An official website of the United States government
For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Thursday, June 23, 2022 USDL-22-1261 Technical information: (202) 691-6339 * firstname.lastname@example.org * www.bls.gov/tus Media contact: (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY -- 2021 RESULTS In 2021, 38 percent of employed persons did some or all of their work at home on days they worked, and 68 percent of employed persons did some or all of their work at their workplace, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. These and other results from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) were released today. They include the average amount of time per day in 2021 that individuals worked, did household activities, and engaged in leisure and sports activities. Additionally, measures of the average time per day spent providing childcare--both as a primary (or main) activity and while doing other things are provided. For a detailed description of ATUS data and methodology, see the Technical Note. Working (by Employed Persons) in 2021 --On days they worked, 38 percent of employed persons did some or all of their work at home and 68 percent of employed persons did some or all of their work at their workplace. In 2019, before the COVID-19 pandemic, workers were less likely to work at home (24 percent) and more likely to work at their workplace (82 percent) on days they worked. (See table 6.) --On average, those who worked at their workplace did so for 7.8 hours on days they worked, and those who worked at home did so for 5.6 hours. These averages include all times working at home, whether or not the work was done on a scheduled workday. (See table 6.) --On days they worked, more than half of workers in management, business, and financial operations occupations and professional and related occupations did some or all of their work at home (59 percent and 57 percent, respectively). Those employed in other occupations were less likely to work at home on days they worked. (See table 7.) --Among workers age 25 and over, those with an advanced degree were more likely to work at home than were persons with lower levels of educational attainment--67 percent of those with an advanced degree performed some work at home on days worked, compared with 19 percent of those with a high school diploma and no college. Workers with an advanced degree also were more likely to work on an average day than were those with a high school diploma and no college--74 percent, compared with 64 percent. (See table 6.) --Employed women living with a child under age 6 worked an average of 4.5 hours per day (about 31.5 hours per week). They performed 34 minutes per day less work for pay than employed women living in households with older children. (See table 8B.) --On days they worked, employed men worked 43 minutes more than employed women. This difference partly reflects women's greater likelihood of working part time. However, even among full-time workers (those usually working 35 hours or more per week), men worked more per day than women--8.4 hours, compared with 7.8 hours. (See table 4.) --On days they worked, women were more likely than men to do some or all of their work at home--42 percent of women, compared with 35 percent of men. (See table 6.) Household Activities in 2021 --On an average day, 86 percent of women and 71 percent of men spent some time doing household activities, such as housework, cooking, lawn care, or household management. (See table 1.) --On the days they did household activities, women spent an average of 2.7 hours on these activities, while men spent 2.2 hours. (See table 1.) --On an average day, 21 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning or laundry-- compared with 49 percent of women. (See table 1.) --On average, more people engaged in housework on weekend days than on weekdays: 40 percent compared with 34 percent. Food preparation and cleanup was the only household activity that more people engaged in on weekdays than on weekend days (63 percent compared with 59 percent). (See table 2.) Leisure and Sports Activities in 2021 --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over (96 percent) engaged in some sort of leisure and sport activity, such as watching TV, socializing, or exercising. Men spent more time in these activities than did women (5.6 hours, compared with 4.9 hours). (See table 1.) --On average, adults age 75 and over spent 7.7 hours engaged in leisure and sports activities per day--more than any other age group; 35- to 44-year-olds spent 3.9 hours engaged in leisure and sports activities per day--less than other age groups. (See table 11A.) --Watching TV was the leisure and sport activity that occupied the most time (2.9 hours per day), accounting for over half of all leisure time, on average. (See table 11A.) --Socializing and communicating, such as visiting with friends or attending or hosting social events, and playing games and computer use for leisure were the next most common leisure and sports activities after watching TV. On an average day, individuals spent 34 minutes socializing and communicating and 34 minutes playing games and using a computer for leisure. They spent twice as much time socializing on weekend days (53 minutes) as on weekdays (26 minutes), and 5 minutes more playing games and using the computer for leisure on weekend days than on weekdays. (See tables 11A and 11B.) --Time spent reading for personal interest varied greatly by age. Individuals age 75 and over averaged 41 minutes of reading per day, whereas individuals ages 15 to 44 read on average for 10 minutes or less per day. (See table 11A.) --Men were slightly more likely than women to participate in sports, exercise, or recreation on any given day--23 percent, compared with 20 percent. On days they participated, men also spent more time doing these activities than did women--1.7 hours, compared with 1.2 hours. (See table 1.) --Employed adults living in households with no children under age 18 engaged in leisure and sports activities for 4.6 hours per day, nearly an hour and a half more than did employed adults living with a child under age 6. (See table 8B.) Care of Household Children in 2021 --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent an average of 2.2 hours per day providing primary childcare to household children. Adults living in households where the youngest child was between the ages of 6 and 17 spent about one-third as much time providing primary childcare to household children--42 minutes per day. Primary childcare is childcare that is done as a main activity, such as providing physical care or reading to children. (See table 9.) --On an average day, among adults living in households with children under age 6, women spent 1.2 hours providing physical care (such as bathing or feeding a child) to household children; by contrast, men spent 31 minutes providing physical care. (See table 9.) --On average, among adults living with children under age 6, those who were not employed spent nearly an hour more per day caring for and helping household children than did employed adults--2.7 hours versus 1.8 hours. (See tables 8B and 8C.) --Adults living in households with at least one child under age 13 spent an average of 5.5 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is, they had at least one child in their care while doing activities other than primary childcare. Secondary childcare provided by adults living in households with children under age 13 was most commonly provided while doing leisure activities (2.0 hours) or household activities (1.4 hours). (See table 10.) --On an average day, among adults living in households where the youngest child was ages 6 to 12, women spent 2.4 hours more than men providing secondary childcare (6.3 hours for women and 3.9 hours for men). In households with children under age 6, women spent 1.8 hours more than men providing secondary childcare on an average day (6.6 hours for women and 4.8 hours for men). (See table 10.) Additional Data ATUS 2021 data files are available for users to do their own tabulations and analyses. In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau policies that protect the privacy of survey respondents, personally identifying information does not appear on the data files. The 2021 data files are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.