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Hispanics or Latinos made up over one-fourth of the labor force in six states in 2020

October 06, 2021

New Mexico, California, Texas, Arizona, Florida, and Nevada had the largest shares of their labor force that were Hispanic or Latino in 2020. Hispanics or Latinos composed more than a quarter of the labor force in each. By comparison, Hispanics or Latinos accounted for 18.0 percent of the U.S. labor force.

Hispanic or Latino labor force as a percent of total, 2020 annual averages
State Hispanic or Latino labor force as a percent of total Hispanic or Latino labor force Total labor force

New Mexico

43.6% 405,000 929,000

California

37.7 7,099,000 18,807,000

Texas

37.4 5,231,000 14,001,000

Arizona

34.2 1,227,000 3,584,000

Florida

29.4 2,962,000 10,071,000

Nevada

27.4 421,000 1,536,000

Colorado

22.3 696,000 3,127,000

New Jersey

20.2 912,000 4,511,000

Illinois

18.3 1,145,000 6,246,000

New York

18.0 1,664,000 9,267,000

Connecticut

14.9 279,000 1,868,000

Utah

14.4 235,000 1,628,000

Rhode Island

13.7 75,000 547,000

Washington

13.5 529,000 3,921,000

Idaho

13.4 120,000 896,000

Kansas

13.4 201,000 1,503,000

Oklahoma

12.6 233,000 1,850,000

Massachusetts

11.5 422,000 3,664,000

Oregon

11.4 242,000 2,117,000

North Carolina

11.3 563,000 4,977,000

Virginia

10.7 470,000 4,384,000

Georgia

10.4 524,000 5,046,000

District of Columbia

10.1 41,000 406,000

Nebraska

9.7 101,000 1,042,000

Delaware

9.5 46,000 484,000

Maryland

9.3 296,000 3,178,000

Wyoming

9.1 27,000 296,000

Hawaii

7.4 48,000 647,000

Pennsylvania

7.0 445,000 6,386,000

Arkansas

6.9 94,000 1,358,000

Tennessee

6.6 216,000 3,293,000

Indiana

6.5 217,000 3,337,000

Louisiana

6.2 129,000 2,080,000

Iowa

6.1 102,000 1,660,000

Alaska

6.1 21,000 343,000

South Carolina

6.0 143,000 2,385,000

Wisconsin

5.8 177,000 3,074,000

Missouri

5.7 173,000 3,038,000

Minnesota

5.5 169,000 3,078,000

Michigan

5.0 245,000 4,852,000

Ohio

4.5 259,000 5,723,000

Alabama

4.3 95,000 2,232,000

Kentucky

4.2 84,000 2,014,000

New Hampshire

4.0 30,000 754,000

North Dakota

3.5 14,000 403,000

South Dakota

3.2 15,000 468,000

Montana

3.2 17,000 539,000

Mississippi

2.9 36,000 1,255,000

West Virginia

2.3 18,000 793,000

Maine

2.2 15,000 681,000

Vermont

1.2 4,000 331,000

Other states with large Hispanic or Latino shares of the labor force include Colorado, New Jersey, Illinois, and New York.

These Current Population Survey data are compiled by the Local Area Unemployment Statistics program. For more information, see our state demographic data. People whose ethnicity is Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Hispanics or Latinos made up over one-fourth of the labor force in six states in 2020 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2021/hispanics-or-latinos-made-up-over-one-fourth-of-the-labor-force-in-six-states-in-2020.htm (visited October 19, 2021).

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