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Employer Costs for Employee Compensation Relative Standard Errors

Because the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation is a sample survey, it is subject to sampling errors. Sampling errors are differences that occur between the results computed from a sample of observations and those computed from all observations in the population. The estimates derived from different samples selected using the same sample design may differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is the standard error. The relative standard error is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost. It can be used to measure the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the expected result of all possible samples. The chances are about 68 out of 100 that an estimate from the survey differs from a complete population figure by less than the standard error. The chances are about 90 out of 100 that this difference would be less than 1.6 times the standard error. Footnotes have been added for estimates with relative standard errors greater than 30 percent.

For a more detailed explanation of relative standard errors, see Measuring Trends in the Structure and Levels of Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, Compensation and Working Conditions, Summer 1997. For a detailed explanation of how to use standard error data to analyze differences in year-to-year changes, see Analyzing Year-to-Year Changes in Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, Compensation and Working Conditions, Spring 1998. This article supplements an article from the Summer 1997 issue of Compensation and Working Conditions, Explaining the Differential Growth Rates of the ECI and ECEC, which examined how differences in the construction of these measures contribute to differing trends.

Standard errors relate to differences that occur from sampling errors, but not from nonsampling errors. Sampling errors are differences between the results computed from a sample of observations and those computed from all observations in the population. Nonsampling errors are not measured and include survey nonresponse and data collection and processing errors. Survey nonresponse is when sample members are unwilling or unable to participate in the survey. Data collection errors include provision of inaccurate data by respondents and definitional difficulties. Processing errors include errors in recording, coding, and entering data. Although nonsampling errors are not measured, BLS quality assurance programs contain procedures for reducing such errors. These procedures include data collection reinterviews, observed interviews, computer data edits, and systematic review of reports on which data are recorded. Extensive field economist training also is conducted to maintain high data collection standards.

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Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [Dec. 2020]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Relative
standard error
Cost ($) Relative
standard error
Cost ($) Relative
standard error

Total compensation(2)

38.60 1.0 36.23 1.1 53.47 0.8

Wages and salaries

26.53 0.9 25.48 1.1 33.08 0.7

Total benefits

12.07 1.2 10.74 1.5 20.39 1.0

Paid leave

2.87 1.7 2.69 2.1 4.04 1.7

Vacation

1.40 2.2 1.38 2.5 1.52 2.6

Holiday

0.85 1.4 0.80 1.7 1.14 2.2

Sick

0.46 1.6 0.37 2.1 1.03 1.3

Personal

0.17 2.2 0.14 2.7 0.35 3.9

Supplemental pay

1.15 2.6 1.25 2.8 0.54 3.2

Overtime and premium(3)

0.32 1.7 0.33 1.9 0.23 3.5

Shift differentials

0.07 5.7 0.08 6.2 0.05 6.6

Nonproduction bonuses

0.76 3.7 0.84 3.9 0.25 4.5

Insurance

3.28 1.2 2.81 1.6 6.23 1.0

Life

0.05 2.0 0.04 2.3 0.07 3.3

Health

3.12 1.3 2.65 1.6 6.07 1.0

Short-term disability

0.07 2.4 0.07 2.5 0.03 3.6

Long-term disability

0.05 2.2 0.04 2.6 0.05 3.3

Retirement and savings

1.99 1.9 1.25 2.7 6.65 1.4

Defined benefit

1.21 2.5 0.42 4.9 6.18 1.5

Defined contribution

0.78 2.4 0.82 2.6 0.47 4.9

Legally Required benefits

2.77 0.7 2.75 0.8 2.94 1.2

Social Security and Medicare

2.16 0.9 2.14 1.0 2.29 1.2

Social Security(4)

1.72 0.9 1.71 1.0 1.75 1.4

Medicare

0.44 1.0 0.42 1.1 0.54 0.8

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.9 0.03 0.9 (5)- (5)-

State unemployment insurance

0.13 1.7 0.14 1.6 0.06 8.4

Workers' compensation

0.47 1.1 0.45 1.3 0.58 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.

Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [Dec. 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

Civilian workers(3)

38.60 1.0 26.53 0.9 12.07 1.2 2.87 1.7 1.15 2.6 3.28 1.2 1.99 1.9 2.77 0.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

62.29 0.9 42.47 0.9 19.82 1.0 5.46 1.4 1.82 4.4 5.00 1.2 3.70 1.8 3.85 0.7

Management, business and financial

72.43 1.1 49.58 1.2 22.85 1.5 7.03 1.7 2.98 7.6 4.97 1.7 3.45 2.6 4.43 1.0

Professional and related

57.71 1.3 39.27 1.2 18.45 1.5 4.75 2.2 1.29 4.9 5.01 1.6 3.81 2.4 3.59 1.1

Teachers(4)

65.04 2.3 44.20 2.2 20.84 2.6 3.42 3.7 0.25 6.2 6.35 2.7 7.45 3.3 3.37 2.6

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

63.78 2.9 42.35 2.7 21.43 3.5 2.95 4.3 0.21 6.5 6.91 3.7 8.30 4.5 3.06 2.9

Registered nurses

59.30 1.3 38.58 1.4 20.72 1.9 6.07 3.3 2.20 5.1 5.47 2.7 3.02 5.1 3.96 1.6

Sales and office

28.33 1.2 19.98 1.2 8.35 1.5 1.91 1.9 0.76 4.3 2.63 2.1 1.00 3.1 2.06 0.9

Sales and related

27.34 2.6 20.78 2.7 6.56 2.8 1.55 4.1 0.80 9.0 1.54 3.2 0.59 5.4 2.08 2.2

Office and administrative support

28.98 1.1 19.45 0.9 9.53 1.5 2.14 1.5 0.73 3.2 3.35 2.0 1.26 3.2 2.05 1.0

Service

20.71 1.5 14.84 1.3 5.87 2.6 1.10 3.4 0.44 4.2 1.62 4.0 0.94 5.6 1.76 1.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

38.97 1.7 26.12 1.5 12.85 2.5 2.22 2.9 1.38 2.9 3.38 3.1 2.33 6.3 3.55 1.2

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

39.92 2.5 26.40 2.1 13.51 3.6 1.84 4.9 1.46 4.4 3.49 4.6 2.87 8.6 3.85 1.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair

37.91 2.2 25.80 1.8 12.11 3.3 2.64 3.5 1.30 3.6 3.25 4.2 1.71 6.3 3.21 1.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

30.70 2.1 20.43 1.9 10.27 2.6 1.90 3.9 1.30 4.0 3.10 2.8 1.29 6.8 2.68 1.5

Production

28.89 1.5 19.25 1.3 9.63 2.3 1.79 2.7 1.43 4.2 3.09 3.0 0.90 5.4 2.42 1.1

Transportation and material moving

32.27 3.7 21.45 3.3 10.83 4.8 1.99 6.7 1.20 7.3 3.11 5.1 1.63 9.7 2.90 2.6

Industry group

Education and health services

43.57 2.2 29.54 2.1 14.03 2.4 3.38 3.7 0.67 5.3 4.22 2.3 3.02 3.6 2.74 1.9

Educational services

55.53 0.8 36.69 0.8 18.84 1.1 3.58 1.7 0.28 5.7 5.94 1.4 6.07 1.9 2.97 1.5

Elementary and secondary schools

54.29 1.2 35.47 1.1 18.82 1.8 2.84 2.6 0.22 5.3 6.23 2.1 6.79 2.3 2.74 1.5

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

61.42 1.7 40.60 1.8 20.82 1.8 5.36 2.4 0.39 8.9 6.05 2.4 5.58 3.4 3.44 2.1

Health care and social assistance

36.87 3.8 25.54 3.7 11.33 4.3 3.27 5.9 0.89 6.1 3.26 3.8 1.31 7.1 2.61 3.0

Hospitals

51.61 1.8 33.47 1.7 18.14 2.5 5.07 2.9 1.81 4.5 5.32 3.3 2.64 6.9 3.31 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(4) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.

Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [Dec. 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

State and local government workers

53.47 0.8 33.08 0.7 20.39 1.0 4.04 1.7 0.54 3.2 6.23 1.0 6.65 1.4 2.94 1.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

64.02 1.0 41.02 1.0 23.00 1.2 4.55 2.2 0.42 4.5 6.79 1.3 7.94 1.5 3.30 1.6

Professional and related

62.20 1.1 40.17 1.1 22.03 1.3 4.05 2.4 0.40 4.8 6.75 1.4 7.66 1.6 3.19 1.6

Teachers(3)

70.59 1.2 46.92 1.3 23.67 1.6 3.52 3.3 0.27 6.0 7.29 1.6 9.22 1.8 3.38 2.0

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

70.13 1.2 45.98 1.2 24.15 1.6 3.14 3.3 0.24 6.1 7.77 2.2 9.80 2.0 3.19 2.3

Sales and office

37.14 1.4 21.25 1.5 15.89 1.7 3.26 2.1 0.34 7.2 5.88 2.0 4.22 2.9 2.20 1.8

Office and administrative support

37.29 1.5 21.29 1.5 16.00 1.8 3.27 2.0 0.34 7.3 5.95 2.0 4.24 2.9 2.20 1.8

Service

39.53 2.6 22.47 2.2 17.06 3.2 3.35 3.6 0.87 5.5 4.97 2.0 5.43 5.5 2.44 2.4

Industry group

Education and health services

55.77 0.9 35.80 0.8 19.97 1.2 3.68 2.5 0.37 4.3 6.36 1.3 6.70 1.5 2.86 1.5

Educational services

57.31 0.8 37.02 0.7 20.29 1.3 3.52 2.6 0.27 4.7 6.49 1.3 7.15 1.5 2.86 1.6

Elementary and secondary schools

55.69 1.0 36.02 0.9 19.67 1.6 2.87 3.1 0.23 4.7 6.54 1.9 7.32 1.8 2.71 1.5

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

61.69 1.9 39.73 2.1 21.96 2.1 5.31 3.3 0.37 12.5 6.34 3.0 6.68 4.0 3.25 2.9

Health care and social assistance

47.09 4.0 28.91 4.2 18.18 4.1 4.59 6.1 0.92 7.3 5.65 4.0 4.17 6.2 2.86 4.7

Hospitals

49.83 4.7 31.14 4.9 18.69 4.9 4.87 7.1 1.07 8.1 5.65 4.8 4.10 9.3 3.00 6.0

Public administration

51.54 1.7 29.54 1.7 22.00 1.8 4.86 2.7 0.81 4.5 6.20 1.5 7.02 3.0 3.11 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.

Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [Dec. 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

Private industry workers

36.23 1.1 25.48 1.1 10.74 1.5 2.69 2.1 1.25 2.8 2.81 1.6 1.25 2.7 2.75 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

61.72 1.1 42.95 1.1 18.77 1.4 5.76 1.6 2.28 4.8 4.41 1.7 2.30 2.5 4.03 0.9

Management, business, and financial

72.15 1.2 50.07 1.3 22.09 1.6 6.98 1.9 3.29 7.9 4.70 1.8 2.63 3.1 4.49 0.9

Professional and related

55.73 1.8 38.87 1.7 16.86 2.1 5.06 2.6 1.69 5.2 4.24 2.4 2.11 3.8 3.76 1.4

Sales and office

27.56 1.3 19.87 1.3 7.69 1.7 1.79 2.2 0.79 4.4 2.34 2.3 0.71 4.2 2.05 1.0

Sales and related

27.31 2.6 20.78 2.7 6.53 2.8 1.54 4.1 0.81 9.0 1.53 3.1 0.57 5.3 2.08 2.2

Office and administrative support

27.74 1.2 19.18 1.0 8.56 1.8 1.97 1.9 0.78 3.4 2.96 2.5 0.82 4.9 2.03 1.1

Service

17.88 2.0 13.70 1.6 4.18 3.6 0.76 5.1 0.38 5.2 1.12 6.7 0.26 6.3 1.66 1.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

38.43 1.9 26.06 1.6 12.37 2.7 2.07 3.3 1.42 3.1 3.17 3.5 2.12 7.3 3.60 1.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

39.50 2.7 26.42 2.3 13.09 3.8 1.67 5.6 1.52 4.5 3.27 4.8 2.71 9.6 3.92 1.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

37.24 2.4 25.66 2.0 11.58 3.7 2.52 3.9 1.32 3.8 3.05 5.0 1.46 7.9 3.23 1.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

30.25 2.2 20.28 2.0 9.96 2.7 1.85 4.1 1.32 4.1 2.98 2.9 1.14 7.6 2.67 1.6

Production

28.58 1.5 19.12 1.3 9.46 2.4 1.75 2.8 1.43 4.2 3.04 3.2 0.83 5.9 2.42 1.1

Transportation and material moving

31.76 3.9 21.35 3.4 10.41 5.1 1.95 7.2 1.22 7.5 2.92 5.6 1.43 11.5 2.90 2.7

Industry group

Goods-producing(3)

40.32 1.5 27.22 1.7 13.09 1.5 2.61 2.1 1.75 1.9 3.61 1.7 1.80 4.9 3.33 1.3

Construction

40.61 2.5 28.29 2.5 12.32 3.2 1.85 4.6 1.44 4.7 3.06 4.2 2.12 9.1 3.86 1.7

Manufacturing

40.02 1.7 26.56 1.9 13.46 2.0 3.03 2.5 1.89 3.4 3.91 2.0 1.61 7.3 3.01 1.2

Aircraft manufacturing

75.58 3.1 47.07 3.3 28.51 2.9 7.19 4.7 4.01 4.0 7.29 2.2 5.19 5.9 4.82 2.4

Service-providing(4)

35.39 1.4 25.13 1.2 10.27 1.8 2.70 2.5 1.15 3.4 2.65 2.0 1.13 3.4 2.63 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

30.66 2.3 21.72 2.1 8.94 3.1 2.02 3.8 0.94 5.1 2.38 3.3 1.14 7.0 2.46 1.8

Wholesale trade

41.21 2.9 29.18 2.6 12.02 4.1 3.19 5.0 1.50 10.7 2.97 4.7 1.32 7.8 3.04 2.0

Retail trade

21.65 1.7 16.45 1.6 5.20 2.2 1.09 4.1 0.53 3.8 1.34 2.6 0.42 3.8 1.83 1.3

Transportation and warehousing

40.24 5.4 26.45 5.1 13.78 6.3 2.94 8.3 1.35 11.7 4.00 5.9 2.21 11.9 3.28 4.4

Utilities

67.62 2.0 41.64 2.2 25.98 2.6 5.99 2.8 2.27 8.1 6.31 3.6 6.64 6.0 4.77 2.2

Information

56.03 4.7 37.13 4.1 18.90 6.4 5.10 5.6 2.88 16.4 4.89 4.7 2.37 14.4 3.66 3.5

Financial activities

50.85 1.7 33.93 1.7 16.92 2.2 4.53 2.6 3.01 8.2 4.42 2.4 1.75 4.1 3.21 1.4

Financial and insurance

56.47 1.5 37.25 1.6 19.22 2.1 5.18 2.3 3.65 9.0 4.89 1.4 2.09 3.4 3.41 1.3

Credit intermediation and related activities

51.16 2.1 33.95 2.0 17.21 3.1 4.74 2.3 2.88 12.0 4.70 2.0 1.76 3.8 3.13 1.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

51.36 2.2 33.88 2.0 17.48 2.6 4.56 2.5 2.79 5.4 4.76 2.2 2.09 5.3 3.27 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

32.67 6.0 23.18 5.3 9.50 8.3 2.45 10.4 0.93 11.6 2.91 10.8 0.65 14.5 2.56 4.6

Professional and business services

44.39 3.1 31.94 3.0 12.45 3.9 3.59 4.8 1.54 6.9 2.86 4.6 1.28 7.6 3.18 2.5

Professional and technical services

58.74 3.4 42.06 3.2 16.68 4.2 5.21 4.9 1.95 11.5 3.79 4.0 1.80 7.4 3.93 2.8

Administrative and waste services

24.05 3.8 18.27 3.0 5.79 7.4 1.19 10.6 0.63 12.4 1.42 9.6 0.37 21.5 2.17 2.7

Education and health services

37.55 3.6 26.45 3.4 11.10 4.1 3.23 5.5 0.82 6.4 3.16 3.7 1.20 7.0 2.67 2.9

Educational services

49.17 3.4 35.49 3.4 13.68 4.5 3.81 7.2 0.33 19.2 3.96 4.7 2.24 5.9 3.34 3.2

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools

60.85 2.4 42.45 2.6 18.40 2.3 5.46 3.0 0.44 9.9 5.43 2.5 3.25 3.4 3.83 2.5

Health care and social assistance

36.00 4.2 25.25 4.0 10.75 4.8 3.16 6.3 0.89 6.7 3.06 4.3 1.07 8.8 2.59 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

15.46 2.5 12.46 2.1 3.00 4.9 0.44 8.1 0.22 13.6 0.66 11.8 0.14 13.3 1.54 2.5

Accommodation and food services

14.84 3.4 11.96 2.8 2.88 6.6 0.39 12.2 0.22 15.6 0.63 13.7 0.14 18.6 1.50 3.0

Other services

29.54 5.6 21.97 5.2 7.57 8.1 1.87 11.4 0.50 11.1 1.76 11.7 1.03 27.3 2.40 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [Dec. 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

Union

All workers

50.90 2.8 30.25 2.9 20.65 3.0 3.64 4.6 1.86 6.0 6.99 2.2 4.41 5.7 3.75 2.5

Goods-producing(3)

53.19 2.7 30.40 2.7 22.79 3.4 2.91 5.1 2.47 6.7 7.64 3.4 5.53 7.7 4.24 3.2

Service-providing(4)

49.85 4.0 30.18 4.0 19.68 4.1 3.97 6.0 1.58 8.7 6.70 2.9 3.90 7.9 3.53 3.3

Nonunion

All workers

34.99 1.3 25.08 1.2 9.91 1.6 2.61 2.2 1.20 2.9 2.46 1.8 0.98 2.9 2.66 0.9

Goods-producing(3)

38.16 1.6 26.69 1.8 11.47 1.5 2.56 2.3 1.63 2.2 2.93 1.8 1.17 4.5 3.18 1.2

Service-providing(4)

34.40 1.5 24.78 1.3 9.62 2.0 2.62 2.6 1.12 3.5 2.38 2.2 0.94 3.5 2.57 1.1

Full-time

All workers

42.02 1.0 28.99 1.0 13.03 1.2 3.36 1.7 1.56 2.7 3.50 1.3 1.56 2.5 3.05 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

64.20 1.1 44.36 1.1 19.84 1.3 6.11 1.5 2.44 5.0 4.73 1.3 2.45 2.6 4.12 0.9

Management, business, and financial

73.19 1.3 50.70 1.3 22.50 1.6 7.13 2.0 3.35 7.9 4.80 1.7 2.69 3.2 4.53 1.0

Professional and related

58.25 1.7 40.16 1.7 18.09 2.0 5.43 2.5 1.84 5.6 4.68 1.8 2.29 3.9 3.84 1.5

Sales and office

32.20 1.4 22.63 1.4 9.57 1.6 2.34 1.9 1.02 4.7 3.00 1.9 0.92 4.0 2.28 1.2

Sales and related

36.91 2.8 27.28 3.1 9.63 2.9 2.51 3.6 1.25 10.4 2.38 2.8 0.90 6.0 2.59 2.7

Office and administrative support

29.74 1.1 20.20 1.0 9.54 1.6 2.26 1.7 0.90 3.6 3.33 2.0 0.93 4.8 2.12 1.1

Service

21.68 1.7 15.70 1.6 5.98 2.6 1.24 3.9 0.60 4.8 1.89 4.2 0.43 6.0 1.82 1.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

39.03 1.9 26.36 1.6 12.66 2.7 2.14 3.2 1.46 3.2 3.25 3.3 2.19 7.6 3.63 1.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

39.87 2.7 26.61 2.3 13.26 3.7 1.71 5.5 1.54 4.7 3.30 4.3 2.76 9.9 3.94 1.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

38.08 2.4 26.09 1.9 11.99 3.6 2.62 3.7 1.37 3.5 3.20 4.9 1.53 7.7 3.27 1.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

32.29 2.3 21.36 2.1 10.92 2.7 2.12 4.1 1.47 3.8 3.33 2.6 1.27 8.1 2.74 1.7

Production

29.65 1.3 19.64 1.3 10.01 2.0 1.87 2.4 1.53 4.0 3.26 2.6 0.89 5.5 2.47 1.1

Transportation and material moving

35.24 4.3 23.29 3.9 11.95 5.2 2.40 7.4 1.41 7.6 3.40 5.0 1.70 12.4 3.04 3.1

Industry group

Goods-producing(3)

40.77 1.5 27.47 1.6 13.30 1.4 2.67 2.0 1.78 1.8 3.67 1.4 1.83 4.8 3.35 1.2

Construction

41.14 2.5 28.55 2.5 12.59 3.2 1.90 4.5 1.48 4.7 3.15 4.1 2.18 9.2 3.88 1.6

Manufacturing

40.43 1.6 26.80 1.8 13.63 1.7 3.09 2.3 1.91 3.2 3.96 1.8 1.63 6.9 3.03 1.1

Service-providing(4)

42.37 1.2 29.42 1.1 12.95 1.6 3.55 2.0 1.49 3.5 3.45 1.7 1.48 3.0 2.97 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

37.35 2.2 25.81 2.1 11.54 2.6 2.80 3.4 1.26 5.2 3.11 2.8 1.53 6.9 2.84 1.9

Information

61.32 3.7 40.37 3.3 20.96 5.3 5.64 4.2 3.26 15.5 5.44 3.4 2.67 13.4 3.94 2.6

Financial activities

52.85 1.6 35.10 1.6 17.76 2.1 4.78 2.2 3.18 8.6 4.65 1.9 1.85 3.7 3.30 1.4

Professional and business services

49.02 2.6 34.93 2.5 14.09 3.3 4.15 4.5 1.75 7.3 3.30 3.3 1.50 6.6 3.39 2.2

Education and health services

40.42 3.4 27.88 3.3 12.54 3.8 3.71 5.1 0.88 7.0 3.79 3.3 1.39 6.5 2.76 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

21.15 2.9 16.09 2.4 5.07 5.5 1.04 8.3 0.47 13.7 1.40 9.3 0.32 13.0 1.84 2.6

Other services

34.56 6.7 24.85 6.5 9.71 8.9 2.54 11.9 0.65 13.1 2.42 11.6 1.45 27.4 2.64 4.4

Part-time

All workers

19.16 2.2 15.14 2.0 4.02 3.5 0.71 6.8 0.35 5.1 0.80 6.6 0.32 7.3 1.84 1.9

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

41.40 4.7 31.43 4.6 9.97 5.9 2.91 8.7 0.93 8.6 1.78 10.7 1.05 10.2 3.30 4.1

Professional and related

42.07 4.9 31.84 4.8 10.23 6.2 3.05 8.8 0.89 8.6 1.85 11.5 1.10 10.3 3.34 4.4

Sales and office

16.91 1.1 13.53 0.7 3.38 3.3 0.51 4.8 0.27 6.9 0.83 9.1 0.25 7.8 1.53 1.0

Sales and related

15.22 1.4 12.60 1.2 2.62 2.9 0.33 4.7 0.24 7.2 0.45 11.3 0.16 7.3 1.44 1.6

Office and administrative support

19.73 2.5 15.08 1.9 4.65 6.1 0.82 6.4 0.31 12.8 1.45 13.6 0.40 10.4 1.67 2.3

Service

14.36 2.8 11.84 2.3 2.52 6.5 0.31 12.3 0.18 10.8 0.40 22.2 0.11 17.1 1.51 2.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

20.32 3.2 15.05 2.6 5.28 6.4 0.57 7.9 0.59 11.7 1.27 13.9 0.52 14.8 2.33 2.6

Transportation and material moving

21.46 3.9 15.59 3.1 5.87 8.1 0.61 10.3 0.67 13.3 1.48 16.8 0.63 16.9 2.48 3.0

Industry group

Service-providing(4)

19.06 2.3 15.08 2.0 3.98 3.5 0.72 6.9 0.34 5.2 0.79 6.4 0.31 7.1 1.82 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.81 2.2 13.85 1.5 3.95 4.9 0.52 5.9 0.33 6.7 0.99 9.2 0.39 9.6 1.72 2.0

Professional and business services

20.21 5.5 16.33 4.9 3.89 8.5 0.66 15.3 0.47 19.0 0.54 19.6 0.13 23.4 2.10 5.1

Education and health services

29.38 6.4 22.39 6.2 6.99 7.8 1.88 12.0 0.64 7.8 1.36 12.5 0.67 12.6 2.44 5.8

Leisure and hospitality

12.66 2.8 10.68 2.4 1.99 6.5 0.15 15.5 0.10 23.5 0.29 28.1 0.06 29.1 1.39 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [Dec. 2020]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

All workers

1-99 workers

29.99 1.4 22.21 1.3 7.78 1.9 1.88 2.4 0.75 4.8 1.95 2.6 0.74 4.9 2.46 1.1

1-49 workers

29.05 2.0 21.75 1.8 7.31 2.7 1.77 3.4 0.71 6.3 1.77 3.5 0.64 6.6 2.42 1.5

50-99 workers

33.46 2.8 23.92 2.7 9.55 3.4 2.31 5.1 0.91 4.7 2.63 3.8 1.08 7.8 2.62 2.0

100 workers or more

44.23 1.5 29.68 1.5 14.55 1.7 3.72 2.4 1.89 4.0 3.92 1.6 1.90 3.3 3.11 1.1

100-499 workers

37.14 2.3 25.80 2.3 11.34 2.5 2.85 3.6 1.28 3.3 3.13 2.6 1.29 4.6 2.80 1.6

500 workers or more

53.83 1.9 34.94 1.9 18.88 2.2 4.91 2.8 2.73 6.0 4.99 2.0 2.72 4.0 3.54 1.6

Goods-producing(3)

1-99 workers

34.82 2.6 24.68 2.5 10.13 3.3 1.78 3.5 1.21 2.9 2.64 4.7 1.33 12.2 3.18 1.6

1-49 workers

33.00 2.6 23.74 2.2 9.26 4.4 1.62 4.3 1.07 5.2 2.28 6.8 1.14 16.5 3.15 1.8

50-99 workers

39.80 4.7 27.27 5.6 12.52 4.1 2.21 7.0 1.59 6.0 3.62 4.8 1.84 13.3 3.26 3.8

100 workers or more

45.51 2.1 29.62 2.3 15.89 1.9 3.40 3.0 2.26 3.1 4.52 1.6 2.24 4.7 3.47 1.8

100-499 workers

42.38 2.5 28.11 2.8 14.27 2.2 2.93 4.0 1.89 3.9 4.09 2.8 1.95 6.7 3.41 2.0

500 workers or more

50.61 3.2 32.07 3.6 18.53 3.0 4.16 4.6 2.86 6.3 5.24 2.6 2.71 5.5 3.57 2.9

Service-providing(4)

1-99 workers

29.17 1.6 21.79 1.5 7.38 2.2 1.90 2.7 0.67 6.0 1.84 3.0 0.64 4.8 2.34 1.2

1-49 workers

28.43 2.3 21.43 2.1 7.00 3.1 1.79 3.8 0.65 7.7 1.69 4.1 0.57 6.7 2.30 1.7

50-99 workers

32.04 3.5 23.16 3.2 8.88 4.6 2.33 6.2 0.76 6.8 2.41 5.1 0.90 10.3 2.47 2.4

100 workers or more

43.91 1.8 29.70 1.7 14.21 2.2 3.80 2.8 1.80 5.1 3.77 2.0 1.81 4.1 3.02 1.4

100-499 workers

35.71 2.9 25.16 2.9 10.54 3.3 2.82 4.5 1.11 4.4 2.87 3.5 1.11 6.1 2.63 2.1

500 workers or more

54.52 2.2 35.57 2.1 18.96 2.6 5.08 3.1 2.70 7.3 4.93 2.4 2.72 4.8 3.53 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [Dec. 2020]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3)

Northeast

40.62 1.4 27.89 1.3 12.72 1.8 3.20 3.2 1.48 6.8 3.35 2.6 1.56 4.8 3.14 0.9

New England

40.63 2.9 28.23 2.9 12.40 2.9 3.29 6.4 1.26 6.4 3.26 3.8 1.49 5.3 3.10 1.9

Middle Atlantic

40.61 1.8 27.77 1.5 12.84 2.4 3.16 3.7 1.55 8.7 3.39 3.2 1.59 6.1 3.15 1.2

South

32.34 2.3 23.39 2.0 8.95 3.2 2.32 4.1 1.08 5.4 2.18 3.3 0.98 5.5 2.39 1.8

South Atlantic

34.00 3.2 24.53 2.9 9.47 4.2 2.54 5.6 1.05 7.1 2.28 4.3 1.07 5.9 2.53 2.2

East South Central

29.55 1.8 21.30 1.4 8.25 3.4 2.08 2.5 0.85 3.4 2.20 7.9 0.96 8.2 2.16 2.1

West South Central

30.68 4.8 22.35 4.0 8.34 7.2 2.03 8.3 1.25 11.2 1.97 6.8 0.83 15.8 2.26 4.2

Midwest

34.76 2.7 24.01 2.7 10.75 3.0 2.50 5.6 1.30 2.8 3.05 2.9 1.31 5.7 2.59 1.6

East North Central

35.70 3.5 24.63 3.5 11.07 3.7 2.56 7.7 1.38 2.8 3.05 3.1 1.45 6.9 2.64 2.0

West North Central

32.82 3.4 22.73 3.2 10.08 4.3 2.39 5.6 1.13 6.5 3.03 6.1 1.03 8.6 2.50 2.7

West

40.19 2.0 28.28 1.9 11.91 2.5 3.04 3.4 1.28 6.3 3.12 2.6 1.33 4.9 3.14 1.5

Mountain

33.80 2.4 23.61 2.2 10.19 3.1 2.38 4.4 1.25 6.3 2.85 5.4 1.16 6.7 2.55 1.6

Pacific

42.81 2.5 30.19 2.4 12.62 3.3 3.31 4.4 1.29 8.4 3.24 3.2 1.40 6.2 3.38 1.9

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.

 

Last Modified Date: March 18, 2021