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17-492-CHI
Monday, June 19, 2017

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Cincinnati — May 2016

Workers in the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $23.14 in May 2016, about 3 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 15 of the 22 major occupational groups, including legal; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and life, physical, and social science. Two groups had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages: sales and related; and production.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; business and financial operations; and food preparation and serving related. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including education, training, and library; construction and extraction; and personal care and service. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Cincinnati United States Cincinnati Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $23.86 $23.14* -3

Management

5.1 5.2 56.74 54.78* -3

Business and financial operations

5.2 5.9* 36.09 33.06* -8

Computer and mathematical

3.0 3.1 42.25 38.28* -9

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.9* 40.53 39.47 -3

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.8 35.06 29.76* -15

Community and social service

1.4 1.2* 22.69 21.12* -7

Legal

0.8 0.6* 50.95 45.36* -11

Education, training, and library

6.2 5.5* 26.21 27.19 4

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 1.2* 28.07 22.69* -19

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 6.4 38.06 35.38* -7

Healthcare support

2.9 3.1* 14.65 14.28 -3

Protective service

2.4 2.1* 22.03 19.30* -12

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 9.7* 11.47 10.50* -8

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.9* 13.47 12.91* -4

Personal care and service

3.2 2.6* 12.74 12.34* -3

Sales and related

10.4 9.8* 19.50 21.00* 8

Office and administrative support

15.7 15.8 17.91 17.45* -3

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 (2) 13.37 14.37 7

Construction and extraction

4.0 3.3* 23.51 22.20* -6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.8 22.45 22.43 0

Production

6.5 7.7* 17.88 18.82* 5

Transportation and material moving

6.9 7.4* 17.34 16.47* -5

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Cincinnati had 79,890 jobs in production, accounting for 7.7 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.5-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $18.82, significantly above the national wage of $17.88.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included team assemblers (5,570), packaging and filling machine operators and tenders (5,570), and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (5,100). Among the higher paying jobs were power plant operators with mean hourly wages of $34.38 and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers, $30.12. At the lower end of the wage scale were pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($10.10) and laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($10.78). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2016/may/oes_17140.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, engine and other machine assemblers in Cincinnati were employed at 3.7 times the national rate, and chemical plant and system operators, at 3.0 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers in Cincinnati had a location quotient of 1.0, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Ohio Department of Job & Family Services, the Kentucky Department for Workforce Investment, and the Indiana Department of Workforce Development.

Note

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area included 7,324 establishments with a response rate of 73 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Cincinnati, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Dearborn, Ohio, and Union Counties of Indiana, Boone, Bracken, Campbell, Gallatin, Grant, Kenton, and Pendleton Counties of Kentucky, and Brown, Butler, Clermont, Hamilton, and Warren Counties of Ohio.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Cincinnati Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production occupations

79,890 1.2 $18.82 $39,150

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

5,100 1.1 30.12 62,650

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

170 0.5 19.54 40,650

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

320 3.0 21.19 44,070

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

1,810 1.1 20.14 41,890

Electromechanical equipment assemblers

280 0.8 18.36 38,190

Engine and other machine assemblers

1,050 3.7 25.75 53,570

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

410 0.7 16.95 35,260

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

140 0.9 14.23 29,590

Team assemblers

5,570 0.7 15.66 32,570

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

3,730 2.2 15.37 31,960

Bakers

750 0.6 13.42 27,910

Butchers and meat cutters

1,020 1.0 16.00 33,270

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

350 0.3 11.77 24,490

Slaughterers and meat packers

350 0.6 13.52 28,120

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

120 0.8 14.10 29,340

Food batchmakers

1,060 1.0 15.38 31,980

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

140 0.5 13.82 28,750

Food processing workers, all other

210 0.6 14.79 30,760

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

2,050 1.9 20.77 43,210

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

220 1.2 27.55 57,300

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,130 2.1 17.33 36,050

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 17.24 35,850

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,910 1.3 16.96 35,270

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

50 0.6 17.19 35,760

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

800 1.5 16.56 34,450

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

240 1.0 19.45 40,450

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

200 1.6 20.44 42,510

Machinists

4,870 1.7 22.13 46,030

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

80 0.6 17.29 35,960

Pourers and casters, metal

(5) (5) 18.13 37,710

Foundry mold and coremakers

(5) (5) 17.54 36,470

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,640 1.5 15.53 32,300

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2,130 2.4 21.08 43,850

Tool and die makers

770 1.4 27.19 56,560

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

2,850 1.0 19.06 39,650

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

280 0.8 18.45 38,370

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

170 1.2 20.76 43,180

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

290 1.1 18.40 38,270

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

80 1.1 21.46 44,630

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

590 3.4 22.76 47,340

Prepress technicians and workers

450 1.8 20.95 43,570

Printing press operators

2,080 1.7 17.77 36,970

Print binding and finishing workers

720 1.9 15.34 31,910

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

1,580 1.0 10.78 22,410

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

880 2.6 10.10 21,010

Sewing machine operators

690 0.7 12.97 26,980

Shoe and leather workers and repairers

60 1.0 12.93 26,900

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

70 0.4 14.53 30,230

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

60 0.6 14.72 30,620

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

80 0.6 15.19 31,590

Upholsterers

90 0.4 14.95 31,090

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other

(5) (5) 10.92 22,710

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

440 0.6 17.29 35,960

Furniture finishers

30 0.2 16.71 34,760

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

(5) (5) 13.90 28,910

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

320 0.6 14.96 31,120

Woodworkers, all other

50 0.9 (5) (5)

Power plant operators

400 1.5 34.38 71,500

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

180 0.7 26.89 55,930

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

780 0.9 21.12 43,930

Chemical plant and system operators

730 3.0 26.08 54,240

Plant and system operators, all other

40 0.4 27.17 56,510

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

940 1.7 24.03 49,980

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

640 1.8 17.39 36,160

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

190 0.9 16.99 35,330

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

90 0.5 15.99 33,260

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,820 1.9 19.93 41,450

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

740 1.6 15.96 33,190

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

280 0.5 17.61 36,620

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

170 1.2 18.19 37,830

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

4,840 1.3 20.64 42,930

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

200 1.0 16.61 34,550

Dental laboratory technicians

130 0.5 21.24 44,190

Medical appliance technicians

(5) (5) 19.33 40,200

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

5,570 1.9 17.02 35,390

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

800 1.3 16.47 34,270

Painters, transportation equipment

280 0.7 20.51 42,660

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

150 0.8 14.53 30,230

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

250 2.0 16.27 33,840

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

160 1.2 15.33 31,890

Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders

40 0.6 11.15 23,200

Etchers and engravers

30 0.5 14.12 29,360

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

120 0.4 16.48 34,280

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,150 1.7 18.39 38,260

Tire builders

80 0.5 15.88 33,040

Helpers--production workers

4,360 1.4 14.61 30,380

Production workers, all other

2,020 1.1 17.06 35,490

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_17140.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, June 19, 2017