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Payroll employment up 236,000 in March 2023

April 11, 2023

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 236,000 in March, compared with the average monthly gain of 334,000 over the prior 6 months. In March, employment continued to trend up in leisure and hospitality, professional and business services, health care, and government.

Nonfarm payroll employment, January 2013–March 2023, seasonally adjusted
Month Total nonfarm employment Total private employment Government employment

Jan 2013

135,265,000 113,396,000 21,869,000

Feb 2013

135,544,000 113,663,000 21,881,000

Mar 2013

135,689,000 113,819,000 21,870,000

Apr 2013

135,876,000 114,007,000 21,869,000

May 2013

136,091,000 114,227,000 21,864,000

Jun 2013

136,269,000 114,429,000 21,840,000

Jul 2013

136,391,000 114,576,000 21,815,000

Aug 2013

136,635,000 114,804,000 21,831,000

Sep 2013

136,819,000 114,984,000 21,835,000

Oct 2013

137,039,000 115,209,000 21,830,000

Nov 2013

137,314,000 115,471,000 21,843,000

Dec 2013

137,368,000 115,548,000 21,820,000

Jan 2014

137,552,000 115,738,000 21,814,000

Feb 2014

137,707,000 115,882,000 21,825,000

Mar 2014

137,986,000 116,153,000 21,833,000

Apr 2014

138,298,000 116,445,000 21,853,000

May 2014

138,501,000 116,669,000 21,832,000

Jun 2014

138,833,000 116,938,000 21,895,000

Jul 2014

139,076,000 117,175,000 21,901,000

Aug 2014

139,258,000 117,403,000 21,855,000

Sep 2014

139,563,000 117,666,000 21,897,000

Oct 2014

139,805,000 117,888,000 21,917,000

Nov 2014

140,089,000 118,157,000 21,932,000

Dec 2014

140,366,000 118,419,000 21,947,000

Jan 2015

140,562,000 118,602,000 21,960,000

Feb 2015

140,829,000 118,851,000 21,978,000

Mar 2015

140,924,000 118,954,000 21,970,000

Apr 2015

141,202,000 119,197,000 22,005,000

May 2015

141,540,000 119,528,000 22,012,000

Jun 2015

141,695,000 119,680,000 22,015,000

Jul 2015

141,989,000 119,939,000 22,050,000

Aug 2015

142,130,000 120,070,000 22,060,000

Sep 2015

142,265,000 120,225,000 22,040,000

Oct 2015

142,585,000 120,529,000 22,056,000

Nov 2015

142,810,000 120,729,000 22,081,000

Dec 2015

143,083,000 120,986,000 22,097,000

Jan 2016

143,198,000 121,084,000 22,114,000

Feb 2016

143,410,000 121,272,000 22,138,000

Mar 2016

143,666,000 121,488,000 22,178,000

Apr 2016

143,856,000 121,672,000 22,184,000

May 2016

143,901,000 121,702,000 22,199,000

Jun 2016

144,152,000 121,972,000 22,180,000

Jul 2016

144,515,000 122,226,000 22,289,000

Aug 2016

144,664,000 122,380,000 22,284,000

Sep 2016

144,961,000 122,638,000 22,323,000

Oct 2016

145,069,000 122,774,000 22,295,000

Nov 2016

145,189,000 122,912,000 22,277,000

Dec 2016

145,408,000 123,104,000 22,304,000

Jan 2017

145,639,000 123,323,000 22,316,000

Feb 2017

145,845,000 123,519,000 22,326,000

Mar 2017

145,975,000 123,646,000 22,329,000

Apr 2017

146,172,000 123,837,000 22,335,000

May 2017

146,389,000 124,042,000 22,347,000

Jun 2017

146,588,000 124,228,000 22,360,000

Jul 2017

146,772,000 124,398,000 22,374,000

Aug 2017

146,907,000 124,597,000 22,310,000

Sep 2017

146,999,000 124,666,000 22,333,000

Oct 2017

147,147,000 124,786,000 22,361,000

Nov 2017

147,377,000 124,998,000 22,379,000

Dec 2017

147,521,000 125,137,000 22,384,000

Jan 2018

147,670,000 125,296,000 22,374,000

Feb 2018

148,058,000 125,639,000 22,419,000

Mar 2018

148,281,000 125,854,000 22,427,000

Apr 2018

148,426,000 125,982,000 22,444,000

May 2018

148,755,000 126,306,000 22,449,000

Jun 2018

148,966,000 126,484,000 22,482,000

Jul 2018

149,022,000 126,586,000 22,436,000

Aug 2018

149,272,000 126,804,000 22,468,000

Sep 2018

149,361,000 126,887,000 22,474,000

Oct 2018

149,526,000 127,047,000 22,479,000

Nov 2018

149,622,000 127,149,000 22,473,000

Dec 2018

149,805,000 127,294,000 22,511,000

Jan 2019

150,114,000 127,590,000 22,524,000

Feb 2019

150,092,000 127,556,000 22,536,000

Mar 2019

150,320,000 127,747,000 22,573,000

Apr 2019

150,563,000 127,953,000 22,610,000

May 2019

150,630,000 128,061,000 22,569,000

Jun 2019

150,797,000 128,220,000 22,577,000

Jul 2019

150,879,000 128,337,000 22,542,000

Aug 2019

151,111,000 128,497,000 22,614,000

Sep 2019

151,318,000 128,673,000 22,645,000

Oct 2019

151,447,000 128,772,000 22,675,000

Nov 2019

151,662,000 128,948,000 22,714,000

Dec 2019

151,764,000 129,041,000 22,723,000

Jan 2020

152,098,000 129,315,000 22,783,000

Feb 2020

152,371,000 129,500,000 22,871,000

Mar 2020

150,944,000 128,103,000 22,841,000

Apr 2020

130,430,000 108,503,000 21,927,000

May 2020

133,055,000 111,659,000 21,396,000

Jun 2020

137,620,000 116,213,000 21,407,000

Jul 2020

139,064,000 117,555,000 21,509,000

Aug 2020

140,799,000 118,788,000 22,011,000

Sep 2020

141,760,000 119,841,000 21,919,000

Oct 2020

142,479,000 120,712,000 21,767,000

Nov 2020

142,743,000 121,062,000 21,681,000

Dec 2020

142,475,000 120,804,000 21,671,000

Jan 2021

142,969,000 121,188,000 21,781,000

Feb 2021

143,544,000 121,751,000 21,793,000

Mar 2021

144,328,000 122,452,000 21,876,000

Apr 2021

144,614,000 122,685,000 21,929,000

May 2021

145,096,000 123,166,000 21,930,000

Jun 2021

145,789,000 123,790,000 21,999,000

Jul 2021

146,558,000 124,521,000 22,037,000

Aug 2021

147,221,000 125,121,000 22,100,000

Sep 2021

147,778,000 125,704,000 22,074,000

Oct 2021

148,559,000 126,522,000 22,037,000

Nov 2021

149,173,000 127,135,000 22,038,000

Dec 2021

149,742,000 127,686,000 22,056,000

Jan 2022

150,106,000 128,031,000 22,075,000

Feb 2022

151,010,000 128,928,000 22,082,000

Mar 2022

151,424,000 129,351,000 22,073,000

Apr 2022

151,678,000 129,577,000 22,101,000

May 2022

152,042,000 129,920,000 22,122,000

Jun 2022

152,412,000 130,302,000 22,110,000

Jul 2022

152,980,000 130,795,000 22,185,000

Aug 2022

153,332,000 131,101,000 22,231,000

Sep 2022

153,682,000 131,445,000 22,237,000

Oct 2022

154,006,000 131,744,000 22,262,000

Nov 2022

154,296,000 131,972,000 22,324,000

Dec 2022

154,535,000 132,204,000 22,331,000

Jan 2023

155,007,000 132,557,000 22,450,000

Feb 2023

155,333,000 132,823,000 22,510,000

Mar 2023

155,569,000 133,012,000 22,557,000

Within private industry, employment in leisure and hospitality increased by 72,000 jobs in March 2023 and is 368,000, or 2.2 percent, below its pre-pandemic in February 2020. In March, employment in professional and business services continued to trend up (+39,000), in line its prior 6-month average increase of 34,000 per month. Health care added 34,000 jobs in March, lower than the average monthly gain of 54,000 over the prior 6 months.

Government employment increased by 47,000 in March, the same as the average monthly gain over the prior 6 months. Overall, employment in government is below its February 2020 level by 314,000, or 1.4 percent.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent 2 months are preliminary. To learn more, see "The Employment Situation — March 2023." Also see more charts of national employment, hours, and earnings data.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Payroll employment up 236,000 in March 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/payroll-employment-up-236000-in-march-2023.htm (visited March 02, 2024).

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