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Job openings rates down in 4 states, up in 2 states, in November 2023

January 24, 2024

From October 2023 to November 2023, job openings rates decreased in 4 states, increased in 2 states, and were little changed in 44 states and the District of Columbia. The decreases in job openings rates occurred in Mississippi (−1.3 percentage points), and in Florida, Georgia, and Tennessee (−0.6 point each). The increases occurred in Illinois (+1.0 point) and Colorado (+0.7 point).

States with a statistically significant change from October 2023 to November 2023 in selected job openings and labor turnover measures

Job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and layoffs and discharges, by state
State Job openings Hires
October 2023 rate November 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change November 2023 level October 2023 rate November 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change November 2023 level

United States

5.3 5.3 0.0 8,790,000 3.7 3.5 -0.2 5,465,000

Alabama

5.4 5.1 -0.3 117,000 3.7 3.8 0.1 83,000

Alaska

7.1 7.6 0.5 27,000 5.2 6.1 0.9 20,000

Arizona

5.5 5.7 0.2 191,000 4.4 3.7 -0.7 117,000

Arkansas

5.6 5.4 -0.2 77,000 4.0 3.8 -0.2 52,000

California

4.2 4.1 -0.1 775,000 3.0 2.4 -0.6 433,000

Colorado

6.7 7.4 0.7 232,000 4.5 4.4 -0.1 127,000

Connecticut

4.9 4.8 -0.1 85,000 3.7 3.1 -0.6 53,000

Delaware

5.8 5.4 -0.4 28,000 4.9 4.7 -0.2 23,000

District of Columbia

4.5 4.5 0.0 37,000 3.0 3.1 0.1 24,000

Florida

5.7 5.1 -0.6 524,000 4.0 4.0 0.0 398,000

Georgia

6.3 5.7 -0.6 297,000 4.5 4.6 0.1 226,000

Hawaii

4.5 4.5 0.0 30,000 3.3 2.7 -0.6 17,000

Idaho

6.1 5.9 -0.2 54,000 4.4 4.1 -0.3 35,000

Illinois

5.0 6.0 1.0 391,000 3.7 3.6 -0.1 222,000

Indiana

4.8 4.8 0.0 165,000 4.2 3.6 -0.6 119,000

Iowa

5.4 5.2 -0.2 88,000 3.9 3.4 -0.5 54,000

Kansas

5.2 5.6 0.4 86,000 3.5 3.5 0.0 51,000

Kentucky

5.5 5.2 -0.3 112,000 3.7 3.6 -0.1 74,000

Louisiana

5.8 5.4 -0.4 112,000 4.4 4.2 -0.2 83,000

Maine

6.3 6.3 0.0 44,000 3.8 3.5 -0.3 23,000

Maryland

5.9 5.9 0.0 172,000 3.9 4.0 0.1 111,000

Massachusetts

5.9 5.6 -0.3 226,000 3.0 2.7 -0.3 103,000

Michigan

5.0 5.4 0.4 252,000 3.4 3.3 -0.1 148,000

Minnesota

6.0 6.5 0.5 209,000 3.7 3.7 0.0 111,000

Mississippi

7.0 5.7 -1.3 71,000 4.4 4.3 -0.1 50,000

Missouri

5.6 5.5 -0.1 173,000 3.7 3.3 -0.4 98,000

Montana

6.5 6.4 -0.1 36,000 5.4 4.4 -1.0 23,000

Nebraska

5.0 5.5 0.5 61,000 3.5 3.5 0.0 37,000

Nevada

5.3 5.5 0.2 91,000 4.1 3.4 -0.7 54,000

New Hampshire

5.5 5.1 -0.4 38,000 4.0 3.8 -0.2 27,000

New Jersey

4.7 4.8 0.1 219,000 3.5 3.7 0.2 161,000

New Mexico

6.0 6.4 0.4 60,000 4.0 3.5 -0.5 31,000

New York

4.5 4.5 0.0 454,000 2.9 2.9 0.0 286,000

North Carolina

5.5 5.4 -0.1 283,000 3.5 3.3 -0.2 163,000

North Dakota

6.0 6.2 0.2 29,000 4.1 4.1 0.0 18,000

Ohio

5.6 5.5 -0.1 328,000 3.6 3.2 -0.4 181,000

Oklahoma

5.7 5.6 -0.1 103,000 4.7 4.1 -0.6 72,000

Oregon

5.3 5.1 -0.2 108,000 3.9 3.2 -0.7 63,000

Pennsylvania

5.9 5.8 -0.1 380,000 3.1 3.2 0.1 196,000

Rhode Island

5.9 5.5 -0.4 29,000 4.2 3.8 -0.4 19,000

South Carolina

6.6 6.5 -0.1 161,000 4.6 4.0 -0.6 94,000

South Dakota

5.5 5.8 0.3 29,000 4.1 3.8 -0.3 18,000

Tennessee

6.1 5.5 -0.6 193,000 4.2 3.8 -0.4 126,000

Texas

5.0 5.4 0.4 809,000 4.1 3.9 -0.2 555,000

Utah

5.3 4.8 -0.5 87,000 4.2 3.5 -0.7 60,000

Vermont

5.8 5.8 0.0 19,000 4.2 4.2 0.0 13,000

Virginia

5.9 5.6 -0.3 249,000 4.0 4.0 0.0 165,000

Washington

4.5 4.5 0.0 172,000 3.2 2.9 -0.3 104,000

West Virginia

7.0 6.6 -0.4 50,000 4.7 4.1 -0.6 29,000

Wisconsin

6.5 6.6 0.1 212,000 3.6 3.4 -0.2 103,000

Wyoming

6.1 6.0 -0.1 19,000 4.4 4.1 -0.3 12,000
Job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and layoffs and discharges, by state (continued)
State Total separations Quits
October 2023 rate November 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change November 2023 level October 2023 rate November 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change November 2023 level

United States

3.6 3.4 -0.2 5,340,000 2.3 2.2 -0.1 3,471,000

Alabama

3.9 3.8 -0.1 83,000 2.7 2.5 -0.2 54,000

Alaska

5.2 5.2 0.0 17,000 3.1 3.4 0.3 11,000

Arizona

4.2 4.4 0.2 139,000 2.7 2.7 0.0 87,000

Arkansas

3.8 3.7 -0.1 50,000 2.6 2.4 -0.2 33,000

California

2.7 2.8 0.1 503,000 1.7 1.6 -0.1 289,000

Colorado

4.0 4.2 0.2 123,000 2.3 2.5 0.2 74,000

Connecticut

3.5 2.9 -0.6 50,000 1.7 1.8 0.1 30,000

Delaware

4.9 4.1 -0.8 20,000 3.1 2.7 -0.4 13,000

District of Columbia

3.1 3.0 -0.1 23,000 1.9 1.8 -0.1 14,000

Florida

3.9 3.8 -0.1 378,000 2.7 2.8 0.1 275,000

Georgia

4.1 3.7 -0.4 183,000 2.8 2.4 -0.4 118,000

Hawaii

2.8 3.0 0.2 19,000 1.7 1.9 0.2 12,000

Idaho

4.3 5.0 0.7 43,000 2.6 3.2 0.6 28,000

Illinois

3.2 2.9 -0.3 176,000 2.2 2.2 0.0 133,000

Indiana

3.8 4.2 0.4 139,000 2.7 2.6 -0.1 87,000

Iowa

3.5 3.6 0.1 58,000 2.3 2.5 0.2 40,000

Kansas

3.2 3.7 0.5 54,000 2.1 2.5 0.4 37,000

Kentucky

3.8 3.7 -0.1 75,000 2.7 2.6 -0.1 52,000

Louisiana

4.9 3.7 -1.2 73,000 3.0 2.6 -0.4 51,000

Maine

5.1 4.0 -1.1 26,000 2.3 2.7 0.4 18,000

Maryland

4.0 3.2 -0.8 89,000 2.5 2.0 -0.5 56,000

Massachusetts

3.0 2.5 -0.5 95,000 1.6 1.4 -0.2 54,000

Michigan

3.1 3.5 0.4 157,000 2.0 2.4 0.4 105,000

Minnesota

3.2 3.5 0.3 106,000 2.3 2.5 0.2 75,000

Mississippi

4.4 4.0 -0.4 47,000 3.1 2.7 -0.4 32,000

Missouri

3.5 3.4 -0.1 101,000 2.4 2.3 -0.1 70,000

Montana

5.8 5.6 -0.2 29,000 3.3 3.4 0.1 18,000

Nebraska

3.2 3.7 0.5 39,000 2.1 2.5 0.4 26,000

Nevada

3.8 4.1 0.3 64,000 2.4 2.5 0.1 39,000

New Hampshire

4.4 3.4 -1.0 24,000 2.4 2.1 -0.3 15,000

New Jersey

4.2 3.1 -1.1 136,000 2.0 1.7 -0.3 74,000

New Mexico

3.8 3.9 0.1 34,000 2.5 2.5 0.0 22,000

New York

3.1 2.9 -0.2 284,000 1.7 1.7 0.0 163,000

North Carolina

4.2 3.2 -1.0 160,000 2.7 1.8 -0.9 91,000

North Dakota

3.4 4.6 1.2 20,000 2.5 3.0 0.5 13,000

Ohio

3.6 3.3 -0.3 188,000 2.3 2.3 0.0 132,000

Oklahoma

4.2 3.6 -0.6 63,000 2.9 2.5 -0.4 43,000

Oregon

3.8 3.9 0.1 77,000 2.4 2.6 0.2 52,000

Pennsylvania

3.8 2.8 -1.0 174,000 2.1 1.9 -0.2 117,000

Rhode Island

4.4 3.8 -0.6 19,000 2.2 2.2 0.0 11,000

South Carolina

4.4 3.4 -1.0 80,000 2.8 2.4 -0.4 56,000

South Dakota

3.6 4.9 1.3 23,000 2.4 3.4 1.0 16,000

Tennessee

4.5 3.8 -0.7 126,000 3.3 2.4 -0.9 80,000

Texas

3.5 3.4 -0.1 477,000 2.6 2.3 -0.3 331,000

Utah

3.8 4.2 0.4 72,000 2.5 2.7 0.2 46,000

Vermont

4.6 3.9 -0.7 12,000 2.3 2.3 0.0 7,000

Virginia

3.7 3.4 -0.3 142,000 2.5 2.3 -0.2 95,000

Washington

2.7 3.3 0.6 119,000 1.7 2.0 0.3 72,000

West Virginia

4.7 4.1 -0.6 29,000 3.1 2.7 -0.4 19,000

Wisconsin

3.3 3.7 0.4 111,000 2.4 2.5 0.1 76,000

Wyoming

4.8 5.1 0.3 15,000 3.1 3.4 0.3 10,000
Job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and layoffs and discharges, by state (continued)
State Layoffs and discharges
October 2023 rate November 2023 rate Over-the-month rate change November 2023 level

United States

1.0 1.0 0.0 1,527,000

Alabama

1.0 1.1 0.1 24,000

Alaska

1.5 1.5 0.0 5,000

Arizona

1.2 1.4 0.2 45,000

Arkansas

1.0 1.0 0.0 13,000

California

0.9 1.0 0.1 182,000

Colorado

1.4 1.3 -0.1 38,000

Connecticut

1.5 0.9 -0.6 16,000

Delaware

1.4 1.2 -0.2 6,000

District of Columbia

0.8 0.8 0.0 6,000

Florida

1.0 0.9 -0.1 85,000

Georgia

0.9 1.0 0.1 52,000

Hawaii

0.9 0.9 0.0 6,000

Idaho

1.4 1.5 0.1 13,000

Illinois

0.8 0.6 -0.2 36,000

Indiana

1.0 1.4 0.4 45,000

Iowa

0.9 0.9 0.0 14,000

Kansas

0.9 0.9 0.0 13,000

Kentucky

0.9 0.9 0.0 18,000

Louisiana

1.4 0.9 -0.5 18,000

Maine

2.3 0.9 -1.4 6,000

Maryland

1.1 0.9 -0.2 25,000

Massachusetts

1.1 0.8 -0.3 32,000

Michigan

0.9 1.0 0.1 44,000

Minnesota

0.7 0.8 0.1 24,000

Mississippi

1.0 0.9 -0.1 11,000

Missouri

0.9 0.8 -0.1 24,000

Montana

2.3 1.7 -0.6 9,000

Nebraska

0.8 1.0 0.2 11,000

Nevada

1.1 1.3 0.2 21,000

New Hampshire

1.6 0.9 -0.7 6,000

New Jersey

1.9 0.8 -1.1 36,000

New Mexico

1.0 1.0 0.0 9,000

New York

1.2 1.1 -0.1 103,000

North Carolina

1.1 1.1 0.0 56,000

North Dakota

0.9 1.1 0.2 5,000

Ohio

1.0 0.8 -0.2 46,000

Oklahoma

1.0 0.9 -0.1 16,000

Oregon

1.1 1.1 0.0 21,000

Pennsylvania

1.5 0.8 -0.7 47,000

Rhode Island

1.8 1.2 -0.6 6,000

South Carolina

1.3 0.9 -0.4 20,000

South Dakota

0.9 1.1 0.2 5,000

Tennessee

1.1 1.1 0.0 38,000

Texas

0.8 0.9 0.1 129,000

Utah

1.0 1.3 0.3 23,000

Vermont

1.6 1.0 -0.6 3,000

Virginia

1.0 0.8 -0.2 35,000

Washington

0.9 1.1 0.2 41,000

West Virginia

1.1 1.1 0.0 8,000

Wisconsin

0.8 0.9 0.1 28,000

Wyoming

1.4 1.4 0.0 4,000

Note: Job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and layoffs and discharges rates are percentages. Over-the-month change values are percentage points.

Hires rates decreased in five states and increased in one state over the month. The decreases occurred in the following states: Montana (−1.0 percentage point), Arizona and Oregon (−0.7 point each), California and Connecticut (−0.6 point each). The increase occurred in Alaska, which rose from 5.2 percent in October 2023 to 6.1 percent in November 2023 (+0.9 percentage point).

Total separations rates decreased in nine states and increased in three states from October 2023 to November 2023, with the largest decrease occurring in Louisiana (−1.2 percentage points), followed by Maine and New Jersey (−1.1 points each). South Dakota (+1.3 percentage points), North Dakota (+1.2 points), and Washington (+0.6 point) had over-the-month increases in total separations rates.

Quits rates decreased in five states and increased in two states over the month. The largest decreases occurred in North Carolina and Tennessee (−0.9 percentage point each), while the increases occurred in South Dakota (+1.0 point) and Michigan (+0.4 point).

Layoffs and discharges rates decreased in seven states and increased in one state over the month. The largest decreases occurred in Maine (−1.4 percentage points) and New Jersey (−1.1 points), as well as in New Hampshire and Pennsylvania (−0.7 point each). The increase occurred in Indiana (+0.4 point).

These data are from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. For more information, see "State Job Openings and Labor Turnover — November 2023" and charts featuring state labor turnover data.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Job openings rates down in 4 states, up in 2 states, in November 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2024/job-openings-rates-down-in-4-states-up-in-2-states-in-november-2023.htm (visited May 21, 2024).

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