1.6 96 1.3

        All occupations

        Other services All workers 100 workers or more All workers 76 7.2 - - 97 1.5

        All occupations

        Professional and business services All workers 100 workers or more All workers 73 3.2 16 1.7 88 0.8

        All occupations

        Professional and technical services All workers 100 workers or more All workers 98 0.7 39 5.4 96 2.4

        All occupations

        Real estate and rental and leasing All workers 100 workers or more All workers 96 2.6 20 5.8 97 4.5

        All occupations

        Retail trade All workers 100 workers or more All workers 78 1.6 23 1.8 98 1.9

        All occupations

        Service-providing industries All workers 100 workers or more All workers 83 1.0 22 1.0 94 0.7

        All occupations

        Trade, transportation, and utilities All workers 100 workers or more All workers 83 1.0 17 1.3 96 4.8

        All occupations

        Transportation and warehousing All workers 100 workers or more All workers 89 2.4 10 2.1 94 2.9

        All occupations

        Utilities All workers 100 workers or more All workers 97 0.4 11 2.3 95 1.2

        All occupations

        Wholesale trade All workers 100 workers or more All workers 87 1.9 - - 95 1.5

        All occupations

        Accommodation and food services All workers 100-499 workers All workers 53 9.7 - - 96 1.1

        All occupations

        Administrative and waste services All workers 100-499 workers All workers 58 7.9 - - 90 3.2

        All occupations

        Construction All workers 100-499 workers All workers 60 5.4 - - 96 1.6

        All occupations

        Credit intermediation and related activities All workers 100-499 workers All workers 99 0.9 37 5.7 97 1.3

        All occupations

        Education and health services All workers 100-499 workers All workers 90 1.5 24 4.2 95 2.7

        All occupations

        Educational services All workers 100-499 workers All workers 91 1.9 23 5.1 91 1.6

        All occupations

        Finance and insurance All workers 100-499 workers All workers 99 0.7 43 3.9 97 5.9

        All occupations

        Financial activities All workers 100-499 workers All workers 98 1.1 40 3.6 97 3.8

        All occupations

        Goods-producing industries All workers 100-499 workers All workers 70 4.3 11 1.4 96 1.2

        All occupations

        Health care and social assistance All workers 100-499 workers All workers 90 1.7 24 4.7 95 1.8

        All occupations

        Information All workers 100-499 workers All workers 99 0.4 42 6.9 98 1.1

        All occupations

        Insurance carriers and related activities All workers 100-499 workers All workers 100 0.1 45 6.8 96 1.5

        All occupations

        Junior colleges, colleges, and universities All workers 100-499 workers All workers 87 2.9 26 6.4 91 5.5

        All occupations

        Leisure and hospitality All workers 100-499 workers All workers 57 4.9 - - 92 2.9

        All occupations

        Manufacturing All workers 100-499 workers All workers 73 5.5 11 1.4 96 1.9

        All occupations

        Other services All workers 100-499 workers All workers 73 7.9 - - 96 3.3

        All occupations

        Professional and business services All workers 100-499 workers All workers 75 4.2 14 2.2 93 2.0

        All occupations

        Professional and technical services All workers 100-499 workers All workers 97 1.3 34 5.7 97 5.7

        All occupations

        Real estate and rental and leasing All workers 100-499 workers All workers 95 3.4 28 7.5 100 0.8

        All occupations

        Retail trade All workers 100-499 workers All workers 79 1.6 23 1.9 98 0.8

        All occupations

        Service-providing industries All workers 100-499 workers All workers 81 1.0 19 1.2 95 1.1

        All occupations

        Trade, transportation, and utilities All workers 100-499 workers All workers 81 1.3 18 1.4 96 1.1

        All occupations

        Transportation and warehousing All workers 100-499 workers All workers 82 4.7 - - 93 2.9

        All occupations

        Utilities All workers 100-499 workers All workers 100 0.5 - - 91 2.5

        All occupations

        Wholesale trade All workers 100-499 workers All workers 89 2.8 - - 94 0.9

        All occupations

        Accommodation and food services All workers 1-49 workers All workers 29 4.1 7 2.0 69 0.7

        All occupations

        Administrative and waste services All workers 1-49 workers All workers 53 5.0 - - 83 0.6

        All occupations

        Construction All workers 1-49 workers All workers 47 3.0 6 1.7 71 2.8

        All occupations

        Credit intermediation and related activities All workers 1-49 workers All workers 97 0.6 31 3.1 97 1.5

        All occupations

        Education and health services All workers 1-49 workers All workers 74 5.1 10 2.2 89 5.8

        All occupations

        Educational services All workers 1-49 workers All workers 65 8.5 - - 79 6.1

        All occupations

        Finance and insurance All workers 1-49 workers All workers 94 0.9 30 2.7 94 5.6

        All occupations

        Financial activities All workers 1-49 workers All workers 86 2.1 23 2.2 89 2.8

        All occupations

        Goods-producing industries All workers 1-49 workers All workers 55 2.3 5 0.9 74 2.4

        All occupations

        Health care and social assistance All workers 1-49 workers All workers 75 5.5 11 2.4 90 1.3

        All occupations

        Information All workers 1-49 workers All workers 87 4.4 33 6.1 79 2.9

        All occupations

        Insurance carriers and related activities All workers 1-49 workers All workers 89 2.4 28 4.9 88 2.0

        All occupations

        Junior colleges, colleges, and universities All workers 1-49 workers All workers 59 16.8 - - 84 -

        All occupations

        Leisure and hospitality All workers 1-49 workers All workers 31 3.5 7 1.9 69 4.0

        All occupations

        Manufacturing All workers 1-49 workers All workers 65 4.4 - - 77 2.5

        All occupations

        Other services All workers 1-49 workers All workers 54 5.6 - - 78 2.2

        All occupations

        Professional and business services All workers 1-49 workers All workers 74 3.4 23 3.3 81 3.1

        All occupations

        Professional and technical services All workers 1-49 workers All workers 85 3.2 28 4.8 78 11.4

        All occupations

        Real estate and rental and leasing All workers 1-49 workers All workers 73 5.0 11 3.0 81 1.5

        All occupations

        Retail trade All workers 1-49 workers All workers 53 2.5 6 0.7 79 2.2

        All occupations

        Service-providing industries All workers 1-49 workers All workers 61 1.7 12 0.9 80 0.9

        All occupations

        Trade, transportation, and utilities All workers 1-49 workers All workers 60 1.6 8 0.8 81 2.0

        All occupations

        Transportation and warehousing All workers 1-49 workers All workers 47 5.7 - - 92 2.0

        All occupations

        Utilities All workers 1-49 workers All workers 98 1.9 - - 97 1.7

        All occupations

        Wholesale trade All workers 1-49 workers All workers 81 2.6 13 2.8 81 0.9

        All occupations

        Accommodation and food services All workers 1-99 workers All workers 31 3.1 7 1.8 71 0.4

        All occupations

        Administrative and waste services All workers 1-99 workers All workers 48 4.4 8 2.3 81 0.5

        All occupations

        Construction All workers 1-99 workers All workers 49 2.7 5 1.4 72 9.0

        All occupations

        Credit intermediation and related activities All workers 1-99 workers All workers 97 0.6 31 2.8 97 2.6

        All occupations

        Education and health services All workers 1-99 workers All workers 75 4.5 14 2.2 90 2.5

        All occupations

        Educational services All workers 1-99 workers All workers 71 6.1 - - 81 1.0

        All occupations

        Finance and insurance All workers 1-99 workers All workers 95 0.8 31 2.4 95 2.5

        All occupations

        Financial activities All workers 1-99 workers All workers 88 1.9 23 1.8 91 2.8

        All occupations

        Goods-producing industries All workers 1-99 workers All workers 59 1.9 6 0.7 78 4.2

        All occupations

        Health care and social assistance All workers 1-99 workers All workers 75 4.9 14 2.4 91 1.4

        All occupations

        Information All workers 1-99 workers All workers 87 3.8 38 4.7 87 1.2

        All occupations

        Insurance carriers and related activities All workers 1-99 workers All workers 91 2.0 29 3.8 91 2.1

        All occupations

        Junior colleges, colleges, and universities All workers 1-99 workers All workers 61 16.0 - - 76 1.1

        All occupations

        Leisure and hospitality All workers 1-99 workers All workers 33 2.8 6 1.6 72 1.5

        All occupations

        Manufacturing All workers 1-99 workers All workers 68 3.4 7 1.5 84 1.1

        All occupations

        Other services All workers 1-99 workers All workers 56 5.4 - - 80 3.6

        All occupations

        Professional and business services All workers 1-99 workers All workers 72 2.9 22 2.6 83 2.9

        All occupations

        Professional and technical services All workers 1-99 workers All workers 86 2.7 28 4.0 83 2.6

        All occupations

        Real estate and rental and leasing All workers 1-99 workers All workers 75 5.0 10 2.6 83 0.8

        All occupations

        Retail trade All workers 1-99 workers All workers 54 2.2 7 1.1 81 2.3

        All occupations

        Service-providing industries All workers 1-99 workers All workers 62 1.5 13 0.8 82 2.5

        All occupations

        Trade, transportation, and utilities All workers 1-99 workers All workers 62 1.5 9 1.0 82 1.2

        All occupations

        Transportation and warehousing All workers 1-99 workers All workers 57 4.6 - - 89 3.0

        All occupations

        Utilities All workers 1-99 workers All workers 99 1.4 16 4.7 98 3.2

        All occupations

        Wholesale trade All workers 1-99 workers All workers 82 2.2 13 2.3 82 2.5

        All occupations

        Accommodation and food services All workers 500 workers or more All workers 98 2.0 - - 98 1.4

        All occupations

        Administrative and waste services All workers 500 workers or more All workers 41 8.6 - - 66 0.8

        All occupations

        Construction All workers 500 workers or more All workers 71 7.9 - - 97 3.0

        All occupations

        Credit intermediation and related activities All workers 500 workers or more All workers 100 0.2 38 5.4 99 8.5

        All occupations

        Education and health services All workers 500 workers or more All workers 91 2.1 29 3.2 97 6.7

        All occupations

        Educational services All workers 500 workers or more All workers 82 5.9 23 3.5 97 1.4

        All occupations

        Finance and insurance All workers 500 workers or more All workers 100 0.1 45 2.0 99 3.8

        All occupations

        Financial activities All workers 500 workers or more All workers 100 0.1 43 2.1 98 6.2

        All occupations

        Goods-producing industries All workers 500 workers or more All workers 85 2.8 18 2.5 96 2.4

        All occupations

        Health care and social assistance All workers 500 workers or more All workers 93 2.4 30 3.7 97 1.7

        All occupations

        Information All workers 500 workers or more All workers 100 0.2 45 5.5 96 1.6

        All occupations

        Insurance carriers and related activities All workers 500 workers or more All workers 100 0.2 48 2.7 99 0.6

        All occupations

        Junior colleges, colleges, and universities All workers 500 workers or more All workers 87 1.0 25 1.7 98 1.5

        All occupations

        Leisure and hospitality All workers 500 workers or more All workers 94 3.1 37 10.0 99 1.7

        All occupations

        Manufacturing All workers 500 workers or more All workers 87 3.0 20 3.0 96 1.0

        All occupations

        Other services All workers 500 workers or more All workers 87 10.4 - - 98 1.3

        All occupations

        Professional and business services All workers 500 workers or more All workers 70 5.3 19 3.3 81 4.3

        All occupations

        Professional and technical services All workers 500 workers or more All workers 100 0.0 50 9.3 94 2.6

        All occupations

        Real estate and rental and leasing All workers 500 workers or more All workers 100 0.0 - - 90 0.6

        All occupations

        Retail trade All workers 500 workers or more All workers 62 11.3 - - 91 1.8

        All occupations

        Service-providing industries All workers 500 workers or more All workers 87 1.3 27 1.6 93 2.5

        All occupations

        Trade, transportation, and utilities All workers 500 workers or more All workers 90 2.0 14 3.8 96 1.2

        All occupations

        Transportation and warehousing All workers 500 workers or more All workers 96 2.7 - - 96 3.8

        All occupations

        Utilities All workers 500 workers or more All workers 95 1.1 10 2.9 100 3.1

        All occupations

        Wholesale trade All workers 500 workers or more All workers 80 7.7 - - 99 3.2

        All occupations

        Accommodation and food services All workers 50-99 workers All workers 38 9.1 - - 79 2.3

        All occupations

        Administrative and waste services All workers 50-99 workers All workers 32 7.5 - - 74 1.7

        All occupations

        Construction All workers 50-99 workers All workers 60 6.9 - - 78 1.8

        All occupations

        Credit intermediation and related activities All workers 50-99 workers All workers 98 1.1 35 4.9 98 15.7

        All occupations

        Education and health services All workers 50-99 workers All workers 78 6.5 23 6.1 93 -

        All occupations

        Educational services All workers 50-99 workers All workers 82 5.8 - - 83 1.6

        All occupations

        Finance and insurance All workers 50-99 workers All workers 98 0.7 33 4.9 99 2.5

        All occupations

        Financial activities All workers 50-99 workers All workers 98 0.5 24 5.7 99 1.0

        All occupations

        Goods-producing industries All workers 50-99 workers All workers 69 3.9 8 2.1 89 1.2

        All occupations

        Health care and social assistance All workers 50-99 workers All workers 77 7.4 24 6.7 95 3.6

        All occupations

        Information All workers 50-99 workers All workers 89 7.3 46 9.4 100 3.5

        All occupations

        Insurance carriers and related activities All workers 50-99 workers All workers 99 0.7 - - 100 0.6

        All occupations

        Junior colleges, colleges, and universities All workers 50-99 workers All workers - - - - - 1.5

        All occupations

        Leisure and hospitality All workers 50-99 workers All workers 38 8.0 - - 79 2.4

        All occupations

        Manufacturing All workers 50-99 workers All workers 73 4.3 - - 94 2.0

        All occupations

        Other services All workers 50-99 workers All workers 78 10.7 - - 99 0.7

        All occupations

        Professional and business services All workers 50-99 workers All workers 67 7.0 21 5.2 88 4.2

        All occupations

        Professional and technical services All workers 50-99 workers All workers 91 5.7 - - 96 2.6

        All occupations

        Real estate and rental and leasing All workers 50-99 workers All workers - - - - - 0.9

        All occupations

        Retail trade All workers 50-99 workers All workers 59 4.0 - - 89 0.7

        All occupations

        Service-providing industries All workers 50-99 workers All workers 65 2.5 16 1.9 88 1.7

        All occupations

        Trade, transportation, and utilities All workers 50-99 workers All workers 69 2.6 12 2.5 87 2.6

        All occupations

        Transportation and warehousing All workers 50-99 workers All workers 72 7.6 - - 85 1.2

        All occupations

        Utilities All workers 50-99 workers All workers 100 0.0 - - 100 5.7

        All occupations

        Wholesale trade All workers 50-99 workers All workers 87 3.8 12 3.3 84 3.3

        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 52 2.3 6 1.1 81 5.1

        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

        All industries Part time All workers All workers - - - - 66 7.5

        Installation, maintenance, and repair

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 77 1.9 14 1.3 88 3.3

        Installation, maintenance, and repair

        All industries Part time All workers All workers - - - - 75 1.9

        Management, business, and financial

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 95 0.6 30 1.8 95 2.2

        Management, business, and financial

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 45 11.1 - - 77 3.6

        Management, professional, and related

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 95 0.6 30 1.3 95 0.2

        Management, professional, and related

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 48 3.9 14 1.9 82 1.5

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 65 1.5 10 0.8 84 4.0

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 38 6.9 - - 71 2.3

        Office and administrative support

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 90 0.8 22 1.1 93 1.9

        Office and administrative support

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 45 3.2 9 1.6 82 1.0

        Production

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 67 3.1 9 0.7 87 0.9

        Production

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 21 5.0 - - 83 2.5

        Production, transportation, and material moving

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 71 2.2 9 0.7 88 4.2

        Production, transportation, and material moving

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 37 4.5 2 0.5 86 1.6

        Professional and related

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 95 0.9 30 1.5 95 0.0

        Professional and related

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 48 4.0 13 2.2 83 4.2

        Protective service

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 68 7.9 6 - 83 4.6

        Protective service

        All industries Part time All workers All workers - - - - 74 3.7

        Sales and office

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 89 0.8 22 1.0 91 2.0

        Sales and office

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 44 1.9 7 1.1 83 1.7

        Sales and related

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 84 1.7 21 1.9 88 2.3

        Sales and related

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 43 2.0 5 1.1 84 0.6

        Service

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 70 3.6 14 1.8 86 0.6

        Service

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 34 2.8 5 1.1 77 5.0

        Transportation and material moving

        All industries Full time All workers All workers 75 2.3 9 1.1 88 1.9

        Transportation and material moving

        All industries Part time All workers All workers 43 5.5 3 0.6 87 1.2

        All occupations

        All industries Full time All workers Highest 25 percent 93 0.6 29 1.2 95 5.0

        All occupations

        All industries Part time All workers Highest 25 percent 56 4.7 12 1.9 84 1.2

        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 56 3.6 - - 86 4.6

        Installation, maintenance, and repair

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 84 4.2 23 3.1 92 3.4

        Management, business, and financial

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 95 0.8 32 1.6 95 2.7

        Management, professional, and related

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 92 0.9 31 1.3 95 0.5

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 69 2.1 16 1.9 89 3.1

        Office and administrative support

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 96 1.3 28 4.0 95 7.4

        Production

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 84 3.4 13 2.3 94 0.8

        Production, transportation, and material moving

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 89 2.0 7 1.2 94 1.5

        Professional and related

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 91 1.3 30 1.8 94 2.1

        Protective service

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent - - - - - 2.0

        Sales and office

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 94 1.1 27 3.7 95 2.0

        Sales and related

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 93 1.4 25 6.3 95 0.0

        Service

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 83 5.1 - - 77 9.9

        Transportation and material moving

        All industries All workers All workers Highest 25 percent 94 2.5 - - 95 0.5

        All occupations

        All industries Full time All workers Lowest 25 percent 61 3.2 10 1.6 84 0.5

        All occupations

        All industries Part time All workers Lowest 25 percent 34 1.9 4 0.7 79 2.4

        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent - - - - 81 3.4

        Installation, maintenance, and repair

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 62 6.1 - - 78 5.0

        Management, business, and financial

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent - - - - - 4.6

        Management, professional, and related

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 26 7.5 - - 84 0.6

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 46 5.7 - - 80 8.4

        Office and administrative support

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 57 2.8 10 1.6 86 7.7

        Production

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 45 3.7 3 0.8 81 0.9

        Production, transportation, and material moving

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 45 3.7 4 0.8 82 1.3

        Professional and related

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent - - - - 83 1.1

        Protective service

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 60 8.4 - - 85 3.6

        Sales and office

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 51 1.6 7 0.8 84 1.0

        Sales and related

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 47 2.0 5 0.8 83 3.4

        Service

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 42 2.2 7 1.6 78 5.1

        Transportation and material moving

        All industries All workers All workers Lowest 25 percent 45 5.1 5 1.3 84 1.2

        All occupations

        All industries Full time All workers Second 25 percent 78 1.3 16 0.8 89 1.0

        All occupations

        All industries Part time All workers Second 25 percent 49 4.0 9 1.6 85 1.5

        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 50 5.7 - - 79 9.1

        Installation, maintenance, and repair

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 63 3.9 10 2.0 86 5.4

        Management, business, and financial

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 89 4.5 - - 90 6.3

        Management, professional, and related

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 85 3.1 17 2.5 90 0.0

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 56 3.6 7 1.3 82 9.6

        Office and administrative support

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 83 1.6 20 1.5 90 0.8

        Production

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 64 4.9 8 1.4 87 0.7

        Production, transportation, and material moving

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 69 3.4 8 1.2 88 2.5

        Professional and related

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 84 3.5 17 2.8 90 1.8

        Protective service

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent - - - - 73 3.6

        Sales and office

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 82 1.3 22 1.3 90 0.7

        Sales and related

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 77 2.6 27 2.0 91 0.4

        Service

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 68 2.8 15 1.7 86 9.0

        Transportation and material moving

        All industries All workers All workers Second 25 percent 75 3.7 7 1.6 88 2.0

        All occupations

        All industries Full time All workers Third 25 percent 86 0.9 18 0.9 90 0.7

        All occupations

        All industries Part time All workers Third 25 percent 54 5.2 14 3.6 82 1.1

        Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 52 2.6 5 1.0 75 3.7

        Installation, maintenance, and repair

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 80 2.6 11 1.8 87 2.4

        Management, business, and financial

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 92 1.5 25 4.5 92 0.0

        Management, professional, and related

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 90 1.2 26 2.2 92 -

        Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 68 2.0 8 1.0 82 -

        Office and administrative support

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 92 1.3 23 1.6 93 1.8

        Production

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 71 3.9 11 1.8 89 3.7

        Production, transportation, and material moving

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 75 3.2 12 1.3 90 2.0

        Professional and related

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 89 1.7 26 2.4 92 3.4

        Protective service

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 67 18.8 - - 93 1.8

        Sales and office

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 92 1.1 21 1.3 91 8.7

        Sales and related

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 91 1.6 15 2.1 82 1.0

        Service

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 83 3.4 13 3.1 89 1.1

        Transportation and material moving

        All industries All workers All workers Third 25 percent 78 4.1 13 1.9 91 1.6

        Note: Dashes indicate no data available. See Paid sick leave: What is available to workers? for additional information. Wage percentiles corresponding to the average hourly wage category are available in the technical note of the March 2018 News Release.
        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    4. Retirement benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates for workers in elementary and secondary schools
        Retirement Benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates for workers in elementary and secondary schools, March 2018
        Compensation component State and local government Private industry
        Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error

        All retirement

        Access

        93 0.5 65 11.2

        Participation

        84 0.8 57 10.2

        Take-up rate

        91 0.7 88 4.2

        Defined benefit

        Access

        92 0.5 25 7.1

        Participation

        84 0.8 24 6.9

        Take-up rate

        91 0.7 96 1.9

        Defined contribution

        Access

        28 0.9 46 8.7

        Participation

        8 0.7 35 7.8

        Take-up rate

        29 2.1 76 6.5

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    5. Access to disability insurance combinations
        Percent of civilian workers with access to disability insurance benefit combinations, March 2017
        Occupational group Both short- and long-term disability insurance Only
        short-term disability insurance
        Only
        long-term disability insurance
        Without access to disability insurance
        Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error Estimate Standard error

        All Workers

        23.4 0.5 15.4 0.5 10.6 0.5 50.6 0.7

         Management, professional, and related

        34.6 1.1 11.8 0.7 18.4 0.9 35.2 1.3

         Service

        8.3 0.8 15.0 1.1 5.2 0.4 71.4 1.4

         Sales and office

        23.5 0.9 16.1 0.7 9.5 0.6 51.0 0.9

         Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

        19.1 1.2 16.7 1.4 6.6 0.8 57.6 1.7

         Production, transportation, and material moving

        23.9 1.2 21.4 1.3 6.2 0.6 48.5 1.4

        Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey, unpublished data.

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    Last Modified Date: June 26, 2020