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Labor Productivity and Costs
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Labor productivity is a measure of economic performance that compares the amount of goods and services produced (output) with the number of hours worked to produce those goods and services. The BLS also publishes measures of multifactor productivity.

Announcement

  • Help us serve your needs—Opportunity to provide feedback on BLS productivity data. Take a 10-minute survey now.
  • For information on the effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Productivity and Costs statistics, please see the BLS COVID-19 Questions and Answers page.

Next Releases:

  • Productivity and Costs: Third Quarter 2021, Preliminary is scheduled to be released on November 4, 2021 at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

Learn About Productivity

Explore the meaning of productivity and learn how productivity growth can lead to improvements in our lives and the well-being of our nation.

Learn more about productivity.

 

LPC News Releases

Productivity increases 2.1% in Q2 2021; unit labor costs increase 1.3% (annual rates)

09/02/2021

Productivity increased 2.1 percent in the nonfarm business sector in the second quarter of 2021; unit labor costs increased 1.3 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rates). In manufacturing, productivity increased 8.0 percent and unit labor costs decreased 3.0 percent.
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Productivity rises in 35 of 46 wholesale and retail trade industries in 2020

07/29/2021

Retail trade productivity increased 7.7 percent in 2020, the largest increase since measurement began in 1987. Wholesale trade productivity rose 3.6 percent, led by growth in nondurable goods industries. Unit labor costs fell in retail trade and increased in wholesale trade.
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Productivity falls in 13 of 29 selected service-providing industries in 2020

06/11/2021

Labor productivity fell in 13 of 29 service-providing industries in 2020. Output decreased in 21 industries in 2020 while hours worked decreased in 24 industries.
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Productivity rises in 45 states and the District of Columbia in 2020

05/27/2021

Labor productivity increased in 45 states and the District of Columbia in 2020. Output decreased in all 50 states and the District and hours worked decreased in all but 1 state.
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Productivity rises in 42 of 90 manufacturing and mining industries in 2020

04/29/2021

Labor productivity increased in 41 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries and in 1 of the 4 mining industries in 2020. 80 percent of the industries recorded declines in both output and hours worked.
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Schedule of Upcoming Releases

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LPC Databases

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Major Sector Productivity and Costs
Top Picks for Productivity and Costs Data Finder for Productivity and Costs One Screen Data Search for Productivity and Costs Multi Screen Data Search for Productivity and Costs Tables for Productivity and Costs Text Files for Productivity and Costs
Industry Productivity
  Top Picks for Industry Productivity Data Finder for Industry Productivity One Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Multi Screen Data Search for Industry Productivity Tables for Industry Productivity Text Files for Industry Productivity

 

Download the complete Major Sector Productivity and Costs dataset

 

More Tools

LPC Tables and Charts

Data Tables

Labor Productivity and Costs Measures for:
  • Business and Nonfarm Business Sectors - September 2, 2021 (XLSX) (TXT)
  • Manufacturing, Durable Manufacturing and Nondurable Manufacturing Sectors - September 2, 2021 (XLSX) (TXT)
  • Nonfinancial Corporate Sector - September 2, 2021 (XLSX) (TXT)
  • Industries (Interactive) - August 26, 2021 (XLSX 37.9MB), data only (XLSX 4.3MB)
  • State Productivity - May 27, 2021
  • Within-Industry Dispersion, Manufacturing Industries - September 28, 2021
Hours Worked and Employment Measures for:
  • Total U.S. Economy - all worker - September 2, 2021 (XLSX)
  • U.S. Nonfarm Economy by Sector - employees only - October 22, 2021 (XLSX)
  • Industries (Interactive) - August 26, 2021 (XLSX 12.2MB), data only (XLSX 1.1MB)

Charts and Dashboards

LPC Technical Documentation

Major Sector Productivity Program

Industry Productivity Program

  • BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 11 Industry Productivity Measures (PDF)
  • Industry Hours and Employment. May 2014.
  • Construction of Average Weekly Hours for Supervisory and Nonproduction Wage and Salary Workers in Detailed Industries. August 2005. (PDF)

LPC Publications

Major Sector Productivity Program

Industry Productivity Program


A Closer Look

See what's unique about the productivity measures for these industries.

 

Get the latest insights from our annual news releases.

Archive of Articles on Productivity and Technology »

LPC FAQs

LPC Special Notices

  • Beginning with the Productivity and Costs news release scheduled for March 8, 2017, an improvement in the methodology for estimating hours worked will be implemented. For more information see: https://www.bls.gov/lpc/hwhpnew.htm.
  • Data for private community hospitals (Industry 622A) were updated for 2014 on May 18, 2017. These changes have been incorporated into the Labor Productivity and Costs by Industry Tables and the Labor Productivity and Costs by Industry Chart Dashboard. The private community hospitals data were originally added on October 16, 2015.
  • Labor productivity and costs data for the nonfinancial corporate sector were corrected December 17, 2012. For more information, see http://www.bls.gov/lpc/lpc_nonfinancial_corporate_correction.htm.

Contact LPC

Major Sector Productivity and Cost Data (Quarterly and Annual)

Major Sector Productivity Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
Contact a subject matter expert by phone
 

Industry Productivity and Cost Data (Annual)

Industry Productivity Studies Staff (202) 691-5606 Contact us
Contact a subject matter expert by phone

Related Links

Latest Numbers

RSS

Nonfarm Business Sector:

Output per Hour
+2.1%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data

Hourly Compensation
+3.4%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data

Unit Labor Costs
+1.3%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data

Output
+8.1%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data

Hours of All Persons
+6.0%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data

Manufacturing Sector:

Output per Hour
+8.0%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data

Hourly Compensation
+4.7%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data

Unit Labor Costs
-3.0%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data

Output
+5.5%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data

Hours of All Persons
-2.3%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 Historical Data