Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Employee Benefits Survey
EBS EBS Program Links

Standard Errors
Financial benefits: Access

Table 41. Standard errors for financial benefits: Access, private industry workers,  National Compensation Survey, March 2015

Characteristics

Health
savings
account

Section 125 cafeteria benefits

Savings
plans with
no employer
contribution3

Payroll
deduction
IRA4

Financial
planning

Stock options

Flexible
benefits

Dependent
care flexible
spending
account1

Health care
flexible
spending
account2

Total

Performance

Signing

Other

All workers

0.7

0.5

0.7

0.7

0.6

0.4

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.2

0.3

Worker characteristics

                     

Management, professional, and related

1.2

1.2

1.4

1.4

1.3

0.9

1.3

0.8

0.5

0.3

0.5

    Management, business, and financial

1.6

1.6

1.7

1.6

1.6

0.8

1.9

1.2

0.7

0.4

0.9

    Professional and related

1.4

1.3

1.8

1.9

1.6

1.2

1.5

0.9

0.6

0.3

0.5

Service

0.9

0.8

1.2

1.3

1.0

0.5

1.1

0.6

0.3

0.6

    Protective service

4.2

3.6

4.5

5.0

1.6

1.0

3.1

Sales and office

1.0

0.7

1.1

1.0

0.7

0.4

0.8

0.5

0.2

0.2

0.5

    Sales and related

1.3

1.0

1.4

1.3

0.8

0.4

1.2

0.6

0.2

0.3

0.6

    Office and administrative support

1.2

1.0

1.5

1.3

1.0

0.6

1.0

0.7

0.4

0.3

0.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

1.0

1.0

1.4

1.7

1.2

0.6

1.1

0.8

0.5

0.7

    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry

1.5

0.9

1.5

1.5

1.8

1.0

1.2

0.9

0.9

    Installation, maintenance, and repair

1.6

1.5

2.2

2.5

1.7

0.8

1.8

1.2

0.8

1.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

1.1

1.0

1.2

1.3

1.1

0.6

0.9

0.7

0.2

0.1

0.7

    Production

1.7

1.4

1.6

1.8

1.3

1.0

1.3

0.9

0.4

0.3

0.9

    Transportation and material moving

1.1

1.2

1.8

1.8

1.5

0.6

1.2

1.1

0.3

0.2

1.1

Full time

0.7

0.6

0.8

0.8

0.7

0.4

0.8

0.5

0.3

0.2

0.4

Part time

0.7

0.5

0.9

0.9

0.8

0.5

0.6

0.4

0.1

0.1

0.4

Union

1.5

1.2

2.0

2.0

2.0

1.2

2.1

1.4

1.1

0.8

1.1

Nonunion

0.7

0.6

0.7

0.7

0.6

0.3

0.7

0.4

0.2

0.1

0.4

Average wage within the following categories:5

                     

    Lowest 25 percent

0.6

0.5

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.3

0.6

0.4

0.1

0.3

        Lowest 10 percent

0.6

0.5

1.0

0.9

1.0

0.5

0.9

0.8

0.1

0.5

    Second 25 percent

1.0

0.8

1.1

1.2

0.8

0.6

0.9

0.5

0.3

0.3

0.5

    Third 25 percent

1.0

0.9

1.1

1.1

1.0

0.6

1.0

0.7

0.3

0.2

0.6

    Highest 25 percent

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.2

1.2

0.7

1.3

0.8

0.6

0.3

0.5

        Highest 10 percent

1.5

1.5

1.7

1.6

1.7

1.0

2.1

1.4

1.0

0.4

0.8

Establishment characteristics

                     

Goods-producing industries

1.3

1.0

1.2

1.3

1.0

0.7

1.1

0.9

0.5

0.2

0.8

    Construction

1.3

1.2

1.3

1.6

1.5

0.9

1.2

0.9

0.8

    Manufacturing

1.7

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.3

0.9

1.4

1.3

0.7

0.3

1.1

Service-providing industries

0.7

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.7

0.4

0.7

0.4

0.2

0.2

0.4

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1.1

0.8

1.0

1.0

1.0

0.5

1.0

0.5

0.2

0.2

0.5

        Wholesale trade

2.7

2.1

2.1

2.1

1.9

1.5

1.6

1.0

0.4

0.3

1.0

        Retail trade

1.2

0.7

1.1

1.1

1.0

0.4

1.1

0.7

0.3

0.2

0.8

        Transportation and warehousing

2.2

2.7

3.4

3.7

2.7

1.6

2.5

2.4

0.9

2.3

        Utilities

5.5

4.8

4.6

4.4

2.3

1.4

5.3

2.9

1.9

    Information

3.0

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.8

1.1

3.4

3.6

3.1

0.9

1.9

    Financial activities

1.6

1.5

2.0

1.9

1.5

1.2

1.8

1.6

0.8

1.1

1.7

        Finance and insurance

1.5

1.6

1.4

1.4

1.5

1.3

1.7

1.6

1.0

1.0

1.6

            Credit intermediation and related activities

2.0

2.3

2.0

1.9

2.2

2.0

2.4

2.1

1.4

1.6

2.1

            Insurance carriers and related activities

2.5

2.8

2.2

2.3

2.5

1.8

2.3

2.2

1.0

0.6

2.2

        Real estate and rental and leasing

4.1

2.8

5.0

4.6

3.7

2.3

    Professional and business services

2.2

1.9

2.2

2.1

1.4

1.0

1.8

1.5

0.7

0.6

1.3

        Professional and technical services

3.5

3.2

3.4

3.7

2.7

1.8

3.4

1.9

1.1

0.9

1.7

        Administrative and waste services

2.3

2.1

2.5

3.5

2.7

1.0

1.4

2.1

2.0

    Education and health services

1.6

1.7

2.2

2.4

1.8

1.3

2.0

0.9

0.1

0.8

        Educational services

2.1

2.5

2.7

2.2

2.4

2.2

2.0

0.7

0.4

            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

2.7

3.0

2.2

1.7

2.5

1.9

2.0

0.6

        Health care and social assistance

1.8

2.0

2.6

2.9

2.0

1.4

2.4

1.0

1.0

    Leisure and hospitality

1.0

0.9

1.5

1.3

1.2

0.6

1.0

        Accommodation and food services

1.0

0.9

1.7

1.4

1.4

0.7

1.2

    Other services

1.3

1.5

2.0

2.1

3.1

1.9

1.8

1.0

1 to 99 workers

0.7

0.7

0.8

0.9

0.7

0.3

0.6

0.5

0.1

0.2

0.4

    1 to 49 workers

0.8

0.6

0.8

0.9

0.8

0.4

0.7

0.5

0.2

0.2

0.4

    50 to 99 workers

1.6

1.8

1.8

2.0

1.5

0.9

1.3

1.1

0.3

0.4

1.1

100 workers or more

1.0

0.8

0.9

0.9

0.8

0.7

1.0

0.7

0.4

0.2

0.7

    100 to 499 workers

1.4

1.0

1.3

1.3

1.0

0.8

1.3

0.7

0.5

0.2

0.5

    500 workers or more

1.5

1.5

1.4

1.3

1.3

1.0

1.4

1.4

0.7

0.5

1.3

Geographic areas

                     

Northeast

1.3

1.2

1.3

1.2

1.6

0.9

1.5

0.9

0.3

0.4

0.9

    New England

1.4

1.9

2.5

2.9

2.6

1.6

2.4

1.1

0.6

0.3

1.3

    Middle Atlantic

1.6

1.7

1.5

1.3

1.9

0.9

1.8

1.0

0.4

0.5

0.9

South

1.2

1.0

1.1

1.3

1.0

0.7

1.2

0.5

0.3

0.2

0.5

    South Atlantic

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.7

1.3

1.0

1.6

0.7

0.3

0.3

0.7

    East South Central

3.7

2.9

3.1

3.4

3.6

2.1

3.6

1.1

1.0

0.6

1.3

    West South Central

2.1

1.7

2.1

2.4

1.3

0.5

2.0

0.7

0.3

0.5

0.5

Midwest

1.5

1.1

1.7

1.6

1.1

0.5

1.2

0.6

0.4

0.3

0.5

    East North Central

1.7

1.2

2.0

1.9

1.3

0.6

1.5

0.8

0.4

0.4

0.6

    West North Central

2.9

2.5

3.2

2.8

1.5

0.8

1.7

1.1

0.6

0.2

0.9

West

1.4

0.8

1.2

1.3

1.2

0.8

1.1

1.0

0.6

0.4

0.8

    Mountain

2.3

1.6

1.5

1.6

1.5

0.8

2.9

2.1

0.4

0.4

2.1

    Pacific

1.8

0.9

1.6

1.7

1.5

1.2

1.1

1.1

0.8

0.5

0.6

1Formerly referred to as Dependent care reimbursement account.

2Formerly referred to as Health care reimbursement account.

3Savings plans established by the employer on behalf of the employee, but with no employer contribution.  These are cash or deferred arrangement plans or individual retirement accounts used to fund
savings and retirement plans authorized by section 401(k), 403(b), or 457 of the Internal Revenue Code. The employees’ contributions can be pre- and post-tax. Employees may authorize a payroll deduction by
the em ployer to fund the established plan.

4An individual retirement plan that can be sponsored by the employer, but with no employer contributions.  The employee establishes either a traditional (with tax-deductible contributions) or Roth
(contributions are made post-tax but accumulate tax-free until retirement) IRA plan with a financial institution, and authorizes the payroll deduction by the employer.

5Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold.  The categories were
formed using percentile estimates generated using wage data for March 2015.


Note: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20142015.htm.