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Louisiana has highest percent of employment at risk because of hurricane flooding

June 28, 2023

When hurricanes strike, coastal areas of the United States are the hardest hit. Let's examine the employment in hurricane flood zones. Louisiana had the largest share of employment located in hurricane flood zones, 29.1 percent in the third quarter of 2022. This was followed by Florida (20.8 percent), New York (16.1 percent), New Jersey (15.5 percent), and Massachusetts (15.5 percent). New Hampshire and Alabama had the lowest percentage of employment in hurricane flood zones among states located on the Gulf or Atlantic Coast.

Percent of state employment in establishments in hurricane flood zones, third quarter 2022

 Percent of state employment in establishments in hurricane flood zones, third quarter 2022
State Percent of employment affected Total employment

Louisiana

29.1 1,858,578

Florida

20.8 9,335,805

New York

16.1 9,257,754

Massachusetts

15.5 3,624,469

New Jersey

15.5 4,120,212

Delaware

11.6 466,460

District of Columbia

10.3 754,651

South Carolina

10.3 2,191,917

Mississippi

9.6 1,146,662

Virginia

8.3 3,977,660

Connecticut

7.2 1,641,171

Rhode Island

5.4 486,454

Maine

5.1 642,864

Maryland

3.0 2,662,065

Texas

2.9 13,311,690

North Carolina

2.7 4,704,466

Georgia

2.5 4,715,127

Alabama

2.3 2,025,840

New Hampshire

0.5 676,819

North Dakota

Not affected by hurricanes

South Dakota

Not affected by hurricanes

Nebraska

Not affected by hurricanes

Kansas

Not affected by hurricanes

Oklahoma

Not affected by hurricanes

Minnesota

Not affected by hurricanes

Iowa

Not affected by hurricanes

Missouri

Not affected by hurricanes

Arkansas

Not affected by hurricanes

Wisconsin

Not affected by hurricanes

Illinois

Not affected by hurricanes

Michigan

Not affected by hurricanes

Indiana

Not affected by hurricanes

Kentucky

Not affected by hurricanes

Tennessee

Not affected by hurricanes

Ohio

Not affected by hurricanes

Pennsylvania

Not affected by hurricanes

West Virginia

Not affected by hurricanes

Vermont

Not affected by hurricanes

Among the 25 areas with the largest percent of affected employment, 10 were Louisiana parishes and 7 were North Carolina counties. Currituck County, North Carolina, had the largest share of employment located in hurricane flood zones, 96.2 percent, followed by Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana, 92.0 percent.

Percent of Louisiana parish employment in establishments in hurricane flood zones, third quarter 2022

Percent of Louisiana parish employment in establishments in hurricane flood zones, third quarter 2022
Parish Percent of employment affected Total employment

Terrebonne Parish, LA

92.0 46,592

Lafourche Parish, LA

90.7 32,762

St. John the Baptist Parish, LA

89.9 12,791

Assumption Parish, LA

89.6 3,651

St. James Parish, LA

89.6 7,531

Jefferson Parish, LA

89.2 182,452

St. Charles Parish, LA

88.8 23,350

Orleans Parish, LA

88.0 182,621

Plaquemines Parish, LA

85.9 10,849

Ascension Parish, LA

83.1 47,966

St. Tammany Parish, LA

53.9 93,816

Tangipahoa Parish, LA

4.2 45,739

St. Bernard Parish, LA

Not available Not available

Percent of North Carolina county employment in establishments in hurricane flood zones, third quarter 2022

 Percent of North Carolina county employment in establishments in hurricane flood zones, third quarter 2022
County Percent of employment affected Total employment

Currituck County, NC

96.2 8,466

Dare County, NC

91.7 21,956

Pasquotank County, NC

89.5 15,250

Washington County, NC

88.4 3,051

Chowan County, NC

86.3 4,932

Perquimans County, NC

83.8 2,272

Hyde County, NC

78.7 1,860

Beaufort County, NC

74.0 15,805

Pamlico County, NC

64.1 3,726

Carteret County, NC

63.6 24,436

Craven County, NC

32.4 39,367

Gates County, NC

31.0 1,291

Pender County, NC

18.5 13,664

Brunswick County, NC

17.2 37,645

Bertie County, NC

15.1 5,140

Onslow County, NC

11.4 51,417

New Hanover County, NC

10.9 125,413

Jones County, NC

9.0 1,564

Pitt County, NC

0.2 77,930

Columbus County, NC

0.0 16,367

Edgecombe County, NC

0.0 15,264

Halifax County, NC

0.0 14,655

Sampson County, NC

0.0 17,462

Bladen County, NC

Not available Not available

Camden County, NC

Not available Not available

Duplin County, NC

Not available Not available

Greene County, NC

Not available Not available

Hertford County, NC

Not available Not available

Lenoir County, NC

Not available Not available

Martin County, NC

Not available Not available

Northampton County, NC

Not available Not available

Tyrrell County, NC

Not available Not available

These data are from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. We have more maps and data for hurricane flood zones on the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts. Employment is measured by the average monthly employment for the third quarter of 2022. The data for hurricane maps and tables are from the third quarter because it coincides most closely with the hurricane season determined by the National Hurricane Center.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Louisiana has highest percent of employment at risk because of hurricane flooding at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/louisiana-has-highest-percent-of-employment-at-risk-because-of-hurricane-flooding.htm (visited April 25, 2024).

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