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Employment Cost Trends
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Crosswalk Information for Changes to the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release on June 18, 2019

Overview

Beginning with the release of data for March 2019 on June 18, 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) implemented several changes to the content and format of the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) news release tables. The table below provides a cross-walk between the prior tables, the new tables and the database. Examples of the new tables are provided at the bottom of this page. Tables A and 8 do not contain estimates, as tables were generated using data contained in the December 2018 News Release.

Crosswalk Table Providing Details of Current and New ECEC Tables
ECEC tables prior to June 18, 2019 Type of data (in tables prior to June 18, 2019) New ECEC tables as of June 18, 2019
Table 1. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: civilian workers, by major occupational and industry group Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation as a percent of total compensation: all civilian workers Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership
Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: civilian workers by major occupational group Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group. Individual benefit data are available through the ECEC public database.
Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: civilian workers by major industry group Available through the ECEC public database.

Table 2. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: civilian workers, by occupational and industry group

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: civilian workers by occupational and industry group Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group
Table 3. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: state and local government workers, by major occupational and industry group Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation as a percent of total compensation: all state and local government workers Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership
Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: state and local government workers by major occupational group Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group
Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: state and local government workers by major industry group Available through the ECEC public database.

Table 4. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: state and local government workers, by occupational and industry group

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: state and local government workers by occupational and industry group Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group
Table 5. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, by major occupational group and bargaining unit status Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation as a percent of total compensation: all private industry workers Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership
Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by major occupational group Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group. Individual benefit data are available through the ECEC public database.
Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by bargaining unit status Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status. Individual benefit data are available through the ECEC public database.

Table 6. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, by major industry group

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by major industry group Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group. Individual benefit data are available on the ECEC public database.

Table 7. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, by Census region and division

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by Census region and division Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division. Individual benefit data are available on the ECEC public database.

Table 8. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by establishment employment size

Employer costs per hour worked for employee comepnsation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by establishment employment size Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group. Individual benefit data are available on the ECEC public database.
Table 9. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, goods-producing and service-providing industries, by occupational group Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, goods-producing and service-providing industries by occupational group Available through the ECEC public database
Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by occupational group Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group

Table 10. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, by industry group

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by industry group Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group.

Table 11. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, by occupational group and full-time and part-time status

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by occupational group and full-time and part-time status Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status

Table 12. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, by industry group and full-time and part-time status

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by industry group and full-time and part-time status Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status
Table 13. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, by major industry group and establishment employment size and bargaining unit status Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by major industry group and establishment employment size Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group
Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, by major industry group and bargaining unit status Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status

Table 14. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry health care and social assistance workers, by industry and occupational group

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry health care and social assistance workers by industry and occupational group Available through the ECEC public database.

Table 15. Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers, by Census region and selected metropolitan area (March reference period)

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation and costs as a percent of total compensation: private industry workers by Census region and selected metropolitan area. Table 8. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by metropolitan areas (March reference period)
Table A. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by wage percentiles [Dec. 2018]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile
10th wage
percentile
50th (median)
wage percentile
90th wage
percentile

Total compensation(2)

- - - - - - - - -

Wages and salaries

- - - - - - - - -

Total benefits

- - - - - - - - -

Paid leave

- - - - - - - - -

Supplemental pay

- - - - - - - - -

Insurance

- - - - - - - - -

Health insurance

- - - - - - - - -

Retirement and savings

- - - - - - - - -

Legally required benefits

- - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.

Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [Dec. 2018]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

36.32 100.0 34.05 100.0 50.55 100.0

Wages and salaries

24.91 68.6 23.85 70.0 31.59 62.5

Total benefits

11.41 31.4 10.20 30.0 18.96 37.5

Paid leave

2.62 7.2 2.44 7.2 3.79 7.5

Vacation

1.28 3.5 1.26 3.7 1.44 2.8

Holiday

0.78 2.1 0.73 2.2 1.08 2.1

Sick

0.40 1.1 0.31 0.9 0.97 1.9

Personal

0.16 0.4 0.14 0.4 0.30 0.6

Supplemental pay

1.01 2.8 1.09 3.2 0.50 1.0

Overtime and premium(3)

0.28 0.8 0.29 0.9 0.21 0.4

Shift differentials

0.07 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.66 1.8 0.72 2.1 0.24 0.5

Insurance

3.16 8.7 2.71 8.0 5.95 11.8

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.07 0.1

Health

3.00 8.3 2.56 7.5 5.79 11.5

Short-term disability

0.06 0.2 0.07 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.04 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

1.95 5.4 1.32 3.9 5.95 11.8

Defined benefit

1.22 3.4 0.54 1.6 5.52 10.9

Defined contribution

0.73 2.0 0.78 2.3 0.43 0.8

Legally Required benefits

2.66 7.3 2.64 7.7 2.78 5.5

Social Security and Medicare

2.03 5.6 2.01 5.9 2.18 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.62 4.5 1.61 4.7 1.66 3.3

Medicare

0.41 1.1 0.40 1.2 0.52 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.03 0.1 0.04 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.14 0.4 0.15 0.4 0.06 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.46 1.3 0.45 1.3 0.54 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.

Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [Dec. 2018]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Civilian workers(2)

36.32 100.0 24.91 68.6 11.41 31.4 2.62 7.2 1.01 2.8 3.16 8.7 1.95 5.4 2.66 7.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

59.86 100.0 40.94 68.4 18.92 31.6 5.04 8.4 1.63 2.7 4.81 8.0 3.72 6.2 3.73 6.2

Management, business and financial

66.49 100.0 45.45 68.4 21.04 31.6 6.21 9.3 2.51 3.8 4.61 6.9 3.51 5.3 4.20 6.3

Professional and related

56.89 100.0 38.92 68.4 17.97 31.6 4.52 7.9 1.24 2.2 4.89 8.6 3.81 6.7 3.52 6.2

Teachers(3)

62.94 100.0 42.97 68.3 19.97 31.7 3.29 5.2 0.24 0.4 6.29 10.0 6.89 10.9 3.26 5.2

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

62.39 100.0 41.53 66.6 20.85 33.4 2.94 4.7 0.21 0.3 6.84 11.0 7.88 12.6 2.98 4.8

Registered nurses

56.11 100.0 36.79 65.6 19.32 34.4 5.30 9.4 2.04 3.6 5.20 9.3 3.04 5.4 3.73 6.6

Sales and office

26.50 100.0 18.57 70.1 7.93 29.9 1.78 6.7 0.65 2.5 2.52 9.5 1.02 3.8 1.96 7.4

Sales and related

24.56 100.0 18.52 75.4 6.04 24.6 1.40 5.7 0.60 2.5 1.51 6.1 0.63 2.5 1.90 7.7

Office and administrative support

27.69 100.0 18.60 67.2 9.09 32.8 2.02 7.3 0.68 2.5 3.13 11.3 1.26 4.5 2.00 7.2

Service

19.28 100.0 13.73 71.2 5.55 28.8 1.01 5.2 0.40 2.1 1.62 8.4 0.84 4.4 1.68 8.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

35.92 100.0 24.06 67.0 11.86 33.0 1.92 5.4 1.17 3.3 3.23 9.0 2.12 5.9 3.41 9.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

36.71 100.0 24.35 66.3 12.36 33.7 1.54 4.2 1.18 3.2 3.26 8.9 2.57 7.0 3.81 10.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

35.09 100.0 23.76 67.7 11.33 32.3 2.32 6.6 1.16 3.3 3.20 9.1 1.65 4.7 3.00 8.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

28.90 100.0 18.98 65.7 9.93 34.3 1.74 6.0 1.15 4.0 3.04 10.5 1.37 4.7 2.63 9.1

Production

27.71 100.0 18.36 66.3 9.35 33.7 1.70 6.1 1.32 4.8 2.97 10.7 0.96 3.5 2.40 8.7

Transportation and material moving

30.01 100.0 19.55 65.1 10.46 34.9 1.78 5.9 0.99 3.3 3.10 10.3 1.74 5.8 2.84 9.5

Industry group

Education and health services

42.39 100.0 28.78 67.9 13.61 32.1 3.20 7.5 0.64 1.5 4.18 9.9 2.95 7.0 2.64 6.2

Educational services

52.66 100.0 34.98 66.4 17.68 33.6 3.43 6.5 0.25 0.5 5.71 10.8 5.46 10.4 2.82 5.4

Elementary and secondary schools

51.45 100.0 33.76 65.6 17.70 34.4 2.77 5.4 0.20 0.4 5.94 11.5 6.20 12.0 2.59 5.0

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

58.40 100.0 38.92 66.6 19.48 33.4 5.13 8.8 0.37 0.6 5.90 10.1 4.74 8.1 3.34 5.7

Health care and social assistance

36.10 100.0 24.99 69.2 11.11 30.8 3.06 8.5 0.88 2.4 3.23 9.0 1.41 3.9 2.52 7.0

Hospitals

49.42 100.0 31.95 64.7 17.47 35.3 4.76 9.6 1.74 3.5 5.14 10.4 2.63 5.3 3.19 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.

Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [Dec. 2018]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

State and local government workers

50.55 100.0 31.59 62.5 18.96 37.5 3.79 7.5 0.50 1.0 5.95 11.8 5.95 11.8 2.78 5.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

60.70 100.0 39.21 64.6 21.49 35.4 4.27 7.0 0.40 0.7 6.53 10.8 7.15 11.8 3.13 5.2

Professional and related

59.02 100.0 38.42 65.1 20.60 34.9 3.80 6.4 0.37 0.6 6.52 11.1 6.90 11.7 3.02 5.1

Teachers(2)

66.95 100.0 44.73 66.8 22.22 33.2 3.37 5.0 0.25 0.4 7.14 10.7 8.25 12.3 3.22 4.8

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

66.46 100.0 43.80 65.9 22.66 34.1 3.04 4.6 0.23 0.3 7.49 11.3 8.85 13.3 3.05 4.6

Sales and office

34.80 100.0 20.18 58.0 14.63 42.0 3.04 8.7 0.30 0.9 5.52 15.9 3.66 10.5 2.10 6.0

Office and administrative support

34.96 100.0 20.22 57.9 14.73 42.1 3.05 8.7 0.30 0.9 5.59 16.0 3.69 10.6 2.10 6.0

Service

36.79 100.0 21.22 57.7 15.57 42.3 3.11 8.4 0.78 2.1 4.67 12.7 4.75 12.9 2.27 6.2

Industry group

Education and health services

52.95 100.0 34.24 64.7 18.71 35.3 3.50 6.6 0.34 0.6 6.13 11.6 6.03 11.4 2.71 5.1

Educational services

54.29 100.0 35.32 65.0 18.98 35.0 3.37 6.2 0.25 0.5 6.26 11.5 6.37 11.7 2.72 5.0

Elementary and secondary schools

52.69 100.0 34.28 65.1 18.41 34.9 2.76 5.2 0.21 0.4 6.24 11.8 6.63 12.6 2.57 4.9

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

58.60 100.0 38.13 65.1 20.47 34.9 5.09 8.7 0.35 0.6 6.28 10.7 5.62 9.6 3.13 5.3

Health care and social assistance

44.63 100.0 27.54 61.7 17.09 38.3 4.27 9.6 0.87 2.0 5.35 12.0 3.93 8.8 2.66 6.0

Hospitals

47.15 100.0 29.70 63.0 17.45 37.0 4.52 9.6 1.05 2.2 5.28 11.2 3.80 8.1 2.79 5.9

Public administration

48.48 100.0 28.16 58.1 20.32 41.9 4.51 9.3 0.77 1.6 5.85 12.1 6.23 12.8 2.96 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.

Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [Dec. 2018]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Private industry workers

34.05 100.0 23.85 70.0 10.20 30.0 2.44 7.2 1.09 3.2 2.71 8.0 1.32 3.9 2.64 7.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

59.57 100.0 41.52 69.7 18.05 30.3 5.30 8.9 2.05 3.4 4.22 7.1 2.55 4.3 3.93 6.6

Management, business, and financial

65.95 100.0 45.68 69.3 20.27 30.7 6.10 9.2 2.77 4.2 4.34 6.6 2.81 4.3 4.25 6.5

Professional and related

55.92 100.0 39.14 70.0 16.78 30.0 4.85 8.7 1.63 2.9 4.15 7.4 2.41 4.3 3.74 6.7

Sales and office

25.77 100.0 18.43 71.5 7.34 28.5 1.67 6.5 0.69 2.7 2.25 8.7 0.78 3.0 1.95 7.6

Sales and related

24.52 100.0 18.51 75.5 6.00 24.5 1.39 5.7 0.61 2.5 1.50 6.1 0.61 2.5 1.90 7.7

Office and administrative support

26.63 100.0 18.36 69.0 8.27 31.0 1.87 7.0 0.74 2.8 2.78 10.4 0.90 3.4 1.98 7.4

Service

16.78 100.0 12.66 75.4 4.12 24.6 0.71 4.2 0.35 2.1 1.18 7.0 0.29 1.7 1.59 9.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

35.34 100.0 23.95 67.8 11.39 32.2 1.77 5.0 1.20 3.4 3.02 8.6 1.93 5.5 3.46 9.8

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

36.22 100.0 24.30 67.1 11.93 32.9 1.36 3.7 1.23 3.4 3.04 8.4 2.41 6.6 3.89 10.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair

34.43 100.0 23.60 68.5 10.83 31.5 2.20 6.4 1.18 3.4 3.00 8.7 1.44 4.2 3.01 8.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

28.51 100.0 18.84 66.1 9.67 33.9 1.70 6.0 1.16 4.1 2.94 10.3 1.25 4.4 2.62 9.2

Production

27.46 100.0 18.24 66.4 9.22 33.6 1.66 6.1 1.33 4.8 2.93 10.7 0.90 3.3 2.40 8.7

Transportation and material moving

29.53 100.0 19.42 65.8 10.11 34.2 1.74 5.9 1.00 3.4 2.95 10.0 1.58 5.4 2.85 9.6

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

39.49 100.0 26.35 66.7 13.14 33.3 2.55 6.5 1.68 4.3 3.63 9.2 1.94 4.9 3.34 8.4

Construction

39.19 100.0 27.12 69.2 12.07 30.8 1.71 4.4 1.22 3.1 3.13 8.0 2.09 5.3 3.92 10.0

Manufacturing

39.09 100.0 25.59 65.5 13.49 34.5 2.96 7.6 1.92 4.9 3.88 9.9 1.74 4.5 3.00 7.7

Aircraft manufacturing

70.06 100.0 42.42 60.5 27.64 39.5 6.22 8.9 4.99 7.1 7.01 10.0 4.98 7.1 4.45 6.4

Service-providing(3)

32.95 100.0 23.34 70.8 9.61 29.2 2.42 7.3 0.98 3.0 2.53 7.7 1.19 3.6 2.50 7.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

28.22 100.0 19.82 70.2 8.40 29.8 1.77 6.3 0.79 2.8 2.32 8.2 1.18 4.2 2.34 8.3

Wholesale trade

37.75 100.0 26.70 70.7 11.05 29.3 2.77 7.3 1.18 3.1 2.90 7.7 1.35 3.6 2.85 7.6

Retail trade

19.95 100.0 15.02 75.3 4.93 24.7 0.96 4.8 0.43 2.2 1.36 6.8 0.47 2.3 1.71 8.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.80 100.0 24.96 64.3 13.84 35.7 2.71 7.0 1.26 3.3 4.03 10.4 2.44 6.3 3.39 8.7

Utilities

61.87 100.0 37.60 60.8 24.27 39.2 5.31 8.6 2.23 3.6 6.10 9.9 6.25 10.1 4.38 7.1

Information

57.29 100.0 37.98 66.3 19.31 33.7 5.18 9.0 2.58 4.5 4.89 8.5 2.97 5.2 3.70 6.5

Financial activities

46.67 100.0 31.40 67.3 15.26 32.7 4.02 8.6 2.50 5.4 3.97 8.5 1.74 3.7 3.03 6.5

Financial and insurance

52.20 100.0 34.62 66.3 17.58 33.7 4.70 9.0 3.08 5.9 4.45 8.5 2.12 4.1 3.23 6.2

Credit intermediation and related activities

44.13 100.0 29.48 66.8 14.64 33.2 4.00 9.1 2.13 4.8 4.04 9.1 1.63 3.7 2.85 6.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

50.74 100.0 33.29 65.6 17.44 34.4 4.47 8.8 2.96 5.8 4.49 8.9 2.34 4.6 3.19 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

31.30 100.0 22.47 71.8 8.83 28.2 2.12 6.8 0.88 2.8 2.66 8.5 0.68 2.2 2.48 7.9

Professional and business services

40.65 100.0 29.25 71.9 11.41 28.1 3.21 7.9 1.28 3.2 2.58 6.3 1.33 3.3 3.01 7.4

Professional and technical services

53.19 100.0 38.13 71.7 15.05 28.3 4.61 8.7 1.64 3.1 3.40 6.4 1.75 3.3 3.65 6.9

Administrative and waste services

23.49 100.0 17.75 75.6 5.74 24.4 1.14 4.9 0.65 2.7 1.42 6.0 0.37 1.6 2.16 9.2

Education and health services

36.85 100.0 25.92 70.3 10.93 29.7 3.04 8.3 0.80 2.2 3.15 8.5 1.34 3.6 2.60 7.1

Educational services

46.85 100.0 33.76 72.1 13.09 27.9 3.63 7.8 0.24 0.5 3.77 8.0 2.26 4.8 3.19 6.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools

58.00 100.0 40.43 69.7 17.57 30.3 5.20 9.0 0.40 0.7 5.17 8.9 3.05 5.3 3.75 6.5

Health care and social assistance

35.39 100.0 24.78 70.0 10.61 30.0 2.95 8.3 0.88 2.5 3.06 8.6 1.20 3.4 2.51 7.1

Leisure and hospitality

15.40 100.0 12.05 78.3 3.35 21.7 0.50 3.3 0.22 1.5 0.85 5.5 0.24 1.5 1.53 9.9

Accommodation and food services

14.28 100.0 11.18 78.3 3.09 21.7 0.45 3.1 0.22 1.5 0.78 5.4 0.22 1.5 1.44 10.1

Other services

28.93 100.0 21.11 73.0 7.82 27.0 1.72 5.9 0.44 1.5 2.13 7.4 1.23 4.3 2.30 8.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [Dec. 2018]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Union

All workers

47.29 100.0 27.85 58.9 19.45 41.1 3.36 7.1 1.56 3.3 6.61 14.0 4.31 9.1 3.60 7.6

Goods-producing(2)

51.34 100.0 29.46 57.4 21.87 42.6 2.83 5.5 2.30 4.5 7.41 14.4 5.11 10.0 4.23 8.2

Service-providing(3)

45.64 100.0 27.18 59.6 18.46 40.4 3.58 7.8 1.26 2.8 6.29 13.8 3.98 8.7 3.35 7.3

Nonunion

All workers

32.81 100.0 23.47 71.6 9.33 28.4 2.35 7.2 1.05 3.2 2.34 7.1 1.04 3.2 2.55 7.8

Goods-producing(2)

37.42 100.0 25.81 69.0 11.62 31.0 2.50 6.7 1.58 4.2 2.97 7.9 1.39 3.7 3.18 8.5

Service-providing(3)

31.94 100.0 23.04 72.1 8.91 27.9 2.32 7.3 0.95 3.0 2.23 7.0 0.97 3.0 2.43 7.6

Full-time

All workers

39.43 100.0 27.09 68.7 12.34 31.3 3.06 7.8 1.36 3.5 3.35 8.5 1.64 4.2 2.93 7.4

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

61.75 100.0 42.65 69.1 19.11 30.9 5.66 9.2 2.19 3.5 4.53 7.3 2.73 4.4 4.00 6.5

Management, business, and financial

66.82 100.0 46.13 69.0 20.69 31.0 6.25 9.3 2.82 4.2 4.46 6.7 2.88 4.3 4.28 6.4

Professional and related

58.44 100.0 40.37 69.1 18.07 30.9 5.27 9.0 1.78 3.0 4.57 7.8 2.64 4.5 3.82 6.5

Sales and office

30.34 100.0 21.15 69.7 9.19 30.3 2.23 7.3 0.89 2.9 2.88 9.5 1.00 3.3 2.18 7.2

Sales and related

33.63 100.0 24.63 73.2 9.00 26.8 2.36 7.0 0.97 2.9 2.31 6.9 0.97 2.9 2.39 7.1

Office and administrative support

28.82 100.0 19.54 67.8 9.28 32.2 2.17 7.5 0.86 3.0 3.15 10.9 1.02 3.5 2.08 7.2

Service

19.63 100.0 14.04 71.5 5.60 28.5 1.12 5.7 0.50 2.5 1.86 9.5 0.44 2.2 1.68 8.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

36.39 100.0 24.52 67.4 11.86 32.6 1.86 5.1 1.26 3.5 3.19 8.8 2.03 5.6 3.52 9.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

37.13 100.0 24.80 66.8 12.34 33.2 1.42 3.8 1.29 3.5 3.18 8.6 2.51 6.7 3.94 10.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

35.61 100.0 24.24 68.1 11.37 31.9 2.33 6.5 1.23 3.4 3.21 9.0 1.53 4.3 3.08 8.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

30.65 100.0 20.06 65.4 10.59 34.6 1.95 6.4 1.33 4.3 3.26 10.6 1.34 4.4 2.72 8.9

Production

28.67 100.0 18.83 65.7 9.84 34.3 1.80 6.3 1.43 5.0 3.18 11.1 0.98 3.4 2.44 8.5

Transportation and material moving

32.96 100.0 21.48 65.2 11.47 34.8 2.12 6.4 1.20 3.6 3.36 10.2 1.76 5.3 3.04 9.2

Industry group

Goods-producing(2)

40.07 100.0 26.66 66.5 13.41 33.5 2.62 6.5 1.72 4.3 3.72 9.3 1.99 5.0 3.35 8.4

Construction

40.03 100.0 27.55 68.8 12.48 31.2 1.78 4.5 1.26 3.1 3.28 8.2 2.20 5.5 3.95 9.9

Manufacturing

39.52 100.0 25.85 65.4 13.67 34.6 3.01 7.6 1.95 4.9 3.93 9.9 1.78 4.5 3.01 7.6

Service-providing(3)

39.26 100.0 27.21 69.3 12.04 30.7 3.19 8.1 1.26 3.2 3.24 8.3 1.54 3.9 2.81 7.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.78 100.0 23.93 68.8 10.85 31.2 2.49 7.2 1.08 3.1 3.00 8.6 1.53 4.4 2.75 7.9

Information

61.51 100.0 40.58 66.0 20.93 34.0 5.64 9.2 2.81 4.6 5.30 8.6 3.25 5.3 3.93 6.4

Financial activities

49.56 100.0 33.14 66.9 16.42 33.1 4.39 8.9 2.70 5.5 4.30 8.7 1.87 3.8 3.16 6.4

Professional and business services

44.36 100.0 31.51 71.0 12.86 29.0 3.70 8.3 1.46 3.3 2.97 6.7 1.55 3.5 3.18 7.2

Education and health services

39.94 100.0 27.55 69.0 12.39 31.0 3.54 8.9 0.88 2.2 3.72 9.3 1.58 4.0 2.67 6.7

Leisure and hospitality

19.58 100.0 14.41 73.6 5.17 26.4 1.01 5.2 0.39 2.0 1.62 8.3 0.46 2.4 1.69 8.6

Other services

34.45 100.0 24.27 70.4 10.19 29.6 2.41 7.0 0.55 1.6 3.02 8.8 1.66 4.8 2.55 7.4

Part-time

All workers

18.10 100.0 14.24 78.7 3.86 21.3 0.59 3.3 0.30 1.7 0.82 4.5 0.36 2.0 1.78 9.9

Occupational group

Management, professional and related

41.44 100.0 32.17 77.6 9.27 22.4 2.35 5.7 0.86 2.1 1.69 4.1 1.03 2.5 3.33 8.0

Professional and related

41.77 100.0 32.26 77.2 9.51 22.8 2.46 5.9 0.81 1.9 1.80 4.3 1.11 2.7 3.33 8.0

Sales and office

15.51 100.0 12.32 79.4 3.20 20.6 0.43 2.8 0.22 1.4 0.84 5.4 0.29 1.9 1.42 9.1

Sales and related

14.03 100.0 11.48 81.8 2.56 18.2 0.28 2.0 0.19 1.4 0.56 4.0 0.20 1.4 1.32 9.4

Office and administrative support

17.90 100.0 13.67 76.4 4.22 23.6 0.66 3.7 0.26 1.5 1.30 7.3 0.43 2.4 1.57 8.8

Service

13.77 100.0 11.21 81.4 2.57 18.6 0.28 2.0 0.19 1.4 0.46 3.4 0.13 0.9 1.50 10.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

18.05 100.0 12.90 71.4 5.16 28.6 0.49 2.7 0.35 2.0 1.36 7.5 0.79 4.4 2.16 12.0

Transportation and material moving

18.97 100.0 13.06 68.9 5.91 31.1 0.54 2.9 0.39 2.1 1.68 8.9 1.04 5.5 2.26 11.9

Industry group

Service-providing(3)

18.01 100.0 14.18 78.7 3.83 21.3 0.59 3.3 0.29 1.6 0.82 4.6 0.36 2.0 1.76 9.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.12 100.0 12.24 75.9 3.88 24.1 0.43 2.7 0.26 1.6 1.08 6.7 0.53 3.3 1.58 9.8

Professional and business services

21.30 100.0 17.48 82.0 3.83 18.0 0.65 3.1 0.37 1.7 0.52 2.4 (4)0.17 (4)0.8 2.11 9.9

Education and health services

27.90 100.0 21.21 76.0 6.69 24.0 1.59 5.7 0.57 2.0 1.51 5.4 0.64 2.3 2.38 8.5

Leisure and hospitality

12.08 100.0 10.18 84.3 1.90 15.7 0.10 0.8 0.09 0.8 0.24 2.0 0.06 0.5 1.41 11.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is greater than 30 percent.

Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [Dec. 2018]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

All workers

1-99 workers

28.14 100.0 20.80 73.9 7.34 26.1 1.70 6.0 0.68 2.4 1.85 6.6 0.74 2.6 2.36 8.4

1-49 workers

27.58 100.0 20.58 74.6 7.01 25.4 1.63 5.9 0.65 2.3 1.73 6.3 0.67 2.4 2.33 8.5

50-99 workers

29.95 100.0 21.53 71.9 8.41 28.1 1.92 6.4 0.78 2.6 2.27 7.6 0.99 3.3 2.47 8.2

100 workers or more

41.08 100.0 27.47 66.9 13.60 33.1 3.32 8.1 1.59 3.9 3.73 9.1 2.00 4.9 2.96 7.2

100-499 workers

34.75 100.0 23.96 69.0 10.79 31.0 2.55 7.3 1.12 3.2 3.02 8.7 1.43 4.1 2.67 7.7

500 workers or more

49.85 100.0 32.34 64.9 17.51 35.1 4.39 8.8 2.24 4.5 4.72 9.5 2.79 5.6 3.37 6.8

Goods-producing(2)

1-99 workers

32.64 100.0 23.13 70.9 9.51 29.1 1.64 5.0 1.05 3.2 2.53 7.8 1.10 3.4 3.18 9.7

1-49 workers

31.56 100.0 22.71 72.0 8.85 28.0 1.50 4.8 0.99 3.2 2.18 6.9 1.00 3.2 3.18 10.1

50-99 workers

35.42 100.0 24.22 68.4 11.19 31.6 2.01 5.7 1.20 3.4 3.45 9.7 1.38 3.9 3.16 8.9

100 workers or more

45.28 100.0 29.07 64.2 16.21 35.8 3.32 7.3 2.22 4.9 4.56 10.1 2.64 5.8 3.47 7.7

100-499 workers

40.15 100.0 26.51 66.0 13.64 34.0 2.70 6.7 1.65 4.1 3.94 9.8 2.03 5.0 3.32 8.3

500 workers or more

53.06 100.0 32.95 62.1 20.11 37.9 4.25 8.0 3.08 5.8 5.49 10.4 3.58 6.7 3.70 7.0

Service-providing(3)

1-99 workers

27.39 100.0 20.41 74.5 6.98 25.5 1.70 6.2 0.62 2.2 1.74 6.4 0.68 2.5 2.23 8.1

1-49 workers

26.97 100.0 20.25 75.1 6.72 24.9 1.65 6.1 0.59 2.2 1.66 6.1 0.62 2.3 2.20 8.2

50-99 workers

28.82 100.0 20.98 72.8 7.84 27.2 1.90 6.6 0.69 2.4 2.03 7.0 0.91 3.1 2.32 8.1

100 workers or more

40.03 100.0 27.07 67.6 12.96 32.4 3.32 8.3 1.43 3.6 3.52 8.8 1.84 4.6 2.84 7.1

100-499 workers

33.34 100.0 23.30 69.9 10.04 30.1 2.51 7.5 0.98 2.9 2.77 8.3 1.27 3.8 2.50 7.5

500 workers or more

49.10 100.0 32.20 65.6 16.91 34.4 4.42 9.0 2.05 4.2 4.54 9.2 2.61 5.3 3.29 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [Dec. 2018]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast Region

38.36 100.0 26.23 68.4 12.13 31.6 3.01 7.9 1.28 3.3 3.26 8.5 1.57 4.1 3.00 7.8

New England Census Division

40.80 100.0 27.91 68.4 12.89 31.6 3.25 8.0 1.36 3.3 3.34 8.2 1.92 4.7 3.02 7.4

Middle Atlantic Census Division

37.50 100.0 25.64 68.4 11.86 31.6 2.93 7.8 1.26 3.4 3.24 8.6 1.45 3.9 2.99 8.0

South Region

30.84 100.0 21.99 71.3 8.85 28.7 2.12 6.9 1.05 3.4 2.23 7.2 1.13 3.7 2.31 7.5

South Atlantic Census Division

31.29 100.0 22.23 71.0 9.07 29.0 2.19 7.0 1.00 3.2 2.33 7.4 1.19 3.8 2.35 7.5

East South Central Census Division

27.35 100.0 19.21 70.2 8.14 29.8 1.86 6.8 0.93 3.4 2.26 8.3 1.05 3.8 2.06 7.5

West South Central Census Division

31.72 100.0 22.90 72.2 8.82 27.8 2.14 6.7 1.18 3.7 2.05 6.5 1.06 3.4 2.38 7.5

Midwest Region

31.50 100.0 21.83 69.3 9.67 30.7 2.16 6.9 1.07 3.4 2.73 8.7 1.23 3.9 2.47 7.9

East North Central Census Division

31.71 100.0 21.93 69.2 9.78 30.8 2.16 6.8 1.10 3.5 2.77 8.7 1.26 4.0 2.49 7.8

West North Central Census Division

31.04 100.0 21.61 69.6 9.43 30.4 2.16 6.9 1.00 3.2 2.66 8.6 1.17 3.8 2.44 7.9

West Region

38.24 100.0 26.93 70.4 11.31 29.6 2.75 7.2 1.04 2.7 2.99 7.8 1.50 3.9 3.03 7.9

Mountain Census Division

32.72 100.0 23.36 71.4 9.37 28.6 2.28 7.0 0.93 2.8 2.42 7.4 1.27 3.9 2.47 7.6

Pacific Census Division

40.69 100.0 28.52 70.1 12.17 29.9 2.96 7.3 1.08 2.7 3.24 8.0 1.61 4.0 3.27 8.0

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.

Table 8. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by metropolitan areas [Dec. 2018]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast Region

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

- - - - - -

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

- - - - - -

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

- - - - - -

South Region

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

- - - - - -

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

- - - - - -

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

- - - - - -

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

- - - - - -

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

- - - - - -

Midwest Region

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

- - - - - -

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

- - - - - -

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

- - - - - -

West Region

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

- - - - - -

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

- - - - - -

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

- - - - - -

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

- - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the March 2019 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.

 

Last Modified Date: June 17, 2019