Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

17-493-CHI
Monday, June 19, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Occupational Employment and Wages in Cleveland-Elyria — May 2016

Workers in the Cleveland-Elyria Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $23.20 in May 2016, about 3 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national average in 11 of the 22 major groups, including legal; computer and mathematical; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media. Nine occupational groups had wages that were not significantly different from their respective national averages, including production; life, physical and social science; and community and social service. Two occupational groups, construction and extraction and sales and related, had wages significantly higher than their respective national averages.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including production, healthcare practitioners and technical, and healthcare support. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including construction and extraction, sales and related, and personal care and service. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Cleveland-Elyria Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesClevelandUnited StatesClevelandPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0100.0$23.86$23.20*-3

Management

5.14.8*56.7453.25*-6

Business and financial operations

5.25.436.0933.36*-8

Computer and mathematical

3.02.842.2535.46*-16

Architecture and engineering

1.81.840.5337.49*-8

Life, physical, and social science

0.80.835.0639.4412

Community and social service

1.41.722.6923.393

Legal

0.80.850.9541.48*-19

Education, training, and library

6.25.626.2126.471

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.41.2*28.0721.96*-22

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.97.4*38.0636.36-4

Healthcare support

2.93.7*14.6513.42*-8

Protective service

2.42.7*22.0319.98*-9

Food preparation and serving related

9.29.0*11.4710.94*-5

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.23.0*13.4713.00*-3

Personal care and service

3.22.4*12.7412.66-1

Sales and related

10.49.5*19.5021.17*9

Office and administrative support

15.715.817.9117.63*-2

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3(2)*13.3713.471

Construction and extraction

4.03.0*23.5124.91*6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.93.6*22.4522.25-1

Production

6.58.7*17.8818.192

Transportation and material moving

6.96.4*17.3416.92-2

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Cleveland-Elyria Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Cleveland-Elyria had 89,180 jobs in production, accounting for 8.7 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.5-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $18.19, compared to the national wage of $17.88.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included team assemblers (6,710); inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (6,580); and machinists (5,890). Among the higher paying jobs were power distributors and dispatchers with mean hourly wages of $36.02 and model makers, metal and plastic, $32.54. At the lower end of the wage scale were pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($10.83) and laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($10.96). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2016/may/oes_17460.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Cleveland-Elyria Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, foundry mold and coremakers in Cleveland were employed at 5.2 times the national rate, and engine and other machine assemblers, at 4.4 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, butchers and meat cutters in Cleveland had a location quotient of 1.0, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Ohio Department of Job & Family Services.

Note

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Cleveland-Elyria Metropolitan Statistical Area included 5,564 establishments with a response rate of 75 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, and Medina Counties of Ohio.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Cleveland-Elyria Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Production occupations

89,1801.3$18.19$37,830

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

5,7801.330.0262,440

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

1500.523.7649,410

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

900.916.9335,220

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

1,9501.215.2031,610

Electromechanical equipment assemblers

4701.416.1833,650

Engine and other machine assemblers

1,2304.424.4850,930

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

3100.618.4838,430

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

(5)(5)13.0027,030

Team assemblers

6,7100.815.9833,230

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

4,1602.513.9028,910

Bakers

1,4101.112.2325,450

Butchers and meat cutters

9701.017.9137,250

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

1400.115.3431,900

Slaughterers and meat packers

1400.211.7824,490

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

700.514.4630,080

Food batchmakers

4900.513.7228,540

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

1800.713.1227,280

Food processing workers, all other

4201.311.4223,760

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

4,1203.919.2540,040

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

7404.022.7147,240

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,4202.715.9133,090

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

3802.721.5444,800

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

5502.619.3440,220

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

3,3302.415.5832,410

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2903.220.4442,510

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,6403.017.0235,400

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

5402.219.0939,710

Machinists

5,8902.119.4140,370

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

2802.118.3338,120

Pourers and casters, metal

(5)(5)20.1141,830

Model makers, metal and plastic

(5)(5)32.5467,690

Foundry mold and coremakers

4805.215.4332,100

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,9501.815.2431,700

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,8202.116.2833,860

Tool and die makers

2,2604.325.7053,460

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

2,5200.919.0839,680

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

4301.316.3033,910

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

3802.618.8239,150

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

3501.415.2631,750

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

2103.117.2535,880

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

3201.914.6030,380

Prepress technicians and workers

5102.118.7338,950

Printing press operators

1,6601.317.5536,500

Print binding and finishing workers

5101.314.4730,090

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

1,1000.710.9622,800

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

3701.110.8322,530

Sewing machine operators

7100.711.8824,720

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

1000.615.4632,150

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

6500.917.4036,190

Furniture finishers

(5)(5)15.6032,450

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

300.117.9737,370

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

4600.816.3934,100

Woodworkers, all other

(5)(5)17.4436,270

Power distributors and dispatchers

2002.436.0274,920

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

2501.028.1158,460

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

6900.825.1352,270

Chemical plant and system operators

1500.621.4744,660

Plant and system operators, all other

801.027.1956,550

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

1,7103.221.2144,110

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

2200.719.8841,340

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

2101.017.2535,870

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

(5)(5)15.3431,900

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,5301.617.8537,130

Cutters and trimmers, hand

800.713.8728,850

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

6401.415.6932,630

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

9101.814.2329,600

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

(5)(5)15.3331,890

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

6,5801.719.9841,550

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

900.5(5)(5)

Dental laboratory technicians

3701.419.6040,760

Medical appliance technicians

2202.015.3331,880

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

2201.014.2729,690

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

1,7300.614.2929,720

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,3002.117.6436,690

Painters, transportation equipment

2200.622.0045,760

Semiconductor processors

700.417.6536,710

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

1300.7(5)(5)

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

1601.314.6630,490

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

2301.812.8726,780

Etchers and engravers

(5)(5)20.6542,950

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

2801.017.9337,290

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

7701.119.0339,590

Helpers--production workers

2,6600.813.7128,520

Production workers, all other

4,3402.413.5928,260

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Cleveland-Elyria, OH, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_17460.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, June 19, 2017