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Unemployment rates lower in 252 metro areas over the year ended April 2023

June 15, 2023

Unemployment rates were lower in April 2023 than a year earlier in 252 of the 389 metropolitan areas, higher in 103 areas, and unchanged in 34 areas. The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in April occurred in Yuma, Arizona (−2.0 percentage points). Twenty-seven other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. El Centro, California, had the largest over-the-year rate increase in April (+2.3 percentage points).

Over-the-year change in unemployment rates for metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted
Area Point(s) change

Yuma, AZ

-2.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI

-1.5

Cleveland-Elyria, OH

-1.4

Pittsfield, MA

-1.3

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT

-1.2

Lansing-East Lansing, MI

-1.2

New Bedford, MA

-1.2

Pine Bluff, AR

-1.2

Springfield, MA-CT

-1.2

Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ

-1.1

California-Lexington Park, MD

-1.1

Erie, PA

-1.1

Farmington, NM

-1.1

Flint, MI

-1.1

Johnstown, PA

-1.1

New Haven, CT

-1.1

Norwich-New London-Westerly, CT-RI

-1.1

Williamsport, PA

-1.1

Altoona, PA

-1.0

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD

-1.0

Barnstable Town, MA

-1.0

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT

-1.0

Corvallis, OR

-1.0

Leominster-Gardner, MA

-1.0

Manchester, NH

-1.0

Monroe, MI

-1.0

Muskegon, MI

-1.0

Santa Fe, NM

-1.0

Albany, OR

-0.9

Albuquerque, NM

-0.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

-0.9

Cumberland, MD-WV

-0.9

Danbury, CT

-0.9

Dover-Durham, NH-ME

-0.9

Jackson, MI

-0.9

Saginaw, MI

-0.9

Waterbury, CT

-0.9

Worcester, MA-CT

-0.9

Bay City, MI

-0.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

-0.8

East Stroudsburg, PA

-0.8

Eugene, OR

-0.8

Flagstaff, AZ

-0.8

Grants Pass, OR

-0.8

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, MS

-0.8

Hattiesburg, MS

-0.8

Las Cruces, NM

-0.8

Longview, WA

-0.8

Midland, MI

-0.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA

-0.8

Niles-Benton Harbor, MI

-0.8

Ocean City, NJ

-0.8

Pittsburgh, PA

-0.8

Portsmouth, NH-ME

-0.8

Pueblo, CO

-0.8

Salem, OR

-0.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA

-0.8

Walla Walla, WA

-0.8

Ann Arbor, MI

-0.7

Bangor, ME

-0.7

Battle Creek, MI

-0.7

Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA

-0.7

Greeley, CO

-0.7

Jackson, MS

-0.7

Janesville-Beloit, WI

-0.7

Lancaster, PA

-0.7

Lebanon, PA

-0.7

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

-0.7

Racine, WI

-0.7

Reading, PA

-0.7

Salisbury, MD-DE

-0.7

Springfield, OH

-0.7

State College, PA

-0.7

Watertown-Fort Drum, NY

-0.7

Wenatchee, WA

-0.7

York-Hanover, PA

-0.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA

-0.7

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ

-0.6

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL

-0.6

Bellingham, WA

-0.6

Binghamton, NY

-0.6

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY

-0.6

Burlington-South Burlington, VT

-0.6

Colorado Springs, CO

-0.6

Fort Collins, CO

-0.6

Gadsden, AL

-0.6

Gettysburg, PA

-0.6

Grand Junction, CO

-0.6

Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI

-0.6

Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA

-0.6

Kalamazoo-Portage, MI

-0.6

Kennewick-Richland, WA

-0.6

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR

-0.6

Medford, OR

-0.6

Memphis, TN-MS-AR

-0.6

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI

-0.6

Morgantown, WV

-0.6

Morristown, TN

-0.6

Odessa, TX

-0.6

Olympia-Tumwater, WA

-0.6

Portland-South Portland, ME

-0.6

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA

-0.6

Rochester, NY

-0.6

Syracuse, NY

-0.6

Trenton, NJ

-0.6

Utica-Rome, NY

-0.6

Wheeling, WV-OH

-0.6

Yakima, WA

-0.6

Anchorage, AK

-0.5

Appleton, WI

-0.5

Bend-Redmond, OR

-0.5

Bremerton-Silverdale, WA

-0.5

Clarksville, TN-KY

-0.5

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO

-0.5

Fort Smith, AR-OK

-0.5

Great Falls, MT

-0.5

Green Bay, WI

-0.5

Hot Springs, AR

-0.5

Kingston, NY

-0.5

Knoxville, TN

-0.5

Lewiston-Auburn, ME

-0.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

-0.5

Midland, TX

-0.5

Mobile, AL

-0.5

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN

-0.5

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

-0.5

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL

-0.5

Oshkosh-Neenah, WI

-0.5

Providence-Warwick, RI-MA

-0.5

Rocky Mount, NC

-0.5

Sebring, FL

-0.5

Sheboygan, WI

-0.5

Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA

-0.5

Urban Honolulu, HI

-0.5

Akron, OH

-0.4

Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY

-0.4

Beckley, WV

-0.4

Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA

-0.4

Canton-Massillon, OH

-0.4

Charleston-North Charleston, SC

-0.4

Cleveland, TN

-0.4

Corpus Christi, TX

-0.4

Dayton, OH

-0.4

Elmira, NY

-0.4

Fairbanks, AK

-0.4

Glens Falls, NY

-0.4

Houma-Thibodaux, LA

-0.4

Jackson, TN

-0.4

Jonesboro, AR

-0.4

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI

-0.4

Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL

-0.4

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV

-0.4

Lawton, OK

-0.4

Madison, WI

-0.4

Mansfield, OH

-0.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX

-0.4

Missoula, MT

-0.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL

-0.4

Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL

-0.4

Springfield, IL

-0.4

Texarkana, TX-AR

-0.4

The Villages, FL

-0.4

Tulsa, OK

-0.4

Wausau, WI

-0.4

Billings, MT

-0.3

Birmingham-Hoover, AL

-0.3

Boulder, CO

-0.3

Casper, WY

-0.3

Charleston, WV

-0.3

Chattanooga, TN-GA

-0.3

Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN

-0.3

Columbus, OH

-0.3

Decatur, AL

-0.3

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL

-0.3

Eau Claire, WI

-0.3

Enid, OK

-0.3

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO

-0.3

Fond du Lac, WI

-0.3

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC

-0.3

Ithaca, NY

-0.3

Jacksonville, FL

-0.3

Johnson City, TN

-0.3

La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN

-0.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ

-0.3

Lewiston, ID-WA

-0.3

Lexington-Fayette, KY

-0.3

Montgomery, AL

-0.3

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC

-0.3

Ocala, FL

-0.3

Oklahoma City, OK

-0.3

Panama City, FL

-0.3

Port St. Lucie, FL

-0.3

Tallahassee, FL

-0.3

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL

-0.3

Toledo, OH

-0.3

Tucson, AZ

-0.3

Tuscaloosa, AL

-0.3

Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ

-0.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

-0.3

Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH

-0.3

Asheville, NC

-0.2

Auburn-Opelika, AL

-0.2

Bowling Green, KY

-0.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL

-0.2

Carbondale-Marion, IL

-0.2

Columbia, SC

-0.2

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL

-0.2

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL

-0.2

Dothan, AL

-0.2

Dover, DE

-0.2

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY

-0.2

Fayetteville, NC

-0.2

Florence, SC

-0.2

Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL

-0.2

Fort Wayne, IN

-0.2

Goldsboro, NC

-0.2

Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV

-0.2

Homosassa Springs, FL

-0.2

Huntsville, AL

-0.2

Jacksonville, NC

-0.2

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA

-0.2

Laredo, TX

-0.2

Lincoln, NE

-0.2

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL

-0.2

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL

-0.2

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL

-0.2

Parkersburg-Vienna, WV

-0.2

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

-0.2

Punta Gorda, FL

-0.2

Winston-Salem, NC

-0.2

Baton Rouge, LA

-0.1

Brownsville-Harlingen, TX

-0.1

Brunswick, GA

-0.1

Burlington, NC

-0.1

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC

-0.1

Decatur, IL

-0.1

Gainesville, FL

-0.1

Grand Island, NE

-0.1

Greenville, NC

-0.1

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC

-0.1

Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH

-0.1

Lake Charles, LA

-0.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

-0.1

Muncie, IN

-0.1

New Orleans-Metairie, LA

-0.1

Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA

-0.1

Pocatello, ID

-0.1

Rapid City, SD

-0.1

Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ

-0.1

St. George, UT

-0.1

Warner Robins, GA

-0.1

Wilmington, NC

-0.1

Abilene, TX

0.0

Albany, GA

0.0

Athens-Clarke County, GA

0.0

Bloomington, IL

0.0

Champaign-Urbana, IL

0.0

Charlottesville, VA

0.0

Cheyenne, WY

0.0

Coeur d'Alene, ID

0.0

Durham-Chapel Hill, NC

0.0

Evansville, IN-KY

0.0

Greensboro-High Point, NC

0.0

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC

0.0

Hammond, LA

0.0

Hinesville, GA

0.0

Idaho Falls, ID

0.0

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN

0.0

Lafayette, LA

0.0

Longview, TX

0.0

Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN

0.0

Lubbock, TX

0.0

Ogden-Clearfield, UT

0.0

Peoria, IL

0.0

Prescott, AZ

0.0

Raleigh, NC

0.0

Roanoke, VA

0.0

Savannah, GA

0.0

Shreveport-Bossier City, LA

0.0

Sioux Falls, SD

0.0

Spartanburg, SC

0.0

Sumter, SC

0.0

Terre Haute, IN

0.0

Victoria, TX

0.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC

0.0

Wichita Falls, TX

0.0

Alexandria, LA

0.1

Amarillo, TX

0.1

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA

0.1

Boise City, ID

0.1

College Station-Bryan, TX

0.1

Columbus, GA-AL

0.1

Danville, IL

0.1

Dubuque, IA

0.1

Gainesville, GA

0.1

Harrisonburg, VA

0.1

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

0.1

Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN

0.1

Lima, OH

0.1

Logan, UT-ID

0.1

Michigan City-La Porte, IN

0.1

New Bern, NC

0.1

Richmond, VA

0.1

Salt Lake City, UT

0.1

San Angelo, TX

0.1

San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX

0.1

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA

0.1

Sioux City, IA-NE-SD

0.1

Staunton-Waynesboro, VA

0.1

Twin Falls, ID

0.1

Tyler, TX

0.1

Winchester, VA-WV

0.1

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

0.2

Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC

0.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX

0.2

Bismarck, ND

0.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

0.2

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL

0.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA

0.2

El Paso, TX

0.2

Fargo, ND-MN

0.2

Grand Forks, ND-MN

0.2

Iowa City, IA

0.2

Kankakee, IL

0.2

Killeen-Temple, TX

0.2

Lynchburg, VA

0.2

Monroe, LA

0.2

Napa, CA

0.2

Provo-Orem, UT

0.2

Rockford, IL

0.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA

0.2

Sherman-Denison, TX

0.2

South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI

0.2

Vallejo-Fairfield, CA

0.2

Ames, IA

0.3

Cedar Rapids, IA

0.3

Columbus, IN

0.3

Kokomo, IN

0.3

Macon-Bibb County, GA

0.3

Owensboro, KY

0.3

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA

0.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

0.3

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA

0.3

Santa Rosa, CA

0.3

St. Louis, MO-IL (1)

0.3

Valdosta, GA

0.3

Waco, TX

0.3

Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA

0.3

Bloomington, IN

0.4

Cape Girardeau, MO-IL

0.4

Columbia, MO

0.4

Jefferson City, MO

0.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA

0.4

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA

0.4

Springfield, MO

0.4

St. Joseph, MO-KS

0.4

Austin-Round Rock, TX

0.5

Joplin, MO

0.5

Kansas City, MO-KS

0.5

Rome, GA

0.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA

0.5

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA

0.5

Duluth, MN-WI

0.6

Manhattan, KS

0.6

Mankato-North Mankato, MN

0.6

Redding, CA

0.6

Rochester, MN

0.6

Wichita, KS

0.6

Lawrence, KS

0.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI

0.7

St. Cloud, MN

0.7

Topeka, KS

0.7

Chico, CA

0.8

Reno, NV

0.8

Stockton-Lodi, CA

0.8

Carson City, NV

0.9

Modesto, CA

0.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA

0.9

Elkhart-Goshen, IN

1.0

Fresno, CA

1.0

Salinas, CA

1.0

Dalton, GA

1.2

Bakersfield, CA

1.3

Hanford-Corcoran, CA

1.3

Madera, CA

1.3

Yuba City, CA

1.3

Merced, CA

1.7

Visalia-Porterville, CA

2.0

El Centro, CA

2.3

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Birmingham-Hoover, Alabama, had the lowest jobless rate in April, 1.6 percent. The next lowest rate was in Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Maryland, 1.9 percent. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nevada, had the highest rate, 5.5 percent. Thirty-one large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 16 had increases, and 4 had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Michigan (−1.5 percentage points), and Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio (−1.4 points). The largest jobless rate increase was in Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minnesota-Wisconsin (+0.7 percentage point).

These data are from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics program and are not seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. To learn more, see "Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment — April 2023." We also have more charts related to metropolitan area employment and unemployment.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Unemployment rates lower in 252 metro areas over the year ended April 2023 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2023/unemployment-rates-lower-in-252-metro-areas-over-the-year-ended-april-2023.htm (visited July 13, 2024).

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