Unemployment and other labor market difficulties

November 18, 2014

Each month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes various measures of unemployment and other labor market difficulties. There are six “alternative measures of labor underutilization,” known as U‑1 through U‑6, that provide insights into a broad range of problems encountered by workers in today's labor market. Although the measures vary in scope, they generally follow trends similar to that of the official unemployment rate (U‑3).

Alternative measures of labor underutilization, seasonally adjusted, 1994–2014
Month    U-1       U-2    U-3
(unemployment
rate)
   U-4      U-5       U-6   

Jan 1994

2.3 3.3 6.6 7.0 8.1 11.8

Feb 1994

2.4 3.2 6.6 6.9 7.9 11.4

Mar 1994

2.3 3.1 6.5 6.8 7.7 11.4

Apr 1994

2.2 2.9 6.4 6.7 7.6 11.2

May 1994

2.2 2.7 6.1 6.3 7.2 10.8

Jun 1994

2.1 2.9 6.1 6.4 7.3 10.9

Jul 1994

2.2 2.9 6.1 6.4 7.3 10.7

Aug 1994

2.1 2.9 6.0 6.3 7.2 10.5

Sep 1994

2.1 2.8 5.9 6.2 7.1 10.4

Oct 1994

2.2 2.7 5.8 6.1 6.9 10.3

Nov 1994

2.0 2.7 5.6 5.9 6.7 10.1

Dec 1994

1.9 2.6 5.5 5.7 6.7 10.0

Jan 1995

1.8 2.7 5.6 5.8 6.8 10.2

Feb 1995

1.8 2.6 5.4 5.7 6.6 9.9

Mar 1995

1.7 2.6 5.4 5.7 6.6 9.9

Apr 1995

1.9 2.6 5.8 6.0 6.7 10.0

May 1995

2.0 2.7 5.6 5.9 6.6 10.0

Jun 1995

1.7 2.6 5.6 5.8 6.7 10.1

Jul 1995

1.7 2.6 5.7 6.0 6.7 10.1

Aug 1995

1.8 2.6 5.7 5.9 6.7 10.0

Sep 1995

1.7 2.6 5.6 5.8 6.7 10.1

Oct 1995

1.7 2.7 5.5 5.8 6.6 9.9

Nov 1995

1.8 2.7 5.6 5.8 6.6 10.0

Dec 1995

1.8 2.6 5.6 5.9 6.7 10.0

Jan 1996

1.8 2.7 5.6 5.9 6.8 9.8

Feb 1996

1.7 2.7 5.5 5.8 6.7 10.0

Mar 1996

1.8 2.6 5.5 5.8 6.6 9.8

Apr 1996

1.8 2.8 5.6 5.8 6.6 9.9

May 1996

1.8 2.6 5.6 5.8 6.5 9.7

Jun 1996

1.8 2.5 5.3 5.5 6.4 9.6

Jul 1996

1.7 2.5 5.5 5.7 6.5 9.7

Aug 1996

1.7 2.3 5.1 5.4 6.1 9.3

Sep 1996

1.7 2.4 5.2 5.4 6.2 9.4

Oct 1996

1.7 2.3 5.2 5.4 6.2 9.4

Nov 1996

1.6 2.5 5.4 5.6 6.4 9.3

Dec 1996

1.6 2.3 5.4 5.6 6.3 9.5

Jan 1997

1.6 2.4 5.3 5.5 6.4 9.4

Feb 1997

1.6 2.3 5.2 5.4 6.3 9.4

Mar 1997

1.6 2.3 5.2 5.3 6.1 9.1

Apr 1997

1.6 2.3 5.1 5.3 6.0 9.2

May 1997

1.6 2.2 4.9 5.1 5.8 8.8

Jun 1997

1.5 2.3 5.0 5.2 5.9 8.8

Jul 1997

1.6 2.1 4.9 5.0 5.7 8.6

Aug 1997

1.5 2.2 4.8 5.0 5.7 8.6

Sep 1997

1.5 2.2 4.9 5.0 5.8 8.7

Oct 1997

1.4 2.1 4.7 4.9 5.6 8.4

Nov 1997

1.3 2.1 4.6 4.8 5.5 8.3

Dec 1997

1.4 2.2 4.7 4.9 5.7 8.4

Jan 1998

1.3 2.1 4.6 4.9 5.6 8.4

Feb 1998

1.3 2.1 4.6 4.8 5.6 8.4

Mar 1998

1.3 2.2 4.7 4.9 5.6 8.4

Apr 1998

1.1 2.0 4.3 4.5 5.2 7.9

May 1998

1.1 2.1 4.4 4.5 5.2 7.9

Jun 1998

1.2 2.0 4.5 4.7 5.3 8.0

Jul 1998

1.1 2.0 4.5 4.8 5.4 8.1

Aug 1998

1.2 2.0 4.5 4.6 5.3 7.9

Sep 1998

1.2 2.1 4.6 4.7 5.4 7.9

Oct 1998

1.1 2.1 4.5 4.7 5.3 7.8

Nov 1998

1.1 2.0 4.4 4.6 5.2 7.6

Dec 1998

1.1 2.0 4.4 4.5 5.1 7.6

Jan 1999

1.1 2.0 4.3 4.5 5.2 7.7

Feb 1999

1.1 2.0 4.4 4.6 5.3 7.7

Mar 1999

1.1 1.9 4.2 4.4 5.0 7.6

Apr 1999

1.1 1.9 4.3 4.5 5.2 7.6

May 1999

1.1 1.9 4.2 4.3 5.0 7.4

Jun 1999

1.2 1.9 4.3 4.4 5.1 7.5

Jul 1999

1.1 1.9 4.3 4.5 5.1 7.5

Aug 1999

1.0 1.9 4.2 4.4 5.0 7.3

Sep 1999

1.0 1.8 4.2 4.4 5.0 7.4

Oct 1999

1.0 1.8 4.1 4.3 4.9 7.2

Nov 1999

1.0 1.8 4.1 4.3 4.8 7.1

Dec 1999

1.0 1.7 4.0 4.2 4.8 7.1

Jan 2000

1.0 1.8 4.0 4.2 4.8 7.1

Feb 2000

0.9 1.9 4.1 4.3 5.0 7.2

Mar 2000

0.9 1.8 4.0 4.2 4.8 7.1

Apr 2000

0.9 1.6 3.8 4.1 4.7 6.9

May 2000

0.9 1.7 4.0 4.2 4.8 7.1

Jun 2000

0.9 1.7 4.0 4.2 4.7 7.0

Jul 2000

0.9 1.7 4.0 4.2 4.8 7.0

Aug 2000

1.0 1.9 4.1 4.2 4.8 7.1

Sep 2000

0.9 1.8 3.9 4.1 4.7 7.0

Oct 2000

0.9 1.7 3.9 4.0 4.6 6.8

Nov 2000

0.9 1.8 3.9 4.1 4.7 7.1

Dec 2000

0.9 1.8 3.9 4.1 4.7 6.9

Jan 2001

1.0 1.9 4.2 4.4 5.0 7.3

Feb 2001

1.0 2.0 4.2 4.4 5.1 7.4

Mar 2001

1.1 2.1 4.3 4.5 5.0 7.3

Apr 2001

1.0 2.1 4.4 4.6 5.1 7.4

May 2001

1.0 2.2 4.3 4.6 5.1 7.5

Jun 2001

1.1 2.3 4.5 4.7 5.3 7.9

Jul 2001

1.2 2.3 4.6 4.8 5.4 7.8

Aug 2001

1.3 2.4 4.9 5.1 5.8 8.1

Sep 2001

1.4 2.5 5.0 5.1 5.8 8.7

Oct 2001

1.4 3.0 5.3 5.6 6.2 9.3

Nov 2001

1.6 3.1 5.5 5.8 6.4 9.4

Dec 2001

1.7 3.1 5.7 5.9 6.6 9.6

Jan 2002

1.8 3.1 5.7 5.9 6.7 9.5

Feb 2002

1.8 3.1 5.7 5.9 6.6 9.5

Mar 2002

1.9 3.1 5.7 6.0 6.6 9.4

Apr 2002

2.0 3.2 5.9 6.1 6.8 9.7

May 2002

2.0 3.2 5.8 6.1 6.7 9.5

Jun 2002

2.1 3.2 5.8 6.0 6.7 9.5

Jul 2002

2.0 3.2 5.8 6.1 6.8 9.6

Aug 2002

2.0 3.2 5.7 6.0 6.7 9.6

Sep 2002

2.0 3.1 5.7 5.9 6.6 9.6

Oct 2002

2.1 3.2 5.7 5.9 6.6 9.6

Nov 2002

2.1 3.3 5.9 6.1 6.8 9.7

Dec 2002

2.3 3.3 6.0 6.2 6.9 9.8

Jan 2003

2.2 3.2 5.8 6.1 6.9 10.0

Feb 2003

2.2 3.3 5.9 6.2 6.9 10.2

Mar 2003

2.2 3.3 5.9 6.2 6.9 10.0

Apr 2003

2.3 3.3 6.0 6.3 6.9 10.2

May 2003

2.3 3.5 6.1 6.4 7.0 10.1

Jun 2003

2.4 3.4 6.3 6.6 7.2 10.3

Jul 2003

2.5 3.4 6.2 6.5 7.1 10.3

Aug 2003

2.4 3.4 6.1 6.4 7.1 10.1

Sep 2003

2.4 3.4 6.1 6.3 7.1 10.4

Oct 2003

2.4 3.3 6.0 6.2 7.0 10.2

Nov 2003

2.3 3.2 5.8 6.1 6.8 10.0

Dec 2003

2.3 3.1 5.7 5.9 6.6 9.8

Jan 2004

2.3 3.0 5.7 6.0 6.8 9.9

Feb 2004

2.2 2.9 5.6 5.9 6.6 9.7

Mar 2004

2.3 3.1 5.8 6.1 6.8 10.0

Apr 2004

2.0 3.0 5.6 5.9 6.5 9.6

May 2004

2.1 2.9 5.6 5.9 6.6 9.6

Jun 2004

2.1 2.8 5.6 5.9 6.6 9.5

Jul 2004

2.0 2.9 5.5 5.8 6.5 9.5

Aug 2004

1.9 2.7 5.4 5.8 6.4 9.4

Sep 2004

2.0 2.7 5.4 5.6 6.4 9.4

Oct 2004

2.1 2.8 5.5 5.7 6.5 9.7

Nov 2004

2.0 2.7 5.4 5.6 6.3 9.4

Dec 2004

2.0 2.7 5.4 5.6 6.3 9.2

Jan 2005

1.9 2.7 5.3 5.6 6.4 9.3

Feb 2005

2.0 2.6 5.4 5.7 6.4 9.3

Mar 2005

1.9 2.5 5.2 5.5 6.2 9.1

Apr 2005

1.8 2.4 5.2 5.4 6.1 8.9

May 2005

1.8 2.4 5.1 5.4 6.0 8.9

Jun 2005

1.6 2.4 5.0 5.3 6.0 9.0

Jul 2005

1.6 2.4 5.0 5.3 5.9 8.8

Aug 2005

1.7 2.3 4.9 5.1 5.9 8.9

Sep 2005

1.7 2.5 5.0 5.3 5.9 9.0

Oct 2005

1.7 2.4 5.0 5.2 5.9 8.7

Nov 2005

1.7 2.3 5.0 5.3 5.9 8.7

Dec 2005

1.6 2.3 4.9 5.1 5.8 8.6

Jan 2006

1.5 2.2 4.7 5.0 5.7 8.4

Feb 2006

1.7 2.2 4.8 5.0 5.7 8.4

Mar 2006

1.6 2.3 4.7 5.0 5.6 8.2

Apr 2006

1.6 2.3 4.7 5.0 5.5 8.1

May 2006

1.5 2.3 4.6 4.8 5.5 8.2

Jun 2006

1.4 2.2 4.6 4.9 5.6 8.4

Jul 2006

1.5 2.2 4.7 5.0 5.7 8.5

Aug 2006

1.5 2.2 4.7 5.0 5.7 8.4

Sep 2006

1.5 2.1 4.5 4.7 5.3 8.0

Oct 2006

1.4 2.1 4.4 4.6 5.3 8.2

Nov 2006

1.4 2.1 4.5 4.7 5.4 8.1

Dec 2006

1.4 2.1 4.4 4.6 5.2 7.9

Jan 2007

1.4 2.2 4.6 4.9 5.6 8.4

Feb 2007

1.4 2.2 4.5 4.8 5.4 8.2

Mar 2007

1.5 2.1 4.4 4.6 5.3 8.0

Apr 2007

1.5 2.2 4.5 4.7 5.4 8.2

May 2007

1.5 2.2 4.4 4.7 5.3 8.2

Jun 2007

1.5 2.2 4.6 4.8 5.5 8.3

Jul 2007

1.5 2.4 4.7 4.9 5.5 8.4

Aug 2007

1.5 2.4 4.6 4.9 5.5 8.4

Sep 2007

1.5 2.3 4.7 4.8 5.5 8.4

Oct 2007

1.5 2.4 4.7 4.9 5.6 8.4

Nov 2007

1.5 2.4 4.7 4.9 5.5 8.4

Dec 2007

1.6 2.5 5.0 5.2 5.8 8.8

Jan 2008

1.6 2.5 5.0 5.3 6.0 9.2

Feb 2008

1.6 2.5 4.9 5.1 5.9 9.0

Mar 2008

1.6 2.7 5.1 5.3 5.9 9.1

Apr 2008

1.7 2.6 5.0 5.2 5.8 9.2

May 2008

1.8 2.8 5.4 5.7 6.3 9.7

Jun 2008

1.9 2.8 5.6 5.8 6.5 10.1

Jul 2008

2.0 2.9 5.8 6.1 6.7 10.5

Aug 2008

2.2 3.2 6.1 6.3 7.1 10.8

Sep 2008

2.3 3.4 6.1 6.4 7.1 11.0

Oct 2008

2.6 3.7 6.5 6.8 7.5 11.8

Nov 2008

2.5 4.0 6.8 7.2 8.0 12.6

Dec 2008

2.9 4.3 7.3 7.7 8.4 13.6

Jan 2009

3.1 4.8 7.8 8.3 9.1 14.2

Feb 2009

3.5 5.2 8.3 8.8 9.5 15.2

Mar 2009

3.8 5.5 8.7 9.1 9.9 15.8

Apr 2009

4.1 5.8 9.0 9.4 10.2 15.9

May 2009

4.5 6.1 9.4 9.8 10.6 16.5

Jun 2009

5.1 6.2 9.5 10.0 10.8 16.5

Jul 2009

5.1 6.1 9.5 9.9 10.8 16.4

Aug 2009

5.1 6.2 9.6 10.0 10.9 16.7

Sep 2009

5.5 6.5 9.8 10.2 11.0 16.7

Oct 2009

5.6 6.5 10.0 10.5 11.4 17.1

Nov 2009

5.7 6.3 9.9 10.4 11.2 17.1

Dec 2009

5.8 6.3 9.9 10.4 11.3 17.1

Jan 2010

5.8 6.1 9.7 10.4 11.2 16.7

Feb 2010

5.8 6.2 9.8 10.5 11.3 17.0

Mar 2010

5.9 6.2 9.9 10.5 11.2 17.1

Apr 2010

5.9 6.1 9.9 10.6 11.3 17.2

May 2010

5.8 6.0 9.6 10.3 10.9 16.6

Jun 2010

5.8 5.9 9.4 10.1 10.9 16.4

Jul 2010

5.7 5.9 9.5 10.1 11.0 16.4

Aug 2010

5.5 5.9 9.5 10.2 10.9 16.5

Sep 2010

5.5 5.9 9.5 10.2 10.9 16.8

Oct 2010

5.6 5.8 9.5 10.2 11.0 16.6

Nov 2010

5.7 6.2 9.8 10.5 11.3 16.9

Dec 2010

5.8 5.7 9.4 10.1 10.9 16.6

Jan 2011

5.5 5.5 9.1 9.7 10.7 16.1

Feb 2011

5.4 5.5 9.0 9.6 10.6 16.0

Mar 2011

5.3 5.4 9.0 9.5 10.4 15.9

Apr 2011

5.2 5.4 9.1 9.7 10.5 16.1

May 2011

5.3 5.4 9.0 9.5 10.3 15.8

Jun 2011

5.3 5.3 9.1 9.7 10.7 16.1

Jul 2011

5.3 5.3 9.0 9.7 10.6 16.0

Aug 2011

5.3 5.2 9.0 9.6 10.5 16.1

Sep 2011

5.4 5.2 9.0 9.6 10.5 16.3

Oct 2011

5.1 5.1 8.8 9.4 10.3 15.9

Nov 2011

5.0 5.0 8.6 9.3 10.2 15.6

Dec 2011

4.9 4.9 8.5 9.1 10.0 15.2

Jan 2012

4.8 4.7 8.2 8.8 9.8 15.1

Feb 2012

4.8 4.6 8.3 8.9 9.8 15.0

Mar 2012

4.7 4.6 8.2 8.7 9.6 14.5

Apr 2012

4.6 4.4 8.2 8.7 9.5 14.6

May 2012

4.6 4.5 8.2 8.7 9.6 14.8

Jun 2012

4.6 4.6 8.2 8.7 9.6 14.8

Jul 2012

4.5 4.6 8.2 8.7 9.7 14.9

Aug 2012

4.4 4.5 8.1 8.6 9.6 14.7

Sep 2012

4.3 4.2 7.8 8.3 9.3 14.7

Oct 2012

4.4 4.2 7.8 8.3 9.2 14.4

Nov 2012

4.2 4.1 7.8 8.3 9.2 14.4

Dec 2012

4.3 4.2 7.9 8.5 9.4 14.4

Jan 2013

4.2 4.3 7.9 8.4 9.3 14.4

Feb 2013

4.2 4.2 7.7 8.3 9.3 14.3

Mar 2013

4.1 4.1 7.5 8.0 8.9 13.8

Apr 2013

4.1 4.1 7.5 8.0 8.9 13.9

May 2013

4.0 3.9 7.5 8.0 8.8 13.8

Jun 2013

4.0 3.9 7.5 8.1 9.0 14.2

Jul 2013

3.9 3.8 7.3 7.9 8.7 13.9

Aug 2013

3.8 3.8 7.2 7.8 8.6 13.6

Sep 2013

3.8 3.7 7.2 7.7 8.6 13.6

Oct 2013

3.8 4.0 7.2 7.7 8.6 13.7

Nov 2013

3.7 3.7 7.0 7.4 8.2 13.1

Dec 2013

3.6 3.5 6.7 7.2 8.1 13.1

Jan 2014

3.4 3.5 6.6 7.1 8.1 12.7

Feb 2014

3.5 3.5 6.7 7.2 8.1 12.6

Mar 2014

3.5 3.5 6.7 7.1 8.0 12.7

Apr 2014

3.2 3.4 6.3 6.7 7.6 12.3

May 2014

3.1 3.2 6.3 6.7 7.6 12.2

Jun 2014

2.9 3.1 6.1 6.5 7.3 12.1

Jul 2014

2.9 3.1 6.2 6.6 7.5 12.2

Aug 2014

2.9 3.1 6.1 6.6 7.4 12.0

Sep 2014

2.8 2.9 5.9 6.4 7.3 11.8

Each of the six measures rose at the onset of the 2001 recession and continued to trend up before declining in mid-2003. They all began increasing again at or slightly before the onset of the 2007–2009 recession, the longest and deepest recession of the post-World War II era. The measures continued to rise sharply during the recession and steadily increased afterwards until beginning to trend down in 2010. None of the measures has returned to its prerecession level.

Since 2013, the ratio of the U-6 measure to the U-3 measure has risen to a slightly higher level than had prevailed throughout most of the history of the measures. The most inclusive measure of labor underutilization, U-6, includes three different groups—unemployed workers, people who are marginally attached to the labor force, and employed people who are working part time for economic reasons—as a percentage of the labor force plus the marginally attached. During the recession, increases in the number of unemployed and persons working part time for economic reasons were the primary drivers of the increase in U-6. While unemployment has been decreasing fairly steadily since early 2010, the other two components that make up U-6 have shown comparatively less improvement. Even so, the U-6 measure has been trending downward, generally consistent with the movement of U-3 and the other alternative measures of labor underutilization.

Unemployed, employed part time for economic reasons, and marginally attached to the labor force, 1994-2014
Month Total unemployed Employed part time for economic reasons Marginally attached

Jan 1994

8,630,000 4,947,000 2,120,000

Feb 1994

8,583,000 4,677,000 1,951,000

Mar 1994

8,470,000 4,890,000 1,832,000

Apr 1994

8,331,000 4,752,000 1,770,000

May 1994

7,915,000 4,836,000 1,659,000

Jun 1994

7,927,000 4,816,000 1,777,000

Jul 1994

7,946,000 4,505,000 1,844,000

Aug 1994

7,933,000 4,359,000 1,726,000

Sep 1994

7,734,000 4,332,000 1,858,000

Oct 1994

7,632,000 4,472,000 1,663,000

Nov 1994

7,375,000 4,468,000 1,674,000

Dec 1994

7,230,000 4,440,000 1,810,000

Jan 1995

7,375,000 4,550,000 1,783,000

Feb 1995

7,187,000 4,397,000 1,721,000

Mar 1995

7,153,000 4,451,000 1,732,000

Apr 1995

7,645,000 4,428,000 1,390,000

May 1995

7,430,000 4,513,000 1,504,000

Jun 1995

7,427,000 4,489,000 1,574,000

Jul 1995

7,527,000 4,436,000 1,568,000

Aug 1995

7,484,000 4,513,000 1,510,000

Sep 1995

7,478,000 4,580,000 1,583,000

Oct 1995

7,328,000 4,462,000 1,587,000

Nov 1995

7,426,000 4,489,000 1,542,000

Dec 1995

7,423,000 4,434,000 1,619,000

Jan 1996

7,491,000 4,022,000 1,737,000

Feb 1996

7,313,000 4,420,000 1,838,000

Mar 1996

7,318,000 4,429,000 1,584,000

Apr 1996

7,415,000 4,464,000 1,516,000

May 1996

7,423,000 4,327,000 1,475,000

Jun 1996

7,095,000 4,312,000 1,684,000

Jul 1996

7,337,000 4,358,000 1,490,000

Aug 1996

6,882,000 4,391,000 1,436,000

Sep 1996

6,979,000 4,382,000 1,518,000

Oct 1996

7,031,000 4,372,000 1,447,000

Nov 1996

7,236,000 4,025,000 1,503,000

Dec 1996

7,253,000 4,365,000 1,463,000

Jan 1997

7,158,000 4,189,000 1,615,000

Feb 1997

7,102,000 4,242,000 1,546,000

Mar 1997

7,000,000 4,112,000 1,471,000

Apr 1997

6,873,000 4,396,000 1,480,000

May 1997

6,655,000 4,032,000 1,431,000

Jun 1997

6,799,000 3,998,000 1,428,000

Jul 1997

6,655,000 4,040,000 1,281,000

Aug 1997

6,608,000 4,049,000 1,298,000

Sep 1997

6,656,000 4,004,000 1,363,000

Oct 1997

6,454,000 3,973,000 1,284,000

Nov 1997

6,308,000 3,962,000 1,337,000

Dec 1997

6,476,000 3,848,000 1,453,000

Jan 1998

6,368,000 3,922,000 1,479,000

Feb 1998

6,306,000 3,866,000 1,478,000

Mar 1998

6,422,000 3,859,000 1,426,000

Apr 1998

5,941,000 3,775,000 1,278,000

May 1998

6,047,000 3,727,000 1,213,000

Jun 1998

6,212,000 3,766,000 1,213,000

Jul 1998

6,259,000 3,796,000 1,328,000

Aug 1998

6,179,000 3,537,000 1,251,000

Sep 1998

6,300,000 3,448,000 1,377,000

Oct 1998

6,280,000 3,433,000 1,242,000

Nov 1998

6,100,000 3,339,000 1,240,000

Dec 1998

6,032,000 3,420,000 1,196,000

Jan 1999

5,976,000 3,449,000 1,358,000

Feb 1999

6,111,000 3,425,000 1,279,000

Mar 1999

5,783,000 3,550,000 1,245,000

Apr 1999

6,004,000 3,443,000 1,257,000

May 1999

5,796,000 3,393,000 1,148,000

Jun 1999

5,951,000 3,411,000 1,228,000

Jul 1999

6,025,000 3,350,000 1,133,000

Aug 1999

5,838,000 3,286,000 1,134,000

Sep 1999

5,915,000 3,279,000 1,172,000

Oct 1999

5,778,000 3,153,000 1,184,000

Nov 1999

5,716,000 3,225,000 1,128,000

Dec 1999

5,653,000 3,283,000 1,142,000

Jan 2000

5,708,000 3,208,000 1,207,000

Feb 2000

5,858,000 3,167,000 1,281,000

Mar 2000

5,733,000 3,231,000 1,219,000

Apr 2000

5,481,000 3,186,000 1,216,000

May 2000

5,758,000 3,283,000 1,113,000

Jun 2000

5,651,000 3,209,000 1,142,000

Jul 2000

5,747,000 3,144,000 1,172,000

Aug 2000

5,853,000 3,211,000 1,097,000

Sep 2000

5,625,000 3,217,000 1,166,000

Oct 2000

5,534,000 3,179,000 1,044,000

Nov 2000

5,639,000 3,467,000 1,100,000

Dec 2000

5,634,000 3,243,000 1,125,000

Jan 2001

6,023,000 3,332,000 1,295,000

Feb 2001

6,089,000 3,296,000 1,337,000

Mar 2001

6,141,000 3,280,000 1,109,000

Apr 2001

6,271,000 3,289,000 1,131,000

May 2001

6,226,000 3,439,000 1,157,000

Jun 2001

6,484,000 3,792,000 1,170,000

Jul 2001

6,583,000 3,556,000 1,232,000

Aug 2001

7,042,000 3,380,000 1,364,000

Sep 2001

7,142,000 4,233,000 1,335,000

Oct 2001

7,694,000 4,437,000 1,398,000

Nov 2001

8,003,000 4,317,000 1,331,000

Dec 2001

8,258,000 4,393,000 1,330,000

Jan 2002

8,182,000 4,112,000 1,532,000

Feb 2002

8,215,000 4,289,000 1,423,000

Mar 2002

8,304,000 4,101,000 1,358,000

Apr 2002

8,599,000 4,199,000 1,397,000

May 2002

8,399,000 4,103,000 1,467,000

Jun 2002

8,393,000 4,048,000 1,380,000

Jul 2002

8,390,000 4,145,000 1,507,000

Aug 2002

8,304,000 4,301,000 1,456,000

Sep 2002

8,251,000 4,329,000 1,501,000

Oct 2002

8,307,000 4,314,000 1,416,000

Nov 2002

8,520,000 4,329,000 1,401,000

Dec 2002

8,640,000 4,321,000 1,432,000

Jan 2003

8,520,000 4,607,000 1,598,000

Feb 2003

8,618,000 4,844,000 1,590,000

Mar 2003

8,588,000 4,652,000 1,577,000

Apr 2003

8,842,000 4,798,000 1,399,000

May 2003

8,957,000 4,570,000 1,428,000

Jun 2003

9,266,000 4,592,000 1,468,000

Jul 2003

9,011,000 4,648,000 1,566,000

Aug 2003

8,896,000 4,419,000 1,665,000

Sep 2003

8,921,000 4,882,000 1,544,000

Oct 2003

8,732,000 4,813,000 1,586,000

Nov 2003

8,576,000 4,862,000 1,473,000

Dec 2003

8,317,000 4,750,000 1,483,000

Jan 2004

8,370,000 4,705,000 1,670,000

Feb 2004

8,167,000 4,549,000 1,691,000

Mar 2004

8,491,000 4,742,000 1,643,000

Apr 2004

8,170,000 4,568,000 1,526,000

May 2004

8,212,000 4,588,000 1,533,000

Jun 2004

8,286,000 4,443,000 1,492,000

Jul 2004

8,136,000 4,449,000 1,557,000

Aug 2004

7,990,000 4,474,000 1,587,000

Sep 2004

7,927,000 4,487,000 1,561,000

Oct 2004

8,061,000 4,820,000 1,647,000

Nov 2004

7,932,000 4,547,000 1,517,000

Dec 2004

7,934,000 4,427,000 1,463,000

Jan 2005

7,784,000 4,389,000 1,804,000

Feb 2005

7,980,000 4,250,000 1,673,000

Mar 2005

7,737,000 4,388,000 1,588,000

Apr 2005

7,672,000 4,278,000 1,511,000

May 2005

7,651,000 4,315,000 1,428,000

Jun 2005

7,524,000 4,432,000 1,583,000

Jul 2005

7,406,000 4,400,000 1,516,000

Aug 2005

7,345,000 4,491,000 1,583,000

Sep 2005

7,553,000 4,675,000 1,438,000

Oct 2005

7,453,000 4,269,000 1,414,000

Nov 2005

7,566,000 4,219,000 1,415,000

Dec 2005

7,279,000 4,115,000 1,589,000

Jan 2006

7,064,000 4,123,000 1,644,000

Feb 2006

7,184,000 4,174,000 1,471,000

Mar 2006

7,072,000 3,972,000 1,468,000

Apr 2006

7,120,000 3,900,000 1,310,000

May 2006

6,980,000 4,111,000 1,388,000

Jun 2006

7,001,000 4,318,000 1,584,000

Jul 2006

7,175,000 4,303,000 1,522,000

Aug 2006

7,091,000 4,195,000 1,592,000

Sep 2006

6,847,000 4,115,000 1,299,000

Oct 2006

6,727,000 4,352,000 1,478,000

Nov 2006

6,872,000 4,190,000 1,366,000

Dec 2006

6,762,000 4,187,000 1,252,000

Jan 2007

7,116,000 4,279,000 1,577,000

Feb 2007

6,927,000 4,220,000 1,451,000

Mar 2007

6,731,000 4,253,000 1,385,000

Apr 2007

6,850,000 4,313,000 1,391,000

May 2007

6,766,000 4,473,000 1,406,000

Jun 2007

6,979,000 4,342,000 1,454,000

Jul 2007

7,149,000 4,410,000 1,376,000

Aug 2007

7,067,000 4,576,000 1,365,000

Sep 2007

7,170,000 4,521,000 1,268,000

Oct 2007

7,237,000 4,325,000 1,364,000

Nov 2007

7,240,000 4,494,000 1,363,000

Dec 2007

7,645,000 4,618,000 1,344,000

Jan 2008

7,685,000 4,846,000 1,729,000

Feb 2008

7,497,000 4,902,000 1,585,000

Mar 2008

7,822,000 4,904,000 1,352,000

Apr 2008

7,637,000 5,220,000 1,414,000

May 2008

8,395,000 5,286,000 1,416,000

Jun 2008

8,575,000 5,540,000 1,558,000

Jul 2008

8,937,000 5,930,000 1,573,000

Aug 2008

9,438,000 5,851,000 1,640,000

Sep 2008

9,494,000 6,148,000 1,604,000

Oct 2008

10,074,000 6,690,000 1,637,000

Nov 2008

10,538,000 7,311,000 1,947,000

Dec 2008

11,286,000 8,029,000 1,908,000

Jan 2009

12,058,000 8,046,000 2,130,000

Feb 2009

12,898,000 8,796,000 2,051,000

Mar 2009

13,426,000 9,145,000 2,106,000

Apr 2009

13,853,000 8,908,000 2,089,000

May 2009

14,499,000 9,113,000 2,210,000

Jun 2009

14,707,000 9,024,000 2,176,000

Jul 2009

14,601,000 8,891,000 2,282,000

Aug 2009

14,814,000 9,029,000 2,270,000

Sep 2009

15,009,000 8,847,000 2,219,000

Oct 2009

15,352,000 8,979,000 2,373,000

Nov 2009

15,219,000 9,114,000 2,323,000

Dec 2009

15,098,000 9,098,000 2,486,000

Jan 2010

14,953,000 8,500,000 2,539,000

Feb 2010

15,121,000 8,904,000 2,527,000

Mar 2010

15,212,000 9,216,000 2,255,000

Apr 2010

15,333,000 9,181,000 2,432,000

May 2010

14,858,000 8,833,000 2,223,000

Jun 2010

14,483,000 8,607,000 2,591,000

Jul 2010

14,527,000 8,547,000 2,622,000

Aug 2010

14,660,000 8,829,000 2,370,000

Sep 2010

14,578,000 9,199,000 2,548,000

Oct 2010

14,520,000 8,870,000 2,602,000

Nov 2010

15,097,000 8,880,000 2,531,000

Dec 2010

14,373,000 8,941,000 2,609,000

Jan 2011

13,910,000 8,440,000 2,800,000

Feb 2011

13,858,000 8,403,000 2,730,000

Mar 2011

13,748,000 8,635,000 2,434,000

Apr 2011

13,944,000 8,664,000 2,466,000

May 2011

13,873,000 8,583,000 2,206,000

Jun 2011

13,971,000 8,486,000 2,680,000

Jul 2011

13,785,000 8,342,000 2,785,000

Aug 2011

13,820,000 8,820,000 2,575,000

Sep 2011

13,905,000 9,068,000 2,511,000

Oct 2011

13,604,000 8,675,000 2,555,000

Nov 2011

13,326,000 8,457,000 2,591,000

Dec 2011

13,090,000 8,177,000 2,540,000

Jan 2012

12,650,000 8,228,000 2,809,000

Feb 2012

12,883,000 8,133,000 2,608,000

Mar 2012

12,732,000 7,780,000 2,352,000

Apr 2012

12,603,000 7,913,000 2,363,000

May 2012

12,689,000 8,138,000 2,423,000

Jun 2012

12,702,000 8,154,000 2,483,000

Jul 2012

12,698,000 8,163,000 2,529,000

Aug 2012

12,464,000 8,045,000 2,561,000

Sep 2012

12,070,000 8,572,000 2,517,000

Oct 2012

12,138,000 8,231,000 2,433,000

Nov 2012

12,045,000 8,164,000 2,505,000

Dec 2012

12,273,000 7,929,000 2,614,000

Jan 2013

12,315,000 7,983,000 2,443,000

Feb 2013

12,047,000 7,991,000 2,588,000

Mar 2013

11,706,000 7,663,000 2,326,000

Apr 2013

11,683,000 7,929,000 2,347,000

May 2013

11,690,000 7,917,000 2,164,000

Jun 2013

11,747,000 8,194,000 2,582,000

Jul 2013

11,408,000 8,180,000 2,414,000

Aug 2013

11,256,000 7,898,000 2,342,000

Sep 2013

11,203,000 7,914,000 2,302,000

Oct 2013

11,140,000 8,016,000 2,283,000

Nov 2013

10,841,000 7,723,000 2,096,000

Dec 2013

10,351,000 7,771,000 2,427,000

Jan 2014

10,236,000 7,257,000 2,592,000

Feb 2014

10,459,000 7,186,000 2,303,000

Mar 2014

10,486,000 7,411,000 2,168,000

Apr 2014

9,753,000 7,465,000 2,160,000

May 2014

9,799,000 7,269,000 2,130,000

Jun 2014

9,474,000 7,544,000 2,028,000

Jul 2014

9,671,000 7,511,000 2,178,000

Aug 2014

9,591,000 7,277,000 2,141,000

Sep 2014

9,262,000 7,103,000 2,226,000

These data are from the Current Population Survey. To learn more, see “Trends in unemployment and other labor market difficulties,” by Vernon Brundage, in Beyond the Numbers, November 2014.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Unemployment and other labor market difficulties on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2014/ted_20141118.htm (visited December 12, 2017).

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