Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Nonfarm payroll employment down in 48 states for the year ended November 2020

December 28, 2020

Nonfarm payroll employment decreased in 48 states and the District of Columbia and was essentially unchanged in 2 states for the year ended November 2020. The largest percentage declines occurred in Hawaii (−15.2 percent), New York (−10.0 percent), and Michigan (−9.4 percent).

Percent change in state employment by industry, November 2019 to November 2020

Percent change in state employment by industry, November 2019 to November 2020
State Total nonfarm Construction Manufacturing Trade, transportation, and utilities Financial activities Professional and business services Education and health services Leisure and hospitality Government

Alabama

-2.1% 5.3% -1.2% 1.4% 0.7% 2.0% -7.4% -12.0% -2.4%

Alaska

-5.9 1.2 -16.3 -1.2 4.3 -2.9 -5.7 -24.2 -2.8

Arizona

-2.7 1.0 -3.5 3.8 0.4 -6.3 -1.7 -13.4 -2.4

Arkansas

-2.9 4.8 -9.1 4.5 -2.6 0.9 -4.2 -10.5 -4.6

California

-7.6 -3.0 -7.3 -4.6 0.5 -3.6 -4.7 -24.0 -7.5

Colorado

-4.6 -3.6 2.4 -1.6 -1.7 0.7 -4.3 -16.4 -6.6

Connecticut

-5.7 -4.2 -4.0 -1.8 -3.0 -3.4 -5.4 -17.9 -7.0

Delaware

-8.1 -3.9 -7.7 -2.3 -4.4 -9.2 -9.4 -19.7 -4.9

District of Columbia

-6.6 3.4 -14.3 -2.6 -5.4 -6.5 -8.1 -34.5 1.6

Florida

-4.6 -2.0 -1.7 -2.4 -1.3 -3.9 -1.9 -14.9 -4.1

Georgia

-2.7 0.2 -4.6 2.3 -0.6 -1.6 -0.8 -12.6 -3.4

Hawaii

-15.2 -1.1 -21.6 -11.6 -5.0 -11.1 -6.0 -41.9 -7.3

Idaho

0.5 4.3 5.1 4.5 8.7 0.6 -3.7 -0.2 -4.3

Illinois

-6.8 -2.8 -4.7 -2.7 -2.6 -5.4 -6.0 -24.8 -6.2

Indiana

-3.3 2.2 -6.8 -0.9 -1.1 1.2 -4.4 -6.2 -4.0

Iowa

-5.2 -9.0 -2.3 -2.1 -1.0 -5.6 -4.3 -19.0 -3.5

Kansas

-4.1 5.7 -6.4 0.0 -3.4 -2.0 -3.9 -13.3 -4.8

Kentucky

-5.2 2.2 -3.9 -3.1 -4.6 -11.0 -4.5 -6.3 -6.7

Louisiana

-4.5 -1.5 -5.7 -1.2 -0.5 -3.2 -5.5 -11.2 -3.1

Maine

-7.5 3.0 -9.1 -0.9 -4.8 -4.1 -8.2 -24.9 -7.3

Maryland

-4.4 3.5 -4.7 -3.2 -0.5 -3.4 -3.6 -13.3 -5.0

Massachusetts

-9.1 -8.3 -3.6 -6.2 -0.7 -3.6 -7.8 -35.1 -6.6

Michigan

-9.4 -0.1 -10.0 -4.1 -2.6 -8.0 -8.1 -33.0 -7.2

Minnesota

-6.6 -3.6 -4.3 -1.5 -1.0 -2.2 -5.3 -29.0 -7.2

Mississippi

-2.1 -4.7 -0.9 1.3 -3.4 -0.4 -5.4 -1.7 -3.9

Missouri

-3.7 7.8 -2.7 -1.7 -1.1 -3.6 -2.8 -19.0 -2.7

Montana

-3.0 -0.3 -5.3 -2.1 1.5 -2.7 -2.4 -9.8 0.0

Nebraska

-2.9 -1.9 -0.6 -1.9 1.8 -2.6 2.3 -15.6 -4.4

Nevada

-7.7 -8.2 -1.4 -4.4 1.3 -9.5 -2.7 -13.9 -7.4

New Hampshire

-8.0 -4.5 -8.8 -8.1 3.5 -5.3 -4.7 -22.1 -9.9

New Jersey

-7.7 -8.4 -3.6 -3.6 -1.0 -8.6 -7.2 -26.5 -4.8

New Mexico

-7.1 -7.7 -7.6 -3.1 -7.3 -6.2 -4.9 -20.3 -1.9

New York

-10.0 -7.5 -10.4 -10.0 -5.7 -9.3 -6.6 -34.7 -2.7

North Carolina

-4.8 -2.6 -7.5 -0.4 0.6 -0.7 -5.5 -19.1 -4.2

North Dakota

-7.1 -8.9 -9.9 -5.2 -0.8 -6.6 -3.5 -17.2 -1.0

Ohio

-6.0 -4.6 -4.3 -3.7 -3.5 -5.5 -3.1 -20.3 -6.2

Oklahoma

-4.5 -5.4 -9.3 -3.2 1.6 -7.0 -2.3 -3.2 -2.6

Oregon

-6.3 -1.9 -7.3 0.1 -3.6 -2.9 -3.4 -24.2 -7.6

Pennsylvania

-7.4 -2.5 -6.1 -5.4 -0.1 -6.9 -5.6 -23.8 -4.2

Rhode Island

-7.5 -1.5 -1.5 -6.1 -0.3 -6.6 -6.2 -24.8 -2.9

South Carolina

-3.0 3.8 0.3 -1.9 0.2 -0.8 -4.1 -15.3 -3.0

South Dakota

-3.1 6.7 -2.7 -2.0 0.3 1.2 -3.6 -14.7 -2.4

Tennessee

-3.6 -1.5 -6.0 -0.7 0.4 -1.5 -2.7 -13.0 -3.7

Texas

-3.7 -4.1 -3.5 -2.3 2.4 1.1 -4.5 -12.9 -2.3

Utah

0.0 5.0 2.9 3.9 4.6 -1.6 0.0 -12.6 -0.5

Vermont

-8.6 -26.0 -4.7 -3.7 -3.3 1.3 -6.8 -35.1 -3.0

Virginia

-4.4 6.0 -6.3 -0.8 -1.4 -2.0 -5.8 -16.1 -5.2

Washington

-5.5 -1.4 -8.8 -0.6 -0.6 4.0 -4.2 -24.7 -7.7

West Virginia

-6.3 -5.8 0.9 -7.7 -6.4 -6.8 -3.8 -15.3 -4.3

Wisconsin

-7.0 2.4 -3.3 -2.9 -1.4 -5.6 -6.9 -26.2 -7.4

Wyoming

-5.0 1.8 1.0 1.4 -8.0 -9.9 -0.7 -5.0 -3.8

In the construction industry, employment increased in 17 states and the District of Columbia for the year ended November 2020, with Missouri experiencing the largest gain at 7.8 percent. Employment in financial activities increased in nine states, while employment in trade, transportation, and utilities increased in eight, with employment gains in Idaho and Utah among the largest in these industries.

Every state other than Nebraska (+2.3 percent) saw a drop in employment for education and health services. Employment decreased in all 50 states and the District in leisure and hospitality, with Hawaii (−41.9 percent) experiencing the greatest decline. The District of Columbia was the only area with employment growth in the public sector from November 2019 to November 2020, at 1.6 percent.  

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics (State and Metro Area) program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary and subject to revision. To learn more, see “State Employment and Unemployment — November 2020.” For more charts and tables related to state employment and unemployment, see the state chart package.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Nonfarm payroll employment down in 48 states for the year ended November 2020 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2020/nonfarm-payroll-employment-down-in-48-states-for-the-year-ended-november-2020.htm (visited January 27, 2021).

OF INTEREST
spotlight

Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

triangle