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Labor Productivity and Costs
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Labor productivity is a measure of economic performance that compares the amount of goods and services produced (output) with the number of hours worked to produce those goods and services. The BLS also publishes measures of multifactor productivity.

Announcement

  • For information on the effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Productivity and Costs statistics, please see the BLS COVID-19 Questions and Answers page.
  • Seeking public comment on possible changes to North American Industry Classification System for 2022 Read More »

Next Releases:

  • Productivity and Costs: Third Quarter 2020, Preliminary is scheduled to be released on November 5, 2020 at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

Learn About Productivity

Explore the meaning of productivity and learn how productivity growth can lead to improvements in our lives and the well-being of our nation.

Learn more about productivity.

 

LPC News Releases

Productivity increases 10.1% in Q2 2020; unit labor costs rise 9.0% (annual rates)

09/03/2020

Productivity increased 10.1 percent in the nonfarm business sector in the second quarter of 2020; unit labor costs increased 9.0 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rates). In manufacturing, productivity decreased 14.6 percent and unit labor costs increased 29.1 percent.
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Productivity rises in 30 of 46 wholesale and retail trade industries in 2019

07/30/2020

Retail trade productivity increased 5.3 percent in 2019, the largest increase since 1999. Wholesale trade productivity rose 0.4 percent, carried by growth in nondurable goods industries. Unit labor costs fell in retail trade and increased in wholesale trade.
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Productivity declines in 58 of 90 detailed manufacturing and mining industries in 2019

06/25/2020

Labor productivity decreased in 54 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries and in all 4 mining industries in 2019. More than half the industries with declining productivity had growth in hours coupled with declining output.
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Productivity rises in 14 of 29 selected service-providing industries in 2019

05/28/2020

Labor productivity rose in 14 of 29 service-providing industries in 2019. Output increased in 17 industries in 2019 while hours worked increased in 18 industries.
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Schedule of Upcoming Releases

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LPC Databases

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Major Sector Productivity and Costs
Top Picks for Productivity and Costs Data Finder for Productivity and Costs One Screen Data Search for Productivity and Costs Multi Screen Data Search for Productivity and Costs Tables for Productivity and Costs Text Files for Productivity and Costs
Industry Productivity
  Top Picks for Industry Productivity Data Finder for Industry Productivity One Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Multi Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Tables for Industry Productivity Text Files for Industry Productivity

 

Download the complete Major Sector Productivity and Costs dataset

 

More Tools

LPC Tables and Charts

Data Tables

Labor Productivity and Costs Measures for:
  • Business and Nonfarm Business Sectors - September 3, 2020 (XLSX) (TXT)
  • Manufacturing, Durable Manufacturing and Nondurable Manufacturing Sectors - September 3, 2020 (XLSX) (TXT)
  • Nonfinancial Corporate Sector - September 3, 2020 (XLSX) (TXT)
  • Industries (Interactive) - August 27, 2020 (XLSX 37.7MB), data only (XLSX 4.5MB)
  • State Productivity - June 4, 2019
  • Within-Industry Dispersion, Manufacturing Industries - September 25, 2019
Hours Worked and Employment Measures for:
  • Total U.S. Economy - all worker - September 3, 2020 (XLSX)
  • U.S. Nonfarm Economy by Sector - employees only - August 21, 2020 (XLSX)
  • Industries (Interactive) - July 30, 2020 (XLSX 37.1MB), data only (XLSX4.4MB)

Charts and Dashboards

LPC Technical Documentation

Major Sector Productivity Program

Industry Productivity Program

  • BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 11 Industry Productivity Measures (PDF)
  • Industry Hours and Employment. May 2014.
  • Construction of Average Weekly Hours for Supervisory and Nonproduction Wage and Salary Workers in Detailed Industries. August 2005. (PDF)

LPC Publications

LPC FAQs

LPC Special Notices

  • Beginning with the Productivity and Costs news release scheduled for March 8, 2017, an improvement in the methodology for estimating hours worked will be implemented. For more information see: https://www.bls.gov/lpc/hwhpnew.htm.
  • Data for private community hospitals (Industry 622A) were updated for 2014 on May 18, 2017. These changes have been incorporated into the Labor Productivity and Costs by Industry Tables and the Labor Productivity and Costs by Industry Chart Dashboard. The private community hospitals data were originally added on October 16, 2015.
  • Labor productivity and costs data for the nonfinancial corporate sector were corrected December 17, 2012. For more information, see http://www.bls.gov/lpc/lpc_nonfinancial_corporate_correction.htm.

Contact LPC

Major Sector Productivity and Cost Data (Quarterly and Annual)

Major Sector Productivity Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
Contact a subject matter expert by phone
 

Industry Productivity and Cost Data (Annual)

Industry Productivity Studies Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
Contact a subject matter expert by phone

Related Links

Latest Numbers

RSS

Nonfarm Business Sector:

Output per Hour
+10.1%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Hourly Compensation
+20.0%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Unit Labor Costs
+9.0%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Output
-37.1%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Hours of All Persons
-42.9%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Manufacturing Sector:

Output per Hour
-14.6%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Hourly Compensation
+10.3%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Unit Labor Costs
+29.1%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Output
-47.0% in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data

Hours of All Persons
-38.0%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2020 Historical Data