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Labor productivity down in 69 manufacturing and mining industries in 2022

June 08, 2023

Labor productivity decreased in 66 of 86 manufacturing industries in 2022. The largest labor productivity decreases occurred in cut and sew apparel (−16.9 percent), accessories and other apparel (−16.1 percent), and motor vehicles (−11.7 percent). The decrease in labor productivity in cut and sew apparel reflects a decrease in output and an increase in hours worked. The decreases in labor productivity in accessories and other apparel and motor vehicles reflect increases in hours worked that exceeded increases in output.

1-year percent change in labor productivity, 2022
Industry 1-year percent change

Mining

-7.0

Oil and gas extraction

-6.9

Mining, except oil and gas

-3.7

Coal mining

-12.2

Metal ore mining

-6.0

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

1.7

Support activities for mining

6.3

Food

-2.2

Animal food

-11.0

Grain and oilseed milling

-5.8

Sugar and confectionery products

-7.5

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

-0.1

Dairy products

-3.2

Animal slaughtering and processing

3.6

Seafood product preparation and packaging

23.7

Bakeries and tortilla products

-4.9

Other food products

-8.0

Beverages and tobacco products

-12.1

Beverages

-10.9

Tobacco

-7.6

Textile mills

-1.9

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

-5.2

Fabric mills

-4.8

Textile and fabric finishing mills

4.8

Textile product mills

-10.0

Textile furnishings mills

-10.8

Other textile product mills

-8.2

Apparel

-15.2

Apparel knitting mills

6.8

Cut and sew apparel

-16.9

Accessories and other apparel

-16.1

Leather and allied products

-1.4

Leather and hide tanning and finishing

8.2

Footwear

-4.5

Other leather products

-2.9

Paper

-4.3

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

-3.6

Converted paper products

-4.5

Printing and related support activities

-1.6

Petroleum and coal products

3.3

Chemicals

-6.2

Basic chemicals

-10.1

Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers

-4.1

Agricultural chemicals

-1.2

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

-2.3

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

-7.8

Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries

-7.8

Other chemical products and preparations

-8.0

Plastics and rubber products

-3.5

Plastics products

-3.8

Rubber products

-2.2

Wood products

-2.4

Sawmills and wood preservation

-3.3

Plywood and engineered wood products

-8.3

Other wood products

0.6

Nonmetallic mineral products

0.1

Clay products and refractories

-4.9

Glass and glass products

-3.8

Cement and concrete products

1.3

Lime and gypsum products

-8.4

Other nonmetallic mineral products

5.8

Primary metals

-6.6

Iron and steel mills and ferroalloys

-10.1

Steel products from purchased steel

-9.6

Alumina and aluminum production

-7.1

Other nonferrous metal production

1.6

Foundries

-1.8

Fabricated metal products

-2.2

Forging and stamping

-3.1

Cutlery and handtools

-1.9

Architectural and structural metals

-3.3

Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers

-7.5

Hardware

-4.9

Spring and wire products

0.4

Machine shops and threaded products

-2.6

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

6.7

Other fabricated metal products

-0.5

Machinery

-1.1

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

5.7

Industrial machinery

-3.9

Commercial and service industry machinery

0.3

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

-9.6

Metalworking machinery

5.4

Turbine and power transmission equipment

-0.8

Other general purpose machinery

-6.7

Computer and electronic products

-4.2

Computer and peripheral equipment

-1.6

Communications equipment

-1.1

Audio and video equipment

-10.7

Semiconductors and electronic components

-6.0

Electronic instruments

-3.4

Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing

-5.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

-1.7

Electric lighting equipment

2.7

Household appliances

-7.2

Electrical equipment

1.4

Other electrical equipment and components

-2.6

Transportation equipment

-1.6

Motor vehicles

-11.7

Motor vehicle bodies and trailers

-1.7

Motor vehicle parts

3.1

Aerospace products and parts

-3.1

Railroad rolling stock

-1.2

Ship and boat building

-3.3

Other transportation equipment

-6.8

Furniture and related products

-0.4

Household and institutional furniture

-2.8

Office furniture and fixtures

8.4

Other furniture related products

-10.9

Miscellaneous manufacturing

-0.4

Medical equipment and supplies

1.1

Other miscellaneous manufacturing

-2.5

Labor productivity decreased in 3 of 5 mining industries in 2022. The largest labor productivity decrease occurred in coal mining (−12.2 percent). The decrease in labor productivity in coal mining reflects an increase in hours worked that exceeded an increase in output.

These data are from the Productivity program. Data are preliminary and may be revised. To learn more, see "Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing and Mining Industries — 2022." To learn more about labor productivity, see Productivity 101 and the Industry Productivity Viewer. We also have more charts related to this news release.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Labor productivity down in 69 manufacturing and mining industries in 2022 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/labor-productivity-down-in-69-manufacturing-and-mining-industries-in-2022.htm (visited June 21, 2024).

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