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Monday, June 26, 2017


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Sioux Falls — May 2016

Workers in the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.76 in May 2016, about 13 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 16 of the 22 major occupational groups, including legal; computer and mathematical; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media. Five occupational groups had wages that were not significantly different from their respective national averages, including management; sales and related; and installation, maintenance, and repair.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 8 of the 22 occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical, sales and related, and office and administrative support. Conversely, eight groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including education, training, and library; management; and protective service. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Sioux Falls United States Sioux Falls Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $23.86 $20.76* -13


5.1 2.9* 56.74 56.19 -1

Business and financial operations

5.2 5.5* 36.09 32.12* -11

Computer and mathematical

3.0 3.0 42.25 31.80* -25

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.0* 40.53 32.93* -19

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.5* 35.06 31.79* -9

Community and social service

1.4 1.6* 22.69 19.85* -13


0.8 0.5* 50.95 37.28* -27

Education, training, and library

6.2 4.0* 26.21 20.25* -23

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 1.5* 28.07 20.08* -28

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 9.1* 38.06 34.84* -8

Healthcare support

2.9 2.4* 14.65 13.75* -6

Protective service

2.4 1.4* 22.03 20.56 -7

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 9.2 11.47 10.52* -8

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 3.4 13.47 12.37* -8

Personal care and service

3.2 3.7* 12.74 12.26 -4

Sales and related

10.4 11.6* 19.50 19.85 2

Office and administrative support

15.7 16.6* 17.91 15.15* -15

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 13.37 15.32* 15

Construction and extraction

4.0 4.7* 23.51 19.08* -19

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.6 22.45 21.89 -2


6.5 6.6 17.88 15.87* -11

Transportation and material moving

6.9 7.2 17.34 16.03* -8

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Sioux Falls had 13,630 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 9.1 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.9-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $34.84, significantly below the national wage of $38.06.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group included registered nurses (5,860), licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (710), and pharmacists (630). Among the higher paying jobs were internists, general with mean hourly wages of $137.24 and family and general practitioners, $102.82. At the lower end of the wage scale were pharmacy technicians ($15.11) and emergency medical technicians and paramedics ($15.13). (Detailed occupational data for healthcare practitioners and technical are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, surgeons were employed at 4.8 times the national rate in Sioux Falls, and diagnostic medical sonographers, at 2.6 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses had a location quotient of 1.0 in Sioux Falls, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the South Dakota Department of Labor & Regulation.


A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,954 establishments with a response rate of 84 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Sioux Falls, S.D. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Lincoln, McCook, Minnehaha, and Turner Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

13,630 1.5 $34.84 $72,470


70 2.1 46.54 96,800

Dentists, general

130 1.1 80.09 166,590

Dietitians and nutritionists

80 1.3 25.83 53,730


50 1.2 51.21 106,530


630 1.9 54.23 112,790

Family and general practitioners

150 1.2 102.82 213,870

Internists, general

120 2.6 137.24 285,460


210 4.8 (6) (6)

Physicians and surgeons, all other

250 0.7 119.69 248,960

Physician assistants

200 1.8 47.84 99,500

Occupational therapists

200 1.6 30.73 63,910

Physical therapists

340 1.5 35.21 73,240

Respiratory therapists

190 1.4 24.28 50,510

Speech-language pathologists

150 1.1 29.56 61,490


70 0.9 37.35 77,680

Registered nurses

5,860 1.9 27.19 56,560

Nurse anesthetists

150 3.6 94.24 196,010

Nurse practitioners

250 1.5 46.52 96,770

Medical and clinical laboratory technologists

360 2.0 27.59 57,380

Medical and clinical laboratory technicians

190 1.1 16.35 34,000

Dental hygienists

250 1.2 25.44 52,910

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

140 2.5 24.97 51,940

Diagnostic medical sonographers

180 2.6 28.51 59,300

Nuclear medicine technologists

100 4.6 27.17 56,520

Radiologic technologists

370 1.7 23.96 49,840

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

50 1.2 27.14 56,460

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

160 0.6 15.13 31,460

Pharmacy technicians

580 1.4 15.11 31,440

Surgical technologists

260 2.3 19.58 40,730

Veterinary technologists and technicians

70 0.7 15.16 31,530

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

710 1.0 17.69 36,790

Medical records and health information technicians

470 2.2 20.14 41,900

Opticians, dispensing

110 1.4 15.31 31,830

Health technologists and technicians, all other

90 0.7 26.90 55,950

Occupational health and safety specialists

80 0.9 30.26 62,950

Athletic trainers

60 2.4 (5) 43,870

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Sioux Falls, SD, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.


Last Modified Date: Monday, June 26, 2017