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News Release Information

Tuesday, June 08, 2021

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford — May 2020

Workers in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $31.61 in May 2020, about 17 percent above the nationwide average of $27.07, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner William J. Sibley noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 14 of the 22 major occupational groups, including management; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and educational instruction and library. Only one group had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages: computer and mathematical.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Hartford area employment was more highly concentrated in 10 of the 22 occupational groups, including management, business and financial operations, and educational instruction and library. Eight groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including transportation and material moving, food preparation and serving related, and sales and related. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Hartford metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2020

Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Hartford United States Hartford Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $27.07 $31.61* 17


5.7 8.4* 60.81 67.10* 10

Business and financial operations

6.0 7.1* 38.79 39.39 2

Computer and mathematical

3.3 4.2* 46.53 44.64* -4

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.6* 43.41 44.10 2

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.7* 38.15 40.58* 6

Community and social service

1.6 2.1* 25.09 28.53* 14


0.8 1.2* 54.00 55.85 3

Educational instruction and library

6.1 7.0* 28.75 33.25* 16

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.3 30.96 36.52* 18

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.2 6.7* 41.30 45.72* 11

Healthcare support

4.6 5.3* 15.50 16.55* 7

Protective service

2.4 1.9* 25.11 26.81 7

Food preparation and serving related

8.1 6.2* 13.30 15.67* 18

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.9 2.7 15.75 19.19* 22

Personal care and service

1.9 2.0 15.68 17.10* 9

Sales and related

9.4 7.8* 22.00 22.62 3

Office and administrative support

13.3 13.9* 20.38 23.20* 14

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 16.02 17.54 9

Construction and extraction

4.3 2.7* 25.93 29.96* 16

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.2* 25.17 27.52* 9


6.1 6.1 20.08 23.97* 19

Transportation and material moving

8.7 6.8* 19.08 18.90 -1

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—management—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Hartford had 46,160 jobs in management, accounting for 8.4 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.7-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $67.10, significantly above the national wage of $60.81.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the management group included general and operations managers (10,770), financial managers (7,440), and computer and information systems managers (4,540). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were compensation and benefits managers and education administrators postsecondary, with mean hourly wages of $85.72 and $78.92, respectively. (See chart 1.) At the lower end of the wage scale were social and community service managers ($31.79) and education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare ($33.64). (Detailed data for the management occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations go to .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Hartford area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the management group. For instance, financial managers and purchasing managers were employed at 2.9 times the national rate in Hartford. Administrative services and facilities managers had a location quotient of 1.1 in Hartford, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Connecticut Department of Labor.

Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Name Change

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program has changed its name to Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) to better reflect the range of data available from the program. Data released on or after March 31, 2021, will reflect the new program name. Webpages, publications, and other materials associated with previous data releases will retain the Occupational Employment Statistics name.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on May 2020 Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics

Due to features of the OEWS methodology, the May 2020 OEWS estimates do not fully reflect the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The May 2020 OEWS estimates are based on survey panels collected for May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, and November 2017. Because 5 of the 6 survey panels used to produce the estimates date from before the COVID-19 pandemic, only the most recent (May 2020) survey panel reflects changes in occupational proportions related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The May 2020 OEWS employment estimates are benchmarked to the average of May 2020 and November 2019 employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). Although the May 2020 QCEW data reflect the early employment effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the November 2019 QCEW employment data precede the pandemic, and therefore do not reflect its impact.

In addition, as a result of the pandemic, response rates for the November 2019 and May 2020 panels were lower in some areas. Lower response rates may negatively affect data availability and data quality. More information is available at

Implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) System

With the May 2019 estimates, the OEWS program began implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Because the May 2019 and May 2020 estimates are based on a combination of survey data collected using the 2010 SOC and survey data collected using the 2018 SOC, these estimates use a hybrid of the two classification systems that contains some combinations of occupations that are not found in either the 2010 or 2018 SOC. This is the second and final year that the hybrid occupational structure will be used. The May 2021 estimates, to be published in Spring 2022, will be the first OEWS estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC. For more information on the occupational classification system used in the May 2019 and May 2020 estimates, please see and

Upcoming Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics Methodology

With the May 2021 estimates, to be released in Spring 2022, the OEWS program plans to begin using a new estimation methodology. The new model-based methodology, called MB3, has advantages over the existing methodology, as described in the Monthly Labor Review article at OEWS estimates for the years 2015-2018 were recalculated using the new estimation methodology and are available as research estimates at

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels; and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 180,000 to 185,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2020 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, and November 2017. The unweighted sampled employment of 83 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 56 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 69 percent based on establishments and 66 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,554 establishments with a response rate of 62 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Andover town; Ashford town; Avon town; Barkhamsted town; Berlin town; Bloomfield town; Bolton town; Bristol city; Burlington town; Canton town; Chaplin town; Colchester town; Columbia town; Coventry town; Cromwell town; East Granby town; East Haddam town; East Hampton town; East Hartford town; Ellington town; Farmington town; Glastonbury town; Granby town; Haddam town; Hartford city; Hartland town; Harwinton town; Hebron town; Lebanon town; Manchester town; Mansfield town; Marlborough town; Middletown city; New Britain city; New Hartford town; Newington town; Plainville town; Plymouth town; Portland town; Rocky Hill town; Scotland town; Simsbury town; South Windsor town; Southington town; Stafford town; Thomaston town; Tolland town; Union town; Vernon town; West Hartford town; Wethersfield town; Willington town; Windham town; Windsor town.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for management occupations, Hartford metropolitan area, May 2020
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Management occupations

46,160 1.5 $67.10 $139,560

Chief executives

200 0.3 114.58 238,330

General and operations managers

10,770 1.2 75.55 157,130


240 1.2 (6) 42,870

Advertising and promotions managers

40 0.5 54.95 114,300

Marketing managers

1,930 1.8 67.64 140,690

Sales managers

2,810 1.8 68.98 143,480

Public relations and fundraising managers

530 1.7 61.27 127,450

Administrative services and facilities managers

1,340 1.1 50.86 105,780

Computer and information systems managers

4,540 2.5 69.74 145,070

Financial managers

7,440 2.9 73.73 153,350

Industrial production managers

1,040 1.5 67.61 140,620

Purchasing managers

800 2.9 58.26 121,180

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

390 0.7 46.52 96,760

Compensation and benefits managers

180 2.7 85.72 178,300

Human resources managers

1,110 1.8 67.45 140,300

Training and development managers

220 1.5 57.71 120,040

Construction managers

990 0.9 51.75 107,640

Education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare

180 1.0 33.64 69,970

Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary

1,330 1.3 (6) 126,840

Education administrators, postsecondary

750 1.4 78.92 164,160

Education administrators, all other

160 0.9 40.99 85,260

Architectural and engineering managers

2,070 2.7 64.44 134,040

Food service managers

280 0.4 35.15 73,120

Medical and health services managers

2,510 1.6 62.08 129,130

Natural sciences managers

160 0.5 70.16 145,940

Postmasters and mail superintendents

60 1.1 40.49 84,220

Property, real estate, and community association managers

690 0.8 38.26 79,590

Social and community service managers

1,110 1.8 31.79 66,130

Emergency management directors

90 2.2 47.86 99,550

Funeral home managers

(5) (5) 38.83 80,760

Personal service managers, all other; entertainment and recreation managers, except gambling; and managers, all other

2,130 1.2 65.38 135,980

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

  Chart 1. Hourly mean wages for higher paying management occupations in the Hartford metropolitian area, May 2020


Last Modified Date: Tuesday, June 08, 2021