National Hispanic Heritage Month

October 01, 2014

National Hispanic Heritage Month, which occurs each year from September 15 to October 15, celebrates the cultures, histories, and accomplishments of Americans of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. In 2013, there were more than 54 million Hispanics and Latinos in the United States, constituting 17 percent of the nation’s total population, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

The Hispanic labor force has grown significantly in recent decades — increasing from 10.7 million in 1990 to 24.8 million in 2013. Among detailed Hispanic or Latino ethnic groups identified in the BLS Current Population Survey, Mexican Americans comprised 62 percent of the total Hispanic labor force in 2013.

Civilian labor force levels for persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity age 16 and older, by detailed ethnic group, 1990–2013 annual averages
Year Total Hispanic or Latino Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban Other Hispanic or Latino

1990

10,720,000 6,707,000 960,000 603,000 2,450,000

1991

10,920,000 6,712,000 1,041,000 593,000 2,574,000

1992

11,338,000 7,091,000 1,048,000 577,000 2,622,000

1993

11,610,000 7,281,000 1,073,000 604,000 2,652,000

1994

11,975,000 7,567,000 1,026,000 604,000 2,778,000

1995

12,267,000 7,765,000 1,098,000 613,000 2,791,000

1996

12,774,000 7,943,000 1,170,000 637,000 3,024,000

1997

13,796,000 8,546,000 1,293,000 646,000 3,311,000

1998

14,317,000 9,096,000 1,249,000 651,000 3,321,000

1999

14,665,000 9,267,000 1,269,000 714,000 3,415,000

2000

16,689,000 10,783,000 1,411,000 740,000 3,755,000

2001

17,328,000 11,218,000 1,454,000 671,000 3,985,000

2002

17,943,000 11,542,000 1,546,000 635,000 4,220,000

2003

18,813,000 12,081,000 1,649,000 679,000 4,404,000

2004

19,272,000 12,340,000 1,610,000 769,000 4,553,000

2005

19,824,000 12,671,000 1,619,000 755,000 4,779,000

2006

20,694,000 13,158,000 1,599,000 807,000 5,130,000

2007

21,602,000 13,672,000 1,684,000 898,000 5,348,000

2008

22,024,000 14,009,000 1,822,000 897,000 5,296,000

2009

22,352,000 14,210,000 1,850,000 877,000 5,415,000

2010

22,748,000 14,403,000 1,906,000 970,000 5,469,000

2011

22,898,000 14,360,000 1,893,000 976,000 5,669,000

2012

24,391,000 15,128,000 2,090,000 1,102,000 6,071,000

2013

24,771,000 15,366,000 2,066,000 1,043,000 6,296,000

In New Mexico, Hispanics or Latinos represented 43.9 percent of the total labor force in 2013, the highest share of all states and the District of Columbia. California had the highest number of Hispanics or Latinos in the labor force, at 6,786,000, followed by Texas at 4,934,000.

Hispanic or Latino labor force as a percent of total, by state, annual averages, 2013


20 and higher
 
15 to 19.9
 
10 to 14.9
 
5 to 9.9
 
Lower than 5
 
Hover over a state to see data.
Hover over legend items to see states in a category.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

These data are from the Current Population Survey and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics programs. State data are preliminary. For more data relating to persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, see Labor Force Characteristics by Race and Ethnicity, 2013 and Monthly Labor Review: Archives By Subject articles about Hispanic or Latino workers.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, National Hispanic Heritage Month on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2014/ted_20141001.htm (visited December 14, 2017).

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