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Federal government had lowest hires-per-job-opening ratio in April 2019

June 14, 2019

Federal government had lowest hires-per-job-opening ratio (0.29) in April 2019, followed by state and local government, excluding education (0.46), health care and social assistance (0.50), and wholesale trade (0.60). These industries had fewer hires than job openings, implying difficulty hiring workers, a longer hiring process, or some other timing issue for job postings.

Hires-per-job-opening ratio, by industry, April 2019, seasonally adjusted
Industry Hires-per-job-opening ratio Hires Job openings

Total nonfarm

0.80 5,937,000 7,449,000

Federal government

0.29 41,000 139,000

State and local government, excluding education

0.46 165,000 359,000

Health care and social assistance

0.50 626,000 1,244,000

Wholesale trade

0.60 155,000 259,000

Finance and insurance

0.61 141,000 232,000

Durable goods manufacturing

0.63 204,000 322,000

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

0.64 240,000 373,000


0.66 86,000 131,000

Real estate and rental and leasing

0.71 94,000 132,000

State and local government education

0.75 169,000 225,000

Educational services

0.78 102,000 131,000

Nondurable goods manufacturing

0.87 156,000 180,000

Mining and logging

0.88 29,000 33,000

Retail trade

0.90 750,000 837,000

Professional and business services

0.99 1,233,000 1,241,000


1.00 406,000 404,000

Accommodation and food services

1.07 961,000 899,000

Other services

1.07 218,000 203,000

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1.55 163,000 105,000

Note: These data are preliminary.

The arts, entertainment, and recreation industry had the highest ratio at 1.55, followed by accommodation and food services and other services at 1.07. High hires-per-job-opening ratios mean that appropriate workers were available and employers were able to hire them during the month. The hires-per-job-opening ratio for all nonfarm industries was 0.80 in April 2019.

Hires and job openings data are from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. The hires-per-job-opening ratio divides the number of hires that occurred during a month by the number of jobs that remained open at the end of the month. A ratio greater than 1.0 indicates that businesses hired more employees during the month than they had jobs remaining open at the end of the month. A ratio less than 1.0 indicates fewer hires during the month than there were open jobs at the end of the month. To learn more, see "Job Openings and Labor Turnover — April 2019." Also see more charts on job openings, hires, and separations.



Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Federal government had lowest hires-per-job-opening ratio in April 2019 at (visited July 25, 2024).

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