Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2018

27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Mean wage
RSE (3)
19,090 3.1 % (4) $36,440 4.2 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Annual Wage (2) $18,220 $21,220 $27,020 $41,880 $59,240
  (4)

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 7,340 0.13 (4) $31,710
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 3,780 0.29 (4) $31,540
Spectator Sports 2,290 1.59 (4) $49,310
Civic and Social Organizations 2,070 0.54 (4) $32,460
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 920 0.03 (4) $25,670

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 2,290 1.59 (4) $49,310
Civic and Social Organizations 2,070 0.54 (4) $32,460
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 500 0.33 (4) $34,550
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 3,780 0.29 (4) $31,540
Business, Professional, Labor, Political, and Similar Organizations 710 0.16 (8) (8)

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
State Government, excluding schools and hospitals (OES Designation) 140 0.01 (4) $49,870
Spectator Sports 2,290 1.59 (4) $49,310
Gambling Industries 100 0.04 (4) $47,830
Traveler Accommodation 60 (7) (4) $45,040
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 500 0.33 (4) $34,550


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 2,320 0.14 1.04 (4) $32,780
Illinois 1,230 0.20 1.55 (4) $34,860
Missouri 1,200 0.43 3.24 (4) $33,560
Utah 1,180 0.81 6.17 (4) $21,980
Colorado 950 0.36 2.74 (4) $32,890




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Utah 1,180 0.81 6.17 (4) $21,980
Kansas 860 0.62 4.73 (4) $34,160
Alaska 170 0.54 4.10 (4) $36,900
Missouri 1,200 0.43 3.24 (4) $33,560
North Dakota 150 0.36 2.72 (4) $32,370




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Massachusetts 340 0.10 0.72 (4) $47,300
Kentucky 140 0.07 0.55 (4) $46,930
Arizona 260 0.09 0.69 (4) $42,170
Minnesota 340 0.12 0.90 (4) $40,660
West Virginia 120 0.18 1.35 (4) $40,450





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 990 0.10 0.79 (8) (8)
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 950 0.21 1.56 (4) $37,810
St. Louis, MO-IL 910 0.67 5.07 (4) $34,820
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 710 0.12 0.89 (4) $30,300
Provo-Orem, UT 630 2.57 19.52 (4) $19,200
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO 490 0.33 2.50 (4) $32,350
Kansas City, MO-KS 430 0.41 3.08 (4) $34,570
Ann Arbor, MI 420 1.92 14.56 (4) $24,130
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA 360 0.15 1.11 (4) $36,630
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 330 0.17 1.27 (4) $44,420




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Lawrence, KS 190 3.87 29.38 (4) $31,280
Provo-Orem, UT 630 2.57 19.52 (4) $19,200
Ann Arbor, MI 420 1.92 14.56 (4) $24,130
St. George, UT 100 1.52 11.52 (4) $25,730
Cape Girardeau, MO-IL 50 1.18 8.98 (4) $28,620
Fargo, ND-MN 100 0.72 5.50 (4) $30,860
Appleton, WI 90 0.70 5.33 (4) $21,390
St. Louis, MO-IL 910 0.67 5.07 (4) $34,820
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 160 0.64 4.88 (4) $18,500
Bend-Redmond, OR 50 0.63 4.79 (4) $31,940




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH 220 0.08 0.61 (4) $53,930
Charlottesville, VA 60 0.57 4.35 (4) $50,540
Lexington-Fayette, KY 50 0.19 1.42 (4) $49,440
Jacksonville, FL 90 0.14 1.03 (4) $47,520
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 190 0.09 0.72 (4) $45,840
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA 110 0.08 0.57 (4) $44,520
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 330 0.17 1.27 (4) $44,420
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 120 0.46 3.46 (4) $43,120
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL 170 0.07 0.51 (4) $42,130
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (8) (8) (8) (4) $41,960

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 220 0.55 4.19 (4) $33,230
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 120 1.61 12.22 (4) $38,680
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 120 1.06 8.06 (4) $22,310
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 110 0.95 7.19 (4) $42,370
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 80 0.74 5.60 (4) $27,630

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 120 1.61 12.22 (4) $38,680
Upper Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 120 1.06 8.06 (4) $22,310
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 110 0.95 7.19 (4) $42,370
North Coast Region of California nonmetropolitan area 80 0.74 5.60 (4) $27,630
Central Utah nonmetropolitan area 40 0.74 5.62 (4) $24,130

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Colorado nonmetropolitan area 110 0.95 7.19 (4) $42,370
Alaska nonmetropolitan area 60 0.55 4.14 (4) $41,230
Eastern Utah nonmetropolitan area 120 1.61 12.22 (4) $38,680
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 220 0.55 4.19 (4) $33,230
Southern Vermont nonmetropolitan area 60 0.53 3.98 (4) $32,690


About May 2018 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2018 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2018 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 29, 2019