Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Quits rates down in 16 states, up in 1 state in June 2023

August 22, 2023

From May 2023 to June 2023, quits rates decreased in 16 states, increased in 1 state, and were little changed in 33 states and the District of Columbia. The largest decreases in quits rates occurred in Maine (−1.2 percentage points) and Delaware (−1.0 percentage point), as well as in Alabama and Vermont (−0.9 percentage point each). The quits rate increased from 2.6 percent to 3.1 percent in Kansas.

States with a statistically significant change from May 2023 to June 2023 in selected job openings and labor turnover measures

Job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and layoffs and discharges, by state
State Job openings Hires
May 2023 rate June 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change Level Statistically significant? May 2023 rate June 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change Level Statistically significant?

United States

5.8 5.8 0.0 9,582,000 No 4.0 3.8 -0.2 5,905,000 No

Alabama

6.0 6.1 0.1 140,000 No 5.0 4.4 -0.6 94,000 No

Alaska

7.7 7.9 0.2 28,000 No 6.5 5.5 -1.0 18,000 Yes

Arizona

6.0 5.8 -0.2 193,000 No 4.7 3.9 -0.8 122,000 Yes

Arkansas

6.8 6.5 -0.3 95,000 No 4.8 4.7 -0.1 64,000 No

California

4.8 5.4 0.6 1,039,000 Yes 2.9 3.3 0.4 596,000 Yes

Colorado

6.1 6.1 0.0 190,000 No 4.1 3.6 -0.5 105,000 No

Connecticut

4.6 5.1 0.5 91,000 No 3.4 3.1 -0.3 52,000 No

Delaware

6.7 6.5 -0.2 34,000 No 4.9 4.7 -0.2 23,000 No

District of Columbia

5.4 5.4 0.0 44,000 No 3.6 3.2 -0.4 25,000 No

Florida

6.0 6.2 0.2 643,000 No 4.1 4.0 -0.1 385,000 No

Georgia

7.0 7.0 0.0 372,000 No 4.5 4.5 0.0 220,000 No

Hawaii

5.0 5.0 0.0 33,000 No 3.3 3.2 -0.1 20,000 No

Idaho

6.1 6.1 0.0 55,000 No 4.9 4.2 -0.7 36,000 No

Illinois

6.4 5.8 -0.6 377,000 Yes 4.4 4.0 -0.4 246,000 No

Indiana

5.4 5.0 -0.4 172,000 No 4.7 3.8 -0.9 123,000 Yes

Iowa

6.0 5.4 -0.6 91,000 Yes 3.9 3.7 -0.2 59,000 No

Kansas

5.9 5.5 -0.4 84,000 No 4.1 3.7 -0.4 54,000 No

Kentucky

6.7 6.1 -0.6 130,000 Yes 4.6 4.2 -0.4 85,000 No

Louisiana

7.4 7.4 0.0 157,000 No 5.4 5.8 0.4 114,000 No

Maine

6.1 5.4 -0.7 37,000 No 3.9 3.9 0.0 25,000 No

Maryland

6.9 6.8 -0.1 200,000 No 4.1 3.9 -0.2 107,000 No

Massachusetts

6.3 6.1 -0.2 243,000 No 3.0 2.7 -0.3 103,000 No

Michigan

5.3 5.1 -0.2 237,000 No 3.8 3.5 -0.3 156,000 No

Minnesota

6.5 6.2 -0.3 197,000 No 4.1 3.3 -0.8 99,000 Yes

Mississippi

6.9 7.0 0.1 88,000 No 4.8 4.8 0.0 56,000 No

Missouri

5.5 5.2 -0.3 163,000 No 3.9 3.4 -0.5 103,000 No

Montana

6.5 6.7 0.2 37,000 No 5.4 5.0 -0.4 26,000 No

Nebraska

5.7 5.6 -0.1 62,000 No 4.0 4.0 0.0 42,000 No

Nevada

6.3 6.0 -0.3 99,000 No 4.1 4.0 -0.1 62,000 No

New Hampshire

5.4 6.1 0.7 45,000 No 4.0 3.6 -0.4 25,000 No

New Jersey

4.3 4.9 0.6 223,000 Yes 3.7 4.1 0.4 176,000 No

New Mexico

7.0 6.8 -0.2 64,000 No 4.3 3.7 -0.6 32,000 No

New York

4.3 4.5 0.2 460,000 No 2.9 2.9 0.0 278,000 No

North Carolina

7.7 6.9 -0.8 363,000 Yes 4.5 4.1 -0.4 200,000 No

North Dakota

6.5 6.0 -0.5 28,000 No 4.8 4.4 -0.4 19,000 No

Ohio

6.2 6.0 -0.2 362,000 No 3.8 3.7 -0.1 207,000 No

Oklahoma

6.9 6.6 -0.3 122,000 No 4.6 4.5 -0.1 77,000 No

Oregon

5.5 5.3 -0.2 112,000 No 4.4 3.6 -0.8 72,000 Yes

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.5 0.2 360,000 No 3.3 3.0 -0.3 183,000 No

Rhode Island

5.2 5.7 0.5 30,000 No 4.2 3.8 -0.4 19,000 No

South Carolina

7.2 7.1 -0.1 175,000 No 5.0 4.8 -0.2 111,000 No

South Dakota

6.3 5.9 -0.4 29,000 No 4.3 4.4 0.1 20,000 No

Tennessee

6.7 6.5 -0.2 233,000 No 5.2 4.5 -0.7 150,000 Yes

Texas

5.6 5.4 -0.2 799,000 No 4.4 4.2 -0.2 588,000 No

Utah

5.7 5.6 -0.1 103,000 No 4.2 3.8 -0.4 66,000 No

Vermont

5.5 5.9 0.4 19,000 No 4.2 4.0 -0.2 12,000 No

Virginia

6.9 6.9 0.0 309,000 No 4.2 4.3 0.1 178,000 No

Washington

4.7 4.5 -0.2 173,000 No 4.1 3.0 -1.1 111,000 Yes

West Virginia

7.4 7.4 0.0 56,000 No 4.9 4.7 -0.2 33,000 No

Wisconsin

5.7 5.2 -0.5 165,000 No 4.1 3.8 -0.3 113,000 No

Wyoming

6.1 6.4 0.3 20,000 No 4.5 4.1 -0.4 12,000 No
Job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and layoffs and discharges, by state (continued)
State Total separations Quits
May 2023 rate June 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change Level Statistically significant? May 2023 rate June 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change Level Statistically significant?

United States

3.8 3.6 -0.2 5,637,000 No 2.6 2.4 -0.2 3,772,000 Yes

Alabama

4.8 4.1 -0.7 88,000 Yes 3.8 2.9 -0.9 62,000 Yes

Alaska

5.2 4.6 -0.6 15,000 No 3.4 3.0 -0.4 10,000 No

Arizona

3.8 4.1 0.3 130,000 No 2.9 2.9 0.0 93,000 No

Arkansas

4.8 4.0 -0.8 55,000 Yes 3.5 2.8 -0.7 38,000 Yes

California

2.9 2.7 -0.2 489,000 No 1.9 1.8 -0.1 327,000 No

Colorado

3.6 3.6 0.0 104,000 No 2.5 2.4 -0.1 70,000 No

Connecticut

3.8 3.3 -0.5 55,000 No 2.5 2.0 -0.5 33,000 Yes

Delaware

6.2 4.9 -1.3 24,000 Yes 4.3 3.3 -1.0 16,000 Yes

District of Columbia

3.6 3.3 -0.3 26,000 No 2.6 2.3 -0.3 18,000 No

Florida

4.2 4.4 0.2 426,000 No 3.0 3.1 0.1 297,000 No

Georgia

5.0 4.2 -0.8 205,000 Yes 3.3 2.9 -0.4 142,000 Yes

Hawaii

3.2 2.9 -0.3 18,000 No 2.1 1.9 -0.2 12,000 No

Idaho

4.2 3.8 -0.4 32,000 No 2.9 2.5 -0.4 21,000 No

Illinois

3.4 3.6 0.2 224,000 No 2.2 2.5 0.3 151,000 No

Indiana

4.0 4.0 0.0 130,000 No 2.8 2.8 0.0 92,000 No

Iowa

3.6 3.7 0.1 59,000 No 2.2 2.3 0.1 37,000 No

Kansas

3.7 4.6 0.9 66,000 Yes 2.6 3.1 0.5 44,000 Yes

Kentucky

4.9 4.2 -0.7 85,000 Yes 3.6 2.8 -0.8 57,000 Yes

Louisiana

5.5 4.8 -0.7 94,000 Yes 3.7 3.2 -0.5 63,000 Yes

Maine

4.5 3.4 -1.1 22,000 Yes 3.1 1.9 -1.2 12,000 Yes

Maryland

4.3 3.6 -0.7 98,000 Yes 2.9 2.4 -0.5 66,000 Yes

Massachusetts

2.8 2.7 -0.1 101,000 No 1.7 1.5 -0.2 56,000 No

Michigan

3.7 3.4 -0.3 153,000 No 2.3 2.4 0.1 105,000 No

Minnesota

3.4 3.8 0.4 113,000 No 2.3 2.5 0.2 75,000 No

Mississippi

5.4 4.3 -1.1 51,000 Yes 3.6 3.1 -0.5 36,000 No

Missouri

3.6 3.3 -0.3 99,000 No 2.5 2.2 -0.3 65,000 No

Montana

5.2 5.0 -0.2 26,000 No 3.7 3.3 -0.4 17,000 No

Nebraska

3.6 3.5 -0.1 37,000 No 2.3 2.3 0.0 24,000 No

Nevada

4.2 3.9 -0.3 61,000 No 2.9 2.6 -0.3 41,000 No

New Hampshire

4.3 4.4 0.1 31,000 No 2.4 2.7 0.3 19,000 No

New Jersey

2.9 2.9 0.0 126,000 No 1.8 1.5 -0.3 67,000 No

New Mexico

3.8 3.8 0.0 33,000 No 2.7 2.5 -0.2 22,000 No

New York

2.9 2.5 -0.4 243,000 Yes 1.9 1.3 -0.6 129,000 Yes

North Carolina

4.4 4.0 -0.4 198,000 No 3.2 2.7 -0.5 133,000 Yes

North Dakota

3.7 4.4 0.7 19,000 No 2.8 3.0 0.2 13,000 No

Ohio

3.8 3.7 -0.1 209,000 No 2.5 2.5 0.0 140,000 No

Oklahoma

4.3 4.3 0.0 75,000 No 3.1 3.0 -0.1 52,000 No

Oregon

4.0 3.3 -0.7 66,000 No 2.7 2.1 -0.6 42,000 Yes

Pennsylvania

3.2 3.2 0.0 199,000 No 2.0 2.0 0.0 120,000 No

Rhode Island

4.2 3.6 -0.6 18,000 No 2.6 2.0 -0.6 10,000 No

South Carolina

4.5 4.2 -0.3 97,000 No 3.3 3.0 -0.3 70,000 No

South Dakota

3.9 4.1 0.2 19,000 No 2.6 2.8 0.2 13,000 No

Tennessee

5.0 4.2 -0.8 139,000 Yes 3.7 2.9 -0.8 98,000 Yes

Texas

4.0 4.1 0.1 572,000 No 3.0 3.1 0.1 428,000 No

Utah

4.6 3.8 -0.8 66,000 No 3.1 2.3 -0.8 40,000 Yes

Vermont

4.6 4.0 -0.6 12,000 No 2.9 2.0 -0.9 6,000 Yes

Virginia

4.4 4.1 -0.3 171,000 No 3.2 2.8 -0.4 117,000 No

Washington

3.3 2.9 -0.4 105,000 No 2.2 1.8 -0.4 65,000 Yes

West Virginia

5.0 5.3 0.3 37,000 No 3.4 3.6 0.2 25,000 No

Wisconsin

3.7 3.5 -0.2 104,000 No 2.4 2.4 0.0 72,000 No

Wyoming

5.2 4.8 -0.4 14,000 No 3.4 3.1 -0.3 9,000 No
Job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and layoffs and discharges, by state (continued)
State Layoffs and discharges
May 2023 rate June 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change Level Statistically significant?

United States

1.0 1.0 0.0 1,527,000 No

Alabama

0.9 1.0 0.1 21,000 No

Alaska

1.2 1.5 0.3 5,000 No

Arizona

0.7 1.0 0.3 33,000 No

Arkansas

1.1 1.1 0.0 15,000 No

California

0.8 0.7 -0.1 134,000 No

Colorado

1.0 1.0 0.0 30,000 No

Connecticut

1.0 0.9 -0.1 16,000 No

Delaware

1.4 1.4 0.0 7,000 No

District of Columbia

0.8 0.8 0.0 6,000 No

Florida

1.0 1.1 0.1 108,000 No

Georgia

1.5 1.0 -0.5 51,000 Yes

Hawaii

1.0 1.0 0.0 6,000 No

Idaho

1.2 1.2 0.0 10,000 No

Illinois

1.0 1.0 0.0 61,000 No

Indiana

1.0 1.0 0.0 31,000 No

Iowa

1.1 1.2 0.1 19,000 No

Kansas

1.0 1.2 0.2 18,000 No

Kentucky

1.0 1.2 0.2 24,000 No

Louisiana

1.3 1.3 0.0 26,000 No

Maine

1.1 1.1 0.0 7,000 No

Maryland

1.1 1.0 -0.1 27,000 No

Massachusetts

0.8 0.9 0.1 34,000 No

Michigan

1.2 0.9 -0.3 39,000 No

Minnesota

0.8 1.1 0.3 32,000 No

Mississippi

1.6 1.0 -0.6 12,000 Yes

Missouri

0.8 0.9 0.1 27,000 No

Montana

1.4 1.5 0.1 8,000 No

Nebraska

1.2 1.0 -0.2 10,000 No

Nevada

1.1 1.1 0.0 17,000 No

New Hampshire

1.6 1.3 -0.3 9,000 No

New Jersey

0.9 1.1 0.2 46,000 No

New Mexico

0.9 1.0 0.1 9,000 No

New York

0.9 0.9 0.0 89,000 No

North Carolina

1.0 0.9 -0.1 46,000 No

North Dakota

0.9 1.1 0.2 5,000 No

Ohio

1.0 1.0 0.0 59,000 No

Oklahoma

1.1 1.1 0.0 19,000 No

Oregon

1.1 1.1 0.0 21,000 No

Pennsylvania

0.9 0.9 0.0 54,000 No

Rhode Island

1.4 1.2 -0.2 6,000 No

South Carolina

1.0 1.0 0.0 22,000 No

South Dakota

1.1 1.1 0.0 5,000 No

Tennessee

1.1 1.0 -0.1 34,000 No

Texas

0.9 0.9 0.0 124,000 No

Utah

1.2 1.4 0.2 24,000 No

Vermont

1.3 1.0 -0.3 3,000 No

Virginia

1.0 1.1 0.1 46,000 No

Washington

0.9 1.0 0.1 35,000 No

West Virginia

1.3 1.3 0.0 9,000 No

Wisconsin

1.1 0.9 -0.2 26,000 No

Wyoming

1.7 1.7 0.0 5,000 No

Job openings rates decreased in 4 states and increased in 2 states over the month. The decreases occurred in North Carolina (−0.8 percentage point), as well as in Illinois, Iowa, and Kentucky (−0.6 percentage point each). The increases occurred in California and New Jersey (0.6 percentage point each).

In June, hires rates decreased in the following seven states: Washington (−1.1 percentage point), Alaska (−1.0 percentage point), Indiana (−0.9 percentage point), Oregon, Minnesota, and Arizona (−0.8 percentage point each), and Tennessee (−0.7 percentage point). An increase in the hires rate occurred in California, from 2.9 percent in May 2023 to 3.3 percent in June 2023.

Total separations rates decreased in 11 states and increased in 1 state. The largest decreases in occurred in Delaware (−1.3 percentage points), as well as in Maine and Mississippi (−1.1 percentage points each). The increase occurred in Kansas (0.9 percentage point).

Two states had declines in layoffs and discharges rates in June: Mississippi (1.6 percent in May 2023 to 1.0 percent in June 2023) and Georgia (1.5 percent in May 2023 to 1.0 percent in June 2023).

These data are from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. For more information, see "State Job Openings and Labor Turnover — June 2023" and charts featuring state labor turnover data. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. Therefore, the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Quits rates down in 16 states, up in 1 state in June 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/quits-rates-down-in-16-states-up-in-1-state-in-june-2023.htm (visited April 21, 2024).

OF INTEREST
spotlight
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics


triangle