News Release Information

18-1409-PHI
Thursday, August 30, 2018

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Washington Area Employment – July 2018

Area’s Rate of Employment Growth Above the National Average

Total nonfarm employment for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 3,360,200 in July 2018, up 77,100, or 2.3 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the Washington area has had consecutive over-the-year employment increases for four years. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area is made up of two metropolitan divisions¾separately identifiable employment centers within the greater metropolitan area. The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division, with 82 percent of the area’s employment, gained 62,500 jobs over the year. The Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD Metropolitan Division, which represented the remaining 18 percent of area employment, added 14,600 jobs since July 2017.

Industry employment

In the greater Washington metropolitan area, professional and business services had the largest employment gain from July 2017 to July 2018, adding 22,500 jobs. The Washington area’s 3.0-percent growth in professional and business services employment was faster than the 2.6-percent increase nationally. (See chart 2.) Eighty percent of the local job gains in this industry were in the Washington division.

Since July 2017, the second- and third-largest employment gains in the Washington area were in education and health services (+12,400 jobs) and government (+12,300 jobs). The local rate of job growth in education and health services (2.9 percent) was faster than the 1.8-percent gain for the nation. Government supersector employment grew 1.8 percent in the Washington area , but was unchanged nationally.

From July 2017 to July 2018, no supersector in the Washington area lost jobs.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in July 2018. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with the rates of job growth in 8 areas exceeding the national increase of 1.6 percent. Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land (+3.4 percent), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (+3.3 percent), and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (+3.1 percent) had the fastest rates of job growth. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (+1.1 percent) and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (+1.3 percent) had the slowest rates of job growth. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

New York-Newark-Jersey City added the largest number of jobs over the year, 143,000, followed by Dallas (+118,200) and Houston (+101,800). San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 39,400 jobs. Annual gains in the remaining eight metropolitan areas ranged from 77,100 in Washington to 45,800 in Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach.

Over the year, professional and business services added the most jobs in five areas: Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Dallas, Houston, San Francisco, and Washington. Construction gained the most jobs in three areas: Chicago, Miami, and Phoenix.

Information recorded the largest employment loss in four areas: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Chicago, Houston, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington. Dallas and Washington were the only metropolitan areas to record no losses in any supersector.

Metropolitan area employment data for August 2018 are scheduled to be released on Friday, September 21, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey and administrative data and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.

  • The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.
  • The Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division includes Frederick and Montgomery Counties in Maryland.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, Washington metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Back
data
Jul
2017
May
2018
Jun
2018
Jul
2018 (p)
Jul 2017 to
Jul 2018 (p)
Net
change
Percent
change

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

3,283.1 3,325.5 3,357.3 3,360.2 77.1 2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

163.2 162.0 168.0 169.2 6.0 3.7

Manufacturing

55.2 55.6 55.9 55.9 0.7 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

407.6 412.3 414.0 412.2 4.6 1.1

Information

74.2 75.0 75.7 74.2 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

159.3 159.2 161.6 162.3 3.0 1.9

Professional and business services

756.7 759.9 771.3 779.2 22.5 3.0

Education and health services

426.2 445.5 442.0 438.6 12.4 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

341.5 339.3 352.1 353.3 11.8 3.5

Other services

210.6 210.8 212.4 214.4 3.8 1.8

Government

688.6 705.9 704.3 700.9 12.3 1.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

2,691.3 2,725.7 2,747.8 2,753.8 62.5 2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

128.1 125.4 128.9 130.4 2.3 1.8

Manufacturing

37.3 37.5 37.7 37.7 0.4 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

329.9 333.8 335.7 334.5 4.6 1.4

Information

61.4 62.3 62.9 61.5 0.1 0.2

Financial activities

122.3 122.8 125.1 126.1 3.8 3.1

Professional and business services

626.3 628.5 637.3 644.3 18.0 2.9

Education and health services

334.3 352.7 349.1 344.9 10.6 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

281.4 281.6 291.1 290.9 9.5 3.4

Other services

184.7 185.8 187.3 189.1 4.4 2.4

Government

585.6 595.3 592.7 594.4 8.8 1.5

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

591.8 599.8 609.5 606.4 14.6 2.5

Mining, logging, and construction

35.1 36.6 39.1 38.8 3.7 10.5

Manufacturing

17.9 18.1 18.2 18.2 0.3 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

77.7 78.5 78.3 77.7 0.0 0.0

Information

12.8 12.7 12.8 12.7 -0.1 -0.8

Financial activities

37.0 36.4 36.5 36.2 -0.8 -2.2

Professional and business services

130.4 131.4 134.0 134.9 4.5 3.5

Education and health services

91.9 92.8 92.9 93.7 1.8 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

60.1 57.7 61.0 62.4 2.3 3.8

Other services

25.9 25.0 25.1 25.3 -0.6 -2.3

Government

103.0 110.6 111.6 106.5 3.5 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

SOURCE: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area

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Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 large metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Back
data
Jul
2017
May
2018
Jun
2018
Jul
2018 (p)
Jul 2017 to
Jul 2018 (p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States

Total nonfarm

146,486 149,345 150,057 148,901 2,415 1.6

Mining and logging

692 732 747 748 56 8.1

Construction

7,197 7,283 7,443 7,500 303 4.2

Manufacturing

12,498 12,657 12,795 12,825 327 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,460 27,685 27,812 27,786 326 1.2

Information

2,807 2,765 2,786 2,788 -19 -0.7

Financial activities

8,545 8,550 8,639 8,652 107 1.3

Professional and business services

20,619 20,936 21,124 21,147 528 2.6

Education and health services

22,881 23,635 23,435 23,304 423 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

16,888 16,550 17,040 17,163 275 1.6

Other services

5,852 5,887 5,956 5,944 92 1.6

Government

21,047 22,665 22,280 21,044 -3 0.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga.

Total nonfarm

2,714.6 2,771.4 2,782.2 2,771.6 57.0 2.1

Mining and logging

1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

121.2 129.1 130.3 129.7 8.5 7.0

Manufacturing

167.3 168.9 168.8 170.1 2.8 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

602.5 617.5 620.5 620.8 18.3 3.0

Information

97.7 91.7 94.6 94.5 -3.2 -3.3

Financial activities

171.4 170.3 171.4 169.9 -1.5 -0.9

Professional and business services

500.5 497.2 505.6 507.8 7.3 1.5

Education and health services

336.8 352.0 345.6 347.1 10.3 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

297.1 308.1 311.3 309.1 12.0 4.0

Other services

100.8 100.0 101.1 100.9 0.1 0.1

Government

317.7 335.0 331.4 320.1 2.4 0.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. (NECTA)

Total nonfarm

2,750.8 2,787.5 2,824.4 2,813.0 62.2 2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

118.1 119.6 123.1 125.6 7.5 6.4

Manufacturing

188.4 188.6 191.8 192.7 4.3 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

425.9 423.9 431.3 427.8 1.9 0.4

Information

81.0 79.5 80.5 81.4 0.4 0.5

Financial activities

187.7 183.5 185.8 186.4 -1.3 -0.7

Professional and business services

492.3 501.0 512.6 516.1 23.8 4.8

Education and health services

573.6 589.2 582.9 586.0 12.4 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

287.2 281.2 295.5 298.5 11.3 3.9

Other services

106.9 105.1 109.3 108.7 1.8 1.7

Government

289.7 315.9 311.6 289.8 0.1 0.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

Total nonfarm

4,722.5 4,750.8 4,800.9 4,782.1 59.6 1.3

Mining and logging

1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

182.2 183.7 189.9 193.2 11.0 6.0

Manufacturing

417.3 421.7 425.7 427.7 10.4 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

946.9 952.4 954.5 952.6 5.7 0.6

Information

78.9 76.1 75.7 75.1 -3.8 -4.8

Financial activities

308.8 307.9 312.3 313.5 4.7 1.5

Professional and business services

834.1 823.0 840.8 845.0 10.9 1.3

Education and health services

712.4 737.8 729.4 718.1 5.7 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

502.9 489.7 508.9 512.3 9.4 1.9

Other services

197.8 195.0 197.1 196.2 -1.6 -0.8

Government

539.6 561.9 565.0 546.8 7.2 1.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas

Total nonfarm

3,585.8 3,706.2 3,720.4 3,704.0 118.2 3.3

Mining, logging, and construction

216.8 227.4 229.6 230.8 14.0 6.5

Manufacturing

272.3 276.1 278.2 278.0 5.7 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

767.0 780.4 783.7 784.8 17.8 2.3

Information

84.0 84.2 84.2 84.4 0.4 0.5

Financial activities

296.7 298.4 299.7 299.2 2.5 0.8

Professional and business services

592.1 612.4 615.9 615.7 23.6 4.0

Education and health services

439.2 455.1 459.8 458.2 19.0 4.3

Leisure and hospitality

381.0 396.5 400.1 401.2 20.2 5.3

Other services

124.3 126.9 128.8 130.1 5.8 4.7

Government

412.4 448.8 440.4 421.6 9.2 2.2

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas

Total nonfarm

3,011.3 3,110.2 3,131.6 3,113.1 101.8 3.4

Mining and logging

78.3 79.3 79.7 79.7 1.4 1.8

Construction

213.5 229.6 236.5 239.0 25.5 11.9

Manufacturing

220.9 227.6 228.2 227.4 6.5 2.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

615.8 627.7 629.2 631.1 15.3 2.5

Information

32.6 31.3 31.4 31.6 -1.0 -3.1

Financial activities

160.0 162.9 163.8 163.2 3.2 2.0

Professional and business services

483.2 510.3 523.0 524.1 40.9 8.5

Education and health services

383.5 387.2 386.2 389.1 5.6 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

323.4 327.3 332.3 326.0 2.6 0.8

Other services

110.3 111.8 111.7 110.8 0.5 0.5

Government

389.8 415.2 409.6 391.1 1.3 0.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif.

Total nonfarm

6,008.6 6,125.8 6,130.8 6,073.2 64.6 1.1

Mining and logging

2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 0.1 3.4

Construction

244.0 247.5 248.8 247.5 3.5 1.4

Manufacturing

508.9 507.1 505.4 507.6 -1.3 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,097.6 1,086.1 1,088.9 1,092.4 -5.2 -0.5

Information

232.5 238.0 239.2 237.1 4.6 2.0

Financial activities

342.6 339.3 339.5 340.1 -2.5 -0.7

Professional and business services

922.4 931.5 938.3 936.0 13.6 1.5

Education and health services

997.5 1,035.8 1,027.2 1,018.0 20.5 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

752.6 773.7 777.0 785.4 32.8 4.4

Other services

204.8 203.1 205.1 201.8 -3.0 -1.5

Government

702.8 760.8 758.5 704.3 1.5 0.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Fla.

Total nonfarm

2,595.2 2,669.3 2,649.7 2,641.0 45.8 1.8

Mining and logging

0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.1 14.3

Construction

129.7 142.4 143.6 144.9 15.2 11.7

Manufacturing

88.5 97.9 97.8 97.9 9.4 10.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

594.7 599.5 601.2 600.2 5.5 0.9

Information

50.7 50.6 50.6 50.3 -0.4 -0.8

Financial activities

179.1 180.5 181.7 181.9 2.8 1.6

Professional and business services

433.7 435.7 438.7 438.9 5.2 1.2

Education and health services

386.5 393.1 390.5 393.2 6.7 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

319.1 329.3 326.4 320.6 1.5 0.5

Other services

122.7 125.4 127.6 124.4 1.7 1.4

Government

289.8 314.1 290.8 287.9 -1.9 -0.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.

Total nonfarm

9,698.6 9,833.1 9,905.8 9,841.6 143.0 1.5

Mining, logging, and construction

408.1 405.6 413.7 416.2 8.1 2.0

Manufacturing

365.9 363.9 366.4 364.5 -1.4 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,733.3 1,758.6 1,771.5 1,752.2 18.9 1.1

Information

287.4 283.0 289.4 286.4 -1.0 -0.3

Financial activities

788.0 773.6 786.2 788.6 0.6 0.1

Professional and business services

1,561.8 1,567.9 1,584.5 1,585.7 23.9 1.5

Education and health services

1,869.1 1,994.0 1,959.3 1,928.5 59.4 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

973.2 947.0 994.6 1,007.4 34.2 3.5

Other services

426.4 427.4 431.2 428.5 2.1 0.5

Government

1,285.4 1,312.1 1,309.0 1,283.6 -1.8 -0.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

Total nonfarm

2,893.4 2,962.3 2,975.9 2,954.9 61.5 2.1

Mining, logging, and construction

120.1 118.5 120.3 122.6 2.5 2.1

Manufacturing

181.6 182.0 182.1 181.7 0.1 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

518.4 528.0 531.0 527.5 9.1 1.8

Information

46.3 44.7 45.0 44.9 -1.4 -3.0

Financial activities

216.8 216.6 218.6 219.9 3.1 1.4

Professional and business services

467.5 480.2 484.5 488.0 20.5 4.4

Education and health services

626.6 654.5 647.1 647.9 21.3 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

280.0 274.1 285.5 285.8 5.8 2.1

Other services

122.1 121.5 122.8 121.6 -0.5 -0.4

Government

314.0 342.2 339.0 315.0 1.0 0.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz.

Total nonfarm

1,985.6 2,087.7 2,057.0 2,046.9 61.3 3.1

Mining and logging

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 -0.1 -3.0

Construction

115.3 123.8 127.9 128.3 13.0 11.3

Manufacturing

124.1 129.4 130.6 131.5 7.4 6.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

390.6 397.8 395.2 395.7 5.1 1.3

Information

36.2 37.1 37.4 36.8 0.6 1.7

Financial activities

186.5 188.8 189.1 189.0 2.5 1.3

Professional and business services

339.4 348.5 350.8 351.1 11.7 3.4

Education and health services

300.4 319.1 314.3 312.9 12.5 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

216.5 232.8 226.5 222.7 6.2 2.9

Other services

65.7 66.6 65.7 65.0 -0.7 -1.1

Government

207.6 240.6 216.3 210.7 3.1 1.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, Calif.

Total nonfarm

2,395.5 2,435.8 2,439.6 2,434.9 39.4 1.6

Mining and logging

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0

Construction

121.4 122.1 123.4 124.1 2.7 2.2

Manufacturing

141.3 142.3 143.1 144.4 3.1 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

382.2 382.2 384.3 386.8 4.6 1.2

Information

108.2 108.2 110.1 112.6 4.4 4.1

Financial activities

143.4 143.0 142.7 143.1 -0.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

481.0 491.0 492.4 497.3 16.3 3.4

Education and health services

344.4 356.6 354.0 351.2 6.8 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

277.7 277.7 278.8 278.7 1.0 0.4

Other services

88.0 84.7 85.0 85.5 -2.5 -2.8

Government

307.4 327.5 325.3 310.7 3.3 1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.

Total nonfarm

3,283.1 3,325.5 3,357.3 3,360.2 77.1 2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

163.2 162.0 168.0 169.2 6.0 3.7

Manufacturing

55.2 55.6 55.9 55.9 0.7 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

407.6 412.3 414.0 412.2 4.6 1.1

Information

74.2 75.0 75.7 74.2 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

159.3 159.2 161.6 162.3 3.0 1.9

Professional and business services

756.7 759.9 771.3 779.2 22.5 3.0

Education and health services

426.2 445.5 442.0 438.6 12.4 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

341.5 339.3 352.1 353.3 11.8 3.5

Other services

210.6 210.8 212.4 214.4 3.8 1.8

Government

688.6 705.9 704.3 700.9 12.3 1.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

SOURCE: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area

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Last Modified Date: Thursday, August 30, 2018