Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Unemployment rates were lower in April 2023 than a year earlier in 16 states

June 01, 2023

Unemployment rates were lower in April 2023 than a year earlier in 16 states, higher in 10 states, and stable in 24 states and the District of Columbia. The national unemployment rate, 3.4 percent, was 0.2 percentage point lower in April 2023 than in April 2022.

State unemployment rates, April 2023
State Unemployment rate 12-month change (percentage points)

Alabama

2.2 -0.3

Alaska

3.7 -0.4

Arizona

3.4 -0.2

Arkansas

2.8 -0.3

California

4.5 0.4

Colorado

2.8 -0.3

Connecticut

3.8 -0.4

Delaware

4.3 0.0

District of Columbia

5.0 0.1

Florida

2.6 -0.4

Georgia

3.1 0.2

Hawaii

3.3 0.0

Idaho

2.6 0.1

Illinois

4.2 -0.3

Indiana

3.0 0.2

Iowa

2.7 0.4

Kansas

2.9 0.5

Kentucky

3.7 -0.1

Louisiana

3.6 0.0

Maine

2.4 -0.3

Maryland

2.5 -0.6

Massachusetts

3.3 -0.4

Michigan

3.8 -0.2

Minnesota

2.8 0.5

Mississippi

3.4 -0.3

Missouri

2.5 0.2

Montana

2.3 -0.3

Nebraska

2.0 0.0

Nevada

5.4 0.2

New Hampshire

2.1 0.0

New Jersey

3.5 -0.4

New Mexico

3.5 -0.8

New York

4.0 -0.3

North Carolina

3.4 0.1

North Dakota

2.1 0.1

Ohio

3.7 -0.2

Oklahoma

2.9 0.1

Oregon

4.0 0.4

Pennsylvania

4.1 -0.2

Rhode Island

3.0 0.1

South Carolina

3.1 -0.1

South Dakota

1.9 0.0

Tennessee

3.3 0.0

Texas

4.0 0.2

Utah

2.3 0.1

Vermont

2.4 0.2

Virginia

3.1 0.5

Washington

4.3 0.4

West Virginia

3.3 -0.4

Wisconsin

2.4 -0.4

Wyoming

3.5 0.3

Puerto Rico

6.0 0.0

Nevada had the highest unemployment rate in April, 5.4 percent, and South Dakota had the lowest rate, 1.9 percent. The next lowest rate was in Nebraska, 2.0 percent, followed by New Hampshire and North Dakota, 2.1 percent each. The rates in Alabama (2.2 percent), Arizona (3.4 percent), Arkansas (2.8 percent), Kentucky (3.7 percent), Maine (2.4 percent), Maryland (2.5 percent), Mississippi (3.4 percent), Ohio (3.7 percent), West Virginia (3.3 percent), and Wisconsin (2.4 percent) set new lows. (All state data begin in 1976.)  In total, 17 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. rate of 3.4 percent, 25 states had rates that were not appreciably different, and 8 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico had higher rates than that of the nation.

Sixteen states had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in New Mexico (−0.8 percentage point). Ten states had rate increases from April 2022, the largest of which were in Kansas, Minnesota, and Virginia (+0.5 percentage point each).

These data are from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. To learn more, see "State Employment and Unemployment — April 2023." We also have more charts and maps of state employment and unemployment data in the state chart package.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Unemployment rates were lower in April 2023 than a year earlier in 16 states at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/unemployment-rates-were-lower-in-april-2023-than-a-year-earlier-in-16-states.htm (visited May 24, 2024).

OF INTEREST
spotlight
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics


triangle