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Business Employment Dynamics: More Information

Several other programs within BLS produce information closely related to BED data:

The QCEW program provides both quarterly and annual estimates of employment by state, county, and detailed industry. The program also publishes news releases on quarterly county employment and wages and an annual bulletin.

The Current Employment Statistics (CES) program produces monthly estimates of employment, of net changes in employment, and of earnings by detailed industry. These estimates are part of the Employment Situation report, put out monthly by BLS.

The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) program provides monthly measures of job openings, as well as measures of employee hires and separations.

More information on the Business Employment Dynamics dataset can be found in the following publications:

Zhi Boon, Charles M. Carson, R. Jason Faberman, and Randy E. Ilg, “Studying the labor market using BLS labor dynamics data,” Monthly Labor Review, February 2008, pp. 3–16,

Shail J. Butani, Richard L. Clayton, Vinod Kapani, James R. Spletzer, David M. Talan, and George S. Werking, Jr., “Business Employment Dynamics: tabulation by employer size” Monthly Labor Review, February 2006, pp. 3–22,

Richard L. Clayton, Akbar Sadeghi, David M. Talan, and James R. Spletzer, “High-employment-growth Firms: Defining and Counting them,” Monthly Labor Review, June 2013,

Steven J. Davis, John C. Haltiwanger, and Scott Schuh, Job creation and destruction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996.

Jessica Helfand, “All firm sizes hit hard during the current recession,” Issues in Labor Statistics, March 2010, Summary 10-02, pp. 1-4,

Jessica Helfand, Akbar Sadeghi, and David Talan, “Employment dynamics: small and large firms over the business cycle,” Monthly Labor Review, March 2007, pp. 39–50,

Amy E. Knaup and Merissa C. Piazza, “Business Employment Dynamics data: survival and longevity, II” Monthly Labor Review, September 2007, pp. 3–10,

Sheryl Konigsberg, “The geospatial distribution of employment: a new visual asset,” Monthly Labor Review, March 2007, pp. 51–60,

Sheryl L. Konigsberg, James R. Spletzer, and David M. Talan, “Business employment dynamics: tabulations by size of employment change,” Monthly Labor Review, April 2009 pp. 19–29,

Carol Leming, Akbar Sadeghi, James R. Spletzer, and David M. Talan, “The role of younger and older business establishments in the U.S. labor market,” Issues in Labor Statistics, August 2010, Summary 10-09,

Cordelia Okolie, “Why size class methodology matters in analyses of net and gross job flows,” Monthly Labor Review, July 2004, pp. 3–12,

Joshua C. Pinkston and James R. Spletzer, “Annual measures of gross job gains and gross job losses,” Monthly Labor Review, November 2004, pp. 3–13,

Timothy R. Pivetz, Michael A. Searson, and James R. Spletzer, “Measuring job and establishment flows with BLS longitudinal microdata,” Monthly Labor Review, April 2001, pp. 13–20,

Akbar Sadeghi, “The births and deaths of business establishments in the United States,” Monthly Labor Review, December 2008, pp. 3–18,

James R. Spletzer, R. Jason Faberman, Akbar Sadeghi, David M. Talan, and Richard L. Clayton, “Business employment dynamics: new data on gross job gains and losses,” Monthly Labor Review, April 2004, pp. 29–42,

Additional information on the BED can be found online at

Last Modified Date: December 24, 2015