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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

23-1023 Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates

Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes or sentencing guidelines. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. May perform wedding ceremonies.


National estimates for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates
Industry profile for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates
Geographic profile for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates

National estimates for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
27,790 0.7 % $ 68.52 $ 142,520 0.9 %

Percentile wage estimates for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 22.35 $ 39.01 $ 71.17 $ 82.32 (5)
Annual Wage (2) $ 46,490 $ 81,150 $ 148,030 $ 171,230 (5)


Industry profile for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 15,990 0.73 $ 82.04 $ 170,640
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 11,800 0.22 $ 50.21 $ 104,430

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 15,990 0.73 $ 82.04 $ 170,640
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 11,800 0.22 $ 50.21 $ 104,430

Top paying industries for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 15,990 0.73 $ 82.04 $ 170,640
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OEWS Designation) 11,800 0.22 $ 50.21 $ 104,430


Geographic profile for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York 3,420 0.39 2.00 $ 79.34 $ 165,030
Ohio 2,520 0.49 2.46 $ 51.92 $ 108,000
Texas 2,340 0.19 0.97 $ 54.96 $ 114,320
California 1,510 0.09 0.46 $ 99.42 $ 206,790
Florida 1,420 0.16 0.84 (8) (8)


Map of location quotient of judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 180 0.62 3.15 $ 71.68 $ 149,090
Oklahoma 960 0.61 3.11 $ 42.14 $ 87,640
Ohio 2,520 0.49 2.46 $ 51.92 $ 108,000
West Virginia 310 0.48 2.41 $ 43.04 $ 89,520
New Mexico 320 0.41 2.06 $ 45.67 $ 95,000


Map of annual mean wages of judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Hawaii 120 0.22 1.12 $ 102.46 $ 213,120
Illinois 1,010 0.18 0.91 $ 101.02 $ 210,120
California 1,510 0.09 0.46 $ 99.42 $ 206,790
Rhode Island 120 0.26 1.30 $ 93.85 $ 195,210
Connecticut 200 0.13 0.64 $ 83.74 $ 174,180



Map of employment of judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 1,590 0.18 0.93 $ 82.22 $ 171,020
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 710 0.17 0.84 $ 96.63 $ 200,980
Austin-Round Rock, TX 650 0.60 3.05 $ 69.95 $ 145,490
Oklahoma City, OK 590 0.97 4.92 $ 42.82 $ 89,060
Cleveland-Elyria, OH 530 0.55 2.81 $ 52.65 $ 109,500
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 510 0.26 1.34 $ 64.14 $ 133,400
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 490 0.17 0.85 $ 51.53 $ 107,180
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA 480 0.18 0.93 $ 58.03 $ 120,710
Columbus, OH 420 0.41 2.10 $ 49.14 $ 102,220
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 420 0.23 1.17 (8) (8)


Map of location quotient of judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Watertown-Fort Drum, NY 60 1.50 7.60 $ 65.43 $ 136,100
Glens Falls, NY 60 1.19 6.05 $ 77.29 $ 160,750
Oklahoma City, OK 590 0.97 4.92 $ 42.82 $ 89,060
Kingston, NY 50 0.92 4.66 $ 69.61 $ 144,790
Utica-Rome, NY 90 0.78 3.96 $ 74.28 $ 154,500
Binghamton, NY 70 0.75 3.81 $ 70.39 $ 146,410
Syracuse, NY 190 0.66 3.36 $ 71.78 $ 149,310
Flagstaff, AZ 40 0.65 3.31 $ 44.53 $ 92,630
Olympia-Tumwater, WA 70 0.63 3.21 $ 75.28 $ 156,590
Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ 30 0.60 3.06 $ 39.34 $ 81,820


Map of annual mean wages of judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates by area, May 2021


Top paying metropolitan areas for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA 100 0.10 0.52 $ 108.47 $ 225,610
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 80 0.08 0.38 $ 100.15 $ 208,310
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 710 0.17 0.84 $ 96.63 $ 200,980
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 420 0.19 0.95 $ 96.27 $ 200,230
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 100 0.07 0.33 $ 94.12 $ 195,780
Providence-Warwick, RI-MA 120 0.23 1.15 $ 92.91 $ 193,250
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 70 0.14 0.69 $ 91.75 $ 190,830
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ 40 0.33 1.70 $ 89.75 $ 186,690
Trenton, NJ 50 0.21 1.05 $ 85.65 $ 178,150
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV 120 0.13 0.68 $ 82.52 $ 171,630

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Central East New York nonmetropolitan area 270 1.78 9.02 $ 67.39 $ 140,180
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 230 1.40 7.11 $ 63.66 $ 132,410
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 230 1.73 8.77 $ 72.09 $ 149,950
North Northeastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area (noncontiguous) 200 0.65 3.30 $ 48.51 $ 100,900
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 190 0.50 2.53 $ 45.00 $ 93,600

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Central East New York nonmetropolitan area 270 1.78 9.02 $ 67.39 $ 140,180
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 230 1.73 8.77 $ 72.09 $ 149,950
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 230 1.40 7.11 $ 63.66 $ 132,410
Western Washington nonmetropolitan area 120 0.97 4.90 $ 72.61 $ 151,020
Arizona nonmetropolitan area 90 0.96 4.85 $ 40.96 $ 85,190

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
West Central Illinois nonmetropolitan area 50 0.29 1.47 $ 103.08 $ 214,400
Northwest Illinois nonmetropolitan area 30 0.25 1.24 $ 100.86 $ 209,780
West North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 40 0.34 1.75 $ 88.63 $ 184,350
Central Missouri nonmetropolitan area 40 0.25 1.29 $ 77.13 $ 160,430
Northern Indiana nonmetropolitan area 60 0.30 1.51 $ 72.81 $ 151,450


About May 2021 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate—50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour or $208,000 per year.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022