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Employment–population ratio 54.6 percent in June 2020, down from 61.1 percent in February 2020

July 08, 2020

The employment–population ratio for people age 16 and over, or the proportion of the civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and over with a job, was 54.6 percent in June 2020. The employment–population ratio rose by 1.8 percentage points over the month, but is 6.5 percentage points lower than in February 2020. 

Selected employment–population ratios, seasonally adjusted, June 2000–June 2020
Month Total,
16 years and over
Men,
20 years and over
Women,
20 years and over
16 to 19
years old
White Black or
African American
Asian Hispanic or
Latino

Jun 2000

64.5% 74.2% 58.4% 45.9% 65.0% 60.6% 65.9%

Jul 2000

64.2 74.0 58.3 44.1 64.7 60.4 64.9

Aug 2000

64.2 74.2 58.0 44.9 64.8 60.3 65.2

Sep 2000

64.2 74.0 58.3 44.9 64.7 60.2 65.7

Oct 2000

64.2 73.9 58.4 44.8 64.7 60.6 65.8

Nov 2000

64.3 74.0 58.4 45.1 64.7 60.9 65.6

Dec 2000

64.4 74.0 58.5 45.2 64.9 60.7 65.9

Jan 2001

64.4 74.1 58.6 44.6 65.0 60.6 65.9

Feb 2001

64.3 73.9 58.6 44.1 64.9 60.6 65.8

Mar 2001

64.3 73.8 58.8 43.9 64.9 60.5 66.0

Apr 2001

64.0 73.7 58.3 43.2 64.5 60.2 65.5

May 2001

63.8 73.5 58.3 42.4 64.3 60.2 65.0

Jun 2001

63.7 73.2 58.1 43.0 64.2 59.9 64.1

Jul 2001

63.7 73.3 58.2 42.6 64.2 60.1 64.8

Aug 2001

63.2 73.0 57.9 39.9 63.9 59.3 64.7

Sep 2001

63.5 73.2 57.8 41.8 64.0 59.4 64.5

Oct 2001

63.2 72.8 57.7 41.4 63.8 58.7 64.7

Nov 2001

63.0 72.6 57.6 41.4 63.7 58.3 64.1

Dec 2001

62.9 72.6 57.5 39.9 63.6 58.6 64.0

Jan 2002

62.7 72.3 57.4 39.6 63.3 58.6 64.0

Feb 2002

63.0 72.5 57.8 40.0 63.7 58.6 64.6

Mar 2002

62.8 72.4 57.5 40.5 63.6 58.1 63.9

Apr 2002

62.7 72.4 57.4 39.6 63.4 58.3 63.9

May 2002

62.9 72.7 57.4 39.5 63.5 58.6 64.1

Jun 2002

62.7 72.4 57.4 39.8 63.4 57.9 63.9

Jul 2002

62.7 72.4 57.3 39.6 63.4 57.8 64.2

Aug 2002

62.7 72.4 57.5 38.8 63.5 58.0 63.9

Sep 2002

63.0 72.6 57.6 40.2 63.5 58.7 64.1

Oct 2002

62.7 72.2 57.5 40.1 63.4 58.3 63.4

Nov 2002

62.5 71.8 57.5 39.0 63.2 57.3 63.5

Dec 2002

62.4 71.7 57.4 38.5 63.0 57.5 63.2

Jan 2003

62.5 71.6 57.8 38.0 63.2 57.8 63.6% 63.9

Feb 2003

62.5 71.9 57.5 37.8 63.2 57.6 62.7 64.1

Mar 2003

62.4 71.8 57.6 36.6 63.2 57.5 62.1 63.5

Apr 2003

62.4 71.8 57.6 37.1 63.2 57.6 62.6 63.7

May 2003

62.3 71.6 57.6 36.9 63.0 57.8 62.7 62.7

Jun 2003

62.3 71.4 57.9 36.6 63.0 57.3 61.8 62.7

Jul 2003

62.1 71.4 57.5 36.3 62.9 57.3 61.9 62.2

Aug 2003

62.1 71.4 57.4 36.4 62.8 57.3 62.3 62.5

Sep 2003

62.0 71.7 57.1 36.3 62.7 57.3 62.1 62.8

Oct 2003

62.1 71.6 57.3 36.2 63.0 56.8 62.3 62.6

Nov 2003

62.3 71.8 57.3 37.1 63.0 57.5 62.1 62.7

Dec 2003

62.2 71.9 57.2 36.1 62.9 56.9 63.1 63.2

Jan 2004

62.3 72.1 57.1 36.9 63.0 57.6 63.3 63.4

Feb 2004

62.3 71.9 57.4 36.5 63.0 57.4 63.4 63.0

Mar 2004

62.2 71.8 57.3 35.6 62.9 57.5 63.2 63.7

Apr 2004

62.3 71.7 57.4 36.5 63.0 57.3 63.1 63.6

May 2004

62.3 71.7 57.5 36.5 63.1 56.8 62.5 64.1

Jun 2004

62.4 72.0 57.4 35.9 63.1 56.8 62.0 64.2

Jul 2004

62.5 72.1 57.5 36.3 63.3 57.1 62.4 64.2

Aug 2004

62.4 72.1 57.4 36.5 63.2 57.2 62.6 64.1

Sep 2004

62.3 71.9 57.3 36.2 63.0 57.2 63.1 63.9

Oct 2004

62.3 71.9 57.3 36.5 63.1 57.3 63.0 63.9

Nov 2004

62.5 72.1 57.4 37.1 63.2 57.2 63.9 63.7

Dec 2004

62.4 72.0 57.4 36.4 63.2 57.0 63.2 63.7

Jan 2005

62.4 71.9 57.5 36.3 63.2 56.9 63.5 63.5

Feb 2005

62.4 72.1 57.4 35.7 63.2 56.6 63.3 63.8

Mar 2005

62.4 72.2 57.4 36.5 63.2 57.0 63.1 64.2

Apr 2005

62.7 72.5 57.5 36.2 63.4 57.5 63.1 63.7

May 2005

62.8 72.7 57.6 36.2 63.5 58.0 63.0 64.1

Jun 2005

62.7 72.7 57.5 36.5 63.3 58.1 62.9 64.1

Jul 2005

62.8 72.7 57.6 36.6 63.5 58.6 63.2 64.1

Aug 2005

62.9 72.8 57.7 37.0 63.6 58.3 63.6 64.1

Sep 2005

62.8 72.5 57.8 36.7 63.4 58.2 63.4 63.5

Oct 2005

62.8 72.5 57.8 36.3 63.4 58.6 64.8 64.0

Nov 2005

62.7 72.3 57.7 36.6 63.4 57.5 63.9 64.1

Dec 2005

62.8 72.4 57.8 36.8 63.5 57.7 63.5 64.3

Jan 2006

62.9 72.8 57.7 37.0 63.7 57.8 63.8 65.2

Feb 2006

63.0 72.8 57.8 37.4 63.7 58.3 64.4 65.3

Mar 2006

63.1 72.9 57.8 37.2 63.7 58.5 64.3 65.3

Apr 2006

63.0 72.9 57.8 37.0 63.7 58.2 63.9 65.1

May 2006

63.1 72.8 58.0 37.3 63.7 58.6 63.6 65.3

Jun 2006

63.1 72.8 58.1 37.4 63.8 58.1 63.8 65.5

Jul 2006

63.0 72.4 58.2 36.9 63.8 57.9 64.1 64.9

Aug 2006

63.1 72.7 58.2 36.5 63.8 58.5 63.6 64.6

Sep 2006

63.1 73.1 58.0 36.0 63.7 57.9 65.1 64.3

Oct 2006

63.3 73.0 58.3 36.9 63.9 58.7 65.1 65.3

Nov 2006

63.3 73.0 58.2 37.2 63.9 58.8 64.5 65.2

Dec 2006

63.4 73.2 58.4 37.0 64.1 59.2 64.7 65.8

Jan 2007

63.3 73.1 58.3 36.5 63.9 59.4 64.4 65.5

Feb 2007

63.3 73.0 58.4 35.9 63.9 59.0 64.2 65.3

Mar 2007

63.3 73.1 58.5 35.5 64.0 58.5 64.1 65.5

Apr 2007

63.0 73.0 58.0 34.7 63.6 58.4 63.8 65.1

May 2007

63.0 72.9 58.2 34.2 63.7 58.2 64.3 64.7

Jun 2007

63.0 72.8 58.2 35.0 63.7 58.1 64.6 64.7

Jul 2007

62.9 72.6 58.2 34.7 63.5 58.8 64.9 64.7

Aug 2007

62.7 72.5 58.2 33.2 63.3 58.7 64.8 65.3

Sep 2007

62.9 72.5 58.3 34.6 63.5 58.4 63.6 64.8

Oct 2007

62.7 72.3 58.0 35.0 63.5 57.9 63.9 64.7

Nov 2007

62.9 72.7 58.1 34.8 63.6 57.8 65.0 64.7

Dec 2007

62.7 72.5 58.0 34.3 63.5 57.8 64.2 64.3

Jan 2008

62.9 72.7 58.2 33.9 63.6 58.2 65.2 64.3

Feb 2008

62.8 72.6 58.1 33.4 63.4 58.3 65.0 64.4

Mar 2008

62.7 72.4 58.2 33.6 63.3 58.1 64.8 63.9

Apr 2008

62.7 72.2 58.1 34.3 63.2 58.4 65.6 63.9

May 2008

62.5 71.9 58.1 34.1 63.2 57.6 64.5 64.3

Jun 2008

62.4 71.8 58.1 32.8 63.1 57.6 64.1 63.6

Jul 2008

62.2 71.7 58.0 32.1 63.0 57.4 64.7 63.3

Aug 2008

62.0 71.4 57.8 32.4 62.7 57.5 64.3 63.3

Sep 2008

61.9 71.1 57.8 32.4 62.6 56.5 64.1 63.0

Oct 2008

61.7 70.8 57.8 31.8 62.5 56.3 64.1 62.2

Nov 2008

61.4 70.4 57.6 30.8 62.1 55.8 63.0 61.9

Dec 2008

61.0 69.8 57.4 30.6 61.7 55.8 62.8 61.6

Jan 2009

60.6 69.3 57.0 30.5 61.4 55.2 61.5 61.1

Feb 2009

60.3 68.8 56.9 30.3 61.2 54.3 61.5 60.5

Mar 2009

59.9 68.2 56.7 29.6 60.7 53.8 61.4 60.3

Apr 2009

59.8 68.1 56.7 29.5 60.7 53.6 61.8 60.7

May 2009

59.6 67.8 56.4 29.5 60.5 53.4 61.6 59.7

Jun 2009

59.4 67.7 56.3 28.9 60.3 53.3 61.4 59.6

Jul 2009

59.3 67.5 56.3 28.6 60.2 53.5 61.8 59.9

Aug 2009

59.1 67.3 56.1 27.9 60.0 52.9 61.3 58.9

Sep 2009

58.7 67.0 55.8 27.3 59.6 52.3 60.9 59.2

Oct 2009

58.5 66.8 55.7 26.1 59.5 52.0 60.6 58.9

Nov 2009

58.6 66.8 55.8 26.3 59.4 52.3 60.5 59.3

Dec 2009

58.3 66.4 55.4 26.2 59.2 52.0 59.9 58.6

Jan 2010

58.5 66.5 55.8 26.0 59.6 52.0 58.9 59.3

Feb 2010

58.5 66.5 55.7 26.4 59.5 52.1 59.0 59.5

Mar 2010

58.5 66.7 55.6 26.5 59.5 52.0 59.5 59.3

Apr 2010

58.7 67.1 55.6 26.7 59.7 52.3 61.1 59.1

May 2010

58.6 67.1 55.6 26.2 59.6 53.0 59.9 59.3

Jun 2010

58.5 67.0 55.6 25.1 59.5 52.5 60.0 58.9

Jul 2010

58.5 67.0 55.5 25.5 59.5 52.3 59.8 59.3

Aug 2010

58.6 67.1 55.4 26.1 59.6 52.3 60.2 59.3

Sep 2010

58.5 67.0 55.4 25.3 59.5 51.9 59.9 59.3

Oct 2010

58.3 66.8 55.3 25.5 59.2 52.3 60.5 58.6

Nov 2010

58.2 66.4 55.3 26.1 59.0 52.4 59.8 58.4

Dec 2010

58.3 66.7 55.3 25.6 59.2 52.4 59.7 58.3

Jan 2011

58.3 66.7 55.3 25.7 59.4 51.9 60.5 58.9

Feb 2011

58.4 66.9 55.1 25.7 59.3 51.9 60.4 58.3

Mar 2011

58.4 66.9 55.3 25.9 59.5 51.6 60.5 58.7

Apr 2011

58.4 66.9 55.2 25.5 59.5 51.3 60.0 58.6

May 2011

58.3 67.0 55.0 25.4 59.5 51.1 60.3 58.3

Jun 2011

58.2 66.8 54.9 25.5 59.3 51.2 60.2 58.6

Jul 2011

58.2 66.8 55.0 25.2 59.3 51.0 59.5 58.7

Aug 2011

58.3 67.0 55.0 26.1 59.4 51.5 59.2 59.2

Sep 2011

58.4 67.0 55.0 26.1 59.4 52.3 59.2 59.2

Oct 2011

58.4 67.0 55.1 26.1 59.3 52.5 60.1 59.4

Nov 2011

58.6 67.4 55.0 26.3 59.5 51.8 60.1 59.1

Dec 2011

58.6 67.5 54.9 26.3 59.5 52.3 60.2 59.4

Jan 2012

58.4 67.6 54.8 25.6 59.4 52.8 59.9 59.2

Feb 2012

58.5 67.6 54.9 25.8 59.5 53.0 59.0 59.5

Mar 2012

58.5 67.5 55.0 25.6 59.4 53.2 59.2 59.3

Apr 2012

58.4 67.4 54.9 25.6 59.3 53.2 59.1 59.6

May 2012

58.5 67.5 55.0 25.8 59.4 53.0 60.0 59.7

Jun 2012

58.6 67.4 55.0 26.6 59.4 53.1 60.3 59.6

Jul 2012

58.5 67.4 54.8 26.7 59.2 52.8 60.7 59.7

Aug 2012

58.4 67.3 54.9 26.0 59.2 52.9 59.9 59.4

Sep 2012

58.7 67.6 55.1 26.1 59.5 52.9 60.9 59.8

Oct 2012

58.8 67.8 55.1 26.3 59.6 53.4 60.4 59.7

Nov 2012

58.7 67.7 55.0 26.4 59.5 53.2 60.7 59.2

Dec 2012

58.7 67.7 54.9 25.9 59.5 52.7 61.3 59.5

Jan 2013

58.6 67.6 54.7 26.8 59.4 53.3 60.8 59.8

Feb 2013

58.6 67.7 54.8 25.8 59.3 53.2 60.9 59.8

Mar 2013

58.5 67.6 54.7 25.8 59.3 53.3 61.0 59.3

Apr 2013

58.6 67.5 55.0 25.8 59.4 53.3 60.6 59.8

May 2013

58.6 67.5 55.0 26.3 59.4 53.5 60.8 60.5

Jun 2013

58.6 67.5 55.0 26.6 59.4 52.9 62.2 60.3

Jul 2013

58.7 67.5 55.1 26.8 59.5 53.5 61.0 60.4

Aug 2013

58.7 67.2 55.3 26.7 59.4 53.0 61.4 60.2

Sep 2013

58.7 67.3 55.1 27.4 59.4 53.3 61.8 60.0

Oct 2013

58.3 66.9 54.7 26.6 59.1 52.8 60.8 59.7

Nov 2013

58.6 67.4 54.8 27.1 59.4 53.0 61.3 60.2

Dec 2013

58.7 67.5 55.0 26.8 59.5 53.1 61.8 60.0

Jan 2014

58.8 67.5 55.2 26.4 59.6 53.3 60.9 60.4

Feb 2014

58.7 67.4 55.4 25.6 59.6 53.7 60.2 60.6

Mar 2014

58.9 67.8 55.2 26.9 59.6 53.9 60.7 60.9

Apr 2014

58.9 67.6 55.2 26.8 59.7 53.9 59.8 60.8

May 2014

58.9 67.6 55.2 27.2 59.7 53.9 60.1 60.7

Jun 2014

59.0 67.9 55.3 26.8 59.7 54.4 59.9 61.2

Jul 2014

59.0 67.9 55.2 27.3 59.7 54.5 60.2 60.9

Aug 2014

59.0 68.0 55.1 27.2 59.8 54.1 60.9 61.2

Sep 2014

59.1 68.1 55.1 27.3 59.8 54.8 60.6 61.6

Oct 2014

59.3 68.1 55.3 29.0 60.0 54.8 60.6 62.0

Nov 2014

59.2 67.8 55.4 29.0 59.9 54.7 60.2 62.0

Dec 2014

59.3 68.1 55.3 28.7 59.9 54.9 60.6 61.9

Jan 2015

59.3 68.1 55.4 28.3 60.1 54.6 60.1 62.1

Feb 2015

59.2 68.1 55.3 28.6 59.9 54.8 60.6 61.7

Mar 2015

59.2 68.1 55.2 28.6 59.8 55.0 60.4 61.7

Apr 2015

59.3 68.2 55.3 28.7 59.8 56.2 60.5 61.8

May 2015

59.4 68.3 55.4 28.8 60.0 55.8 61.1 61.8

Jun 2015

59.4 68.2 55.5 27.9 59.9 55.9 60.3 61.7

Jul 2015

59.3 68.3 55.3 28.2 59.9 55.9 60.2 61.4

Aug 2015

59.4 68.2 55.5 28.1 59.9 55.9 60.3 61.3

Sep 2015

59.2 68.1 55.2 28.2 59.8 55.7 59.9 61.3

Oct 2015

59.3 68.1 55.4 28.5 59.9 55.9 59.6 61.5

Nov 2015

59.4 67.9 55.6 28.6 59.9 55.8 60.7 61.3

Dec 2015

59.6 68.2 55.7 29.6 60.0 56.4 60.7 61.4

Jan 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 29.5 60.2 56.1 60.0 62.0

Feb 2016

59.7 68.5 55.7 29.9 60.3 56.2 60.8 62.5

Mar 2016

59.8 68.6 55.8 29.3 60.4 56.0 60.8 62.6

Apr 2016

59.7 68.5 55.6 29.6 60.3 55.7 61.3 61.7

May 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 29.6 60.2 56.0 60.6 61.8

Jun 2016

59.7 68.6 55.6 28.8 60.2 56.0 61.0 61.9

Jul 2016

59.7 68.5 55.7 29.7 60.2 56.1 61.1 62.2

Aug 2016

59.8 68.5 55.7 30.3 60.2 57.0 60.6 62.5

Sep 2016

59.8 68.5 55.7 30.1 60.2 56.7 61.1 61.9

Oct 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 29.7 60.1 56.6 61.5 61.9

Nov 2016

59.7 68.4 55.7 30.0 60.1 57.0 60.9 61.8

Dec 2016

59.8 68.4 55.7 29.8 60.0 57.1 61.2 61.9

Jan 2017

59.9 68.6 55.8 30.2 60.1 57.5 61.4 62.2

Feb 2017

59.9 68.6 56.0 30.0 60.2 57.3 61.6 62.8

Mar 2017

60.1 68.6 56.3 30.7 60.5 57.3 60.9 63.3

Apr 2017

60.2 68.8 56.2 30.6 60.5 57.6 61.5 62.8

May 2017

60.1 68.7 56.1 30.2 60.4 57.6 61.4 62.7

Jun 2017

60.1 68.7 56.1 30.9 60.4 57.6 61.3 62.8

Jul 2017

60.1 68.7 56.3 30.2 60.5 57.7 61.6 63.0

Aug 2017

60.1 68.7 56.2 30.5 60.5 57.5 61.8 62.5

Sep 2017

60.4 69.1 56.3 31.4 60.6 58.1 62.1 63.0

Oct 2017

60.1 68.9 56.1 29.8 60.4 57.6 61.8 62.3

Nov 2017

60.1 68.8 56.2 29.2 60.4 57.7 61.1 62.4

Dec 2017

60.1 68.9 56.0 29.7 60.4 58.0 61.3 62.4

Jan 2018

60.2 68.9 56.0 30.6 60.5 57.3 61.0 62.6

Feb 2018

60.4 69.2 56.1 31.0 60.6 58.6 61.0 63.1

Mar 2018

60.4 69.1 56.2 30.5 60.6 58.5 61.2 62.6

Apr 2018

60.4 69.1 56.2 30.5 60.7 57.9 61.4 63.3

May 2018

60.5 69.2 56.4 30.5 60.7 58.4 61.3 63.1

Jun 2018

60.5 69.0 56.5 30.7 60.7 58.3 61.5 63.5

Jul 2018

60.5 69.0 56.6 30.5 60.7 58.4 61.8 63.7

Aug 2018

60.3 68.9 56.5 29.2 60.5 58.2 61.8 62.8

Sep 2018

60.4 68.9 56.5 30.5 60.6 58.6 62.0 63.0

Oct 2018

60.5 69.0 56.6 31.2 60.7 58.6 62.0 63.2

Nov 2018

60.5 69.1 56.6 30.8 60.8 58.4 62.4 63.7

Dec 2018

60.6 69.0 56.7 31.1 60.9 57.9 61.7 64.0

Jan 2019

60.7 69.1 56.8 30.8 60.8 58.4 62.3 64.0

Feb 2019

60.7 69.2 56.9 30.1 60.9 58.2 62.6 63.8

Mar 2019

60.6 69.1 56.7 30.6 60.9 58.0 62.1 63.8

Apr 2019

60.6 69.1 56.8 29.7 60.8 58.4 61.2 63.2

May 2019

60.6 69.2 56.6 30.2 60.8 58.5 61.5 63.4

Jun 2019

60.7 69.1 56.7 30.9 60.9 58.2 62.2 63.6

Jul 2019

60.7 69.2 56.6 31.5 60.8 59.0 62.0 63.4

Aug 2019

60.9 69.2 57.0 31.1 61.0 58.9 62.2 63.9

Sep 2019

61.0 69.3 57.2 30.9 61.2 59.0 62.6 64.4

Oct 2019

61.0 69.3 57.3 31.3 61.2 59.0 63.5 64.5

Nov 2019

61.0 69.4 57.0 31.6 61.2 58.8 63.0 64.6

Dec 2019

61.0 69.3 57.3 31.2 61.2 59.3 62.0 64.3

Jan 2020

61.2 69.5 57.3 31.7 61.4 58.9 61.9 64.9

Feb 2020

61.1 69.3 57.4 32.4 61.3 59.4 62.8 65.1

Mar 2020

60.0 68.1 56.3 30.5 60.2 57.8 61.1 63.0

Apr 2020

51.3 59.6 47.6 21.0 51.8 48.8 51.9 51.3

May 2020

52.8 61.0 48.9 23.7 53.4 49.6 51.7 52.8

Jun 2020

54.6 62.7 51.1 24.8 55.4 50.8 52.9 56.0

Employment–population ratios in June were lower than in February for Whites (55.4 percent, or −5.9 percentage points), Blacks or African Americans (50.8 percent, or −8.6 points), Asians (52.9 percent, or −9.9 points), and people of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (56.0 percent, or −9.1 points).

In June, the employment–population ratios for adult men and adult women (age 20 and over), at 62.7 percent and 51.1 percent, respectively, were 6.6 percentage points and 6.3 percentage points lower than in February. The employment–population ratio for people age 16 to 19 was 24.8 percent in June, down from 32.4 percent in February.

These data are from the Current Population Survey and are seasonally adjusted. People whose ethnicity is Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. For more information, see "The Employment Situation — June 2020" and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on June data. Also see more charts on employment and the labor force.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Employment–population ratio 54.6 percent in June 2020, down from 61.1 percent in February 2020 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2020/employment-population-ratio-54-point-6-percent-in-june-2020-down-from-61-point-1-percent-in-february-2020.htm (visited October 24, 2020).

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