Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Consumer Expenditure Surveys

Consumer Expenditure Survey Anthology, 2008

Table of Contents

  • Preface (PDF 17K)

Part I. Survey Research and Methodology

  • Evaluation of the 2005 redesigned Consumer Expenditure Survey diary (PDF 628K)
  • A redesigned diary questionnaire, designed to simplify the recording task without sacrificing data quality, was evaluated using data quality measures to see how well it compared to the old questionnaire.
    Nhien To and Lucilla Tan
  • Response rates in the Consumer Expenditure Survey (PDF 78K)
  • How the outcome of visits to survey households is categorized in terms of response and nonresponse is described, as well as how response rates are calculated.
    Sylvia Johnson-Herring and Sharon Krieger
  • The effect of refusal conversion on data quality in the Consumer Expenditure Interview Survey (PDF 241K)
  • Achieving and maintaining high response rates are important goals of the survey program, and guidelines have been established to persuade reluctant respondents to participate in the survey. The quality of data obtained from such respondents is compared to that of other respondents.
    Nathan McDermott and Lucilla Tan

Part II. Processing Improvements

  • Outlier detection by forecasting (PDF 163K)
  • Three methods for improving the selection of data outliers for review were evaluated, and one was selected for implementation.
    Nathan McDermott and Brendan Livingston
  • Reclassifying low-expenditure consumer units in the Consumer Expenditure Interview Survey (PDF 30K)
  • The survey program implemented an improved method for screening consumer units with unusually low expenditure totals to determine if their interviews should be reclassified as non-interviews.
    Steven Bass

Part III. Analyses Using Survey Data

  • Out-of-pocket health care spending patterns of older Americans, as measured by the Consumer Expenditure Survey (PDF 138K)
  • Comparing health care spending by consumer units headed by 55-to-64 year olds with those headed by 65-to-74 year olds in 1985, 1995, and 2005 shows that they allocated their spending differently among healthcare components in each year, whereas the changes in shares allocated over the periods trended in the same direction for both groups, although the magnitude of the percent changes differed.
    Meaghan Duetsch
  • Examining expenditure patterns of young, single adults in a historical context: two recent generations compared (PDF 345K)
  • An examination of expenditures and incomes of young adults in 2004-2005, compared to those of young adults 20 years earlier, does not reveal conclusively that they are either better off or worse off than in the earlier period, although the results indicate that their well-being may be improving after a period of decline.
    Geoffrey Paulin
  • Spending on telephone service (PDF 91K)
  • The share of telephone services spent on cellular phone service increased rapidly over the past several years and by 2006 was nearly equal to the share allocated to residential phone service.
    Brett Creech
  • Housing expenditures by race and Hispanic or Latino origin (PDF 164K)
  • Housing is the largest component of average annual expenditures, accounting for about a third of the total. The amount consumer units spent on housing varied by race and Hispanic origin, and minorities spent a larger share of total spending on housing than did Whites.
    Mark Vendemia
  • Appendix: Description of the Consumer Expenditure Survey (PDF 41K)


Last Modified Date: February 19, 2016