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18-424-CHI
Thursday, May 24, 2018

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia — May 2017

Workers in the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division had an average (mean) hourly wage of $25.22 in May 2017, about 4 percent above the nationwide average of $24.34, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 4 of the 22 major occupational groups, including production; construction and extraction; and management. Five groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and computer and mathematical.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; architecture and engineering; and healthcare practitioners and technical. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including sales and related; construction and extraction; and office and administrative support. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division, and measures of statistical significance, May 2017
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Detroit United States Detroit Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $24.34 $25.22* 4

Management

5.1 4.7* 57.65 59.80* 4

Business and financial operations

5.2 5.4 36.70 37.32 2

Computer and mathematical

3.0 3.1 43.18 40.06* -7

Architecture and engineering

1.8 3.9* 41.44 42.32 2

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.6* 35.76 33.91 -5

Community and social service

1.5 1.6* 23.10 21.69* -6

Legal

0.8 0.6* 51.62 47.61* -8

Education, training, and library

6.1 4.9* 26.67 26.01 -2

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 1.3 28.34 24.79* -13

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.0 7.6* 38.83 37.88 -2

Healthcare support

2.9 3.1* 15.05 14.30* -5

Protective service

2.4 2.5 22.69 21.24 -6

Food preparation and serving related

9.3 8.6* 11.88 11.80 -1

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.1 2.4* 13.91 13.43 -3

Personal care and service

3.6 3.0* 13.11 12.74 -3

Sales and related

10.2 8.7* 19.56 19.32 -1

Office and administrative support

15.4 14.1* 18.24 18.47 1

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 13.87 13.72 -1

Construction and extraction

4.0 2.7* 24.01 26.85* 12

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.0 23.02 24.32* 6

Production

6.3 9.5* 18.30 21.26* 16

Transportation and material moving

7.0 7.6* 17.82 19.54 10

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia had 69,590 jobs in production, accounting for 9.5 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.3-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $21.26, significantly above the national wage of $18.30.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the production group included assemblers and fabricators, all other, including team assemblers (24,380); first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (5,150); and cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic (3,670). Among the higher paying jobs in this group were power plant operators with mean hourly wages of $43.63 and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers, $35.13. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($11.38) and pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($11.75). (Detailed data for production occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_19804.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, tool and die makers were employed at 4.5 times the national rate in Detroit, and cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic, at 3.8 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, chemical equipment operators and tenders had a location quotient of 1.0 in Detroit, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Michigan Department of Technology, Management, and Budget.

Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

With the release of the May 2017 estimates, the OES program has replaced 21 detailed occupations found in the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) with 10 new aggregations of those occupations. In addition, selected 4- and 5-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) industries previously published by OES will no longer be published separately. Some of the 4-digit NAICS industries that are no longer being published separately will instead be published as OES-specific industry aggregations. More information about the new occupational and industry aggregations is available at www.bls.gov/oes/changes_2017.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2017 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2017, November 2016, May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, and November 2014. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 72 percent based on establishments and 68 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted sample employment of 82 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division included 3,943 establishments with a response rate of 68 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

The May 2017 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2017 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich. Metropolitan Division includes Wayne County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division, May 2017
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production occupations

69,590 1.5 $21.26 $44,230

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

5,150 1.6 35.13 73,070

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers

(5) (5) 13.25 27,570

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

360 0.9 19.38 40,310

Assemblers and fabricators, all other, including team assemblers

24,380 3.6 21.69 45,110

Bakers

1,010 1.1 12.58 26,170

Butchers and meat cutters

460 0.7 14.26 29,660

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

(5) (5) 13.27 27,610

Slaughterers and meat packers

230 0.6 12.60 26,200

Food batchmakers

930 1.2 14.40 29,950

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

110 0.6 14.08 29,290

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

960 1.3 17.26 35,890

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

120 1.0 30.05 62,510

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

150 0.4 17.57 36,540

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

220 2.3 18.87 39,260

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 25.25 52,520

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

3,670 3.8 21.19 44,080

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 19.52 40,600

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

320 0.8 20.24 42,090

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

170 1.1 19.30 40,150

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 23.48 48,830

Machinists

3,310 1.7 19.12 39,770

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

(5) (5) 21.53 44,780

Model makers, metal and plastic

260 8.8 29.10 60,530

Foundry mold and coremakers

50 0.7 14.89 30,960

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

660 0.8 19.30 40,140

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 22.02 45,790

Tool and die makers

1,700 4.5 29.17 60,680

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

1,140 0.6 20.78 43,230

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

410 2.1 22.96 47,760

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 18.70 38,890

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 18.18 37,820

Prepress technicians and workers

(5) (5) 15.89 33,050

Printing press operators

350 0.4 16.42 34,160

Print binding and finishing workers

80 0.3 15.28 31,770

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

1,490 1.4 11.38 23,670

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

(5) (5) 11.75 24,440

Sewing machine operators

250 0.4 14.13 29,390

Upholsterers

30 0.2 18.02 37,480

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

190 0.4 16.09 33,460

Furniture finishers

(5) (5) 16.24 33,790

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

40 0.1 17.03 35,420

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

70 0.2 15.62 32,490

Power plant operators

320 1.8 43.63 90,750

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

160 0.9 31.47 65,450

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

250 0.4 23.85 49,600

Gas plant operators

(5) (5) 34.80 72,380

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

390 1.0 24.28 50,490

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 17.64 36,690

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

50 0.3 16.30 33,910

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

690 1.0 20.04 41,680

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

260 0.8 13.72 28,530

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 13.28 27,610

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

120 1.3 21.89 45,540

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

3,600 1.3 18.12 37,700

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

(5) (5) 20.24 42,090

Dental laboratory technicians

170 0.9 20.37 42,370

Medical appliance technicians

(5) (5) 21.57 44,860

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

(5) (5) 19.74 41,060

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

1,720 0.9 12.82 26,670

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

330 0.8 15.81 32,890

Painters, transportation equipment

170 0.6 28.67 59,640

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

610 1.3 13.80 28,690

Helpers--production workers

1,770 0.9 13.32 27,710

Production workers, all other

1,340 1.0 18.11 37,670

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Division, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_19804.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, May 24, 2018