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News Release Information

Friday, August 02, 2019


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Sioux Falls — May 2018

Workers in the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.56 in May 2018, about 14 percent below the nationwide average of $24.98, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 18 of the 22 major occupational groups, including computer and mathematical; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and architecture and engineering.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 22 occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical, sales and related, and office and administrative support. Conversely, eight groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including management; education, training, and library; and protective service. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2018
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Sioux Falls United States Sioux Falls Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $24.98 $21.56* -14


5.3 2.9* 58.44 57.00 -2

Business and financial operations

5.3 5.6* 36.98 31.33* -15

Computer and mathematical

3.0 3.3* 44.01 32.52* -26

Architecture and engineering

1.8 0.9* 42.01 34.08* -19

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.5* 36.62 30.58* -16

Community and social service

1.5 1.6 23.69 20.46* -14


0.8 0.5* 52.25 44.97 -14

Education, training, and library

6.1 4.1* 27.22 20.08* -26

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.5 28.74 19.08* -34

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.0 9.3* 39.42 35.58* -10

Healthcare support

2.8 2.8 15.57 14.33* -8

Protective service

2.4 1.4* 23.36 21.97* -6

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 9.2 12.30 11.18* -9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.1 3.3* 14.43 13.13* -9

Personal care and service

3.8 3.2* 13.51 12.81* -5

Sales and related

10.0 11.2* 20.09 21.15* 5

Office and administrative support

15.1 16.1* 18.75 15.91* -15

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 14.49 16.56 14

Construction and extraction

4.1 4.9* 24.62 19.54* -21

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.8 23.54 22.85* -3


6.3 6.6 18.84 16.30* -13

Transportation and material moving

7.1 7.2 18.41 17.11* -7

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Sioux Falls had 14,460 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 9.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.0-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $35.58, significantly below the national wage of $39.42.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group included registered nurses (6,270), pharmacy technicians (670), and licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (660). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were internists, general and obstetricians and gynecologists, with mean hourly wages of $140.08 and $138.58, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were opticians, dispensing ($15.16) and pharmacy technicians ($15.73). (Detailed data for the healthcare practitioners and technical occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, surgeons were employed at 5.8 times the national rate in Sioux Falls, and nurse anesthetists, at 4.3 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses had a location quotient of 0.9 in Sioux Falls, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation.

Area Changes to the May 2018 Occupational Employment Statistics (OES)

OES continues to publish data for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas that cover the full geography of the United States. However, the level of detail available has decreased.

OES no longer publishes data for metropolitan divisions. Data for the 11 large metropolitan areas that contain divisions are now available at the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) or New England City and Town Area (NECTA) level only.

In addition, some smaller nonmetropolitan areas have been combined to form larger nonmetropolitan areas. The May 2018 OES estimates contain data for 134 nonmetropolitan areas, compared with 167 nonmetropolitan areas in the May 2017 estimates.

More information on these area changes is available at

Implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) System

The OES program plans to begin implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system with the May 2019 estimates, to be released by early April of 2020. Because each set of OES estimates is produced by combining three years of survey data, estimates for May 2019 and May 2020 will be based on a combination of survey data collected under the 2010 SOC and data collected under the 2018 SOC, and will use a hybrid of the two classification systems. The May 2021 OES estimates, to be released by early April of 2022, will be the first set of estimates based fully on the 2018 SOC. For more information, please see

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at

The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 180,000 to 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2018 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2018, November 2017, May 2017, November 2016, May 2016, and November 2015. The unweighted sample employment of 83 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 71 percent based on establishments and 68 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,907 establishments with a response rate of 83 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

The May 2018 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2017 NAICS is available at

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Sioux Falls, SD Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Lincoln, McCook, Minnehaha, and Turner Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2018
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

14,460 1.6 $35.58 $74,010


50 1.3 38.11 79,270

Dentists, general

90 0.7 99.82 207,620

Dietitians and nutritionists

80 1.2 26.30 54,700


60 1.5 45.57 94,780


570 1.7 55.21 114,830


40 1.2 (7) (7)

Family and general practitioners

180 1.5 97.49 202,780

Internists, general

140 3.4 140.08 291,360

Obstetricians and gynecologists

30 1.7 138.58 288,240


210 5.8 (7) (7)

Physicians and surgeons, all other

240 0.6 119.30 248,140

Physician assistants

230 1.9 49.75 103,490

Occupational therapists

210 1.6 33.04 68,720

Physical therapists

350 1.5 34.24 71,230

Respiratory therapists

170 1.3 23.69 49,280

Speech-language pathologists

150 0.9 28.31 58,890


80 1.1 43.18 89,820

Registered nurses

6,270 2.0 28.27 58,800

Nurse anesthetists

200 4.3 95.51 198,650

Nurse practitioners

310 1.6 47.19 98,150

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

610 1.8 23.93 49,780

Dental hygienists

270 1.2 31.90 66,350

Diagnostic medical sonographers

180 2.3 28.67 59,640

Nuclear medicine technologists

130 6.2 30.46 63,370

Radiologic technologists

390 1.8 25.36 52,740

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

60 1.6 28.72 59,740

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

210 0.8 18.84 39,190

Pharmacy technicians

670 1.5 15.73 32,730

Surgical technologists

320 2.8 20.41 42,450

Veterinary technologists and technicians

80 0.7 16.29 33,880

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

660 0.9 18.68 38,840

Medical records and health information technicians

420 1.9 20.05 41,710

Opticians, dispensing

170 2.2 15.16 31,520

Health technologists and technicians, all other

80 0.6 25.60 53,240

Occupational health and safety specialists

80 0.9 32.10 66,760

Athletic trainers

80 2.8 (6) 46,210

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Sioux Falls, SD Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.
(7) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.


Last Modified Date: Friday, August 02, 2019