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New monthly and quarterly labor force data for detailed Asian groups

September 12, 2023

With the publication of "The Employment Situation" news release on September 1, 2023, monthly and quarterly data for Asian groups, including Asian Indians, Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese, Koreans, Vietnamese, and Other Asians, were made available in the BLS database, with data going back to January 2013.

The labor force participation rate represents the number of people in the labor force (people who are employed or unemployed) as a percent of the population. Labor force participation rates vary widely among the different Asian ethnic groups. Asian Indians and Filipinos tended to have significantly higher labor force participation rates than the national average from 2013 to 2023, while the Japanese labor force participation rate was consistently below the national average during this period.

Labor force participation rates, quarterly averages, 2013–23, not seasonally adjusted
Quarter Total United States Asian Indian Chinese Filipino Japanese Korean Vietnamese Other Asian

Q1 2013

63.2 69.5 62.6 69.1 58.4 59.1 65.2 63.8

Q2 2013

63.5 69.4 61.7 67.7 58.6 60.5 66.4 62.7

Q3 2013

63.5 67.5 63.7 68.7 59.6 62.0 65.2 63.1

Q4 2013

62.8 65.8 63.1 68.6 56.2 60.6 62.9 64.7

Q1 2014

62.7 66.7 63.0 68.3 56.8 62.5 63.7 62.3

Q2 2014

63.0 68.5 62.0 66.5 57.3 62.1 62.5 60.4

Q3 2014

63.1 66.9 63.6 67.2 54.9 58.6 64.5 61.0

Q4 2014

62.7 68.4 61.8 67.5 54.6 58.5 59.7 62.5

Q1 2015

62.5 67.0 59.8 68.3 56.2 60.3 61.6 61.4

Q2 2015

62.9 66.4 61.8 68.3 56.0 58.0 62.6 62.9

Q3 2015

62.7 64.6 59.8 67.7 55.1 57.6 66.3 62.0

Q4 2015

62.5 66.3 58.2 68.0 56.7 59.4 61.7 62.6

Q1 2016

62.6 68.8 57.2 67.2 61.0 59.0 61.9 63.0

Q2 2016

62.9 69.5 57.0 66.5 59.7 60.3 64.4 64.6

Q3 2016

63.0 66.9 59.6 69.4 55.3 60.0 63.4 64.5

Q4 2016

62.6 66.3 59.8 69.0 56.5 58.7 61.5 61.5

Q1 2017

62.7 67.8 59.1 67.5 57.8 61.1 63.8 62.9

Q2 2017

62.9 69.1 61.2 64.4 54.7 61.0 64.7 63.5

Q3 2017

63.2 70.1 62.4 66.1 53.3 63.3 64.0 64.0

Q4 2017

62.6 66.9 57.9 67.3 55.6 61.6 65.7 61.9

Q1 2018

62.7 67.5 58.0 66.5 56.3 58.5 65.1 63.7

Q2 2018

63.0 68.6 62.3 63.8 53.8 58.9 64.8 60.7

Q3 2018

63.0 70.5 62.6 64.7 57.0 61.7 63.2 62.0

Q4 2018

62.9 69.2 61.0 65.7 55.0 61.4 61.3 64.4

Q1 2019

62.9 69.1 60.4 67.8 57.8 61.6 61.7 64.9

Q2 2019

63.0 67.3 60.9 65.5 57.4 60.9 61.6 62.0

Q3 2019

63.3 67.4 64.1 65.2 59.3 60.8 63.3 63.1

Q4 2019

63.2 69.4 62.4 65.1 55.0 62.4 63.6 63.8

Q1 2020

62.9 68.4 63.0 62.7 58.8 61.7 61.2 64.0

Q2 2020

60.8 66.7 61.0 60.8 57.6 58.2 53.6 60.2

Q3 2020

61.7 67.0 62.9 62.2 57.1 61.5 61.2 65.8

Q4 2020

61.5 68.0 61.7 61.3 59.9 58.9 57.7 61.8

Q1 2021

61.3 68.5 62.1 62.3 57.0 55.4 63.4 60.2

Q2 2021

61.7 68.7 62.2 64.1 55.6 57.1 59.9 61.9

Q3 2021

61.9 70.0 64.2 65.4 51.5 59.3 60.9 65.9

Q4 2021

61.8 71.2 64.5 63.7 58.4 59.8 62.7 64.3

Q1 2022

62.1 69.2 60.7 62.4 57.6 62.3 62.0 64.3

Q2 2022

62.3 70.3 62.8 65.4 56.3 63.4 62.4 62.4

Q3 2022

62.4 70.4 63.7 67.0 55.8 60.9 62.5 66.3

Q4 2022

62.1 71.0 60.0 66.1 59.2 64.5 61.3 64.3

Q1 2023

62.4 70.5 59.5 67.9 56.1 65.8 63.1 63.8

Q2 2023

62.6 70.9 62.9 65.5 55.2 61.7 62.5 64.1

In the second quarter of 2023, the labor force participation rate was 70.9 percent for Asian Indians and 65.5 percent for Filipinos. By contrast, the rate was 55.2 percent for Japanese. The overall labor force participation rate was 62.6 percent in the second quarter of 2023 for everyone age 16 and older living in the United States. The labor force participation rates for other detailed Asian groups were much closer to the national average. As you can see in the chart, volatility in these rates can be high for these detailed groups. That’s because estimates produced from smaller sample sizes are associated with larger margins of error.

These data are from the Current Population Survey and are not seasonally adjusted. For more information, see BLS Now Publishing Monthly and Quarterly Labor Force Data for Detailed Asian Groups. Also see more charts on labor force, employment, and unemployment data.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, New monthly and quarterly labor force data for detailed Asian groups at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/new-monthly-and-quarterly-labor-force-data-for-detailed-asian-groups.htm (visited April 18, 2024).

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