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Industry employment for all states and the District of Columbia since April 1990

May 26, 2016

From April 1990 to April 2016, employment in professional and business services, education and health services, and leisure and hospitality increased for all states and the District of Columbia. Among states, Nevada experienced the largest percentage increase in education and health services employment (264 percent); Florida recorded the largest increase in professional and business services (236 percent); and Mississippi had the largest increase in leisure and hospitality (134 percent).

Percent change in industry employment for states and the District of Columbia, not seasonally adjusted, April 1990–April 2016
State Mining and logging(p) Mining, logging, and construction(p) Construction(p) Manufacturing(p) Wholesale trade(p) Retail trade(p) Transportation and utilities(p)

Alabama

-44.6 -12.4 -5.4 -28.8 8.3 24.7 27.6

Alaska

13.2 39.4 81.2 -10.9 18.5 51.2 42.8

Arizona

-5.7 52.9 61.5 -10.3 52.9 66.6 79.2

Arkansas

0.0 29.4 35.0 -29.7 27.8 41.7 24.9

California

-27.6 16.4 18.8 -35.2 33.9 17.4 32.9

Colorado

56.0 142.1 166.8 -15.9 44.1 57.2 30.8

Connecticut

-50.0 -7.7 -7.0 -47.7 -12.2 -7.1 11.2

Delaware

(1) -3.7 (1) -40.0 0.0 23.0 41.5

District Of Columbia

(1) 2.9 (1) -83.8 -28.8 -8.1 -60.9

Florida

(2) (2) 14.4 -31.4 35.9 41.7 41.6

Georgia

-45.7 13.3 19.7 -26.6 40.5 40.6 40.7

Hawaii

(1) 15..5 (1) -32.2 1.1 5.6 8.6

Idaho

-42.3 93.8 134.9 21.5 58.9 64.2 65.0

Illinois

-50.3 -6.0 -2.3 -37.5 -2.1 3.3 22.6

Indiana

-24.4 14.5 17.4 -14.7 12.0 9.8 27.1

Iowa

10.0 103.4 107.8 -2.1 5.2 12.8 56.0

Kansas

-18.7 26.1 35.8 -10.1 6.8 10.2 18.4

Kentucky

-66.0 -13.0 16.1 -10.6 26.3 19.7 71.9

Louisiana

-27.7 22.2 51.5 -20.8 -0.9 18.4 3.7

Maine

-15.0 -12.5 -12.3 -45.9 4.4 8.4 -5.6

Maryland

-41.7 -1.5 -0.9 -47.0 -8.8 2.2 44.5

Massachusetts

-41.2 46.7 48.3 -48.6 -14.9 1.6 16.8

Michigan

-37.3 3.8 7.1 -28.7 10.8 -5.9 14.9

Minnesota

-30.4 48.9 57.7 -6.0 22.3 17.7 16.1

Mississippi

-28.2 15.5 27.8 -37.2 4.3 21.7 40.3

Missouri

-28.6 23.8 27.0 -34.1 2.2 14.5 -11.7

Montana

-5.6 94.0 167.7 1.0 33.1 48.0 17.3

Nebraska

-33.3 73.3 79.1 1.3 5.9 18.6 59.5

Nevada

-4.3 36.9 48.5 76.3 67.8 125.2 171.7

New Hampshire

12.5 9.7 9.6 -33.4 39.8 26.9 25.0

New Jersey

-59.4 -2.0 -0.8 -55.4 -4.7 6.5 8.8

New Mexico

37.2 37.1 37.0 -27.7 -5.0 28.8 4.6

New York

-25.8 13.9 14.7 -54.4 -17.2 9.8 -3.0

North Carolina

-33.3 14.3 16.6 -45.2 31.4 32.8 15.9

North Dakota

380.0 279.3 238.4 61.1 57.3 45.5 66.2

Ohio

-34.5 5.4 9.2 -35.5 10.5 -3.0 36.4

Oklahoma

16.4 62.4 106.6 -17.7 17.8 29.9 22.5

Oregon

-39.2 42.2 60.6 -8.0 13.1 39.1 23.9

Pennsylvania

-4.0 2.9 3.8 -40.7 1.1 1.1 42.3

Rhode Island

0.0 -7.0 -7.1 -55.9 -6.9 -5.0 15.6

South Carolina

-33.9 -6.0 -4.2 -31.8 42.5 24.6 33.5

South Dakota

-42.9 80.0 94.8 25.5 45.6 40.5 39.6

Tennessee

(1) 20.5 (1) -32.3 9.3 26.2 56.4

Texas

44.0 84.8 104.0 -10.1 64.9 48.1 66.6

Utah

23.4 183.3 229.8 23.4 67.8 87.1 68.3

Vermont

-27.3 7.6 10.5 -29.3 0.0 14.2 5.3

Virginia

-51.2 -4.3 -0.1 -40.9 4.2 18.4 30.5

Washington

-55.3 47.1 58.2 -14.4 36.0 49.8 25.7

West Virginia

-36.2 -13.3 15.1 -42.4 -9.6 7.9 -13.1

Wisconsin

0.0 33.9 35.4 -9.5 29.9 12.3 27.3

Wyoming

24.0 44.4 70.2 8.0 66.7 26.5 27.2
Footnotes:

(1) Mining and logging is combined with construction

(2) Data not available for April 1990

(p) = preliminary

Percent change in industry employment for states and the District of Columbia, not seasonally adjusted, April 1990–April 2016
State Information(p) Financial activities(p) Professional and business services(p) Education and health services(p) Leisure and hospitality(p) Other services(p) Government(p)

Alabama

-29.5 23.1 101.8 81.9 80.7 33.6 14.5

Alaska

15.1 51.3 46.4 192.9 62.2 19.8 15.6

Arizona

47.9 106.3 187.7 203.8 90.7 53.7 49.9

Arkansas

-20.7 23.0 151.6 98.6 77.1 34.8 34.6

California

27.6 -1.5 70.3 119.7 72.1 33.0 21.2

Colorado

39.2 53.3 129.2 151.4 96.6 87.4 52.6

Connecticut

-19.4 -14.1 29.2 69.4 40.6 12.2 11.8

Delaware

-4.0 28.5 22.7 139.1 84.1 74.5 35.4

District Of Columbia

-35.1 2.0 47.7 72.9 59.4 37.7 -13.1

Florida

4.8 49.7 236.4 110.4 63.0 59.7 30.3

Georgia

27.2 39.4 138.8 123.5 96.2 75.3 24.6

Hawaii

-11.2 -8.8 69.9 84.1 23.0 37.8 16.5

Idaho

24.0 77.9 164.4 219.3 95.8 108.6 49.7

Illinois

-25.0 1.2 63.2 72.8 51.1 23.5 8.7

Indiana

-30.1 1.3 111.2 90.4 51.9 32.1 14.4

Iowa

-20.9 56.4 104.3 57.7 39.7 12.1 17.0

Kansas

-34.4 33.7 112.6 86.3 45.4 18.2 19.2

Kentucky

-8.2 45.7 122.0 78.2 58.7 0.6 27.1

Louisiana

-0.4 3.5 85.6 90.5 82.7 28.7 -1.2

Maine

-29.8 15.5 84.8 89.6 31.0 22.0 1.7

Maryland

-19.7 9.0 69.4 99.5 52.2 22.2 20.2

Massachusetts

4.7 7.9 57.8 68.5 47.5 40.0 11.3

Michigan

-17.5 12.0 64.1 62.8 27.6 18.9 -4.8

Minnesota

-8.0 42.7 69.7 117.7 44.9 26.0 19.5

Mississippi

3.1 5.9 102.9 95.7 134.3 13.1 19.7

Missouri

-20.7 22.8 77.4 79.4 45.0 27.1 16.7

Montana

-1.6 72.5 163.6 112.8 77.5 56.5 24.7

Nebraska

-19.4 47.4 94.6 107.0 54.4 41.7 19.3

Nevada

26.9 89.5 197.2 263.9 82.3 125.0 109.7

New Hampshire

20.0 10.0 109.7 97.2 50.5 51.1 22.1

New Jersey

-39.0 7.4 47.3 86.2 31.7 41.8 7.9

New Mexico

25.5 20.9 75.4 178.3 55.0 34.6 26.8

New York

-5.4 -9.5 47.0 83.5 58.3 48.2 -2.6

North Carolina

45.2 58.9 155.9 146.9 96.5 83.0 46.4

North Dakota

10.0 85.7 200.8 74.8 66.1 34.6 22.0

Ohio

-28.7 17.8 57.5 73.8 39.2 24.4 6.7

Oklahoma

-5.8 22.0 87.7 78.1 78.6 49.9 31.0

Oregon

27.4 34.0 131.8 110.0 82.0 37.0 33.0

Pennsylvania

-21.0 -2.2 72.3 66.3 46.8 22.8 0.2

Rhode Island

-14.0 22.6 56.7 51.4 61.8 46.2 -4.7

South Carolina

17.3 50.9 106.3 160.0 82.1 59.0 31.0

South Dakota

11.1 76.3 180.7 90.8 60.9 11.7 21.5

Tennessee

-1.1 33.0 142.2 103.6 76.6 134.6 22.6

Texas

14.0 58.9 156.6 144.8 120.2 63.7 48.9

Utah

151.8 139.0 168.1 183.4 121.5 48.2 57.3

Vermont

-20.0 -9.7 95.8 87.9 27.6 32.1 26.5

Virginia

-7.4 39.0 104.2 120.3 70.8 75.1 23.4

Washington

144.9 30.8 106.8 127.4 67.9 33.4 45.3

West Virginia

-25.6 36.2 101.5 88.5 55.4 61.8 23.4

Wisconsin

8.9 23.9 102.1 89.0 36.4 29.2 20.0

Wyoming

0.0 34.2 105.7 113.1 42.5 53.8 27.5

Footnotes:
 

(p) = preliminary

Employment in mining and logging and manufacturing decreased for most states from April 1990 to April 2016. Kentucky recorded the largest percentage decrease in employment in mining and logging over that period (−66 percent); North Dakota had the largest increase (380 percent).

Since April 1990, most states experienced increases in employment in construction, wholesale and retail trade, transportation and utilities, financial activities, other services, and government. Over that period, North Dakota recorded a 238-percent increase in construction employment; Nevada experienced a 125-percent increase in retail trade; and Utah had a 139-percent increase in financial activities.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics (State and Metro Area) program. Data for the most recent month are preliminary and subject to revision. To learn more, see "Regional and State Employment and Unemployment — April 2016" (HTML) (PDF).

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Industry employment for all states and the District of Columbia since April 1990 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2016/industry-employment-for-all-states-and-the-district-of-columbia-since-april-1990.htm (visited September 22, 2020).

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