Consumer Expenditures and Income: Overview
The Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE) is a nationwide household survey conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to find out how Americans spend their money. It is the only federal government survey that provides information on the complete range of consumers’ expenditures as well as their incomes and demographic characteristics. BLS publishes 12-month estimates of consumer expenditures twice a year with the estimates summarized by various income levels and household characteristics. BLS also produces annual public-use microdata files to help researchers analyze the data in more detail.
The CE consists of estimates derived from two separate surveys, the Interview Survey and the Diary Survey. The Quarterly Interview Survey is designed to collect data on large and recurring expenditures that consumers can be expected to recall for a period of 3 months or longer, such as rent and utilities, and the Diary Survey is designed to collect data on small, frequently purchased items, including most food and clothing. Together, the data from the two surveys cover the complete range of consumers’ expenditures. CE data are collected for BLS by the U.S. Census Bureau.
|Quick Facts: Consumer Expenditures and Income|
|Subject areas||Consumer spending , Income, Pay|
|Key measures||Income, Spending|
|How the data are obtained||Survey of households|
|Periodicity of data availability||Annual, Semi-annual|
|Geographic detail||Census region, Metro area, National, Region|
|Scope||Civilian noninstitutional population|
Last Modified Date: March 28, 2018