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News Release Information

Wednesday, April 29, 2020


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Akron — May 2019

Workers in the Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $23.75 in May 2019, about 8 percent below the nationwide average of $25.72, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 1 of the 22 major occupational groups: construction and extraction. Sixteen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; computer and mathematical; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Akron area employment was more highly concentrated in 3 of the 22 occupational groups: production, office and administrative support, and architecture and engineering. Conversely, nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including construction and extraction, protective service, and management. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2019
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Akron United States Akron Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $25.72 $23.75* -8


5.5 5.0* 58.88 54.31* -8

Business and financial operations

5.6 5.2* 37.56 33.70* -10

Computer and mathematical

3.1 2.8* 45.08 37.28* -17

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.1* 42.69 39.21* -8

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.7* 37.28 31.57* -15

Community and social service

1.5 1.5 24.27 23.26* -4


0.8 0.7* 52.71 44.75* -15

Educational instruction and library

6.1 5.7 27.75 28.78 4

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 1.0* 29.79 23.03* -23

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 6.8 40.21 37.26* -7

Healthcare support

4.4 4.3 14.91 14.49 -3

Protective service

2.4 1.7* 23.98 23.40 -2

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 9.5 12.82 11.40* -11

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.0 3.1 15.03 13.97* -7

Personal care and service

2.2 2.3 15.03 13.14* -13

Sales and related

9.8 9.6 20.70 20.24 -2

Office and administrative support

13.3 13.9* 19.73 18.91* -4

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 (2) 15.07 14.79 -2

Construction and extraction

4.2 3.3* 25.28 26.69* 6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.8 24.10 21.91* -9


6.2 8.5* 19.30 18.81* -3

Transportation and material moving

8.5 8.4 18.23 16.56* -9

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Akron had 28,090 jobs in production, accounting for 8.5 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.2-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $18.81, significantly below the national wage of $19.30.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the production group included miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators (3,280), first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (2,020), and machinists (1,870). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were power distributors and dispatchers at $41.97 per hour, and petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers with mean hourly wages of $34.59. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($10.96) and pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($11.54). (Detailed data for the production occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Akron area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, foundry mold and coremakers were employed at 7.2 times the national rate in Akron, and extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders, at 5.3 times the U.S. average. Laundry and dry-cleaning workers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Akron, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Ohio Department of Job & Family Services.

Changes to the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Data

With the May 2019 estimates, the OES program has begun implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Each set of OES estimates is calculated from six panels of survey data collected over three years. Because the May 2019 estimates are based on a combination of survey data collected using the 2010 SOC and survey data collected using the 2018 SOC, these estimates use a hybrid of the two classification systems that contains some combinations of occupations that are not found in either the 2010 or 2018 SOC. These combinations may include occupations from more than one 2018 SOC minor group or broad occupation. Therefore, OES will not publish data for some 2018 SOC minor groups and broad occupations in the May 2019 estimates. The May 2021 estimates, to be published in Spring 2022, will be the first OES estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC.

In addition, the OES program has replaced some 2018 SOC detailed occupations with SOC broad occupations or OES-specific aggregations. These include home health aides and personal care aides, for which OES will publish only the 2018 SOC broad occupation 31-1120 Home Health and Personal Care Aides.

For more information on the occupational classification system used in the May 2019 OES estimates, please see and

The May 2019 OES estimates use the metropolitan area definitions delineated in Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Bulletin 17-01, which add a new Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) for Twin Falls, Idaho. For more information on the area definitions used in the May 2019 estimates, please see

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at

The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 180,000 to 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2019 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, November 2017, May 2017, and November 2016. The unweighted sample employment of 83 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 71 percent based on establishments and 68 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,746 establishments with a response rate of 76 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

The May 2019 OES estimates are the first set of OES estimates to be based in part on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC. These estimates use a hybrid of the 2010 and 2018 SOC systems. More information on the hybrid classification system is available at

The May 2019 OES estimates are based on the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). More information about the 2017 NAICS is available at

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Portage and Summit Counties.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed information about the OES program is available at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for production occupations, Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2019
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production occupations

28,090 1.4 $18.81 $39,130

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

2,020 1.4 31.50 65,520

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

80 2.7 19.19 39,920

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers

620 1.0 15.63 32,510

Engine and other machine assemblers

330 3.2 24.21 50,350

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

270 1.6 20.23 42,080

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

3,280 1.1 16.07 33,420


510 1.2 13.08 27,210

Butchers and meat cutters

180 0.6 15.50 32,240

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

70 0.2 15.75 32,770

Food batchmakers

320 0.9 13.21 27,470

Food processing workers, all other

(5) (5) 14.19 29,510

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

750 4.4 18.27 38,010

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 19.31 40,170

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

50 0.6 21.37 44,450

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,110 2.5 17.02 35,400

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 20.39 42,410

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

530 3.1 15.95 33,190

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

80 1.2 23.38 48,640


1,870 2.2 18.05 37,540

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

80 2.0 16.40 34,120

Patternmakers, metal and plastic

70 10.2 17.27 35,930

Foundry mold and coremakers

290 7.2 16.78 34,910

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,490 3.9 15.41 32,060

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

480 1.5 16.96 35,270

Tool and die makers

170 1.1 24.61 51,190

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

720 0.8 21.64 45,000

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

150 2.0 21.61 44,940

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 17.70 36,820

Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

180 2.0 15.27 31,770

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

(5) (5) 18.91 39,340

Prepress technicians and workers

100 1.4 21.42 44,550

Printing press operators

660 1.7 17.68 36,770

Print binding and finishing workers

230 2.3 16.86 35,070

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

470 1.0 10.96 22,810

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

60 0.7 11.54 24,010

Sewing machine operators

250 0.8 13.48 28,030

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

40 0.9 15.99 33,260

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

140 0.6 18.09 37,620

Power distributors and dispatchers

180 7.6 41.97 87,300

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

70 1.0 25.71 53,470

Chemical plant and system operators

(5) (5) 27.10 56,370

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

(5) (5) 34.59 71,950

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

(5) (5) 19.05 39,620

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

90 0.8 (5) (5)

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

180 2.7 15.64 32,540

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

730 2.6 16.87 35,080

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 11.96 24,870

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

860 5.3 17.03 35,410

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

(5) (5) 14.03 29,190

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

1,820 1.4 20.02 41,640

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

(5) (5) 24.55 51,060

Dental laboratory technicians

240 3.1 19.40 40,340

Medical appliance technicians

50 1.6 16.34 33,990

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

(5) (5) 19.73 41,040

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

320 1.0 19.74 41,050

Computer numerically controlled tool operators

660 2.0 20.72 43,100

Computer numerically controlled tool programmers

140 2.5 25.07 52,140

Etchers and engravers

(5) (5) 15.33 31,890

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

130 1.3 17.86 37,160

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

320 1.4 19.00 39,520

Helpers--production workers

510 0.8 15.76 32,780

Production workers, all other

760 1.5 16.14 33,560

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.


Last Modified Date: Wednesday, April 29, 2020