International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing, 2012

REPORT (PDF)
Technical Notes (PDF)
Country Notes and Data Sources (PDF)

   
Elimination of ILC
  • BLS has eliminated the International Labor Comparisons (ILC) program. This is the last BLS release of international comparisons of hourly compensation costs.
  • BLS is aware of other organizations that have obtained the methodology and intend to produce ILC indicators similar to those done previously by BLS. Please see the announcement at www.bls.gov/ilc.

In comparison with 33 foreign countries covered, U.S. manufacturing hourly compensation costs in 2012 ranked approximately in the middle at $35.67 (see Chart 1). In addition to Australia and Canada, countries with higher hourly compensation costs were primarily in northern and western Europe. Countries with lower hourly compensation costs were primarily in southern and eastern Europe, Asia, and Latin America.

Between 1997 and 2012, compensation costs in manufacturing as a percent of U.S. costs (see Table 1) increased or remained the same in all economies compared except Taiwan, improving U.S. cost competitiveness.

Chart 1.


Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2012

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Changes in a country's compensation costs in U.S. dollars are roughly equivalent to the change in compensation costs in a country's national currency plus the change in the value of the country's currency relative to the U.S. dollar. This relationship is illustrated in Chart 2, where the bars in the right panel for each country can be summed to equal the bars in the left panel. In 2012, nearly all countries had at least moderate increases in hourly compensation costs in national currency, but the currencies of most countries depreciated against the U.S. dollar, resulting in U.S. dollar-denominated hourly compensation costs declining in most countries.

Chart 2.



Annual percent change in hourly compensation costs in manufacturing and exchange rates, 2011-2012

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Chart 3 shows the benefit components of manufacturing employers' compensation costs as a percent of total costs. (See Table 3 for data in U.S. dollars.) Countries are ordered based on social insurance expenditures as a percent of total compensation. In countries with the highest ratio of social insurance costs, such as Sweden, Brazil, and Belgium, social insurance makes up approximately one-third of total compensation costs. In the United States, social insurance costs account for about 24 percent of total compensation, while in the Asian countries, with the exception of the Republic of Korea, social insurance is less than 20 percent.

Directly-paid benefits primarily comprise pay for leave time, bonuses, and pay in kind. The percentage of compensation that is directly-paid benefits tends to be higher in many European countries (due in large part to leave pay) and in Japan (where seasonal bonuses are a large portion of costs). Directly-paid benefits are a relatively smaller portion of costs in countries such as the United States, Australia, and Canada.

The total benefits portion of compensation costs can be seen by combining social insurance with directly-paid benefits. Total benefits surpass 40 percent in 14 countries. In contrast, the ratio of benefit costs in the United States is about 33 percent.

Chart 3.



Benefit components of hourly compensation costs as a percent of total compensation, 2012

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China and India

BLS has developed estimates of hourly compensation costs for employees in the Chinese and Indian manufacturing sectors. Due to various data gaps and methodological issues, compensation costs for China and India are not directly comparable to each other or with the data for other countries found in this report, and therefore are presented separately. Data are available for China through 2009 and for India through 2010.

For China, BLS approximates average hourly compensation costs in manufacturing by filling important data gaps for hours worked per year and for benefit components of labor compensation. Further, the concepts and coverage of Chinese statistics on manufacturing employment and wages often do not follow international standards and can be difficult to understand. Largely because of these data gaps and challenges, BLS estimates for China cannot be considered as robust as the manufacturing statistics for the other countries in this report.

For India, BLS estimates of compensation costs refer to formal manufacturing only, rather than to total manufacturing in the country. Unorganized sector manufacturing workers account for approximately 80 percent of total manufacturing employment in India and earn substantially less than their formal sector counterparts. For this reason, employers' average compensation costs in formal manufacturing overstate average compensation costs for Indian manufacturing as a whole.

Chart 4.



Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing for China and India, in U.S. dollars, 2002-2010


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Report Tables

Table 1. Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, and as a percent of costs in the United States
Hourly Compensation Costs
in U.S. dollarsU.S.=100
1997 (1)20121997 (1)2012

Norway

25.8363.36112178

Switzerland

30.4257.79132162

Belgium

28.9252.19125146

Sweden

25.0249.80109140

Denmark

23.7048.47103136

Australia

18.9347.6882134

Germany

29.1645.79127128

Finland

22.3642.6097119

Austria

24.9141.53108116

France

24.8639.81108112

Netherlands

22.4539.6297111

Ireland

16.6938.1772107

Canada

18.4936.5980103

United States

23.0435.67100100

Japan

21.9935.349599

Italy

19.7634.188696

United Kingdom

19.3131.238488

Spain

13.9526.836175

New Zealand

12.0624.775269

Singapore

12.1524.165368

Korea, Republic of

9.2220.724058

Israel

11.6220.145056

Greece

11.6119.415054

Argentina

7.5518.873353

Portugal

6.4612.102834

Czech Republic

3.2511.951434

Slovakia

2.8411.301232

Brazil

7.0711.203131

Estonia

NA10.41NA29

Taiwan

7.049.463127

Hungary

3.058.951325

Poland

3.158.251423

Mexico

3.476.361518

Philippines

1.282.1066

Note:
'NA' means data not available.
(1) With the exception of Estonia, 1997 is the first year data for all countries are available to BLS.
For additional information, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

Table 2. Average annual percent change in hourly compensation costs in manufacturing and exchange rates
1997-20122011-2012
National currency changeExchange rate change (1)U.S. dollar change (2)National currency changeExchange rate change (1)U.S. dollar change (2)

Argentina

17.6-9.66.330.3-9.418.1

Korea, Republic of

6.7-1.15.59.5-1.77.6

New Zealand

3.51.44.93.52.35.9

Singapore

3.51.24.73.80.64.5

Philippines

5.9-2.43.41.22.63.8

Australia

4.02.26.42.30.32.6

United Kingdom

3.5-0.23.32.7-1.21.5

Taiwan

2.2-0.22.01.8-0.61.2

Sweden

3.90.84.75.6-4.21.2

Canada

2.42.24.71.8-1.10.7

United States

3.00.03.00.40.00.4

Estonia

NANANA8.2-7.7-0.1

Japan

0.42.83.2-0.9-0.2-1.0

Mexico

7.7-3.34.13.8-5.5-1.9

Norway

4.81.36.21.6-3.7-2.2

Hungary

8.8-1.27.49.3-10.7-2.4

Germany

2.20.93.14.6-7.7-3.4

Austria

2.60.93.54.1-7.7-3.9

Ireland

5.20.55.74.1-7.7-3.9

Brazil

7.3-3.93.112.2-14.4-4.0

Slovakia

7.02.49.64.0-7.7-4.0

Switzerland

1.43.04.41.2-5.5-4.3

Belgium

3.10.94.03.2-7.7-4.7

Israel

4.5-0.73.72.7-7.2-4.7

Poland

6.60.06.64.5-9.0-4.9

Finland

3.60.84.42.4-7.7-5.4

Italy

2.90.83.72.4-7.7-5.4

France

2.30.93.22.4-7.7-5.5

Spain

3.60.84.52.2-7.7-5.6

Czech Republic

5.63.39.14.0-9.6-6.0

Denmark

4.00.94.91.5-7.6-6.2

Netherlands

3.00.93.91.6-7.7-6.3

Portugal

3.50.84.3-0.3-7.7-8.0

Greece

3.30.23.5-7.2-7.7-14.4

Note:
'NA' means data not available.
(1) Exchange rates are value of foreign currency relative to the U.S. dollar.
(2) U.S. dollar changes are approximately equal to national currency changes plus exchange rate changes for each country.
For additional information, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

Table 3. Components of hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2012
Hourly Compensation Costs
TotalSocial Insurance(1)Direct Pay
TotalDirectly-Paid Benefits(2)Pay for Time Worked(3)

Norway

63.3611.3352.03NANA

Switzerland

57.798.8548.9510.7538.19

Belgium

52.1916.7935.4010.5424.86

Sweden

49.8016.6133.205.1728.03

Denmark

48.474.6743.807.2636.54

Australia

47.689.3938.294.5533.73

Germany

45.799.7336.079.6226.45

Finland

42.609.5033.108.0725.03

Austria

41.5310.6530.888.9121.96

France

39.8111.9227.897.3820.51

Netherlands

39.628.5631.068.4022.66

Ireland

38.176.6831.505.7125.78

Canada

36.597.3029.303.6225.68

United States

35.678.5127.153.2223.93

Japan

35.346.4028.948.8320.11

Italy

34.189.8924.294.9819.31

United Kingdom

31.234.8626.374.1122.27

Spain

26.836.9519.895.2214.67

New Zealand

24.771.0523.722.8520.87

Singapore

24.164.0320.134.4215.71

Korea, Republic of

20.724.4516.27NANA

Israel

20.143.4716.671.4515.22

Greece

19.414.4814.933.6411.29

Argentina

18.873.2915.582.6412.94

Portugal

12.102.389.722.337.39

Czech Republic

11.953.188.771.547.23

Slovakia

11.303.068.232.116.12

Brazil

11.203.677.531.585.95

Estonia

10.412.717.690.946.75

Taiwan

9.461.378.08NANA

Hungary

8.952.106.841.775.08

Poland

8.251.047.212.125.09

Mexico

6.361.924.45NANA

Philippines

2.100.181.920.361.56

Note:
'NA' means data not available.
(1) Social insurance expenditures are legally required, private, and contractual social benefit costs, and labor-related taxes minus subsidies.
(2) Directly-paid benefits are primarily pay for leave time, bonuses, and pay in kind.
(3) Pay for time worked is primarily base wages and salaries, overtime pay, regular bonuses and premiums (paid each pay period), and cost of living adjustments.
For additional information, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 1.1 Indexes of hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollar basis (U.S. = 100), 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100

Argentina

3333343433321113151822253130374553

Australia

858273766657647991959610411098114131134

Austria

12510810710388838599106107110119131125115122116

Belgium

14612512512010598101123136136139148164153146154146

Brazil

3231291817141111131720222624293331

Canada

838075747368667481879497988699102103

Czech Republic

1514151514141720222427313733333634

Denmark

NA103103104898893111122123125139152142138145136

Estonia

NANANANA10101114171821273229272929

Finland

11197959280788298111112115122134129119127119

France

124108106101868185100110108111118127118112119112

Germany

14812712311510297101119129126129136145134126134128

Greece

5650484740344148545154627166646454

Hungary

1413131312131518212222273025242625

Ireland

75727170636569839395100110124121111112107

Israel

4950504749504344444445495751556056

Italy

9386827867646882929294991071009610296

Japan

1059588981008679828684797484889110199

Korea, Republic of

4240283639343740434957615144515458

Mexico

1415151719212019181919192017181818

Netherlands

NA979997848287104113110113119131121114119111

New Zealand

5452434236333644505452595851596669

Norway

NA1121111119897111125134140146163175156166182178

Philippines

66444444444555566

Poland

NA14151414151515161920242923232423

Portugal

3228282824232529323233353836343734

Singapore

5353494647474445454445495851566568

Slovakia

1212121110101215181922273333313332

Spain

6961605850485161686972778581778075

Sweden

121109107103948490109118117120133136120125139140

Switzerland

158132132123108107114129134133134136150148147170162

Taiwan

3231272829272524252626262623242627

United Kingdom

7984888983798188979910211010486848788
Trade-Weighted Measures

All Foreign Countries (1)

NA696666# 63595965707275788275788281

OECD (1)

NA737070# 66626270757780838779828786

Europe (1)

NA10110197# 858286100110109112119127117112119114

Euro Area (1)

NA10510398# 868286102112111114121132123116122116

Eastern Europe (1)

NA141414# 13141517192123273227272927

East Asia ex-Japan

NA383133# 35333334353842444237414547

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and trade-weighted measures, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 1.2 Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

22.4723.0423.4924.0224.9626.2227.3628.5729.3130.1430.4832.0732.7834.1934.8135.5135.67

Argentina

7.437.558.018.088.168.273.013.654.515.516.638.0410.0410.2312.7715.9818.87

Australia

19.1718.9317.1518.1416.4515.0217.4222.6526.7528.5529.1733.3735.9133.4239.6846.4747.68

Austria

28.1224.9125.2024.8521.9721.7023.3828.3831.1832.3733.6338.1342.8642.6239.9843.2341.53

Belgium

32.7128.9229.3028.7426.1425.7827.7635.0139.9541.0042.4947.4653.8852.2750.7254.7652.19

Brazil

7.117.076.744.214.353.633.083.233.825.015.997.108.448.1310.0111.6711.20

Canada

18.6218.4917.7317.8418.3317.8118.0521.0823.6726.2628.5831.2732.0629.4034.3636.3436.59

Czech Republic

3.383.253.553.503.403.754.615.656.577.308.169.8112.2311.4211.4212.7111.95

Denmark

NA23.7024.1724.9422.2123.0025.4531.7035.6837.0538.2344.4349.7048.6047.9351.6748.47

Estonia

NANANANA2.552.683.114.114.865.516.538.6510.5610.039.4710.4210.41

Finland

25.0122.3622.4022.0819.8720.4222.4928.1232.4733.7235.1939.2743.8544.2541.4445.0542.60

France

27.8224.8624.9724.2821.3721.3123.1328.4632.1432.6633.8537.9641.7640.3739.1242.1239.81

Germany

33.2229.1628.9227.5725.4125.3127.6334.0037.7238.0339.3743.5047.5345.7643.8447.4245.79

Greece

12.6111.6111.2111.309.949.0211.1413.7215.8915.2516.6019.7623.1422.7222.3622.6819.41

Hungary

3.113.053.093.092.963.374.185.196.176.716.858.669.778.628.399.178.95

Ireland

16.8716.6916.6616.8915.7617.0118.8823.6427.1828.6430.4135.4040.5341.2138.5739.7438.17

Israel

10.9011.6211.6711.3812.2513.0111.7912.4712.8113.2713.8615.7218.5417.5519.2221.1420.14

Italy

21.0019.7619.2018.7316.6416.8318.6123.4227.1127.7128.5331.8235.1134.3233.5736.1534.18

Japan

23.6721.9920.5923.5925.0222.4321.4823.4125.2725.2524.0323.7227.4830.0331.7535.7135.34

Korea, Republic of

9.549.226.628.599.629.0010.2511.3312.6314.8317.3719.4316.8515.0617.8919.2520.72

Mexico

3.053.473.574.024.705.415.595.315.265.615.886.176.475.706.146.496.36

Netherlands

NA22.4523.2523.2821.0421.5923.7329.6633.0133.2934.3738.3043.0941.3939.5442.2639.62

New Zealand

12.1112.0610.0310.149.008.539.7712.6214.7816.2615.7518.8419.1517.4720.4223.3824.77

Norway

NA25.8326.0726.5624.5025.3530.2835.5939.3442.0444.5752.1457.3553.3957.6664.7663.36

Philippines

1.361.280.981.061.000.981.021.031.101.201.351.601.751.711.892.022.10

Poland

NA3.153.463.403.413.914.074.404.795.606.187.639.607.728.168.688.25

Portugal

7.136.466.686.615.946.066.708.199.249.549.9611.2112.6112.3411.9413.1512.10

Singapore

11.9312.1511.4711.0111.7112.2012.1412.7413.2013.2513.7715.7118.8717.5419.4223.1324.16

Slovakia

2.732.842.892.592.602.693.244.385.205.826.568.5310.7211.2410.7211.7711.30

Spain

15.4813.9514.1513.9112.4012.4913.8517.4219.8220.7421.8024.7927.7527.8626.6628.4426.83

Sweden

27.1525.0225.2024.8223.4021.9124.5831.0134.7235.3936.5542.6144.4540.9243.5149.2149.80

Switzerland

35.5230.4230.9829.6026.9228.0931.1036.7939.4140.1040.9143.5349.2350.5451.1060.4057.79

Taiwan

7.107.046.346.797.307.166.836.977.287.938.058.188.687.778.379.349.46

United Kingdom

17.7819.3120.6821.2920.6720.6922.0925.1528.5029.7231.2335.2334.2029.4729.1130.7731.23
Trade-Weighted Measures

All Foreign Countries (1)

NA15.8915.4915.79# 15.6515.4216.0518.6520.6621.7622.8125.0026.7725.5226.9829.2628.89

OECD (1)

NA16.7516.3616.76# 16.5716.3217.0819.9222.1023.2624.3626.6928.4927.1828.6630.9730.53

Europe (1)

NA23.3523.6423.21# 21.2821.4423.4428.6232.1032.8734.1538.2341.6940.0038.9042.1140.57

Euro Area (1)

NA24.2324.2523.61# 21.3821.5323.5329.2032.8633.4834.7538.8643.1642.0040.3043.2541.27

Eastern Europe (1)

NA3.123.343.27# 3.183.564.114.895.616.316.898.5710.459.309.3310.189.73

East Asia ex-Japan

NA8.657.198.04# 8.778.578.999.6110.3511.4712.6814.0213.8012.5014.2815.9516.83

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and trade-weighted measures, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 1.3 Indexes of hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollar basis (2000 = 100), 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

90929496100105110114117121122128131137139142143

Argentina

91939899100101374555678199123125156196231

Australia

11711510411010091106138163174177203218203241283290

Austria

12811311511310099106129142147153174195194182197189

Belgium

12511111211010099106134153157163182206200194210200

Brazil

1631631559710083717488115138163194187230268258

Canada

10210197971009798115129143156171175160187198200

Czech Republic

10096104103100110136166193215240289360336336374352

Denmark

NA107109112100104115143161167172200224219216233218

Estonia

NANANANA100105122161190216256339414393371408408

Finland

126113113111100103113142163170177198221223209227214

France

130116117114100100108133150153158178195189183197186

Germany

131115114109100100109134148150155171187180173187180

Greece

12711711311410091112138160153167199233229225228195

Hungary

105103104104100114141175209227232293330292284310303

Ireland

107106106107100108120150172182193225257261245252242

Israel

8995959310010696102105108113128151143157173164

Italy

126119115113100101112141163166171191211206202217205

Japan

958882941009086941011019695110120127143141

Korea, Republic of

9996698910094107118131154181202175157186200215

Mexico

65747686100115119113112120125131138121131138136

Netherlands

NA107110111100103113141157158163182205197188201188

New Zealand

13513411111310095109140164181175209213194227260275

Norway

NA105106108100103124145161172182213234218235264259

Philippines

1351289810610097102102109119134159174170188202209

Poland

NA93102100100115120129141164181224282227240255242

Portugal

120109112111100102113138156161168189212208201222204

Singapore

1021049894100104104109113113118134161150166197206

Slovakia

105109111100100104125169200224253329413433413453435

Spain

125112114112100101112140160167176200224225215229216

Sweden

11610710810610094105133148151156182190175186210213

Switzerland

132113115110100104116137146149152162183188190224215

Taiwan

97968793100989495100109110112119106115128130

United Kingdom

8693100103100100107122138144151170165143141149151

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 1.4 Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, national currency, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

22.4723.0423.4924.0224.9626.2227.3628.5729.3130.1430.4832.0732.7834.1934.8135.5135.67

Argentina

7.437.558.008.088.168.269.2110.5913.1915.9920.2524.8931.5537.9549.7665.6985.62

Australia

24.4925.4527.2628.1028.2929.0632.0534.7236.3337.4438.7239.7742.0642.1643.1344.9846.02

Austria

297.75304.01311.94# 23.3323.8024.2424.7425.0725.0726.0026.7727.8129.1030.5830.1531.0332.30

Belgium

1012.991035.531063.88# 26.9828.3128.8029.3630.9332.1232.9433.8234.6236.5937.5138.2539.3140.58

Brazil

7.147.627.837.667.968.549.019.9211.1712.2113.0113.8215.4616.2417.6219.5221.89

Canada

25.4025.6126.3026.5127.2327.5828.3529.5330.8131.8232.4133.5734.1833.5635.3935.9336.58

Czech Republic

91.83102.87114.46120.86131.15142.51150.89159.34168.89174.93184.33199.18208.75217.78218.05224.99233.95

Denmark

NA156.67162.00174.35179.76191.68200.70208.52213.67222.12227.17241.77252.90260.36269.68276.61280.75

Estonia

NANANANA43.3346.7551.6156.9061.2069.3981.3898.86112.91112.89111.85# 7.488.09

Finland

114.88116.07119.68# 20.7321.5222.8123.7924.8426.1027.0928.0128.6429.7831.7531.2532.3433.13

France

142.32145.17147.33# 22.7923.1523.8024.4725.1425.8426.2426.9427.6828.3628.9729.5030.2330.96

Germany

49.9950.5950.89# 25.8827.5328.2829.2330.0330.3330.5531.3431.7332.2832.8433.0634.0435.61

Greece

3035.823169.633313.043467.143633.20# 10.0811.7812.1212.7812.2513.2214.4115.7116.3116.8616.2815.10

Hungary

475.33570.26661.48732.37834.65965.191079.061163.881250.991339.231441.811590.781682.021744.661745.281843.112014.20

Ireland

10.5410.9911.69# 15.8517.0719.0019.9720.8821.8523.0124.2125.8227.5329.5729.0928.5229.68

Israel

34.8040.0844.3647.1349.9454.7155.8556.8157.4059.5561.7464.5966.5369.0171.8575.6377.66

Italy

32395.5133665.9233350.10# 17.5818.0318.8119.6920.6921.8022.2622.7123.2023.8424.6325.3125.9526.58

Japan

2574.312661.952696.632682.892697.412727.042690.192714.452732.942780.602794.962793.102840.732812.922787.432846.022820.54

Korea, Republic of

7682.038786.389269.4810221.1610879.6911622.4412811.7613501.2814468.5315182.8316573.2218054.5018509.0619192.5420674.3021305.9723329.16

Mexico

23.1427.4932.7138.4044.4150.5354.0357.2959.3461.1564.0967.4372.1376.9377.5280.6683.72

Netherlands

NA43.8346.13# 21.8522.7924.1125.1026.2026.5426.7427.3627.9429.2629.7029.8230.3430.81

New Zealand

17.6118.2018.7019.1719.7020.3021.0321.6722.2423.0724.2625.5826.7827.4828.2929.5230.56

Norway

NA183.03196.90207.39215.90228.04241.73252.01265.14270.82285.68305.31323.25335.87348.57362.77368.62

Philippines

35.5037.7740.1741.6144.3949.7252.6555.6061.3965.9969.1273.6277.6681.5585.2087.6888.74

Poland

NA10.3312.0413.5014.8116.0216.6317.1317.5218.1119.1721.1223.1224.0924.6125.7226.87

Portugal

1099.251133.111203.40# 6.206.436.767.097.237.437.667.938.188.568.869.009.449.41

Singapore

16.8218.0519.1818.6720.2121.8821.7422.2122.3122.0421.8723.6726.6925.5126.4729.0730.19

Slovakia

83.7995.49101.79107.19119.47129.95146.96161.13167.84180.64194.78210.61229.078.078.088.458.78

Spain

1960.692044.362113.50# 13.0613.4413.9514.6515.3915.9416.6617.3518.0818.8419.9920.1120.4120.87

Sweden

182.14191.25200.38205.39214.62226.59238.98250.52255.11264.37269.46287.81292.67313.19313.54319.25337.28

Switzerland

43.9144.1644.9444.5345.5147.4548.4149.4848.9849.9751.2652.2353.2554.8953.3153.5354.19

Taiwan

195.08202.70212.52219.54228.22242.08236.02239.68242.96254.79261.76268.73273.70256.59263.54274.45279.49

United Kingdom

11.3911.7912.4813.1613.6414.3714.7015.3915.5516.3316.9417.6018.4418.8218.8419.1819.70

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
See note in Table 7.1. for national currency units.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 1.5 Indexes of hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, national currency basis (2000 = 100), 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

90929496100105110114117121122128131137139142143

Argentina

919398991001011131301621962483053874656108051050

Australia

87909699100103113123128132137141149149152159163

Austria

91939598100102104105105109113117122129127130136

Belgium

89919395100102104109113116119122129132135139143

Brazil

90969896100107113125140153164174194204221245275

Canada

93949797100101104108113117119123126123130132134

Czech Republic

70788792100109115121129133141152159166166172178

Denmark

NA879097100107112116119124126134141145150154156

Estonia

NANANANA100108119131141160188228261261258270292

Finland

90919496100106111115121126130133138148145150154

France

94969798100103106109112113116120122125127131134

Germany

93949594100103106109110111114115117119120124129

Greece

8487919510095110114120115124135147153158153142

Hungary

57687988100116129139150160173191202209209221241

Ireland

78828793100111117122128135142151161173170167174

Israel

70808994100110112114115119124129133138144151155

Italy

93969698100104109115121123126129132137140144147

Japan

959910099100101100101101103104104105104103106105

Korea, Republic of

71818594100107118124133140152166170176190196214

Mexico

52627486100114122129134138144152162173175182189

Netherlands

NA879296100106110115116117120123128130131133135

New Zealand

89929597100103107110113117123130136140144150155

Norway

NA859196100106112117123125132141150156161168171

Philippines

80859094100112119125138149156166175184192198200

Poland

NA708191100108112116118122129143156163166174181

Portugal

85889396100105110113116119123127133138140147146

Singapore

83899592100108108110110109108117132126131144149

Slovakia

70808590100109123135140151163176192203204213222

Spain

88919597100104109115119124129135140149150152155

Sweden

85899396100106111117119123126134136146146149157

Switzerland

96979998100104106109108110113115117121117118119

Taiwan

85899396100106103105106112115118120112115120122

United Kingdom

84869297100105108113114120124129135138138141144

Note:
Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 2.1 Indexes of hourly direct pay in manufacturing, U.S. dollar basis (U.S. = 100), 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100

Argentina

3434353534331214161923273333404957

Australia

8985757767596480929698109114103121139141

Austria

116100999581788195102103106117127122113120114

Belgium

127110108104898689109122121124133146137131138130

Brazil

2626241515121010111417202321262928

Canada

898681797973707885929810410391105108108

Czech Republic

1413141312131618212325303632323532

Denmark

NA126126123106103108129141142146163178169165174161

Estonia

NANANANA10101114161821263128272928

Finland

10895949179788299112113116126136132123130122

France

10995938875717488979699109117109104110103

Germany

143123119112999599118127126128140149138130138133

Greece

5449464639344048555155637167656555

Hungary

1211111110111417192121262825242625

Ireland

8280787769727692103105109123136130123125116

Israel

5254535152534647484849546357616561

Italy

7972716757565972828285929994919689

Japan

1131029310310590838791898480909599109107

Korea, Republic of

4439263235323640455260655447545760

Mexico

1113131416171816161717181815161716

Netherlands

NA959795848286103112111114124135125119124114

New Zealand

6664525144404455636764757465758387

Norway

NA121119118105103117132142148155176188169180198192

Philippines

76555444455666777

Poland

NA12131515161617182022273326272827

Portugal

3228282824232529323334374038373936

Singapore

5252494950494748494950556457627274

Slovakia

11111110991114171820253131303230

Spain

6557575447454858656668758279757973

Sweden

10795948981727893102101105116120105111123122

Switzerland

170141141131115115122140146145146151166165165190180

Taiwan

3534293132302827282929293025273030

United Kingdom

828792928684879610710911312311697949797
Trade-Weighted Measures

All Foreign Countries (1)

NA706666# 63595966727476818477818684

OECD (1)

NA737070# 67636371777981879082869188

Europe (1)

NA989894# 83808499109109112122129119115122116

Euro Area (1)

NA999793# 81788298108108110121130122116122115

Eastern Europe (1)

NA121313# 12131517192123273228283028

East Asia ex-Japan

NA383133# 35333435384145484640454950

Note:
Direct pay includes pay for time worked (wages and salaries) and directly-paid benefits.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and trade-weighted measures, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 2.2 Hourly direct pay in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

17.7318.2018.6219.1419.8720.6821.5422.2722.7823.4023.6224.3725.0925.9626.2626.8627.15

Argentina

5.956.136.516.676.786.912.483.023.734.555.486.648.298.4510.5513.2015.58

Australia

15.7715.4713.9814.7213.3712.1013.8217.8621.0222.4723.1026.5128.5226.6331.7537.2938.29

Austria

20.5318.1718.3718.1316.0616.0617.3721.1623.3424.2025.1028.4131.8731.6929.7332.1430.88

Belgium

22.5819.9520.2019.8317.6517.8419.2424.3527.8328.3729.2032.4336.5735.5034.4037.1235.40

Brazil

4.694.704.452.832.942.442.082.172.593.374.054.825.705.526.817.857.53

Canada

15.7215.6515.0915.2115.6715.0715.0417.3919.3821.4223.1025.3925.9223.5327.4829.0729.30

Czech Republic

2.502.392.612.572.482.733.354.104.765.365.987.198.978.308.349.338.77

Denmark

NA22.9523.4023.5521.0321.3623.2828.7532.2033.1734.3939.8344.6343.8443.3146.7043.80

Estonia

NANANANA1.902.002.303.053.614.104.876.457.817.326.987.717.69

Finland

19.2117.3017.4617.3415.7216.1317.7422.1525.5426.4427.5130.6134.0734.3832.2035.0033.10

France

19.4117.3317.3816.8714.8314.7515.9619.5822.0422.5223.4626.4529.2528.2827.4129.5127.89

Germany

25.3722.3222.2321.3519.6219.6021.3626.2828.9929.5330.3434.1137.3835.8234.2537.1736.07

Greece

9.668.918.638.727.697.008.6610.7012.4411.8812.8815.2617.8017.4717.1917.4414.93

Hungary

2.062.042.092.122.062.362.963.704.434.845.026.337.146.396.397.016.84

Ireland

14.6114.5114.5214.7513.8014.7916.4520.4523.3824.4825.8429.8934.0133.6532.1833.4731.50

Israel

9.229.809.839.6710.3811.029.9010.5010.8511.1211.6113.0915.7814.8216.0317.4016.67

Italy

13.9513.1313.2112.8911.3811.5312.8116.1218.6619.1920.0222.4724.9524.3923.8525.6924.29

Japan

20.0818.5717.3019.7420.8618.6217.7919.3420.8220.7519.7319.4622.5324.6126.0129.2528.94

Korea, Republic of

7.877.084.856.057.016.657.778.8710.1612.2614.2915.8413.6412.1014.2615.2416.27

Mexico

1.982.282.372.703.163.613.773.613.613.894.064.284.473.934.304.544.45

Netherlands

NA17.2818.0518.2116.6016.8718.5322.9525.6125.9927.0330.3233.9232.5831.1533.2931.06

New Zealand

11.6811.649.699.818.718.279.4812.2414.3115.7415.2318.1918.5116.8219.6622.3923.72

Norway

NA21.9522.1522.5720.8121.3525.2929.4832.3034.5336.6042.8247.1043.8547.3553.1852.03

Philippines

1.221.160.890.960.910.890.930.941.001.091.231.461.601.571.731.851.92

Poland

NA2.202.412.902.883.313.433.704.034.745.256.528.246.637.137.587.21

Portugal

5.615.115.315.284.774.865.376.557.377.627.978.9910.139.919.5910.569.72

Singapore

9.289.509.119.389.9010.2310.1910.7011.2011.3611.7613.3715.9514.7216.2819.3120.13

Slovakia

1.881.962.011.831.831.932.313.083.784.244.756.167.738.027.778.588.23

Spain

11.5510.4210.5810.429.309.3610.3613.0014.7515.4116.1718.3120.6220.4619.7021.2219.89

Sweden

18.9217.3617.4517.1016.0114.9016.7020.7823.2223.6324.7328.2430.1027.3429.1433.0033.20

Switzerland

30.0625.7526.2225.0422.7823.7426.2631.0933.3333.9034.5736.8041.6242.7743.2851.1648.95

Taiwan

6.126.105.485.876.266.165.946.116.396.906.967.027.406.617.138.008.08

United Kingdom

14.5415.9217.1717.5617.0917.3118.7021.3824.4425.4426.6930.0529.1325.0924.7926.0426.37
Trade-Weighted Measures

All Foreign Countries (1)

NA12.6612.3612.63# 12.5412.3012.7414.7616.3417.2418.0119.7921.1420.0521.2423.0422.76

OECD (1)

NA13.3613.0613.39# 13.2512.9913.5315.7417.4518.3919.2021.1022.4721.3422.5424.3724.03

Europe (1)

NA17.8818.2017.91# 16.4116.6018.1722.1224.7925.4626.4329.7132.3730.9230.1232.6431.43

Euro Area (1)

NA18.0218.1417.74# 16.0416.1917.7021.9224.6025.1726.0929.3932.6631.6430.3932.6831.16

Eastern Europe (1)

NA2.192.352.52# 2.442.743.143.714.274.845.316.618.097.157.307.987.63

East Asia ex-Japan

NA6.895.686.35# 6.986.877.277.888.629.6810.6411.6711.4510.3011.7113.0413.68

Note:
Direct pay includes pay for time worked (wages and salaries) and directly-paid benefits.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and trade-weighted measures, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 2.3 Hourly direct pay in manufacturing, national currency, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

17.7318.2018.6219.1419.8720.6821.5422.2722.7823.4023.6224.3725.0925.9626.2626.8627.15

Argentina

5.956.136.516.666.786.917.618.7510.8913.2016.7320.5526.0631.3441.0954.2570.71

Australia

20.1520.7922.2222.8022.9923.4125.4227.3828.5329.4630.6631.5933.4133.6034.5136.0936.96

Austria

217.34221.83227.45# 17.0217.4017.9418.3718.6918.7619.4419.9820.7221.6422.7422.4223.0724.01

Belgium

699.31714.48733.40# 18.6119.1219.9320.3521.5122.3722.7923.2423.6624.8425.4725.9426.6427.53

Brazil

4.725.065.175.155.375.756.096.667.598.218.809.3810.4411.0211.9913.1214.71

Canada

21.4421.6722.3922.6023.2723.3423.6224.3625.2225.9526.2027.2527.6326.8528.3028.7429.28

Czech Republic

67.9075.8884.4189.0195.62103.84109.65115.72122.33128.35135.03145.90153.20158.23159.21165.09171.66

Denmark

NA151.69156.85164.64170.28178.00183.63189.07192.87198.86204.35216.73227.11234.87243.68249.99253.73

Estonia

NANANANA32.2434.9738.2542.2045.4851.6060.6673.7583.5682.4082.37# 5.535.98

Finland

88.2489.8193.29# 16.2817.0318.0218.7719.5720.5321.2421.9022.3223.1324.6724.2825.1325.74

France

99.32101.18102.54# 15.8416.0716.4716.8817.2917.7218.0918.6719.2919.8720.3020.6721.1821.69

Germany

38.1838.7339.12# 20.0421.2621.8922.5923.2123.3123.7224.1524.8825.3825.7025.8326.6828.05

Greece

2325.152433.182549.082673.772808.27# 7.829.169.4510.009.5410.2511.1312.0812.5412.9712.5211.61

Hungary

314.09381.57448.26502.72580.44676.68762.73829.50899.02966.111055.161162.081228.651292.661329.151409.581540.43

Ireland

9.139.5610.19# 13.8514.9416.5217.4018.0618.8019.6720.5721.8023.1024.1524.2724.0224.49

Israel

29.4333.7937.3440.0342.3246.3746.9047.8348.6249.9151.7153.7756.6058.2959.9562.2664.28

Italy

21523.8322367.9122952.23# 12.1012.3212.8713.5514.2415.0015.4215.9416.3916.9417.5017.9918.4418.89

Japan

2184.542247.962266.232245.532248.552264.102227.702241.962251.382284.712295.012292.002329.572305.262282.882330.872310.01

Korea, Republic of

6337.426750.376798.057195.167925.048585.929719.7310568.2611640.9112548.5713633.7114714.4714986.1115428.4816480.8816864.6118322.90

Mexico

15.0718.0921.6825.8229.8933.6636.4638.9140.7242.3644.2446.7549.7753.0254.2456.3858.47

Netherlands

NA33.7535.81# 17.1017.9818.8419.6020.2720.5920.8821.5122.1123.0323.3823.4923.9024.16

New Zealand

16.9817.5718.0718.5419.0819.6820.4121.0221.5422.3323.4624.7025.8826.4627.2528.2729.26

Norway

NA155.50167.29176.20183.43192.09201.89208.70217.71222.39234.59250.72265.46275.82286.25297.91302.72

Philippines

31.9934.0536.2037.5140.1945.2048.0550.8355.9060.1963.1467.3671.0674.6277.9680.2381.20

Poland

NA7.238.3811.5112.5513.5314.0114.3914.7515.3316.3118.0519.8520.6921.5022.4723.48

Portugal

864.80896.05956.55# 4.955.165.425.685.785.936.126.356.566.887.117.237.587.56

Singapore

13.0814.1215.2415.9117.0818.3518.2418.6518.9318.9018.6820.1522.5621.4022.1924.2625.15

Slovakia

57.7365.7970.8675.8884.3993.39104.54113.28121.85131.49141.09152.22165.055.765.866.166.40

Spain

1462.871527.131580.66# 9.7810.0710.4510.9611.4911.8612.3812.8713.3614.0114.6814.8615.2315.46

Sweden

126.93132.73138.76141.45146.89154.13162.36167.89170.66176.56182.29190.76198.23209.26210.00214.10224.82

Switzerland

37.1637.3738.0337.6838.5140.1040.8741.8141.4242.2443.3244.1545.0246.4545.1545.3445.90

Taiwan

168.24175.43183.99189.64195.84208.31204.99210.14213.31221.71226.34230.48233.38218.36224.44234.93238.97

United Kingdom

9.329.7210.3610.8611.2712.0312.4413.0813.3313.9714.4815.0115.7116.0216.0416.2316.64

Note:
Direct pay includes pay for time worked (wages and salaries) and directly-paid benefits.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
See note in Table 7.1. for national currency units.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 3.1 Indexes of hourly pay for time worked in manufacturing, U.S. dollar basis (U.S. = 100), 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100

Argentina

3232333332321113151822263130384654

Australia

8884747666586480919697109113102120139141

Austria

93807976656365778384869410298919792

Belgium

10288878271697288989799106116108104110104

Brazil

24232113131099101315182019232625

Canada

888580787772697784919710310290103108107

Czech Republic

1312131211121417192124273329293230

Denmark

NA12212111710199104124136136139156169161156165153

Estonia

NANANANA9101114161720263128262828

Finland

9684838070687185949599107116113104112105

France

9381797564616375828184919790869286

Germany

1201031019483798298107107107116124115111117111

Greece

4742393832283440464346536157565647

Hungary

10101099101214161818222421202221

Ireland

797674726567738899100104116126120113116108

Israel

5355545254544749494951566558636764

Italy

6862615849485264737376839084818681

Japan

8476697880696468716864626975788584

Korea, Republic of

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Mexico

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Netherlands

NA808280716973879593961041121039710395

New Zealand

6664525143404455636764747364748387

Norway

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Philippines

66454444445666667

Poland

NA9101211121313141618212620222321

Portugal

2724242320202125282829323533313431

Singapore

4747444445444243444344495751546366

Slovakia

998877911131516212525252726

Spain

5548474539384048535557636965626661

Sweden

103929085776974899796100111115100106118117

Switzerland

151125124115101101106123129127126131143143145169160

Taiwan

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

United Kingdom

768084837877819110310510811811192909393

Note:
Pay for time worked is primarily base wages and salaries, overtime pay, regular bonuses and premiums (paid each pay period), and cost of living adjustments.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 3.2 Hourly pay for time worked in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

15.7416.2216.6317.1517.7718.4419.1619.7720.2520.7320.9121.5022.1623.0423.3123.6923.93

Argentina

5.045.195.495.595.715.812.062.513.093.784.555.516.887.028.7610.9612.94

Australia

13.8913.6312.3212.9711.7810.6612.1815.7418.5219.8020.3523.3625.1323.4727.9732.8533.73

Austria

14.6512.9913.1513.0011.5311.5312.4715.1916.7517.3317.9320.2622.6722.5421.1422.8621.96

Belgium

16.1014.2214.4014.1312.5812.7213.7117.3619.8420.1520.6622.8625.6824.9324.1626.0724.86

Brazil

3.713.713.522.242.321.931.651.712.052.673.203.814.514.365.386.205.95

Canada

13.7813.7113.2313.3313.7313.2113.1815.2416.9818.7720.2522.2522.7120.6224.0925.4825.68

Czech Republic

2.041.962.142.102.032.212.743.353.904.404.925.897.396.766.837.697.23

Denmark

NA19.7920.1820.1418.0018.2319.8624.4927.4628.1729.1133.6237.5237.0436.2639.1536.54

Estonia

NANANANA1.681.762.042.693.183.604.285.666.836.366.106.736.75

Finland

15.0513.5913.7413.6812.4212.5713.6216.7619.0319.7820.6523.0625.7726.0024.3526.4725.03

France

14.6413.1013.1712.8211.3011.2012.0914.8016.6216.8717.4719.5721.5220.8020.1621.7020.51

Germany

18.9016.6516.7416.1614.6814.5015.7719.3921.7722.0922.4725.0527.4726.5525.8027.7026.45

Greece

7.376.776.536.575.775.246.477.979.248.879.6511.4913.4613.2213.0013.1911.29

Hungary

1.621.591.621.621.561.792.232.793.343.633.754.715.294.744.745.205.08

Ireland

12.4812.3112.2312.3411.4612.4013.9117.4420.1120.8321.7524.8928.0327.6926.4327.4325.78

Israel

8.408.938.958.869.5310.039.039.599.9010.1610.6012.0114.3113.4114.6715.9515.22

Italy

10.6610.0310.129.908.758.929.9812.6314.7115.1615.8517.8219.8319.3918.9620.4219.31

Japan

13.2812.2611.5413.4014.1312.6712.3113.3614.3214.1813.4413.3015.3817.2118.1720.1920.11

Korea, Republic of

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Mexico

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Netherlands

NA12.9413.5613.7212.5412.7313.9617.2619.2319.3820.0022.2824.7423.7722.7224.2922.66

New Zealand

10.3410.308.578.687.717.318.3710.8012.6713.9313.4215.8816.1114.7417.2919.7020.87

Norway

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Philippines

1.010.950.730.780.740.710.740.750.800.880.991.181.301.271.401.501.56

Poland

NA1.441.611.972.002.302.402.602.843.343.714.605.814.685.035.355.09

Portugal

4.323.904.013.953.533.644.085.045.755.916.146.887.707.547.298.037.39

Singapore

7.367.567.347.507.918.178.138.538.919.019.2610.4512.5411.6512.6815.0015.71

Slovakia

1.361.411.411.301.281.351.662.252.733.063.434.445.605.855.786.386.12

Spain

8.657.797.907.766.926.937.659.5610.8111.3111.8913.4815.2115.0914.5315.6514.67

Sweden

16.2414.8814.9314.6013.6612.6814.1717.5919.6219.9620.8823.8525.4223.0924.6127.8728.03

Switzerland

23.7120.3120.6819.7517.9718.5820.3924.2626.1526.2626.4328.0931.7332.9933.7739.9238.19

Taiwan

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

United Kingdom

11.8912.9713.9514.2113.7814.1715.5318.0320.9121.6922.6825.4624.5921.1920.9321.9822.27

Note:
Pay for time worked is primarily base wages and salaries, overtime pay, regular bonuses and premiums (paid each pay period), and cost of living adjustments.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 3.3 Hourly pay for time worked in manufacturing, national currency, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

15.7416.2216.6317.1517.7718.4419.1619.7720.2520.7320.9121.5022.1623.0423.3123.6923.93

Argentina

5.045.185.495.585.705.816.327.279.0510.9713.8917.0721.6426.0334.1345.0658.73

Australia

17.7518.3219.5820.0920.2520.6222.3924.1225.1425.9627.0127.8429.4329.6030.4031.8032.57

Austria

155.12158.55162.81# 12.2012.4912.8813.1913.4113.4713.9214.2714.7715.3916.1715.9516.4117.08

Belgium

498.46509.28522.76# 13.2713.6314.2014.5015.3315.9516.1916.4516.6717.4417.8918.2218.7119.33

Brazil

3.734.004.094.074.254.544.815.276.006.496.967.428.268.719.4810.3711.63

Canada

18.7918.9919.6319.8120.4020.4620.7021.3522.1122.7522.9623.8924.2123.5424.8125.1925.66

Czech Republic

55.4761.9968.9572.7178.5283.9189.5894.49100.16105.36111.11119.63126.16128.91130.50136.14141.56

Denmark

NA130.81135.27140.77145.72151.93156.60161.09164.46168.90172.98182.96190.90198.42204.03209.61211.65

Estonia

NANANANA28.5030.7133.8437.2640.0245.3353.3964.7573.0971.6271.98# 4.835.25

Finland

69.1570.5373.42# 12.8413.4614.0414.4114.8015.3015.8916.4416.8217.5018.6618.3619.0019.47

France

74.9076.4877.71# 12.0312.2412.5112.7913.0713.3613.5513.9114.2814.6114.9315.2015.5815.95

Germany

28.4428.8829.46# 15.1715.9016.2016.6817.1317.5017.7417.8818.2718.6519.0519.4519.8820.57

Greece

1773.801848.821929.142015.372108.21# 5.856.847.047.437.127.698.389.149.489.819.478.78

Hungary

247.47297.77346.46384.78439.92512.05576.24625.69677.06724.82788.62865.21911.25958.73985.791045.451142.49

Ireland

7.808.118.58# 11.5912.4213.8514.7115.4016.1716.7317.3118.1519.0419.8719.9319.6920.05

Israel

26.8130.8034.0336.6938.8542.1942.7643.6844.3845.6247.2249.3451.3452.7454.8557.0958.70

Italy

16450.5817095.7017580.79# 9.299.489.9710.5511.1611.8212.1712.6113.0013.4713.9114.3014.6615.02

Japan

1445.031484.391511.791524.501523.661539.741541.291548.851548.511561.061563.301566.681590.271612.611594.701608.951605.50

Korea, Republic of

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Mexico

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Netherlands

NA25.2726.90# 12.8813.5914.2214.7715.2415.4615.5615.9216.2516.8017.0617.1317.4317.62

New Zealand

15.0415.5515.9916.4116.8717.4018.0318.5519.0819.7620.6621.5522.5323.1823.9724.8725.74

Norway

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Philippines

26.2927.9829.7530.6232.5836.3938.4340.7644.9548.5351.0454.6057.5960.4863.1965.0365.82

Poland

NA4.725.597.838.719.439.8010.1110.4010.8111.5012.7314.0114.6015.1715.8516.57

Portugal

666.08683.40722.38# 3.703.824.074.314.454.624.754.895.025.235.415.505.765.74

Singapore

10.3811.2312.2712.7113.6514.6514.5514.8715.0615.0014.7115.7517.7416.9417.2818.8519.62

Slovakia

41.6947.5149.6553.7858.9865.1175.3182.7387.9994.82101.81109.61119.584.204.364.584.76

Spain

1096.161142.161179.98# 7.297.497.748.098.458.699.099.469.8310.3310.8310.9611.2311.41

Sweden

108.92113.72118.70120.82125.27131.13137.79142.14144.14149.12153.95161.09167.39176.70177.32180.79189.84

Switzerland

29.3129.4730.0029.7230.3831.3831.7432.6332.5032.7133.1233.7034.3235.8235.2335.3835.82

Taiwan

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

United Kingdom

7.627.928.418.799.099.8410.3411.0311.4111.9212.3112.7213.2613.5313.5513.7014.05

Note:
Pay for time worked is primarily base wages and salaries, overtime pay, regular bonuses and premiums (paid each pay period), and cost of living adjustments.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
See note in Table 7.1. for national currency units.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 4.1 Indexes of hourly direct benefits in manufacturing, U.S. dollar basis (U.S. = 100), 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100

Argentina

4648515451491820252934394849617082

Australia

949384887664698599100102110116108128140141

Austria

295262262258216202206238261257265284314313291292276

Belgium

326290291286242228232279317308316334372361348348327

Brazil

4950473029231818222631354140485249

Canada

9898949492837886959910610910999115113112

Czech Republic

2322242421232630343639455453515248

Denmark

NA160162171145140144170188187195216243233239238225

Estonia

NANANANA11111114171922273333303129

Finland

209188187184157159173215258249253263283286266269250

France

240214211203169158162191215211221240264256246246229

Germany

325287276260236227235275286278291316338317287299298

Greece

115108105108917892109127113119131148146142134113

Hungary

2223242524263036434547566356565755

Ireland

107111115121111107107120129137151174204204195190177

Israel

4144444041443736373637385048464645

Italy

165156155150125116119139157151154162175171166166154

Japan

342319289318321266230239258246233215244253266285274

Korea, Republic of

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Mexico

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Netherlands

NA219226225194185192227253248260280313301286284261

New Zealand

6767565748434657656867818271808588

Norway

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Philippines

1110898887889101010111111

Poland

NA39404642454344475257678367717066

Portugal

6561656759545460646468748381788072

Singapore

9698899595928687918892102116105122136137

Slovakia

2627302726262733424449607374686966

Spain

146133135133114108114137156154158168185184175175162

Sweden

13512612712511299106127143137142153160145154162160

Switzerland

319275278265230230246272284286301304338335323354333

Taiwan

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

United Kingdom

133149162168158140133134140140148160155134131128127

Note:
Directly-paid benefits are primarily pay for leave time, bonuses, and pay in kind.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 4.2 Hourly direct benefits in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

1.991.981.991.992.102.242.382.512.522.672.712.872.932.922.953.173.22

Argentina

0.920.941.021.081.081.100.420.510.630.770.931.121.401.431.792.242.64

Australia

1.881.841.661.751.591.441.642.122.502.672.753.153.393.173.784.444.55

Austria

5.885.185.225.134.534.534.905.976.596.877.178.169.209.158.589.288.91

Belgium

6.495.735.805.705.075.125.526.997.998.228.549.5710.8910.5710.2411.0510.54

Brazil

0.980.980.930.590.610.510.440.450.540.710.851.011.191.161.431.641.58

Canada

1.941.931.871.881.941.861.862.152.392.652.863.143.202.913.403.593.62

Czech Republic

0.460.440.480.470.440.520.610.750.860.961.061.291.581.541.501.641.54

Denmark

NA3.163.223.423.033.133.434.254.745.005.286.217.116.807.057.547.26

Estonia

NANANANA0.220.240.270.360.430.500.580.790.980.960.880.980.94

Finland

4.163.713.723.663.293.564.125.396.516.666.867.548.308.387.858.538.07

France

4.774.234.214.053.543.543.874.785.435.655.996.877.747.487.257.807.38

Germany

6.475.675.495.194.945.095.596.897.227.447.889.069.919.278.459.489.62

Greece

2.292.142.102.151.921.762.192.733.203.013.223.774.344.264.194.253.64

Hungary

0.440.450.470.500.500.570.720.911.091.211.271.621.841.651.651.811.77

Ireland

2.132.202.292.412.332.392.543.013.273.654.095.005.985.965.756.045.71

Israel

0.820.870.870.810.850.990.870.910.950.961.011.081.471.411.361.451.45

Italy

3.293.093.093.002.622.602.833.493.964.044.184.655.125.004.895.274.98

Japan

6.806.315.766.346.725.965.485.986.506.576.296.167.157.397.849.068.83

Korea, Republic of

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Mexico

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Netherlands

NA4.344.494.494.064.144.575.696.386.627.028.049.178.818.429.018.40

New Zealand

1.341.341.111.131.010.961.111.431.631.811.812.322.402.082.372.692.85

Norway

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Philippines

0.220.210.160.180.170.170.190.190.200.210.240.280.300.300.330.350.36

Poland

NA0.760.800.930.881.001.031.101.191.401.551.922.431.952.102.232.12

Portugal

1.291.211.301.331.241.211.291.511.621.721.832.112.432.382.302.532.33

Singapore

1.921.941.781.891.992.062.062.172.292.342.502.923.413.073.614.304.42

Slovakia

0.520.540.600.530.550.580.640.831.051.181.321.732.132.171.992.202.11

Spain

2.892.632.682.662.382.422.713.443.944.104.284.835.415.375.175.575.22

Sweden

2.682.492.522.492.362.222.533.193.613.673.844.394.684.254.535.135.17

Switzerland

6.355.445.545.294.815.165.876.827.187.648.148.719.909.789.5111.2410.75

Taiwan

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

United Kingdom

2.652.953.233.353.313.143.173.363.533.744.004.594.533.913.864.054.11

Note:
Directly-paid benefits are primarily pay for leave time, bonuses, and pay in kind.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 4.3 Hourly direct benefits in manufacturing, national currency, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

1.991.981.991.992.102.242.382.512.522.672.712.872.932.922.953.173.22

Argentina

0.920.941.021.081.081.101.291.481.842.242.833.484.415.316.969.1911.98

Australia

2.402.472.642.712.732.783.023.263.393.503.653.763.974.004.104.294.40

Austria

62.2263.2864.64# 4.824.915.065.195.285.305.525.705.956.256.576.476.666.93

Belgium

200.84205.20210.63# 5.355.495.725.846.186.426.616.806.987.397.587.727.938.20

Brazil

0.991.061.081.081.131.201.271.401.591.721.841.962.192.312.512.753.08

Canada

2.652.682.772.792.882.892.923.013.123.213.243.373.413.323.503.553.62

Czech Republic

12.4313.9015.4616.3017.0919.9220.0821.2322.1722.9823.9226.2727.0429.3228.7128.9530.10

Denmark

NA20.8821.5923.8724.5726.0727.0327.9828.4029.9631.3733.7736.2036.4539.6540.3842.07

Estonia

NANANANA3.744.264.414.955.466.267.279.0010.4710.7810.39# 0.700.73

Finland

19.1019.2819.87# 3.443.573.984.364.765.235.355.465.505.646.015.926.126.27

France

24.4324.6924.83# 3.813.833.964.094.224.364.544.775.015.255.375.475.605.74

Germany

9.739.849.66# 4.875.355.695.916.095.815.976.276.616.736.656.376.807.48

Greece

551.34584.36619.95658.40700.06# 1.962.322.412.572.422.572.752.943.063.163.052.83

Hungary

66.6283.80101.80117.94140.52164.63186.48203.80221.97241.29266.55296.88317.39333.93343.36364.14397.94

Ireland

1.331.451.60# 2.262.532.672.692.662.632.933.253.644.064.284.344.334.44

Israel

2.622.993.313.343.474.184.134.164.244.304.494.435.265.555.105.185.58

Italy

5073.265272.215371.44# 2.812.842.913.003.093.183.243.323.393.473.593.693.783.87

Japan

739.51763.56754.44721.03724.89724.36686.41693.11702.88723.65731.71725.32739.30692.65688.19721.92704.51

Korea, Republic of

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Mexico

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Netherlands

NA8.478.91# 4.224.404.634.845.035.135.325.595.866.236.326.356.466.53

New Zealand

1.942.022.082.142.202.282.382.462.462.562.793.153.353.283.283.403.52

Norway

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Philippines

5.706.076.466.907.618.819.6210.0710.9511.6612.1012.7713.4614.1414.7715.2015.39

Poland

NA2.512.793.683.844.104.214.284.354.524.815.325.856.096.336.626.91

Portugal

198.72212.65234.17# 1.251.341.361.361.331.301.381.461.541.651.711.731.821.81

Singapore

2.702.892.973.203.443.703.693.793.873.903.974.404.824.474.925.415.52

Slovakia

16.0318.2721.2122.0925.4128.2829.2330.5433.8636.6739.2842.6145.471.561.501.581.64

Spain

366.71384.96400.68# 2.492.582.712.873.043.173.293.413.523.683.853.904.004.06

Sweden

18.0019.0120.0620.6321.6223.0124.5725.7426.5127.4428.3429.6730.8432.5632.6733.3134.98

Switzerland

7.857.898.047.968.148.729.149.188.929.5210.2010.4510.7010.629.929.9610.08

Taiwan

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

United Kingdom

1.701.801.952.072.182.182.112.051.922.062.172.292.452.492.502.532.59

Note:
Directly-paid benefits are primarily pay for leave time, bonuses, and pay in kind.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
See note in Table 7.1. for national currency units.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 5.1 Indexes of hourly social insurance expenditures and labor-related taxes in manufacturing, U.S. dollar basis (U.S. = 100), 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100

Argentina

312931292724910121417182322263239

Australia

727165706153627688908889968293106110

Austria

160139140138116102103115120121124126143133120128125

Belgium

214185187183167143146170186187194195225204191204197

Brazil

5149472828211717192428303632374443

Canada

6159545452495259667280768071808486

Czech Republic

1918191918182225282932344238363937

Denmark

NA16162823303747535856606658545755

Estonia

NANANANA13121417192124283633293132

Finland

1221041019781778295106108112112127120108116112

France

177155156152128118123141155151151149163147137146140

Germany

166141137128114103108123134126132122132121112118114

Greece

6256535344374348535054587064606153

Hungary

2221202018182124272827303427232525

Ireland

4845444439404251586267728592757378

Israel

3638383537363231303233343633374341

Italy

14913712312010396100116129126124121132121114121116

Japan

7671687982696365686763556466677575

Korea, Republic of

3544365251424239383845474236424652

Mexico

2224252730333127252627252622222323

Netherlands

NA10610710487858910711310810710411910798104101

New Zealand

9977655678888891112

Norway

NA80818272728697108112116121133116121134133

Philippines

33222221122222222

Poland

NA20221010111111121313141813121312

Portugal

3228282723222326292829293230273028

Singapore

5655483336363432312829303834374447

Slovakia

1818181615141621222426313939343736

Spain

8373737261566070787982849390818482

Sweden

174158159158145126135163176174172186187165168187195

Switzerland

1159798938178839193929287999491107104

Taiwan

2120171920181514141516151714151616

United Kingdom

6870727670615860626466676653515557
Trade-Weighted Measures

All Foreign Countries (1)

NA676465# 61565762666770687366677272

OECD (1)

NA706869# 65606166717275737871727676

Europe (1)

NA113112109# 958791103112110112111121110103109107

Euro Area (1)

NA128126120# 10596100116126123126123137126116122119

Eastern Europe (1)

NA192016# 15151719212223253126242525

East Asia ex-Japan

NA363135# 353130272627303131273034NA

Note:
Employer social insurance expenditures are legally required, private, and contractual social benefit costs, and labor-related taxes minus subsidies.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and trade-weighted measures, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 5.2 Hourly social insurance expenditures and labor-related taxes in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

4.744.854.874.885.105.545.826.296.536.746.867.717.698.238.558.658.51

Argentina

1.481.421.491.411.381.350.520.640.790.961.161.401.751.782.222.783.29

Australia

3.403.463.173.423.082.923.614.795.746.086.076.867.396.787.939.189.39

Austria

7.596.736.826.725.915.646.027.227.848.178.549.7110.9910.9310.2611.0910.65

Belgium

10.138.979.108.918.497.948.5210.6712.1312.6313.2915.0317.3116.7716.3217.6416.79

Brazil

2.412.372.291.381.411.191.001.061.221.641.942.282.742.613.203.833.67

Canada

2.912.842.632.632.662.733.013.694.294.845.485.886.145.876.887.267.30

Czech Republic

0.880.850.930.920.921.021.261.551.811.942.182.633.253.123.083.383.18

Denmark

NA0.750.771.391.171.642.172.963.473.883.844.605.074.764.624.974.67

Estonia

NANANANA0.650.670.801.061.251.411.662.202.752.712.502.712.71

Finland

5.805.064.944.744.154.294.755.976.937.287.688.669.789.879.2410.059.50

France

8.407.537.597.406.546.567.178.8810.1010.1410.3911.5112.5012.0911.7112.6111.92

Germany

7.856.846.696.225.795.726.277.728.738.519.039.3910.169.949.5910.249.73

Greece

2.952.702.592.592.262.032.473.013.453.373.724.505.355.255.165.244.48

Hungary

1.061.010.990.970.901.011.231.491.741.871.842.332.632.232.002.162.10

Ireland

2.262.182.142.141.962.222.433.193.794.164.585.516.527.566.406.276.68

Israel

1.681.821.851.711.871.981.891.971.962.152.252.632.772.733.183.743.47

Italy

7.056.635.995.845.265.315.807.308.458.528.519.3510.169.939.7210.469.89

Japan

3.583.423.293.854.163.813.694.084.454.504.304.264.945.425.756.466.40

Korea, Republic of

1.672.141.762.542.612.352.472.462.472.573.083.603.212.953.634.014.45

Mexico

1.061.191.211.321.541.811.821.701.651.721.821.892.011.771.841.951.92

Netherlands

NA5.165.205.064.444.725.206.717.407.307.347.999.178.818.398.978.56

New Zealand

0.440.420.340.330.280.260.290.380.470.530.520.650.640.650.760.991.05

Norway

NA3.893.924.003.684.004.996.127.047.527.979.3210.259.5510.3111.5811.33

Philippines

0.130.130.100.100.100.090.090.090.100.110.120.140.150.150.160.170.18

Poland

NA0.951.050.500.520.610.640.700.760.860.921.111.351.091.031.091.04

Portugal

1.521.351.371.331.171.201.341.641.871.911.992.222.482.432.352.592.38

Singapore

2.652.652.361.631.811.971.952.042.001.892.002.342.922.823.143.834.03

Slovakia

0.850.880.880.760.760.760.941.301.431.581.812.363.003.222.943.193.06

Spain

3.933.533.573.503.113.133.494.425.075.325.636.487.127.406.967.226.95

Sweden

8.237.667.757.737.387.017.8810.2311.4911.7511.8214.3714.3413.5814.3716.2116.61

Switzerland

5.464.684.764.554.144.354.845.716.096.206.346.737.617.777.829.258.85

Taiwan

0.980.950.850.931.041.000.900.860.891.031.091.161.281.161.241.351.37

United Kingdom

3.243.393.513.733.583.383.393.774.074.284.555.185.084.374.324.734.86
Trade-Weighted Measures

All Foreign Countries (1)

NA3.233.133.16# 3.113.123.313.884.324.524.805.225.635.475.746.216.13

OECD (1)

NA3.403.293.37# 3.313.333.554.184.664.865.165.596.025.846.116.606.50

Europe (1)

NA5.485.445.30# 4.864.845.276.507.327.417.728.529.329.088.789.479.14

Euro Area (1)

NA6.206.115.87# 5.355.345.837.288.268.308.659.4610.5010.369.9110.5710.11

Eastern Europe (1)

NA0.930.990.76# 0.740.820.971.181.341.471.581.962.362.152.032.202.11

East Asia ex-Japan

NA1.751.511.69# 1.791.711.721.731.731.792.052.362.362.202.572.913.15

Note:
Employer social insurance expenditures are legally required, private, and contractual social benefit costs, and labor-related taxes minus subsidies.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and trade-weighted measures, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 5.3 Hourly social insurance expenditures and labor-related taxes in manufacturing, national currency, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

4.744.854.874.885.105.545.826.296.536.746.867.717.698.238.558.658.51

Argentina

1.481.421.491.411.381.351.601.852.302.783.534.345.506.618.6711.4414.92

Australia

4.354.665.045.305.305.656.637.357.797.978.068.188.658.568.628.899.06

Austria

80.4182.1884.48# 6.316.406.306.366.386.306.566.797.087.477.857.737.968.28

Belgium

313.68321.04330.48# 8.379.208.879.019.429.7510.1510.5810.9611.7512.0412.3112.6613.06

Brazil

2.422.552.662.512.582.792.923.263.584.004.214.445.025.225.636.407.17

Canada

3.963.943.903.913.964.234.735.175.595.866.216.316.556.707.087.187.29

Czech Republic

23.9326.9830.0531.8535.5438.6741.2343.6246.5646.5949.3053.2855.5559.5558.8459.9062.28

Denmark

NA4.985.159.719.4813.6817.0719.4620.8023.2622.8225.0425.7925.4926.0126.6227.03

Estonia

NANANANA11.0811.7813.3614.6915.7317.7920.7225.1129.3630.4929.48# 1.952.11

Finland

26.6426.2626.39# 4.454.494.795.025.275.575.856.116.326.647.086.977.217.39

France

43.0043.9944.79# 6.957.087.337.597.858.128.158.278.398.498.678.839.059.27

Germany

11.8211.8611.77# 5.846.276.396.646.827.016.837.196.856.907.137.237.357.56

Greece

710.67736.45763.95793.37824.93# 2.262.622.662.782.702.963.283.633.773.893.763.49

Hungary

161.24188.69213.22229.65254.22288.51316.33334.39351.97373.12386.64428.70453.37452.00416.14433.53473.77

Ireland

1.411.431.50# 2.002.132.482.572.823.053.343.644.024.435.424.824.505.19

Israel

5.376.297.027.107.628.358.958.988.789.6410.0310.829.9210.7211.9013.3713.38

Italy

10871.6711298.0110397.87# 5.485.705.936.136.456.796.846.776.826.907.137.337.517.69

Japan

389.77414.00430.40437.36448.86462.95462.49472.49481.56495.89499.95501.10511.16507.66504.54515.15510.54

Korea, Republic of

1344.622036.022471.433026.002954.643036.523092.042933.022827.632634.262939.513340.043522.943764.064193.424441.375006.26

Mexico

8.079.4011.0312.5814.5216.8717.5618.3818.6218.7919.8520.6822.3623.9123.2824.2825.25

Netherlands

NA10.0810.32# 4.754.815.275.505.935.955.865.845.836.236.326.336.446.66

New Zealand

0.630.640.630.630.620.620.620.650.700.750.800.880.891.031.051.251.29

Norway

NA27.5329.6231.1932.4735.9539.8443.3147.4248.4351.0854.5957.7960.0562.3264.8665.90

Philippines

3.503.733.964.094.204.524.594.775.495.805.986.266.606.937.247.457.54

Poland

NA3.113.661.992.272.492.622.732.772.792.873.073.263.403.103.243.39

Portugal

234.45237.06246.85# 1.251.271.341.411.451.501.541.581.621.681.741.771.861.85

Singapore

3.743.933.942.763.123.533.493.563.383.143.183.524.134.114.284.815.04

Slovakia

26.0729.7030.9331.3135.0836.5642.4247.8645.9949.1553.6958.3864.022.312.222.292.38

Spain

497.82517.24532.84# 3.283.363.503.693.904.084.284.484.734.845.315.255.185.40

Sweden

55.2158.5261.6263.9467.7472.4676.6282.6384.4587.8087.1797.0594.44103.93103.54105.15112.46

Switzerland

6.756.796.916.857.007.347.547.677.567.737.948.088.238.448.168.198.30

Taiwan

26.8427.2728.5329.9032.3833.7731.0429.5429.6533.0935.4338.2540.3338.2339.0939.5240.53

United Kingdom

2.082.072.122.312.362.352.262.312.222.352.472.592.742.792.802.953.07

Note:
Employer social insurance expenditures are legally required, private, and contractual social benefit costs, and labor-related taxes minus subsidies.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Note: See note in Table 7.1. for national currency units.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 6.1 Hourly direct pay as a percent of total hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

78.979.079.379.779.678.978.778.077.777.677.576.076.575.975.475.676.1

Argentina

80.181.281.382.583.183.682.682.682.682.682.682.682.682.682.682.682.6

Australia

82.381.781.581.181.380.579.378.878.578.779.279.479.479.780.080.280.3

Austria

73.073.072.972.973.174.074.374.674.974.874.674.574.474.374.374.374.3

Belgium

69.069.068.969.067.569.269.369.569.669.268.768.367.967.967.867.867.8

Brazil

66.166.566.067.367.567.367.667.168.067.267.667.967.567.968.067.267.2

Canada

84.484.685.285.285.584.783.382.581.981.680.881.280.880.080.080.080.1

Czech Republic

73.973.873.773.672.972.972.772.672.473.473.373.373.472.773.073.473.4

Denmark

NA96.896.894.494.792.991.590.790.389.590.089.689.890.290.490.490.4

Estonia

NANANANA74.474.874.174.274.374.474.574.674.073.073.674.073.9

Finland

76.877.477.978.579.179.078.978.878.778.478.277.977.777.777.777.777.7

France

69.869.769.669.569.469.269.068.868.668.969.369.770.170.170.170.170.1

Germany

76.476.576.977.477.277.477.377.376.977.677.178.478.678.378.178.478.8

Greece

76.676.876.977.177.377.577.878.078.377.977.677.276.976.976.976.976.9

Hungary

66.166.967.868.669.570.170.771.371.972.173.273.173.074.176.276.576.5

Ireland

86.687.087.287.487.586.987.186.586.085.584.984.483.981.783.484.282.5

Israel

84.684.384.284.984.784.784.084.284.783.883.883.285.184.583.482.382.8

Italy

66.466.468.868.868.468.568.868.868.869.370.270.671.171.171.171.171.1

Japan

84.984.484.083.783.483.082.882.682.482.282.182.182.082.081.981.981.9

Korea, Republic of

82.576.873.370.472.873.975.978.380.582.682.381.581.080.479.779.278.5

Mexico

65.165.866.367.267.366.667.567.968.669.369.069.369.068.970.069.969.8

Netherlands

NA77.077.678.278.978.178.177.477.678.178.679.178.778.778.878.878.4

New Zealand

96.496.596.696.796.896.997.097.096.896.896.796.696.796.396.395.895.8

Norway

NA85.085.085.085.084.283.582.882.182.182.182.182.182.182.182.182.1

Philippines

90.190.190.190.290.590.991.391.491.191.291.491.591.591.591.591.591.5

Poland

NA70.069.685.384.784.584.384.084.284.685.085.585.985.987.487.487.4

Portugal

78.779.179.579.980.380.280.179.979.879.980.180.280.380.380.380.380.3

Singapore

77.878.279.585.284.583.983.984.084.985.885.485.184.583.983.883.583.3

Slovakia

68.968.969.670.870.671.971.170.372.672.872.472.372.171.472.572.972.9

Spain

74.674.774.874.975.074.974.874.674.474.374.273.974.373.473.974.674.1

Sweden

69.769.469.268.968.468.067.967.066.966.867.666.367.766.867.067.166.7

Switzerland

84.684.684.684.684.684.584.484.584.684.584.584.584.584.684.784.784.7

Taiwan

86.286.586.686.485.886.186.987.787.887.086.585.885.385.185.285.685.5

United Kingdom

81.882.483.082.582.783.784.685.085.785.685.485.385.285.285.284.684.4
Trade-Weighted Measures

All Foreign Countries (1)

NA77.777.978.2# 78.278.077.977.978.078.177.978.077.977.577.777.777.6

OECD (1)

NA77.677.777.9# 78.077.777.677.577.677.877.577.777.677.277.477.477.3

Europe (1)

NA76.777.177.3# 77.277.477.577.477.477.577.577.877.877.677.777.877.6

Euro Area (1)

NA74.775.175.4# 75.275.375.375.175.075.375.275.775.775.375.575.775.5

Eastern Europe (1)

NA70.170.276.6# 76.376.576.476.476.777.277.577.677.877.779.079.279.2

East Asia ex-Japan

NA80.979.879.8# 80.580.982.083.284.385.284.984.383.883.483.182.982.6

Note:
Direct pay includes pay for time worked (wages and salaries) and directly-paid benefits.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and trade-weighted measures, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 6.2 Hourly pay for time worked as a percent of total hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

70.170.470.871.471.270.370.069.269.168.868.667.067.667.467.066.767.1

Argentina

67.868.768.669.169.970.468.668.668.668.668.668.668.668.668.668.668.6

Australia

72.572.071.871.571.671.069.969.569.269.369.870.070.070.270.570.770.8

Austria

52.152.252.252.352.553.153.353.553.753.553.353.152.952.952.952.952.9

Belgium

49.249.249.149.248.149.349.449.649.649.148.648.247.747.747.647.647.6

Brazil

52.252.652.253.253.453.253.453.153.753.253.553.653.453.753.853.153.1

Canada

74.074.274.674.774.974.273.072.371.771.570.871.270.870.170.170.170.2

Czech Republic

60.460.360.260.259.958.959.459.359.360.260.360.160.459.259.860.560.5

Denmark

NA83.583.580.781.179.378.077.377.076.076.175.775.576.275.775.875.4

Estonia

NANANANA65.865.765.665.565.465.365.665.564.763.464.464.664.9

Finland

60.260.861.361.962.561.660.659.658.658.758.758.758.858.858.858.858.8

France

52.652.752.752.852.952.652.352.051.751.751.651.651.551.551.551.551.5

Germany

56.957.157.958.657.857.357.157.057.758.157.157.657.858.058.858.457.8

Greece

58.458.358.258.158.058.158.158.158.158.258.258.258.258.258.258.258.2

Hungary

52.152.252.452.552.753.153.453.854.154.154.754.454.255.056.556.756.7

Ireland

74.073.873.473.172.872.973.673.874.072.771.570.369.267.268.569.067.5

Israel

77.076.876.777.977.877.176.676.977.376.676.576.477.276.476.375.575.6

Italy

50.850.852.752.852.653.053.653.954.254.755.556.056.556.556.556.556.5

Japan

56.155.856.156.856.556.557.357.156.756.155.956.156.057.357.256.556.9

Korea, Republic of

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Mexico

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Netherlands

NA57.758.358.959.659.058.858.258.258.258.258.257.457.457.557.557.2

New Zealand

85.485.485.585.685.785.785.785.685.885.785.284.384.184.384.784.284.2

Norway

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Philippines

74.174.174.173.673.473.273.073.373.273.573.874.274.274.274.274.274.2

Poland

NA45.746.458.058.858.958.959.059.459.760.060.360.660.661.761.761.7

Portugal

60.660.360.059.759.560.160.861.562.261.961.761.461.161.161.161.161.1

Singapore

61.762.264.068.167.567.067.066.967.568.167.366.566.566.465.364.965.0

Slovakia

49.849.848.850.249.450.151.251.352.452.552.352.052.252.153.954.254.2

Spain

55.955.955.855.855.855.555.254.954.554.654.554.454.854.254.555.054.7

Sweden

59.859.559.258.858.457.957.756.756.556.457.156.057.256.456.656.656.3

Switzerland

66.766.766.766.766.766.165.665.966.365.564.664.564.465.366.166.166.1

Taiwan

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

United Kingdom

66.967.267.466.766.768.570.371.773.473.072.672.371.971.971.971.471.3

Note:
Pay for time worked is primarily base wages and salaries, overtime pay, regular bonuses and premiums (paid each pay period), and cost of living adjustments.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 6.3 Hourly direct benefits as a percent of total hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

8.98.68.58.38.48.68.78.88.68.98.98.98.98.68.58.99.0

Argentina

12.312.512.713.413.213.314.014.014.014.014.014.014.014.014.014.014.0

Australia

9.89.79.79.79.79.69.49.49.39.49.49.49.49.59.59.59.6

Austria

20.920.820.720.720.620.921.021.021.121.221.321.421.521.521.521.521.5

Belgium

19.819.819.819.819.419.919.920.020.020.120.120.220.220.220.220.220.2

Brazil

13.813.913.814.114.114.114.214.114.214.114.214.214.114.214.214.114.1

Canada

10.410.510.510.510.610.510.310.210.110.110.010.010.09.99.99.99.9

Czech Republic

13.513.513.513.513.014.013.313.313.113.113.013.213.013.513.212.912.9

Denmark

NA13.313.313.713.713.613.513.413.313.513.814.014.314.014.714.615.0

Estonia

NANANANA8.69.18.58.78.99.08.99.19.39.59.39.49.1

Finland

16.616.616.616.616.617.518.319.220.019.819.519.218.918.918.918.918.9

France

17.217.016.916.716.516.616.716.816.917.317.718.118.518.518.518.518.5

Germany

19.519.519.018.819.520.120.220.319.119.620.020.820.820.319.320.021.0

Greece

18.218.418.719.019.319.519.719.920.119.819.419.118.718.718.718.718.7

Hungary

14.014.715.416.116.817.117.317.517.718.018.518.718.919.119.719.819.8

Ireland

12.613.213.714.314.814.113.512.712.012.713.414.114.814.514.915.215.0

Israel

7.57.57.57.16.97.67.47.37.47.27.36.97.98.07.16.87.2

Italy

15.715.716.116.015.815.515.214.914.614.614.614.614.614.614.614.614.6

Japan

28.728.728.026.926.926.625.525.525.726.026.226.026.024.624.725.425.0

Korea, Republic of

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Mexico

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Netherlands

NA19.319.319.319.319.219.319.219.319.920.421.021.321.321.321.321.2

New Zealand

11.011.111.111.111.211.211.311.411.111.111.512.312.511.911.611.511.5

Norway

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

Philippines

16.116.116.116.617.117.718.318.117.817.717.517.317.317.317.317.317.3

Poland

NA24.323.227.225.925.625.325.024.825.025.125.225.325.325.725.725.7

Portugal

18.118.819.520.220.920.119.218.417.618.018.418.819.319.319.319.319.3

Singapore

16.116.015.517.117.016.917.017.017.417.718.218.618.117.518.618.618.3

Slovakia

19.119.120.820.621.321.819.919.020.220.320.220.219.919.318.618.718.7

Spain

18.718.819.019.119.219.419.619.819.919.819.619.519.519.319.419.619.4

Sweden

9.99.910.010.010.110.210.310.310.410.410.510.310.510.410.410.410.4

Switzerland

17.917.917.917.917.918.418.918.518.219.119.920.020.119.418.618.618.6

Taiwan

NANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA

United Kingdom

14.915.315.615.716.015.214.313.312.412.612.813.013.313.313.313.213.1

Note:
Directly-paid benefits are primarily pay for leave time, bonuses, and pay in kind.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions and industrial classifications, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 6.4 Hourly social insurance expenditures and other labor-related taxes as a percent of total hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

21.121.020.720.320.421.121.322.022.322.422.524.023.524.124.624.423.9

Argentina

19.918.818.717.516.916.417.417.417.417.417.417.417.417.417.417.417.4

Australia

17.718.318.518.918.719.520.721.221.521.320.820.620.620.320.019.819.7

Austria

27.027.027.127.126.926.025.725.425.125.225.425.525.625.725.725.725.7

Belgium

31.031.031.131.032.530.830.730.530.430.831.331.732.132.132.232.232.2

Brazil

33.933.534.032.732.532.732.432.932.032.832.432.132.532.132.032.832.8

Canada

15.615.414.814.814.515.316.717.518.118.419.218.819.220.020.020.019.9

Czech Republic

26.126.226.326.427.127.127.327.427.626.626.726.726.627.327.026.626.6

Denmark

NA3.23.25.65.37.18.59.39.710.510.010.410.29.89.69.69.6

Estonia

NANANANA25.625.225.925.825.725.625.525.426.027.026.426.026.1

Finland

23.222.622.121.520.921.021.121.221.321.621.822.122.322.322.322.322.3

France

30.230.330.430.530.630.831.031.231.431.130.730.329.929.929.929.929.9

Germany

23.623.523.122.622.822.622.722.723.122.422.921.621.421.721.921.621.2

Greece

23.423.223.122.922.722.522.222.021.722.122.422.823.123.123.123.123.1

Hungary

33.933.132.231.430.529.929.328.728.127.926.826.927.025.923.823.523.5

Ireland

13.413.012.812.612.513.112.913.514.014.515.115.616.118.316.615.817.5

Israel

15.415.715.815.115.315.316.015.815.316.216.216.814.915.516.617.717.2

Italy

33.633.631.231.231.631.531.231.231.230.729.829.428.928.928.928.928.9

Japan

15.115.616.016.316.617.017.217.417.617.817.917.918.018.018.118.118.1

Korea, Republic of

17.523.226.729.627.226.124.121.719.517.417.718.519.019.620.320.821.5

Mexico

34.934.233.732.832.733.432.532.131.430.731.030.731.031.130.030.130.2

Netherlands

NA23.022.421.821.121.921.922.622.421.921.420.921.321.321.221.221.6

New Zealand

3.63.53.43.33.23.13.03.03.23.23.33.43.33.73.74.24.2

Norway

NA15.015.015.015.015.816.517.217.917.917.917.917.917.917.917.917.9

Philippines

9.99.99.99.89.59.18.78.68.98.88.68.58.58.58.58.58.5

Poland

NA30.030.414.715.315.515.716.015.815.415.014.514.114.112.612.612.6

Portugal

21.320.920.520.119.719.819.920.120.220.119.919.819.719.719.719.719.7

Singapore

22.221.820.514.815.516.116.116.015.114.214.614.915.516.116.216.516.7

Slovakia

31.131.130.429.229.428.128.929.727.427.227.627.727.928.627.527.127.1

Spain

25.425.325.225.125.025.125.225.425.625.725.826.125.726.626.125.425.9

Sweden

30.330.630.831.131.632.032.133.033.133.232.433.732.333.233.032.933.3

Switzerland

15.415.415.415.415.415.515.615.515.415.515.515.515.515.415.315.315.3

Taiwan

13.813.513.413.614.213.913.112.312.213.013.514.214.714.914.814.414.5

United Kingdom

18.217.617.017.517.316.315.415.014.314.414.614.714.814.814.815.415.6
Trade-Weighted Measures

All Foreign Countries (1)

NA22.322.121.8# 21.822.022.122.122.021.922.122.022.122.522.322.322.4

OECD (1)

NA22.422.322.1# 22.022.322.422.522.422.222.522.322.422.822.622.622.7

Europe (1)

NA23.322.922.7# 22.822.622.522.622.622.522.522.222.222.422.322.222.4

Euro Area (1)

NA25.324.924.6# 24.824.724.724.925.024.724.824.324.324.724.524.324.5

Eastern Europe (1)

NA29.929.823.4# 23.723.523.623.623.322.822.522.422.222.321.020.820.8

East Asia ex-Japan

NA19.120.220.2# 19.519.118.016.815.714.815.115.716.216.616.917.117.4

Note:
Employer social insurance expenditures are legally required, private, and contractual social benefit costs, and labor-related taxes minus subsidies.
Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and trade-weighted measures, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
'NA' means data not available.
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
(1) 1997-1999 data exclude Estonia
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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Table 7.1 Exchange rates, National currency units per U.S. dollar, 1996-2012
Country or Area19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012

United States

1.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.00001.0000

Argentina

0.99970.99950.99950.99950.99950.99953.06332.90062.92332.90373.05433.09563.14423.71013.89634.11014.5369

Australia

1.27751.34461.58961.54941.71971.93461.83921.53281.35781.31111.32711.19181.17141.26151.08700.96790.9653

Austria

10.589012.206012.37900.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

Belgium

30.970035.810036.31000.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

Brazil

1.00511.07791.16051.82071.83012.35272.92133.07502.92622.43522.17381.94611.83261.99761.76001.67231.9535

Canada

1.36381.38491.48361.48581.48551.54871.57041.40081.30171.21151.13401.07341.06601.14121.02980.98870.9995

Czech Republic

27.145031.698032.281034.569038.598038.035032.739028.209025.700023.957422.595620.293717.071719.063019.098317.695919.5775

Denmark

5.80036.60926.70306.99008.09538.33237.88626.57745.98915.99535.94225.44135.08855.35745.62655.35355.7922

Estonia

----16.969017.478016.612013.856012.596012.583812.465511.433910.694411.257411.80680.71780.7777

Finland

4.59365.19145.34410.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

France

5.11585.83935.89950.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

Germany

1.50491.73481.75970.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

Greece

240.7000273.1000295.5000306.7000365.40001.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

Hungary

152.6470186.7890214.4020237.1460282.1790286.4900257.8870224.3070202.7500199.5825210.3900183.6258172.1133202.3417207.9442201.0550225.1042

Ireland

0.62480.65880.70140.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

Israel

3.19203.44903.80004.14004.07704.20604.73804.55404.48204.48774.45584.10813.58803.93233.73903.57813.8559

Italy

1542.76001703.81001736.85000.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

Japan

108.7800121.0581130.9892113.7342107.8040121.5680125.2204115.9387108.1508110.1069116.3121117.7623103.390693.682787.781779.696779.8180

Korea, Republic of

804.9968953.19041400.40361189.83611130.89751292.01491250.31401192.08171145.23641023.7492954.3210928.97171098.70611274.62521155.73891106.94001126.1621

Mexico

7.60047.91779.15219.55339.45869.33669.663310.792511.289710.893810.905610.928111.142513.497912.623712.427013.1539

Netherlands

1.68631.95251.98370.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

New Zealand

1.45411.50941.86531.88962.18912.37982.15291.71761.50531.41861.54041.35781.39841.57281.38581.26261.2338

Norway

6.45947.08577.55217.80718.81318.99647.98397.08036.73996.44126.40955.85575.63656.29086.04515.60225.8181

Philippines

26.126029.471040.893039.089044.192050.993051.604054.203056.040055.085551.314346.148444.323347.679745.109743.313142.2288

Poland

-3.28003.48003.97004.35004.09394.08003.88913.65763.23553.10322.76792.40923.12013.01532.96283.2565

Portugal

154.2800175.4400180.25000.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

Singapore

1.41001.48571.67221.69511.72501.79301.79081.74291.69021.66391.58821.50651.41401.45431.36291.25651.2492

Slovakia

30.654033.616035.233041.363046.035048.355045.327036.773032.257031.018329.697324.694321.36140.71760.75410.71780.7777

Spain

126.6800146.5300149.41000.93871.08321.11711.05780.88330.80400.80330.79600.72930.67910.71760.75410.71780.7777

Sweden

6.70827.64477.95228.27409.173510.34259.72338.07877.34807.47107.37186.75506.58467.65397.20536.48786.7721

Switzerland

1.23611.45141.45061.50451.69041.68911.55671.34501.24281.24591.25321.19991.08161.08601.04320.88620.9377

Taiwan

27.468028.775133.547332.322231.259933.824334.536334.404733.371932.131232.506532.854731.520533.020031.497429.382229.5581

United Kingdom

0.64070.61060.60340.61840.65980.69460.66560.61170.54560.54930.54250.49950.53920.63850.64720.62330.6308

Note:
National currency units are United States, dollar; Argentina, peso; Australia, dollar; Austria, schilling (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012);
# Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013
Belgium, franc (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012); Brazil, real; Canada, dollar; Czech Republic, koruna; Denmark, krone; Estonia, kroon (1996-2010), euro (2011-2012);
Finland, markka (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012); France, franc (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012); Germany, mark (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012);
Greece, drachma (1996-2000), euro (2001-2012); Hungary, forint; Ireland, pound (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012); Israel, new shekel;
Italy, lira (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012); Japan, yen; Korea, Republic of, won; Mexico, peso; Netherlands, guilder (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012);
New Zealand, dollar; Norway, kroner; Philippines, peso; Poland, zloty; Portugal, escudo (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012); Singapore, dollar;
Slovakia, koruna (1996-2008), euro (2009-2012); Spain, peseta (1996-1998), euro (1999-2012); Sweden, krona; Switzerland, franc; Taiwan, dollar;
United Kingdom, pound.
'NA' means data not available.

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Last updated: August 15, 2013