Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Consumer price index up 4.2 percent from April 2020 to April 2021

May 19, 2021

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 4.2 percent over the 12 months from April 2020 to April 2021. The index rose 2.6 percent for the year ending March 2021. The 4.2 percent increase in April is the largest increase over a 12-month period since a 4.9-percent increase for the year ending September 2008. Over the longer period from January 2020 (before the COVID-19 pandemic) to April 2021, consumer prices increased 3.5 percent.

Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, selected items, January 2020–April 2021
Month Airline fares Medical care All items less food and energy Electricity Dairy and related products Cereals and bakery products Lodging away from home All  items  Full service meals and snacks Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

Jan 2020

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Feb 2020

103.9 100.3 100.5 100.1 100.6 100.3 105.9 100.3 100.2 100.5

Mar 2020

91.0 100.7 100.5 99.7 101.2 100.6 102.6 100.1 100.2 101.2

Apr 2020

79.7 101.0 100.0 99.5 102.6 103.4 96.3 99.4 99.9 104.0

May 2020

79.0 101.4 99.9 100.0 103.2 103.3 97.6 99.4 100.1 103.4

Jun 2020

80.7 101.7 100.1 102.9 102.4 103.7 99.5 99.9 100.9 104.0

Jul 2020

80.2 102.1 100.6 103.2 101.8 103.4 100.5 100.4 101.3 103.4

Aug 2020

78.2 102.2 101.0 102.7 103.7 103.1 99.1 100.8 101.4 103.7

Sep 2020

77.4 102.0 101.1 103.0 103.4 103.1 96.8 100.9 101.7 103.2

Oct 2020

84.6 101.7 101.2 101.7 102.7 103.2 90.1 100.9 102.0 103.5

Nov 2020

87.5 101.5 101.3 100.8 102.9 102.5 88.6 100.9 102.3 102.1

Dec 2020

80.7 101.3 101.2 101.1 103.9 102.8 87.0 101.0 102.6 103.0

Jan 2021

78.7 101.9 101.4 101.5 103.8 102.5 88.6 101.4 102.9 104.3

Feb 2021

77.3 102.4 101.8 102.3 103.3 103.0 90.1 102.0 103.1 104.6

Mar 2021

77.2 102.5 102.1 102.1 102.8 103.2 96.1 102.7 103.4 104.5

Apr 2021

87.4 102.4 103.0 103.1 103.2 103.4 103.4 103.5 103.6 104.2

 

Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, selected items, January 2020–April 2021 (continued)
Month Fruits and vegetables Food away from home  Food  Food at home  Energy  Utility (piped) gas service Gasoline (all types) Used cars and trucks Car and truck rental

Jan 2020

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Feb 2020

99.4 100.2 100.3 100.4 97.8 98.4 96.2 101.0 97.5

Mar 2020

99.3 100.4 100.6 100.8 93.7 97.0 89.1 103.4 94.7

Apr 2020

101.0 100.5 102.2 103.5 85.9 96.3 74.4 102.5 78.0

May 2020

101.7 100.9 102.8 104.4 85.9 96.6 74.2 101.7 74.6

Jun 2020

101.2 101.4 103.3 104.9 90.8 96.6 81.7 100.6 93.3

Jul 2020

101.5 101.9 103.0 103.9 92.8 95.6 85.6 104.0 105.4

Aug 2020

101.7 102.2 103.1 103.8 92.6 95.8 85.7 110.1 107.3

Sep 2020

101.5 102.7 103.1 103.4 93.3 98.6 86.3 112.4 103.9

Oct 2020

102.5 103.0 103.4 103.6 92.2 98.8 84.9 113.5 109.9

Nov 2020

101.5 103.2 103.1 103.0 91.2 102.8 82.6 112.0 114.0

Dec 2020

101.6 103.5 103.4 103.3 93.0 103.7 85.5 110.9 110.0

Jan 2021

102.7 103.9 103.8 103.7 96.4 104.3 91.4 110.0 103.0

Feb 2021

102.8 103.9 103.9 104.0 100.1 105.0 97.7 110.4 108.7

Mar 2021

103.1 104.1 104.1 104.2 106.0 106.5 109.1 113.1 124.3

Apr 2021

104.4 104.4 104.6 104.8 107.5 108.0 111.3 123.9 142.2

Note: Jan. 2020 = 100.0.

Prices for all items less food and energy rose 3.0 percent over the last 12 months, a larger increase than the 1.6-percent rise over the 12 month period ending in March. Energy prices rose 25.1 percent over the last 12 months, while prices for food increased 2.4 percent. Since January 2020, energy prices have increased 7.5 percent, food prices, 4.6 percent.

Prices for food at home increased 1.2 percent over the past 12 months. All six major grocery store categories increased over the period. Prices for fruits and vegetables had the largest increase, 3.3 percent. Prices in several categories increased of less than 1.0 percent, including dairy and related products, other food at home, nonalcoholic beverages, and cereals and bakery products. From January 2020 to April 2021, food at home prices increased 4.8 percent.

Prices for food away from home rose 3.8 percent over the year. Prices for limited service meals rose 6.2 percent, and the for full service meals, 3.7 percent over the last 12 months. Prices for food at employee sites and schools fell sharply over the last 12 months, declining 35.2 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 4.4 percent since January 2020.

Energy prices were up 25.1 percent over the past 12 months. Gasoline prices rose 49.6 percent over the last 12 months, the largest 12-month increase since the year ending January 2010. Natural gas prices increased 12.1 percent, and electricity prices rose 3.6 percent over the year. Over the January 2020–April 2021 period, energy prices increased 7.5 percent, with prices for gasoline up 11.3 percent.

Prices for used cars and trucks increased 21.0 percent over the past 12 months and were up 23.9 percent since January 2020. Prices for car and truck rental increased 42.4 percent from January 2020 to April 2021. Prices for lodging away from home (mainly hotel and motel rooms, also housing at school) were up 3.4 percent since January 2020.

Airline fares increased 9.6 percent over the past year, but were still 12.6 percent lower in April 2021 compared with January 2020.

These data are from the Consumer Price Index program and are not seasonally adjusted. January 2020 index numbers have been set equal to 100.0.To learn more, see "Consumer Price Index — April 2021." Also see more charts on consumer prices.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Consumer price index up 4.2 percent from April 2020 to April 2021 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2021/consumer-price-index-up-4-2-percent-from-april-2020-to-april-2021.htm (visited October 26, 2021).

OF INTEREST
spotlight

Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

triangle