International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing Industries,

by Industry, 2008-2012

Technical Notes (PDF)
Country Notes and Data Sources (PDF)

 

   
Elimination of ILC
  • BLS has eliminated the International Labor Comparisons (ILC) program. This is the last BLS release of international comparisons of hourly compensation costs.
  • BLS is aware of other organizations that have obtained the methodology and intend to produce ILC indicators similar to those done previously by BLS. Please see the announcement at www.bls.gov/ilc.

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Table 1. Manufacturing (ISIC C, NAICS 31-33), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

32.78 34.19 34.81 35.51 35.67

Argentina

10.04 10.23 12.77 15.98 18.87

Australia

35.91 33.42 39.68 46.47 47.68

Austria

42.86 42.62 39.98 43.23 41.53

Belgium

53.88 52.27 50.72 54.76 52.19

Brazil

8.44 8.13 10.01 11.67 11.20

Canada

32.06 29.40 34.36 36.34 36.59

Czech Republic

12.23 11.42 11.42 12.71 11.95

Denmark

49.70 48.60 47.93 51.67 48.47

Estonia

10.56 10.03 9.47 10.42 10.41

Finland

43.85 44.25 41.44 45.05 42.60

France

41.76 40.37 39.12 42.12 39.81

Germany

47.53 45.76 43.84 47.42 45.79

Greece

23.14 22.72 22.36 22.68 19.41

Hungary

9.77 8.62 8.39 9.17 8.95

Ireland

40.53 41.21 38.57 39.74 38.17

Israel

18.54 17.55 19.22 21.14 20.14

Italy

35.11 34.32 33.57 36.15 34.18

Japan

27.48 30.03 31.75 35.71 35.34

Korea, Republic of

16.85 15.06 17.89 19.25 20.72

Mexico

6.47 5.70 6.14 6.49 6.36

Netherlands

43.09 41.39 39.54 42.26 39.62

New Zealand

19.15 17.47 20.42 23.38 24.77

Norway

57.35 53.39 57.66 64.76 63.36

Philippines

1.75 1.71 1.89 2.02 2.10

Poland

9.60 7.72 8.16 8.68 8.25

Portugal

12.61 12.34 11.94 13.15 12.10

Singapore

18.87 17.54 19.42 23.13 24.16

Slovakia

10.72 11.24 10.72 11.77 11.30

Spain

27.75 27.86 26.66 28.44 26.83

Sweden

44.45 40.92 43.51 49.21 49.80

Switzerland

49.23 50.54 51.10 60.40 57.79

Taiwan

8.68 7.77 8.37 9.34 9.46

United Kingdom

34.20 29.47 29.11 30.77 31.23

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 2. Food products, beverages and tobacco (ISIC 10-12), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

24.92 25.93 26.56 26.91 27.20

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

32.80 30.06 35.35 40.78 41.21

Austria

33.82 33.25 31.69 33.78 32.46

Belgium

NA 46.10 44.94 48.53 46.24

Brazil

6.31 6.34 7.71 9.18 8.81

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

49.27 46.96 45.36 48.36 44.67

Estonia

NA NA NA NA NA

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

NA NA NA NA NA

Germany

32.28 31.10 29.80 31.80 31.52

Greece

21.39 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

8.18 6.99 6.61 NA 7.16

Ireland

38.37 NA NA NA NA

Israel

12.76 11.99 13.05 14.29 13.65

Italy

35.33 34.33 33.90 36.25 33.99

Japan

18.63 20.60 22.28 24.86 25.37

Korea, Republic of

14.06 12.52 14.80 15.01 15.58

Mexico

5.45 4.73 5.22 5.61 5.52

Netherlands

44.00 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

49.80 46.58 51.62 57.67 56.32

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

NA NA NA NA NA

Portugal

NA 12.13 11.30 12.85 12.15

Singapore

NA NA NA 15.97 NA

Slovakia

NA NA NA NA NA

Spain

23.37 23.54 22.89 24.21 23.06

Sweden

40.87 35.15 36.91 41.38 42.58

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

30.62 26.14 25.52 26.01 26.96

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 3. Food products and beverages (ISIC 10-11), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

NA NA NA NA NA

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

33.16 32.22 31.10 33.18 31.88

Belgium

NA 46.08 44.93 48.52 46.22

Brazil

6.22 6.25 7.61 9.07 8.70

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

49.21 47.00 45.45 48.49 44.77

Estonia

NA 9.96 9.37 9.99 9.83

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

NA NA NA NA NA

Germany

NA NA NA NA NA

Greece

20.85 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

8.08 6.89 6.52 7.17 7.07

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

NA NA NA NA NA

Italy

35.25 34.25 33.83 36.18 33.92

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

13.78 12.29 14.57 14.80 15.39

Mexico

5.43 4.70 5.19 5.58 5.49

Netherlands

43.54 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

8.86 7.17 7.47 7.96 7.38

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

9.33 9.42 9.46 9.90 NA

Spain

23.02 23.18 22.55 23.85 22.69

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

30.36 25.89 25.27 25.76 26.67

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 4. Food products (ISIC 10), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

23.65 24.87 25.39 25.97 26.25

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

31.87 29.04 33.93 38.95 39.15

Austria

31.29 30.35 29.29 31.36 30.10

Belgium

NA 44.79 43.59 47.06 44.84

Brazil

5.92 5.99 7.34 8.80 8.44

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

48.95 46.68 45.11 48.27 44.51

Estonia

NA 9.23 8.69 9.31 9.20

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

31.97 30.97 30.06 32.29 30.55

Germany

30.17 28.91 27.76 29.65 29.56

Greece

20.44 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

7.57 6.45 6.10 6.63 6.58

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

12.21 11.45 12.44 13.57 13.07

Italy

34.53 33.55 33.13 35.43 33.22

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

13.35 11.89 14.04 14.37 14.95

Mexico

5.22 4.55 5.14 5.57 5.50

Netherlands

42.67 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

17.86 16.52 19.72 22.44 23.49

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

8.48 6.83 7.18 7.64 7.09

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

8.89 8.90 8.94 9.37 NA

Spain

21.56 21.89 21.25 22.58 21.63

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

28.58 24.77 24.21 24.61 25.40

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 5. Beverages (ISIC 11), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

NA NA NA NA NA

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

43.87 43.54 42.23 44.45 42.84

Belgium

NA 54.88 53.73 58.03 55.14

Brazil

9.36 9.07 10.39 11.97 11.47

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

52.12 50.57 49.20 50.87 47.69

Estonia

NA 15.39 14.88 16.07 15.42

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

NA NA NA NA NA

Germany

44.79 44.02 41.89 44.64 43.20

Greece

24.41 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

11.97 10.41 9.76 11.26 10.81

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

NA NA NA NA NA

Italy

40.57 39.47 39.01 41.72 39.12

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

18.64 17.11 21.42 20.29 21.51

Mexico

6.10 5.21 5.39 5.62 5.55

Netherlands

57.29 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

13.55 11.39 11.53 12.62 11.64

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

11.65 12.18 12.33 13.02 NA

Spain

33.41 32.34 31.66 32.74 30.07

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

44.00 36.20 35.11 36.71 37.57

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 6. Tobacco products (ISIC 12), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

NA NA NA NA NA

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

NA NA NA NA NA

Belgium

NA 45.86 44.86 48.60 46.41

Brazil

11.22 11.83 14.40 16.53 16.23

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

NA NA NA NA NA

Estonia

NA NA NA NA NA

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

NA NA NA NA NA

Germany

59.93 60.30 59.72 64.47 62.28

Greece

34.07 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

17.51 15.90 13.84 NA 12.13

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

NA NA NA NA NA

Italy

56.94 55.32 54.74 58.55 54.95

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

41.54 37.64 38.55 36.94 31.79

Mexico

9.85 11.32 11.75 12.29 11.71

Netherlands

63.61 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

NA NA NA NA NA

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

NA NA NA NA NA

Spain

52.83 53.35 50.07 52.54 53.50

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

52.56 47.11 46.60 46.97 49.70

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 7. Textiles, wearing apparel and leather (ISIC 13-15), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

21.56 21.33 22.22 23.42 24.34

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

31.99 32.25 30.89 33.26 31.98

Belgium

NA 40.64 39.46 42.86 41.20

Brazil

3.98 3.92 4.79 5.51 5.32

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

44.68 43.87 43.40 46.58 43.29

Estonia

NA 7.30 6.99 7.50 7.12

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

33.30 32.12 31.08 33.46 31.54

Germany

36.06 34.98 33.68 36.39 35.09

Greece

17.76 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

5.83 5.03 4.89 5.30 5.21

Ireland

27.00 NA NA NA NA

Israel

11.84 11.17 12.29 13.58 12.98

Italy

28.05 27.39 26.85 28.94 27.45

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

11.35 10.68 12.26 13.78 14.54

Mexico

3.32 2.85 3.14 3.36 3.30

Netherlands

38.98 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

16.04 15.08 17.62 19.94 21.65

Norway

45.42 42.99 46.35 53.02 51.55

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

6.05 4.95 5.29 5.53 5.28

Portugal

NA 9.04 8.84 9.68 8.81

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

6.56 7.00 6.62 7.33 NA

Spain

19.90 20.26 19.55 20.73 19.14

Sweden

36.70 34.45 36.34 40.12 42.05

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

25.77 22.74 21.87 24.22 24.18

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 8. Textiles and wearing apparel (ISIC 13-14), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

21.38 21.04 22.04 23.27 24.19

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

32.78 32.89 31.71 34.16 33.03

Belgium

NA 40.50 39.32 42.69 40.99

Brazil

4.06 4.02 4.86 5.70 5.52

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

44.42 43.46 43.15 46.21 42.85

Estonia

NA 7.28 7.00 7.51 7.09

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

33.47 32.21 31.11 33.49 31.54

Germany

35.56 34.36 33.10 35.55 34.37

Greece

17.34 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

5.81 5.03 4.89 5.26 5.18

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

11.58 10.92 12.00 13.39 12.82

Italy

28.11 27.42 26.90 29.01 27.51

Japan

NA NA 21.48 23.71 23.67

Korea, Republic of

11.18 10.61 12.18 13.79 14.60

Mexico

3.38 2.95 3.25 3.44 3.40

Netherlands

39.47 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

6.04 4.95 5.28 5.50 5.27

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

6.36 6.72 6.38 7.10 NA

Spain

20.56 21.24 20.70 21.69 20.05

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

25.73 22.23 21.62 24.06 24.01

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 9. Textiles (ISIC 13), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

22.28 21.89 22.84 23.60 24.17

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

35.77 34.94 33.29 36.09 34.64

Belgium

NA 41.36 39.92 43.46 41.89

Brazil

5.54 5.42 6.81 7.83 7.60

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

44.12 43.19 42.45 46.03 42.95

Estonia

NA 8.41 8.49 8.86 8.16

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

32.67 31.36 30.26 32.63 30.73

Germany

34.69 33.20 31.69 34.10 33.82

Greece

21.01 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

6.98 6.04 5.91 6.33 6.12

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

13.19 12.56 13.79 15.17 14.07

Italy

30.79 30.04 29.45 31.77 30.13

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

10.70 10.36 11.79 12.71 13.41

Mexico

3.91 3.44 3.78 3.94 3.87

Netherlands

39.78 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

7.09 5.90 6.14 6.39 6.07

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

7.63 8.30 7.77 8.39 NA

Spain

22.01 22.23 20.90 22.29 20.65

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

7.23 6.80 6.72 7.35 7.29

United Kingdom

26.13 22.91 22.51 24.65 24.83

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 10. Wearing apparel (ISIC 14), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

19.86 19.66 20.72 22.61 24.09

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

29.09 30.37 29.69 31.47 30.82

Belgium

NA 37.47 36.63 39.46 37.51

Brazil

3.31 3.36 3.99 4.75 4.61

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

45.29 44.21 45.16 46.71 42.55

Estonia

NA 6.56 6.01 6.70 6.44

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

34.40 33.21 32.10 34.49 32.47

Germany

37.19 36.44 35.75 38.44 35.49

Greece

15.07 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

5.36 4.59 4.43 4.76 4.69

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

10.49 9.72 10.59 12.00 11.77

Italy

25.98 25.35 24.87 26.81 25.43

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

11.73 10.90 12.66 15.10 15.95

Mexico

2.85 2.48 2.77 2.95 2.92

Netherlands

38.12 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

5.60 4.57 4.89 5.08 4.88

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

5.98 6.25 5.93 6.59 NA

Spain

19.32 20.40 20.52 21.18 19.54

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

24.74 20.61 19.41 22.60 22.05

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 11. Leather and related products (ISIC 15), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

24.40 25.91 24.96 25.34 26.34

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

28.90 29.98 28.08 30.24 28.82

Belgium

NA 43.98 42.77 46.12 43.80

Brazil

3.82 3.69 4.62 5.08 4.87

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

NA NA NA NA NA

Estonia

NA 7.48 6.90 7.40 7.38

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

32.87 31.86 30.99 33.39 31.60

Germany

38.92 38.46 36.82 40.82 38.83

Greece

17.49 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

5.87 5.02 4.90 5.38 5.27

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

10.98 10.58 12.02 12.56 12.28

Italy

27.88 27.25 26.66 28.68 27.25

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

12.96 11.34 12.96 13.70 14.06

Mexico

3.18 2.61 2.88 3.18 3.03

Netherlands

35.39 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

6.17 4.98 5.33 5.65 5.31

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

7.01 7.60 7.04 7.72 NA

Spain

17.57 16.80 15.54 17.27 15.94

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

26.08 26.79 23.96 25.52 25.34

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 12. Wood and paper products and printing (ISIC 16-18), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

28.66 29.66 30.01 30.44 30.78

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

34.53 31.44 36.71 41.73 41.40

Austria

40.05 39.23 37.44 40.04 38.12

Belgium

NA 46.65 45.33 49.05 46.77

Brazil

7.19 6.93 8.75 9.84 9.49

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

47.03 45.29 44.55 47.43 44.51

Estonia

NA 10.61 10.20 11.27 11.17

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

36.59 35.23 34.07 36.57 34.51

Germany

40.24 38.46 36.67 38.88 37.94

Greece

20.88 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

8.52 7.56 7.59 7.99 7.68

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

13.10 12.65 13.77 14.83 14.03

Italy

32.38 31.81 30.86 33.16 31.42

Japan

23.18 24.99 26.57 29.41 29.64

Korea, Republic of

12.60 11.55 13.07 15.41 16.41

Mexico

4.81 4.21 4.68 4.93 4.89

Netherlands

41.31 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

8.87 7.15 7.49 8.01 7.69

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

10.16 10.44 10.53 11.06 NA

Spain

25.16 25.01 23.45 26.10 24.17

Sweden

40.23 36.70 38.90 43.96 44.29

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

31.78 27.67 26.70 28.43 27.67

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 13. Wood and wood products, except furniture (ISIC 16), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

23.95 24.65 24.56 24.63 24.67

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

29.84 26.91 30.97 36.47 37.56

Austria

33.43 32.75 31.48 34.11 32.55

Belgium

NA 38.72 37.33 40.37 38.38

Brazil

4.49 4.18 5.41 6.44 6.27

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

43.16 41.88 40.39 43.50 40.00

Estonia

NA 10.25 10.00 10.96 10.92

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

30.72 29.75 28.81 31.01 29.34

Germany

34.13 32.49 30.68 32.53 31.27

Greece

22.03 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

6.66 5.73 5.86 5.89 5.67

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

11.80 11.20 11.97 13.43 13.28

Italy

28.14 27.80 27.06 29.48 27.61

Japan

19.15 21.08 23.04 24.96 26.97

Korea, Republic of

12.30 11.38 12.37 14.60 15.86

Mexico

2.74 2.44 2.71 2.69 2.70

Netherlands

35.62 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

17.54 15.72 17.99 20.55 21.73

Norway

46.15 42.53 45.85 50.63 49.41

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

7.51 5.99 6.24 6.61 6.29

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

7.96 8.21 8.21 8.85 NA

Spain

21.04 20.85 19.82 22.16 20.11

Sweden

36.11 33.24 35.06 39.41 39.18

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

25.98 23.99 22.26 23.21 22.74

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 14. Paper and paper products (ISIC 17), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

34.02 34.55 35.31 36.42 36.99

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

46.88 42.30 48.47 54.44 53.33

Austria

47.42 46.94 44.87 48.22 45.82

Belgium

NA 52.58 50.91 55.46 53.30

Brazil

10.31 10.26 12.99 14.32 13.82

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

48.62 47.56 47.18 49.87 47.09

Estonia

NA 11.40 9.81 11.93 11.66

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

39.44 37.96 36.81 39.58 37.46

Germany

42.56 40.93 39.55 42.14 41.12

Greece

21.39 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

11.32 9.97 9.97 10.40 9.98

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

15.76 14.62 16.40 17.71 15.89

Italy

34.00 33.12 32.40 34.81 33.08

Japan

25.43 27.40 29.36 32.09 31.24

Korea, Republic of

13.49 12.78 14.49 16.98 18.08

Mexico

5.29 4.58 5.10 5.39 5.34

Netherlands

45.98 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

54.84 50.71 54.29 60.21 56.60

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

10.56 8.63 9.11 9.43 9.15

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

12.38 12.56 12.86 13.04 NA

Spain

31.21 30.45 29.29 32.25 29.45

Sweden

44.18 40.21 42.63 48.22 49.55

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

7.40 6.18 6.73 7.81 7.43

United Kingdom

34.63 30.18 30.07 32.15 31.47

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 15. Printing and reproduction of recorded media (ISIC 18), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

28.35 29.28 29.49 29.62 30.15

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

33.73 31.07 37.02 41.44 40.36

Austria

45.68 43.62 41.61 43.50 41.23

Belgium

NA 48.38 47.02 50.65 48.08

Brazil

6.98 6.41 7.78 8.79 8.49

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

51.21 48.18 48.22 50.96 48.79

Estonia

NA 11.78 11.26 12.46 12.10

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

38.77 37.23 35.81 38.29 35.93

Germany

42.02 39.95 37.75 39.87 39.44

Greece

19.61 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

8.50 7.40 7.27 8.01 7.64

Ireland

37.41 NA NA NA NA

Israel

12.17 12.01 12.94 13.82 13.26

Italy

35.34 34.77 33.36 35.43 33.77

Japan

23.09 24.74 25.96 29.17 29.40

Korea, Republic of

11.65 10.11 11.58 13.71 14.36

Mexico

4.76 4.19 4.56 4.84 4.73

Netherlands

41.53 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

19.43 17.88 19.99 22.28 23.65

Norway

56.14 51.31 55.96 63.61 60.75

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

10.70 8.60 9.04 9.92 9.45

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

10.66 10.24 10.03 11.10 NA

Spain

24.60 24.77 22.53 25.18 23.93

Sweden

39.67 34.96 37.85 42.79 41.62

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

6.76 6.24 6.55 7.33 7.39

United Kingdom

33.31 28.14 27.01 29.03 28.19

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 16. Coke and refined petroleum products (ISIC 19), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

45.99 52.55 52.89 53.71 55.85

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

NA NA NA NA NA

Belgium

NA NA NA NA NA

Brazil

17.30 20.56 28.26 39.01 38.31

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

NA NA NA NA NA

Estonia

NA NA NA NA NA

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

NA NA NA NA NA

Germany

69.90 68.98 66.20 72.27 69.38

Greece

50.60 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

27.74 23.97 22.19 25.09 22.98

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

NA NA NA NA NA

Italy

53.24 51.43 49.95 54.00 51.21

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

44.67 31.55 46.53 60.70 63.56

Mexico

14.81 12.72 14.26 15.18 14.56

Netherlands

79.03 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

19.35 14.77 16.96 18.22 17.19

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

26.31 27.41 25.19 28.15 NA

Spain

57.57 54.91 54.61 57.08 51.59

Sweden

55.63 50.60 52.30 62.83 66.31

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

19.28 16.78 18.66 21.28 20.38

United Kingdom

64.06 55.46 49.06 51.19 48.38

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 17. Chemicals and pharmaceutical products (ISIC 20-21), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

42.46 41.40 42.75 42.42 42.52

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

52.16 50.90 49.19 53.17 51.42

Belgium

NA 67.81 65.94 71.83 68.64

Brazil

16.67 15.99 18.84 21.55 20.26

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

58.63 53.95 53.62 56.65 53.73

Estonia

NA NA NA NA NA

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

56.62 54.95 53.33 57.49 54.28

Germany

58.90 56.75 54.47 59.45 58.18

Greece

30.17 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

16.42 14.89 14.84 15.43 14.68

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

NA NA NA NA NA

Italy

47.67 46.44 45.38 48.98 46.44

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

20.97 18.27 21.07 23.08 24.10

Mexico

11.32 9.73 10.61 11.25 11.01

Netherlands

61.29 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

13.56 10.99 11.46 11.99 11.31

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

12.99 13.54 12.40 13.81 NA

Spain

40.15 39.68 37.54 39.44 35.73

Sweden

61.90 57.52 60.39 66.85 67.91

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

39.56 34.15 35.52 37.87 38.87

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 18. Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals (ISIC 20), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

38.08 39.01 41.24 40.48 39.48

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

52.50 52.24 49.70 54.07 53.12

Belgium

NA 66.32 64.55 70.36 67.32

Brazil

16.21 15.30 17.86 20.46 19.23

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

55.35 53.00 53.54 55.96 53.63

Estonia

NA 12.24 12.09 13.85 13.71

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

54.32 52.64 51.08 55.11 52.03

Germany

58.14 56.09 53.72 59.02 57.59

Greece

24.52 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

14.67 12.88 12.99 13.11 12.91

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

NA NA NA NA NA

Italy

43.33 42.21 41.24 44.50 42.20

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

21.02 18.15 20.66 23.14 24.25

Mexico

9.99 8.83 9.68 10.26 9.91

Netherlands

62.04 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA 61.42 67.59 76.15 71.94

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

12.65 10.03 10.66 11.26 10.81

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

12.82 13.17 11.95 13.51 NA

Spain

37.02 37.39 34.54 37.42 33.65

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

36.53 32.01 33.49 36.89 36.38

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 19. Pharmaceutical products (ISIC 21), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

50.99 45.76 45.51 46.02 48.20

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

51.85 48.84 48.65 52.04 49.14

Belgium

NA 71.47 69.13 75.26 71.79

Brazil

17.90 17.97 21.65 24.89 23.40

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

66.27 63.80 63.43 69.78 67.09

Estonia

NA NA NA NA NA

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

60.73 59.08 57.38 61.76 58.33

Germany

61.20 58.73 56.94 61.01 60.06

Greece

36.16 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

17.86 16.44 16.25 17.33 15.97

Ireland

62.69 NA NA NA NA

Israel

22.66 23.25 25.63 29.55 26.70

Italy

54.41 53.02 51.80 55.94 53.05

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

20.72 18.71 22.63 22.82 23.47

Mexico

14.68 12.02 12.97 13.72 13.93

Netherlands

59.13 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA 61.31 66.25 74.66 72.67

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

16.11 13.74 13.89 14.34 12.99

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

13.59 14.94 14.10 15.03 NA

Spain

46.12 44.11 43.38 43.31 39.72

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

45.32 37.72 39.52 39.86 42.52

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 20. Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products (ISIC 22-23), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

27.83 28.75 29.34 30.01 30.24

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

35.77 32.81 38.31 48.12 52.53

Austria

41.31 40.56 38.12 41.57 39.58

Belgium

NA 48.80 47.34 51.38 49.10

Brazil

7.16 6.74 8.25 9.64 9.24

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

49.63 48.32 46.88 50.74 47.41

Estonia

NA 11.85 11.12 12.49 12.32

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

39.25 37.94 36.76 39.61 37.49

Germany

38.44 36.91 35.72 38.15 37.71

Greece

24.62 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

9.79 8.50 8.36 8.96 8.63

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

14.93 14.15 15.54 17.01 16.29

Italy

34.15 33.48 32.65 35.30 33.44

Japan

24.43 26.97 29.36 33.14 32.35

Korea, Republic of

14.64 12.99 14.74 15.44 16.31

Mexico

5.73 5.05 5.56 5.78 5.52

Netherlands

41.17 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

54.11 49.88 54.13 60.63 58.81

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

9.90 7.94 8.42 8.88 8.36

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

10.90 11.38 10.90 11.91 NA

Spain

28.68 28.10 27.16 28.52 27.28

Sweden

39.60 35.96 37.81 42.76 43.82

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

7.22 6.66 7.06 7.77 7.97

United Kingdom

30.25 26.81 26.77 27.94 27.78

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 21. Rubber and plastics products (ISIC 22), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

27.50 28.76 28.97 29.37 29.60

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

36.20 33.19 38.72 50.58 57.02

Austria

38.76 38.04 35.96 39.42 37.23

Belgium

NA 48.15 46.87 51.17 49.03

Brazil

7.87 7.33 9.01 10.70 10.21

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

49.86 48.81 48.42 52.12 48.50

Estonia

NA 9.99 9.87 10.88 10.84

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

38.60 37.33 36.21 39.05 36.94

Germany

38.17 36.59 35.44 38.02 37.91

Greece

18.62 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

9.14 7.80 7.63 8.17 8.13

Ireland

31.91 NA NA NA NA

Israel

14.67 13.88 15.11 16.49 15.72

Italy

33.08 32.54 31.80 34.51 32.73

Japan

23.64 26.18 28.84 32.49 31.17

Korea, Republic of

13.54 12.02 13.75 14.19 15.08

Mexico

4.96 4.31 4.62 4.89 4.81

Netherlands

40.19 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

20.41 17.99 20.41 23.60 25.55

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

9.45 7.59 8.10 8.51 8.04

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

10.38 10.85 10.51 11.35 NA

Spain

29.08 28.29 27.07 28.97 27.54

Sweden

39.07 35.50 37.39 42.16 43.06

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

7.09 6.58 7.02 7.74 7.99

United Kingdom

29.50 26.41 25.99 27.26 26.53

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 22. Other non-metallic products (ISIC 23), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

28.35 28.74 30.01 31.15 31.37

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

35.30 32.43 37.94 45.88 48.45

Austria

43.36 42.65 39.92 43.42 41.67

Belgium

NA 49.36 47.74 51.45 49.09

Brazil

6.45 6.15 7.52 8.65 8.31

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

49.37 47.75 45.12 49.17 46.16

Estonia

NA 13.41 12.27 14.15 13.84

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

40.11 38.64 37.36 40.19 38.04

Germany

38.95 37.52 36.27 38.38 37.31

Greece

28.84 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

10.81 9.62 9.74 10.41 9.57

Ireland

35.11 NA NA NA NA

Israel

15.44 14.68 16.51 18.18 17.62

Italy

35.12 34.36 33.44 36.08 34.12

Japan

25.86 28.38 30.17 34.19 34.57

Korea, Republic of

17.08 15.18 16.95 18.38 19.22

Mexico

6.58 5.87 6.69 6.85 6.29

Netherlands

42.29 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

19.91 18.27 20.96 23.09 24.19

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

10.48 8.41 8.83 9.38 8.82

Portugal

NA 13.52 12.95 13.93 12.55

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

11.59 12.16 11.54 12.86 NA

Spain

28.41 27.97 27.22 28.22 27.10

Sweden

40.56 36.69 38.51 43.48 45.01

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

7.54 6.87 7.17 7.86 7.95

United Kingdom

31.48 27.40 27.90 29.07 30.21

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 23. Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment (ISIC 24-25), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

30.18 31.09 31.59 32.19 32.25

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

38.00 35.31 41.61 48.64 50.05

Austria

43.24 43.15 40.09 43.77 41.52

Belgium

NA 50.20 48.55 52.14 49.62

Brazil

9.66 9.17 11.27 12.98 12.42

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

45.97 44.50 44.30 47.14 43.93

Estonia

NA NA NA NA NA

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

39.61 38.19 36.96 39.84 37.71

Germany

43.74 42.19 40.45 42.86 41.63

Greece

22.51 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

9.18 8.07 7.74 8.25 8.06

Ireland

33.24 NA NA NA NA

Israel

14.34 13.18 14.57 15.98 15.46

Italy

33.65 32.89 32.16 34.60 32.69

Japan

28.04 30.75 31.27 35.23 34.58

Korea, Republic of

16.10 14.34 16.84 18.57 19.87

Mexico

7.27 6.48 6.83 7.20 7.09

Netherlands

40.50 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

10.03 8.02 8.42 9.12 8.65

Portugal

NA 12.16 11.82 13.30 12.48

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

13.17 13.36 12.74 13.57 NA

Spain

28.31 27.54 26.20 27.73 25.82

Sweden

40.21 36.69 40.02 45.10 45.29

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

7.98 7.03 7.54 8.39 8.31

United Kingdom

31.34 27.24 27.64 28.97 28.26

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 24. Basic metals (ISIC 24), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

34.44 35.52 36.04 37.13 37.29

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

45.92 43.11 50.77 59.77 62.15

Austria

50.63 51.30 46.11 50.72 47.91

Belgium

NA 58.56 57.11 61.48 58.47

Brazil

14.26 13.90 16.61 19.48 18.58

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

44.96 43.41 42.78 45.64 43.41

Estonia

NA NA NA NA NA

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

46.52 44.77 43.36 46.86 44.49

Germany

51.42 49.33 46.68 49.63 48.14

Greece

24.27 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

12.63 11.11 11.22 11.85 11.35

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

13.83 13.11 14.31 16.03 15.09

Italy

38.46 37.56 36.77 39.55 37.37

Japan

34.70 37.14 37.14 42.16 40.98

Korea, Republic of

19.83 16.89 20.90 23.26 26.94

Mexico

8.58 7.43 7.80 8.48 8.39

Netherlands

50.12 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

23.62 21.26 24.25 28.21 29.81

Norway

61.46 56.58 61.08 68.56 69.90

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

12.08 9.51 9.88 10.73 10.16

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

17.29 16.89 15.75 16.41 NA

Spain

35.44 31.20 29.92 32.75 31.45

Sweden

45.55 40.89 44.78 52.09 52.35

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

11.83 9.51 10.76 11.92 10.88

United Kingdom

35.93 30.68 32.50 32.10 33.49

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 25. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment (ISIC 25), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

28.92 29.82 30.24 30.68 30.73

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

33.59 31.12 36.90 42.79 43.55

Austria

39.32 39.05 36.89 40.09 38.20

Belgium

NA 44.26 42.75 45.97 43.69

Brazil

7.30 6.90 8.69 9.98 9.56

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

46.15 44.70 44.57 47.41 44.02

Estonia

NA 12.87 11.72 13.25 13.05

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

37.32 35.99 34.82 37.49 35.47

Germany

40.64 39.36 37.96 40.20 39.12

Greece

21.37 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

7.97 7.03 6.56 7.14 7.07

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

14.42 13.19 14.61 15.98 15.53

Italy

32.07 31.34 30.69 32.98 31.18

Japan

23.97 26.73 27.48 30.80 30.42

Korea, Republic of

14.50 13.23 15.01 16.36 16.64

Mexico

6.00 5.47 5.82 5.85 5.71

Netherlands

38.28 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

18.54 17.15 19.70 22.98 24.27

Norway

53.22 49.77 53.71 61.09 59.99

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

9.46 7.61 8.02 8.70 8.27

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

10.17 10.80 10.22 11.33 NA

Spain

26.17 26.44 25.06 26.20 24.14

Sweden

37.83 34.71 37.58 41.50 41.70

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

6.82 6.24 6.51 7.25 7.46

United Kingdom

29.72 26.21 26.04 28.10 26.56

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 26. Computer, electronic and optical products (ISIC 26), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

45.45 47.94 49.34 51.16 50.62

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

52.62 53.34 47.27 51.87 49.16

Belgium

NA 55.37 54.25 58.32 55.33

Brazil

11.16 11.83 14.44 16.81 16.01

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

51.16 50.40 52.67 56.82 53.54

Estonia

NA 10.16 9.15 10.21 10.40

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

54.48 52.86 51.29 55.15 52.15

Germany

54.36 52.18 50.62 54.51 50.11

Greece

24.09 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

10.20 9.26 8.81 9.98 9.89

Ireland

49.93 NA NA NA NA

Israel

28.95 27.49 29.75 32.23 30.47

Italy

41.08 40.11 39.27 42.25 39.95

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

17.69 16.29 19.63 21.47 24.30

Mexico

5.56 4.77 5.12 5.23 5.18

Netherlands

51.14 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

10.20 7.79 8.33 8.58 7.94

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA 23.93 NA

Slovakia

9.69 9.68 9.46 10.77 NA

Spain

31.30 35.94 32.56 33.23 31.63

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

10.31 8.97 9.85 11.13 11.31

United Kingdom

45.08 33.99 34.38 37.83 37.83

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 27. Electrical equipment (ISIC 27), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

30.64 32.41 33.11 35.30 36.41

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

48.58 49.47 45.40 47.86 45.85

Belgium

NA 50.05 48.93 52.47 49.87

Brazil

10.91 10.16 14.01 14.70 14.00

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

48.53 47.89 46.25 50.89 48.73

Estonia

NA 10.76 10.86 12.60 11.85

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

43.59 42.20 41.05 44.26 41.83

Germany

50.68 49.17 47.05 50.42 49.52

Greece

20.93 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

10.06 8.50 7.50 8.29 7.99

Ireland

38.00 NA NA NA NA

Israel

15.57 14.64 16.94 19.12 18.77

Italy

36.73 35.90 35.15 37.81 35.75

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

14.90 13.39 15.93 17.67 18.49

Mexico

6.21 5.78 5.83 6.11 6.02

Netherlands

46.47 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

9.73 8.02 8.68 9.43 9.05

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

9.21 10.34 9.72 10.95 NA

Spain

30.76 31.44 28.65 32.26 30.68

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

32.36 27.43 27.54 29.05 28.77

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 28. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. (ISIC 28), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

34.37 35.55 36.29 37.15 38.15

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

45.88 45.69 42.92 46.27 45.09

Belgium

NA 48.60 47.45 50.94 48.45

Brazil

11.08 10.50 13.21 15.26 14.58

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

48.94 48.10 48.63 52.22 50.05

Estonia

NA 12.30 11.60 13.26 13.50

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

44.13 42.63 41.37 44.55 42.19

Germany

51.50 50.11 47.92 51.56 49.11

Greece

22.45 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

10.03 8.98 9.26 9.92 9.68

Ireland

37.03 NA NA NA NA

Israel

20.50 19.76 21.47 23.84 23.36

Italy

37.70 36.85 36.08 38.81 36.70

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

16.26 14.21 15.92 17.16 18.24

Mexico

6.53 6.08 6.34 6.72 6.59

Netherlands

44.49 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

65.50 60.77 65.35 72.37 71.54

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

10.75 8.53 9.00 9.61 9.24

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

11.22 11.97 11.06 12.37 NA

Spain

30.19 29.86 27.77 29.83 28.92

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

NA NA NA NA NA

United Kingdom

35.16 30.10 29.26 32.48 33.23

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 29. Motor vehicles and other transport equipment (ISIC 29-30), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

41.98 45.18 45.33 46.06 45.34

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

48.31 50.30 44.30 48.96 46.81

Belgium

NA 58.42 56.52 60.75 57.63

Brazil

14.61 13.88 16.73 19.99 18.78

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

47.59 46.93 46.77 48.66 45.61

Estonia

NA NA NA NA NA

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

48.01 46.35 44.88 48.37 45.77

Germany

59.59 57.69 54.76 60.62 58.82

Greece

28.73 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

11.46 10.26 9.78 10.94 10.91

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

24.69 23.22 25.41 27.65 25.95

Italy

38.28 37.42 36.60 39.41 37.26

Japan

32.82 35.66 37.21 42.37 41.65

Korea, Republic of

21.99 19.02 23.53 24.50 25.74

Mexico

8.69 8.01 7.95 8.15 7.80

Netherlands

42.38 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

21.46 19.72 23.40 25.99 27.97

Norway

63.61 60.00 64.36 72.39 71.10

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

10.90 8.70 9.28 9.92 9.53

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA 20.32 NA

Slovakia

11.58 12.35 11.15 12.49 NA

Spain

35.36 34.95 33.56 35.43 33.63

Sweden

46.11 41.56 44.36 50.51 51.27

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

9.05 8.46 8.76 9.80 9.98

United Kingdom

39.41 34.78 34.78 36.99 38.28

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 30. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (ISIC 29), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

37.36 38.10 37.35 37.90 37.38

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

36.76 35.05 42.73 51.67 54.34

Austria

48.07 49.43 43.16 47.95 46.05

Belgium

NA 59.44 57.42 61.72 58.52

Brazil

14.50 13.98 16.89 20.01 18.80

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

45.16 44.12 43.45 44.82 43.87

Estonia

NA 12.00 10.25 11.44 11.29

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

44.97 43.16 41.70 44.86 42.36

Germany

59.46 57.30 54.35 60.42 59.04

Greece

28.44 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

11.51 10.26 9.73 10.88 10.87

Ireland

30.89 NA NA NA NA

Israel

14.58 13.80 15.15 17.30 15.85

Italy

37.93 37.03 36.26 39.00 36.88

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

20.83 18.79 23.67 23.26 25.87

Mexico

8.70 8.01 7.96 8.16 7.79

Netherlands

42.33 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

10.67 8.68 9.34 9.90 9.49

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

11.65 12.53 11.27 12.60 NA

Spain

34.42 34.33 32.90 34.51 32.19

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

9.54 8.60 8.78 9.89 10.20

United Kingdom

37.33 32.86 32.71 34.87 35.00

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 31. Other transport equipment (ISIC 30), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

47.11 51.46 53.60 54.75 54.35

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

37.45 33.06 37.17 44.96 47.28

Austria

48.53 53.03 50.08 54.10 50.45

Belgium

NA 53.39 52.22 56.15 53.42

Brazil

NA NA NA NA NA

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

50.12 49.84 50.23 52.65 47.42

Estonia

NA NA NA NA NA

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

53.97 52.58 51.20 55.33 52.59

Germany

60.50 60.16 57.49 61.99 57.53

Greece

29.48 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

10.99 10.32 10.45 11.71 11.58

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

28.06 26.59 29.57 31.55 29.67

Italy

38.90 38.02 37.23 40.09 37.90

Japan

NA NA NA NA NA

Korea, Republic of

24.04 19.38 23.25 26.93 25.50

Mexico

7.98 7.88 7.92 7.87 7.86

Netherlands

42.44 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

11.57 8.78 9.05 10.02 9.68

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

10.69 10.17 9.45 11.12 NA

Spain

38.80 37.07 35.96 38.80 38.92

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

8.54 8.32 8.74 9.70 9.72

United Kingdom

42.10 36.26 36.68 38.86 41.37

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Table 32. Furniture (ISIC 31), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

United States

25.30 25.88 26.02 26.62 26.57

Argentina

NA NA NA NA NA

Australia

NA NA NA NA NA

Austria

31.88 30.92 29.63 32.00 30.40

Belgium

NA 38.04 36.84 39.88 37.85

Brazil

4.46 4.19 5.40 6.10 6.05

Canada

NA NA NA NA NA

Czech Republic

NA NA NA NA NA

Denmark

44.05 44.45 41.93 43.95 42.14

Estonia

NA 9.02 8.54 9.25 9.11

Finland

NA NA NA NA NA

France

31.55 30.38 29.33 31.44 29.67

Germany

37.63 36.05 34.64 36.83 34.45

Greece

17.40 NA NA NA NA

Hungary

6.17 5.53 5.44 5.97 5.89

Ireland

NA NA NA NA NA

Israel

10.65 9.53 10.65 12.13 12.13

Italy

28.11 27.71 27.02 29.39 27.57

Japan

21.07 23.86 23.96 27.43 27.75

Korea, Republic of

12.94 12.02 13.96 15.52 18.73

Mexico

3.79 3.34 3.59 3.86 3.79

Netherlands

35.13 NA NA NA NA

New Zealand

NA NA NA NA NA

Norway

NA NA NA NA NA

Philippines

NA NA NA NA NA

Poland

7.64 6.09 6.42 6.68 6.39

Portugal

NA NA NA NA NA

Singapore

NA NA NA NA NA

Slovakia

8.92 9.09 8.40 9.13 NA

Spain

NA NA NA NA NA

Sweden

NA NA NA NA NA

Switzerland

NA NA NA NA NA

Taiwan

6.11 5.94 6.13 6.76 6.84

United Kingdom

26.76 23.19 23.99 24.76 24.75

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
 

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Last Modified Date: August 9, 2013