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Productivity up in 45 states and DC as decreases in output and hours were widespread in 2020

June 04, 2021

Labor productivity in the private nonfarm sector rose in 45 states and the District of Columbia in 2020. This is the highest number of states with positive productivity growth since 2010. Output decreased in all 50 states and Washington, DC in 2020 and hours worked decreased in all but 1 state.

Percent change in output and hours worked by state, 2020
State Hours worked Output Employment level

Alabama

-4.5% -3.3% 1,714,867

Alaska

-11.4 -5.8 252,820

Arizona

-2.8 -1.3 2,677,265

Arkansas

-4.5 -2.9 1,102,077

California

-8.9 -3.3 15,072,010

Colorado

-5.7 -1.6 2,400,663

Connecticut

-6.0 -4.4 1,482,875

Delaware

-9.3 -4.1 389,800

District of Columbia

-9.0 -3.6 523,555

Florida

-7.0 -3.4 7,904,533

Georgia

-6.3 -2.8 3,968,532

Hawaii

-18.0 -11.0 479,819

Idaho

1.1 -1.4 703,229

Illinois

-6.7 -4.8 5,175,867

Indiana

-5.7 -3.8 2,724,498

Iowa

-6.2 -3.1 1,350,304

Kansas

-5.8 -3.3 1,185,384

Kentucky

-4.8 -4.3 1,642,279

Louisiana

-10.0 -6.3 1,639,677

Maine

-8.3 -4.9 562,841

Maryland

-8.1 -3.9 2,228,717

Massachusetts

-9.4 -4.2 3,119,036

Michigan

-10.6 -6.1 3,676,497

Minnesota

-5.7 -4.3 2,563,778

Mississippi

-5.4 -3.5 950,940

Missouri

-6.0 -4.2 2,526,624

Montana

-3.6 -4.3 427,112

Nebraska

-4.6 -2.9 881,546

Nevada

-12.2 -5.2 1,179,902

New Hampshire

-6.7 -5.0 598,431

New Jersey

-9.2 -4.4 3,461,639

New Mexico

-7.9 -4.8 676,498

New York

-11.2 -6.6 7,831,527

North Carolina

-4.5 -2.9 3,995,857

North Dakota

-9.9 -6.0 350,665

Ohio

-6.0 -4.4 4,793,787

Oklahoma

-6.3 -7.6 1,409,995

Oregon

-8.5 -3.3 1,699,898

Pennsylvania

-8.6 -4.9 5,254,160

Rhode Island

-9.6 -5.1 421,227

South Carolina

-7.3 -4.7 1,837,460

South Dakota

-1.3 -3.2 381,596

Tennessee

-4.2 -5.6 2,792,998

Texas

-5.7 -4.0 11,182,097

Utah

-3.5 -0.3 1,367,142

Vermont

-9.8 -6.2 262,296

Virginia

-5.8 -3.2 3,373,230

Washington

-4.7 -0.9 3,005,434

West Virginia

-8.4 -7.0 554,184

Wisconsin

-5.8 -4.9 2,618,649

Wyoming

-8.6 -8.3 224,707

Hawaii and Nevada experienced the highest growth in labor productivity of 8.5 percent and 8.0 percent, respectively. Labor productivity declined in five states (Idaho, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, and Montana) due to a more rapid decline in output than in hours worked. Idaho was the only state with an increase in hours (1.1 percent) and lower labor productivity. All other states saw increases in labor productivity due to declines in hours that outpaced declines in output.

Each state’s annual contribution to national productivity growth is calculated by multiplying the state’s productivity growth rate by its average share of total current dollar national output. For 2020, California had the largest contribution to national growth. The state’s 6.1-percent growth in labor productivity in 2020 contributed nearly one quarter of the 3.6-percent growth of the nation.

These data are from the Labor Productivity and Costs program. To learn more, see "Productivity by State - 2020." Also see Productivity by state. To learn more about labor productivity, see Productivity 101. We also have more charts related to this news release.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Productivity up in 45 states and DC as decreases in output and hours were widespread in 2020 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2021/productivity-up-in-45-states-and-dc-as-decreases-in-output-and-hours-were-widespread-in-2020.htm (visited October 26, 2021).

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