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19-1337-CHI
Thursday, August 01, 2019

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Detroit Area Employment — June 2019

Local Area Job Growth Up 0.5 Percent Over the Year

Total nonfarm employment in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,072,200 in June 2019, up 11,000, or 0.5 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased by 1.5 percent. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that the Detroit metropolitan area has had over-the-year employment increases each month since May 2010. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

The Detroit metropolitan area is made up of two metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills division, which accounted for 62 percent of the metropolitan area's employment, added 3,600 jobs from June a year ago, a gain of 0.3 percent. The Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division, the area’s other employment center, added 7,400 jobs over the 12-month period, a 1.0-percent rise.

Industry employment

In the Detroit metropolitan area, leisure and hospitality added the largest number of jobs from June 2018 to June 2019, up 6,100. Over the year, local employment in the leisure and hospitality supersector increased 2.9 percent, while nationally, employment rose 2.0 percent. (See chart 2.) Local job gains were concentrated in the Warren division, up 6,000 from the previous June.

Trade, transportation, and utilities had the second largest employment increase in the Detroit area, up 4,200 over the year. The 1.1-percent rate of local employment growth was higher than the national increase of 0.7 percent. All of the local job gains occurred in the Detroit division, up 5,300, or 3.7 percent, from the previous June.

Detroit’s education and health services supersector added 3,000 jobs from June a year ago. Over the year, local employment in the education and health services supersector increased 0.9 percent, while nationally, employment rose 2.6 percent. The Warren division was responsible for area’s job gains, up 3,400 from the previous June.

Two other local supersectors each gained at least 2,000 jobs: mining, logging, and construction and government. The mining, logging, and construction supersector added 2,100 jobs in the local area from June 2018 to June 2019. The 2.6-percent rate of job growth was the second highest among the local area supersectors that posted annual employment gains since last June. Employment in Detroit’s government supersector grew by 2,000 jobs, a 1.1-percent increase. Nationally, the government supersector grew by 0.6 percent over the year.

Two supersectors in the Detroit area lost more than 1,000 jobs since June 2018: professional and business services and manufacturing. Locally, professional and business services lost 3,900 jobs, down 1.0 percent. The Detroit area’s manufacturing supersector lost 1,600 jobs, a 0.6-percent decrease. Nationally, employment in these supersectors increased over the year.

Metropolitan area employment data for July are scheduled to be released on Friday, August 16, 2019.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability–that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this news release. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

The Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Division includes Wayne County in Michigan.

The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, and St. Clair Counties in Michigan.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Jun
2018
Apr
2019
May
2019
Jun
2019(p)
Jun 2018 to
Jun 2019(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States

Total nonfarm

150,062 150,938 151,600 152,307 2,245 1.5

Mining and logging

740 747 754 763 23 3.1

Construction

7,497 7,380 7,543 7,697 200 2.7

Manufacturing

12,772 12,778 12,815 12,932 160 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,660 27,558 27,692 27,844 184 0.7

Information

2,847 2,796 2,794 2,813 -34 -1.2

Financial activities

8,628 8,607 8,635 8,711 83 1.0

Professional and business services

21,133 21,333 21,393 21,595 462 2.2

Education and health services

23,439 24,308 24,213 24,051 612 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

17,051 16,575 16,965 17,396 345 2.0

Other services

5,934 5,925 5,955 6,007 73 1.2

Government

22,361 22,931 22,841 22,498 137 0.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

2,061.2 2,026.9 2,053.0 2,072.2 11.0 0.5

Mining, logging, and construction

79.3 72.7 78.9 81.4 2.1 2.6

Manufacturing

262.1 259.8 261.0 260.5 -1.6 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

375.8 373.7 376.7 380.0 4.2 1.1

Information

27.0 27.0 27.2 27.3 0.3 1.1

Financial activities

117.7 115.5 116.6 117.0 -0.7 -0.6

Professional and business services

405.9 392.0 397.5 402.0 -3.9 -1.0

Education and health services

317.9 319.5 319.6 320.9 3.0 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

209.4 200.5 209.9 215.5 6.1 2.9

Other services

76.8 74.7 75.5 76.3 -0.5 -0.7

Government

189.3 191.5 190.1 191.3 2.0 1.1

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

771.1 766.7 773.4 778.5 7.4 1.0

Mining, logging, and construction

24.3 22.0 23.9 25.1 0.8 3.3

Manufacturing

94.5 94.9 95.2 95.6 1.1 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

145.0 147.5 148.7 150.3 5.3 3.7

Information

7.4 7.3 7.2 7.2 -0.2 -2.7

Financial activities

38.0 38.4 38.9 39.1 1.1 2.9

Professional and business services

129.3 124.4 125.9 127.9 -1.4 -1.1

Education and health services

133.4 133.7 133.2 133.0 -0.4 -0.3

Leisure and hospitality

82.9 81.0 82.8 83.0 0.1 0.1

Other services

28.8 28.4 28.7 28.8 0.0 0.0

Government

87.5 89.1 88.9 88.5 1.0 1.1

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

1,290.1 1,260.2 1,279.6 1,293.7 3.6 0.3

Mining, logging, and construction

55.0 50.7 55.0 56.3 1.3 2.4

Manufacturing

167.6 164.9 165.8 164.9 -2.7 -1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

230.8 226.2 228.0 229.7 -1.1 -0.5

Information

19.6 19.7 20.0 20.1 0.5 2.6

Financial activities

79.7 77.1 77.7 77.9 -1.8 -2.3

Professional and business services

276.6 267.6 271.6 274.1 -2.5 -0.9

Education and health services

184.5 185.8 186.4 187.9 3.4 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

126.5 119.5 127.1 132.5 6.0 4.7

Other services

48.0 46.3 46.8 47.5 -0.5 -1.0

Government

101.8 102.4 101.2 102.8 1.0 1.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, August 01, 2019