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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Boston (Massachusetts-New Hampshire) PMSA

The Boston primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA) includes parts of Massachusetts and New Hampshire.

Occupational divisions in Boston:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 16,590 $33.35 $33.11 $68,860 1.8%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 4,630 $32.13 $31.20 $64,900 1.9%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 2,580 $26.01 $26.95 $56,060 1.4%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 13,590 $33.36 $33.21 $69,080 1.9%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 12,810 $24.99 $27.66 $57,530 1.9%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 11,740 $39.83 $38.27 $79,610 1.6%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 8,500 $30.96 $29.70 $61,780 3.5%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 4,560 $28.55 $28.20 $58,660 1.4%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 2,820 $21.91 $23.46 $48,800 4.2%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 3,570 $31.72 $30.11 $62,630 2.7%
    15017 Construction Managers 4,800 $25.94 $28.07 $58,390 3.0%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 2,880 $29.45 $28.11 $58,460 4.3%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 6,630 $15.45 $16.41 $34,130 2.2%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers (*) $16.79 $19.69 $40,960 18.8%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 58,740 $39.46 $37.67** $78,360** 1.4%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 22,010 $26.48 $27.51 $57,230 1.6%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 2,130 $19.16 $20.41 $42,450 4.6%
    21105 Credit Analysts 520 $17.62 $20.83 $43,320 4.9%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 2,150 $18.94 $23.06 $47,970 4.9%
    21111 Tax Preparers 1,070 $20.63 $23.67 $49,240 8.2%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 17,840 $19.12 $21.27 $44,250 1.9%
    21117 Budget Analysts 990 $23.05 $24.02 $49,960 1.3%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 6,380 $19.58 $22.69 $47,190 2.0%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,800 $18.94 $21.61 $44,950 4.8%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 280 $18.81 $20.92 $43,520 5.1%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 3,480 $19.33 $20.69 $43,030 1.0%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance 610 $19.46 $27.78 $57,780 11.5%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 1,250 $19.01 $23.12 $48,080 7.0%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 7,240 $21.65 $24.30 $50,550 3.7%
    21902 Cost Estimators 2,350 $22.01 $23.13 $48,110 1.7%
    21905 Management Analysts 2,620 $31.26 $32.49 $67,570 8.8%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 970 $20.75 $21.34 $44,390 4.4%
    21917 Assessors 910 $13.89 $14.58 $30,340 7.9%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 930 $17.28 $17.95 $37,330 3.9%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 17,010 $19.09 $21.61 $44,940 2.5%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 190 $32.15 $29.79 $61,960 3.1%
    22114 Chemical Engineers 1,030 $32.27 $30.22 $62,850 2.9%
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 5,780 $25.93 $27.01 $56,180 1.8%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 11,900 $29.64 $30.18 $62,770 3.6%
    22127 Computer Engineers 17,060 $33.72 $32.10 $66,770 2.0%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 2,190 $30.76 $28.82 $59,950 1.8%
    22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 510 $27.58 $27.16 $56,500 3.0%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 4,960 $30.26 $29.04 $60,400 2.3%
    22138 Marine Engineers 110 $27.02 $26.29 $54,690 5.3%
    22199 All Other Engineers 11,120 $31.33 $29.84 $62,070 1.4%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 3,160 $21.96 $23.81 $49,530 3.3%
    22308 Landscape Architects 210 $19.57 $22.34 $46,460 8.3%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 340 $18.50 $20.31 $42,250 2.1%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,380 $16.98 $17.52 $36,450 2.7%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 6,580 $18.62 $20.42 $42,470 2.2%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 540 $16.91 $17.59 $36,580 2.1%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 1,670 $17.90 $19.62 $40,820 2.1%
    22514 Drafters 3,530 $17.97 $19.27 $40,090 1.7%
    22517 Estimators and Drafters, Utilities 80 $20.20 $21.23 $44,150 2.7%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 310 $17.48 $17.53 $36,460 4.9%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 5,180 $18.62 $21.80 $45,340 4.7%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24102 Physicists and Astronomers 210 $29.33 $29.71 $61,800 7.6%
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 2,160 $24.34 $25.20 $52,420 3.8%
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 560 $18.18 $21.18 $44,050 2.3%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 1,820 $21.53 $23.98 $49,880 5.5%
    24308 Biological Scientists 4,510 $22.13 $23.67 $49,240 4.1%
    24311 Medical Scientists 1,000 $44.77 $38.71** $80,510** 24.3%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists 2,040 $16.34 $20.85 $43,380 11.1%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 1,460 $15.51 $17.28 $35,940 2.3%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 1,350 $17.46 $17.83 $37,080 1.6%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 1,800 $15.56 $15.90 $33,070 3.9%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 12,810 $27.27 $27.39 $56,970 1.4%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 2,180 $23.97 $25.49 $53,010 1.7%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 14,640 $21.11 $22.80 $47,410 1.9%
    25105 Computer Programmers 15,490 $29.56 $28.85 $60,000 2.7%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 840 $15.17 $15.99 $33,250 3.4%
    25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 180 $21.14 $22.51 $46,820 3.0%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 2,850 $22.51 $24.54 $51,050 1.6%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 4,310 $22.98 $26.28 $54,670 12.0%
    25310 Mathematical Scientists 160 $18.01 $18.91 $39,330 5.0%
    25312 Statisticians 590 $19.14 $20.73 $43,110 2.1%
    25313 Actuaries 580 $30.37 $31.76 $66,060 4.7%
    25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 2,220 $23.75 $28.81 $59,920 5.5%
    25319 All Other Mathematical Scientists 610 $52.77 $48.31 $100,490 12.5%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 3,450 $22.06 $25.30 $52,620 4.5%
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 820 $30.99 $30.24 $62,910 3.9%
    27108 Psychologists 1,550 $24.28 $26.20 $54,500 2.8%
    27199 All Other Social Scientists 270 $20.94 $22.81 $47,440 3.9%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 5,680 $18.24 $19.13 $39,780 1.8%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 7,310 $16.22 $16.27 $33,840 1.6%
    27307 Residential Counselors 5,240 $9.78 $10.04 $20,880 1.0%
    27308 Human Services Workers 5,960 $10.64 $11.59 $24,110 1.8%
    27311 Recreation Workers 2,440 $9.84 $10.20 $21,220 2.6%
    27502 Clergy 90 $18.65 $18.88 $39,270 2.2%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 9,210 $40.40 $38.92 $80,950 4.6%
    28302 Law Clerks (*) $12.39 $13.97 $29,060 3.8%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 2,200 $18.61 $20.03 $41,660 4.3%
    28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors (*) $19.28 $18.60 $38,680 5.7%
    28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 520 $16.38 $18.99 $39,500 4.3%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31111 Lecturers 150 $10.00 $10.06 $20,930 2.8%
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 330 * * $55,090 3.6%
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 660 * * $64,920 8.9%
    31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 230 * * $66,180 7.0%
    31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 240 * * $64,620 5.4%
    31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 240 * * $61,810 8.1%
    31211 Health Diagnostics Teachers, Postsecondary 1,470 * * $79,470 11.1%
    31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 220 * * $61,390 6.8%
    31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 480 * * $45,000 2.3%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 940 * * $49,560 3.7%
    31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 330 * * $51,450 3.7%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 1,120 * * $53,020 4.9%
    31222 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 460 * * $64,410 5.8%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 400 * * $62,460 4.2%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 320 * * $53,910 4.0%
    31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 250 * * $59,820 5.2%
    31232 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 250 * * $53,090 3.7%
    31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 270 * * $73,300 6.6%
    31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 350 * * $61,180 3.1%
    31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 330 * * $71,720 6.2%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 310 * * $60,400 3.7%
    31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $61,770 7.4%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 760 * * $79,420 17.4%
    31244 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 360 * * $91,050** 17.4%
    31246 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $40,020 2.7%
    31247 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $56,600 8.4%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 530 * * $54,720 7.0%
    31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 270 * * $59,000 4.8%
    31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $40,030 3.5%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 6,410 * * $72,550 19.4%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 7,700 $10.57 $11.20 $23,300 3.9%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 1,370 * * $39,120 1.7%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 21,960 * * $42,300 4.2%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 22,450 * * $38,280 11.9%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 4,930 * * $44,860 1.9%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 3,360 $18.23 $19.51 $40,580 3.1%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 1,940 $11.96 $14.06 $29,240 4.7%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 5,150 $10.02 $13.66 $28,420 5.6%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 3,010 * * $36,600 8.0%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 2,360 $20.91 $22.12 $46,000 2.2%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 1,880 $12.95 $12.93 $26,880 3.8%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 260 $15.63 $17.36 $36,100 2.6%
    31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 160 $13.03 $14.82 $30,820 5.5%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 2,880 $18.58 $19.13 $39,800 7.3%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 1,110 $20.60 $21.48 $44,680 1.7%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 6,520 $9.02 $9.45 $19,650 1.7%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 11,700 # $47.07** $97,910** 7.3%
    32105 Dentists 1,490 $50.85 $45.07** $93,740** 6.6%
    32108 Optometrists 490 $22.94 $23.82 $49,550 13.5%
    32113 Chiropractors 80 $46.43 $42.52 $88,450 17.6%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 410 $24.16 $25.50 $53,040 7.5%
    32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 190 $37.65 $35.31 $73,450 4.9%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 1,060 $19.30 $20.02 $41,640 1.2%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 1,460 $23.55 $24.70 $51,370 1.9%
    32308 Physical Therapists 2,550 $26.95 $26.22 $54,530 2.1%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 1,340 $22.49 $23.66 $49,220 1.4%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 330 $11.67 $12.54 $26,090 2.6%
    32399 All Other Therapists 540 $15.81 $18.38 $38,230 3.0%
    32502 Registered Nurses 42,900 $24.04 $24.86 $51,700 1.5%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 8,210 $16.67 $16.85 $35,040 0.8%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 3,190 $10.58 $11.11 $23,120 1.8%
    32511 Physician Assistants 830 $27.87 $26.02 $54,130 8.6%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 900 $14.38 $19.69 $40,950 28.8%
    32517 Pharmacists 2,440 $31.85 $29.09 $60,510 1.5%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 2,680 $8.46 $8.76 $18,220 1.4%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 810 $18.26 $20.17 $41,940 2.7%
    32523 Dietetic Technicians 370 $10.58 $10.81 $22,490 2.2%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 3,280 $19.28 $19.67 $40,920 1.5%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,830 $14.05 $15.94 $33,160 5.1%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 2,590 $22.78 $22.72 $47,260 3.4%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 1,380 $10.56 $11.12 $23,130 1.8%
    32913 Radiation Therapists 190 $24.67 $25.53 $53,110 2.3%
    32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 200 $21.37 $21.82 $45,390 1.5%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 2,830 $18.99 $19.43 $40,410 1.2%
    32923 Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists (*) $17.05 $17.75 $36,920 2.7%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 230 $20.31 $21.24 $44,190 2.1%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 210 $13.37 $13.74 $28,570 1.5%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 720 $14.52 $16.05 $33,380 1.2%
    32931 Psychiatric Technicians 1,140 $10.66 $11.21 $23,310 1.7%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 460 $11.95 $12.07 $25,110 2.9%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 8,950 $13.91 $16.72 $34,770 4.8%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 4,510 $18.30 $20.73 $43,120 2.7%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 1,820 $26.15 $26.48 $55,080 3.5%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 3,570 $19.06 $21.20 $44,090 2.9%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 730 $16.77 $17.87 $37,170 6.1%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 410 $16.09 $21.17 $44,030 22.9%
    34023 Photographers 860 $11.34 $13.75 $28,600 5.6%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 170 $16.11 $19.58 $40,730 11.1%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 670 $14.31 $17.39 $36,170 12.5%
    34032 Film Editors 240 $23.68 $24.27 $50,470 10.3%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 2,600 $18.25 $19.92 $41,430 3.4%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 2,890 $17.71 $20.51 $42,650 5.3%
    34041 Interior Designers (*) $16.70 $20.12 $41,860 3.6%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 270 $10.36 $12.02 $25,000 3.0%
    34051 Musicians, Instrumental 780 * * $35,170 10.6%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 1,260 * * $56,080 8.8%
    34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 630 * * $30,140 13.4%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 250 $23.55 $25.27 $52,560 10.3%
    39014 Embalmers (*) $18.59 $18.09 $37,630 4.8%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 18,190 $18.82 $20.62 $42,890 1.5%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 25,610 $17.39 $20.44 $42,500 1.9%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 3,480 $21.95 $24.28 $50,500 7.8%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate 380 $34.49 $35.73 $74,320 23.3%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 450 $16.90 $20.09 $41,790 5.3%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate (*) $26.51 $25.99 $54,060 4.1%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 12,520 $25.89 $31.57 $65,670 9.3%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 5,270 $21.54 $25.98 $54,040 5.7%
    43021 Travel Agents 4,410 $12.93 $13.82 $28,740 10.2%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 2,120 $16.48 $21.72 $45,170 9.0%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 2,460 $16.97 $21.87 $45,490 7.3%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 1,930 $29.61 $29.42 $61,180 4.9%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 10,020 $24.60 $27.42 $57,040 3.7%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 16,520 $20.03 $23.21 $48,280 2.5%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 55,950 $7.98 $9.57 $19,900 1.5%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 3,210 $12.95 $13.92 $28,960 2.2%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 8,180 $7.77 $8.29 $17,240 2.7%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 18,310 $8.02 $8.96 $18,630 1.2%
    49023 Cashiers 40,400 $7.28 $7.70 $16,020 0.9%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 5,360 $10.79 $12.13 $25,230 3.9%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 270 $8.78 $12.67 $26,360 3.9%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 6,740 $15.31 $16.59 $34,500 2.3%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 26,820 $17.19 $18.35 $38,180 1.0%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 10,450 $9.85 $9.95 $20,710 1.5%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 1,920 $11.17 $11.26 $23,410 1.9%
    53108 Transit Clerks 350 $12.10 $12.01 $24,980 2.8%
    53111 Loan Interviewers 200 $12.99 $13.48 $28,030 1.3%
    53114 Credit Authorizers 140 $13.53 $14.55 $30,270 2.3%
    53117 Credit Checkers 700 $11.29 $12.27 $25,530 1.7%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 1,950 $12.79 $13.36 $27,790 1.7%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 11,140 $12.09 $13.13 $27,310 1.8%
    53126 Statement Clerks (*) $10.05 $9.87 $20,520 2.0%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 6,270 $14.41 $15.22 $31,650 2.1%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 1,550 $17.26 $18.44 $38,360 3.5%
    53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 290 $18.30 $19.01 $39,530 2.9%
    53308 Insurance Examining Clerks 170 $13.28 $14.40 $29,960 3.0%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 2,210 $14.23 $14.54 $30,250 2.2%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 3,650 $13.12 $13.13 $27,320 2.1%
    53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers (*) $14.89 $14.96 $31,120 1.6%
    53505 Investigators, Clerical 40 $12.86 $12.89 $26,820 2.9%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 3,780 $12.72 $13.25 $27,550 1.4%
    53705 Municipal Clerks 700 $12.88 $13.21 $27,480 3.0%
    53802 Travel Clerks 160 $9.76 $10.00 $20,800 2.4%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 2,600 $13.27 $13.26 $27,580 4.0%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 2,040 $9.35 $9.41 $19,570 2.0%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 1,460 $11.13 $10.99 $22,870 7.4%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 5,640 $7.39 $7.82 $16,260 1.5%
    53908 Advertising Clerks 300 $12.16 $12.57 $26,150 4.8%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 490 $12.58 $13.28 $27,620 2.9%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 380 $11.45 $12.98 $27,000 18.1%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 6,880 $18.05 $18.36 $38,200 2.9%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 5,930 $12.98 $13.46 $28,000 2.5%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 45,200 $14.34 $14.81 $30,800 0.7%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 990 $13.39 $14.56 $30,280 1.3%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 17,200 $10.52 $10.56 $21,970 0.8%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 5,860 $12.16 $12.68 $26,380 0.8%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,430 $13.93 $14.48 $30,110 2.1%
    55317 Correspondence Clerks 490 $11.26 $12.27 $25,530 4.2%
    55321 File Clerks 3,200 $9.01 $9.33 $19,400 1.0%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 4,900 $12.50 $13.12 $27,290 1.8%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 440 $12.92 $13.49 $28,060 1.9%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 890 $10.90 $11.90 $24,750 2.1%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 3,230 $10.48 $10.38 $21,590 2.4%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 3,780 $19.64 $19.93 $41,440 3.3%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 26,260 $12.90 $13.36 $27,780 0.9%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 2,990 $13.52 $13.93 $28,980 1.1%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 5,260 $12.80 $13.07 $27,190 0.7%
    55347 General Office Clerks 44,680 $11.31 $11.65 $24,230 1.7%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 1,110 $11.38 $11.41 $23,740 1.0%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 1,250 $10.35 $10.84 $22,540 2.8%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 700 $10.33 $11.39 $23,680 2.7%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 3,150 $14.58 $15.58 $32,410 1.5%
    56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 390 $14.35 $15.93 $33,130 6.4%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 6,770 $10.58 $10.93 $22,730 0.9%
    56021 Data Keyers, Composing 110 $11.28 $11.72 $24,370 5.6%
    56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 800 $11.25 $11.51 $23,950 1.3%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 3,530 $10.96 $11.78 $24,490 2.0%
    57105 Directory Assistance Operators 190 $17.13 $16.24 $33,770 2.1%
    57111 Telegraph and Teletype Operators (*) $12.92 $12.25 $25,480 1.4%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 2,270 $10.03 $10.27 $21,350 2.3%
    57311 Messengers 1,620 $9.05 $9.26 $19,260 1.8%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 970 $14.13 $13.76 $28,620 4.1%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,920 $11.77 $13.59 $28,270 3.8%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 4,300 $16.00 $16.68 $34,690 2.1%
    58011 Transportation Agents 340 $8.94 $9.80 $20,390 4.1%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 400 $18.28 $18.08 $37,610 4.6%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 400 $13.65 $14.70 $30,580 4.4%
    58021 Marking Clerks 130 $7.82 $8.33 $17,340 1.3%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 11,730 $10.30 $10.95 $22,790 1.5%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 4,050 $12.05 $12.56 $26,120 2.3%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 11,240 $11.05 $11.57 $24,060 1.6%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 3,160 $10.24 $11.05 $22,990 1.3%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 9,800 $12.76 $13.43 $27,920 1.7%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 1,490 $22.91 $23.96 $49,840 5.4%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 2,050 $24.64 $26.35 $54,810 3.4%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 1,270 $12.45 $12.91 $26,850 2.8%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 8,880 $13.95 $14.65 $30,480 1.7%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63002 Fire Inspectors 80 $20.89 $21.77 $45,290 4.3%
    63008 Fire Fighters 7,460 $17.88 $17.03 $35,410 5.3%
    63011 Police Detectives 730 $19.33 $19.83 $41,250 2.5%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 6,850 $18.46 $18.85 $39,210 2.4%
    63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 70 $11.92 $12.23 $25,430 10.6%
    63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 160 $18.77 $19.83 $41,240 10.1%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 290 $10.22 $11.42 $23,740 1.2%
    63044 Crossing Guards 1,360 $6.96 $7.67 $15,960 5.8%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 15,770 $7.93 $8.60 $17,880 1.4%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 2,910 $9.00 $10.42 $21,670 3.0%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 3,890 $7.44 $7.80 $16,230 1.7%
    65005 Bartenders 6,930 $6.39 $7.21 $15,000 1.4%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 32,770 $5.86 $6.61 $13,740 1.7%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 1,890 $8.03 $8.33 $17,320 1.5%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 4,180 $6.44 $7.39 $15,380 1.9%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 12,510 $6.52 $6.88 $14,300 1.3%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 2,130 $10.32 $10.72 $22,290 2.3%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 1,000 $17.01 $16.41 $34,130 2.1%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 10,200 $10.02 $10.21 $21,240 2.2%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 3,860 $10.84 $11.27 $23,440 1.7%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 4,370 $6.92 $7.36 $15,310 2.5%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 2,310 $8.04 $8.26 $17,180 3.7%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 13,370 $7.84 $8.25 $17,150 1.2%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 19,640 $6.82 $7.14 $14,850 1.7%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 5,290 $8.69 $8.81 $18,320 1.7%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 3,260 $13.24 $13.18 $27,410 1.7%
    66005 Medical Assistants 4,180 $12.48 $12.85 $26,720 2.3%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 18,630 $9.73 $9.82 $20,440 0.8%
    66011 Home Health Aides 9,860 $9.68 $10.02 $20,840 2.8%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 940 $15.01 $14.89 $30,960 3.2%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 320 $15.48 $15.51 $32,260 2.9%
    66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 130 $9.70 $9.67 $20,110 4.3%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 2,570 $10.76 $10.97 $22,820 2.1%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 9,410 $8.42 $8.73 $18,160 1.0%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 35,010 $8.81 $9.40 $19,550 2.4%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants (*) $12.76 $13.70 $28,500 1.9%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 3,180 $10.75 $11.44 $23,790 1.4%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 6,120 $7.71 $9.20 $19,140 5.7%
    68008 Manicurists 800 $8.63 $8.59 $17,870 2.5%
    68011 Shampooers (*) $7.54 $7.55 $15,710 3.7%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 3,930 $7.35 $7.47 $15,530 1.9%
    68017 Guides 630 $7.40 $7.58 $15,770 1.9%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 1,040 $6.65 $7.01 $14,570 2.9%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 530 $6.14 $6.64 $13,810 1.7%
    68026 Flight Attendants 2,770 * * $59,420 12.9%
    68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 190 $8.85 $9.85 $20,480 3.7%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,950 $9.35 $9.51 $19,770 4.1%
    68038 Child Care Workers 2,920 $8.86 $9.02 $18,750 2.7%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 320 $6.01 $7.52 $15,640 8.8%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 5,800 $8.66 $9.67 $20,120 2.2%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 320 $13.81 $15.88 $33,020 4.3%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79002 Forest and Conservation Workers (*) $15.06 $15.91 $33,080 2.4%
    79016 Animal Trainers 50 $9.50 $8.84 $18,390 12.0%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 1,040 $8.39 $8.63 $17,950 3.0%
    79033 Pruners 100 $13.64 $13.72 $28,540 7.4%
    79036 Sprayers/Applicators 150 $13.01 $13.48 $28,040 3.9%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 11,720 $10.23 $11.33 $23,560 1.6%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 840 $8.70 $8.57 $17,820 2.3%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 510 $11.56 $12.39 $25,770 1.4%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 4,200 $19.75 $20.86 $43,400 1.8%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 2,940 $24.44 $25.33 $52,690 1.8%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 5,700 $19.89 $20.86 $43,390 1.1%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,130 $18.20 $19.22 $39,980 1.4%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,630 $18.01 $18.21 $37,880 1.4%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 2,830 $21.80 $22.63 $47,060 3.0%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 2,880 $15.54 $16.69 $34,720 3.8%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 3,400 $12.87 $13.94 $29,000 2.0%
    83008 Transportation Inspectors 110 $15.62 $17.19 $35,750 5.3%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 710 $14.68 $15.19 $31,600 3.8%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 2,220 $17.34 $17.34 $36,080 1.1%
    85112 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Textile Machines 60 $17.48 $17.87 $37,180 9.4%
    85113 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Sewing Machines 30 $15.20 $15.70 $32,650 2.6%
    85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 170 $12.52 $13.74 $28,580 3.5%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 870 $19.00 $19.05 $39,620 3.0%
    85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 240 $19.96 $19.45 $40,460 2.4%
    85123 Millwrights 430 $16.00 $16.32 $33,940 2.8%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 470 $15.14 $15.83 $32,920 1.5%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 11,250 $14.39 $14.83 $30,840 1.3%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 7,270 $14.78 $15.33 $31,880 2.4%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 2,650 $14.54 $15.46 $32,170 4.0%
    85308 Motorcycle Repairers 50 $11.41 $11.61 $24,140 2.6%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,310 $17.05 $17.48 $36,360 2.3%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 740 $15.82 $17.02 $35,410 1.9%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics 850 $22.35 $22.06 $45,890 2.8%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 180 $14.03 $14.04 $29,210 4.2%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 410 $23.27 $22.47 $46,740 6.1%
    85505 Frame Wirers, Central Office 2,040 $23.32 $23.61 $49,110 7.1%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 210 $23.70 $24.47 $50,890 3.3%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 4,010 $21.48 $20.46 $42,550 4.1%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 650 $13.81 $15.24 $31,700 3.1%
    85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 440 $13.23 $13.98 $29,070 3.2%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 180 $13.54 $13.32 $27,710 1.3%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 790 $15.95 $16.46 $34,230 2.8%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 1,540 $21.62 $20.42 $42,470 1.9%
    85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment (*) $15.87 $14.72 $30,620 3.1%
    85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 590 $18.58 $18.48 $38,440 3.1%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 3,730 $18.37 $19.39 $40,320 2.5%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 180 $16.66 $18.10 $37,640 1.7%
    85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 130 $14.22 $14.82 $30,820 2.5%
    85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 210 $19.95 $19.47 $40,500 2.5%
    85917 Watchmakers (*) $17.51 $17.22 $35,820 4.2%
    85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers (*) $14.83 $14.92 $31,040 7.7%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 940 $16.48 $17.28 $35,950 6.6%
    85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 30 $18.55 $18.96 $39,430 2.6%
    85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers 430 $29.86 $27.28 $56,730 6.6%
    85935 Riggers (*) $16.41 $16.24 $33,780 2.6%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 50 $10.57 $10.48 $21,790 2.6%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 140 $12.47 $13.50 $28,080 7.1%
    85951 Bicycle Repairers 100 $8.92 $9.53 $19,810 6.8%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 1,070 $9.95 $9.62 $20,010 2.2%
    85956 Menders, Garments, Linens, and Related 70 $8.33 $9.15 $19,030 4.9%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 3,230 $15.33 $15.89 $33,040 2.1%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 6,450 $19.27 $20.28 $42,180 1.9%
    87108 Drywall Installers 240 $26.51 $25.68 $53,410 6.0%
    87111 Tapers 90 $31.00 $28.20 $58,660 5.4%
    87202 Electricians 7,920 $21.75 $22.07 $45,900 3.3%
    87302 Brickmasons 1,730 $28.18 $25.05 $52,100 5.8%
    87305 Stonemasons 150 $19.16 $18.62 $38,730 11.6%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 310 $21.11 $21.23 $44,170 6.1%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 150 $27.58 $25.24 $52,500 13.4%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 3,000 $14.05 $14.62 $30,410 4.6%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 4,220 $22.00 $22.44 $46,680 3.8%
    87508 Pipelayers 190 $18.90 $21.45 $44,620 10.3%
    87511 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners (*) $12.31 $13.19 $27,440 13.7%
    87602 Carpet Installers 220 $17.31 $16.64 $34,600 3.1%
    87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 80 $14.98 $14.90 $30,990 1.3%
    87705 Pile-Driver Operators 180 $29.14 $27.44 $57,080 3.7%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 670 $10.88 $11.68 $24,290 13.4%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 1,700 $14.38 $15.88 $33,040 5.4%
    87802 Insulation Workers 130 $31.86 $27.67 $57,550 4.8%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 230 $12.89 $14.40 $29,940 5.7%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 470 $22.49 $23.52 $48,910 12.5%
    87808 Roofers 960 $20.01 $18.70 $38,900 4.2%
    87811 Glaziers 440 $19.68 $19.57 $40,700 2.0%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 320 $21.88 $20.59 $42,830 3.7%
    87817 Fence Erectors 180 $13.48 $14.38 $29,910 3.6%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers (*) $31.63 $28.12 $58,490 6.8%
    87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas (*) $15.01 $15.17 $31,550 10.4%
    87905 Blasters and Explosives Workers (*) $15.49 $15.43 $32,100 2.8%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 810 $17.66 $18.00 $37,450 2.2%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 800 $18.27 $18.30 $38,050 1.8%
    89108 Machinists 4,980 $16.24 $16.11 $33,500 1.6%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 360 $16.84 $16.91 $35,170 2.6%
    89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal (*) $16.25 $15.98 $33,240 2.7%
    89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 840 $16.88 $16.55 $34,420 11.9%
    89126 Precision Hand Workers, Jewelry and Related Products (*) $9.78 $10.48 $21,800 5.5%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 2,610 $26.55 $23.51 $48,900 6.2%
    89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers 210 $13.64 $13.40 $27,870 1.4%
    89302 Pattern and Model Makers, Wood 50 $19.84 $19.41 $40,370 2.2%
    89308 Wood Machinists 330 $9.02 $10.90 $22,670 4.7%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 810 $14.65 $15.18 $31,570 3.0%
    89314 Furniture Finishers 270 $9.71 $10.89 $22,650 11.2%
    89399 All Other Precision Woodworkers 80 $10.41 $11.79 $24,520 2.3%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 560 $16.89 $15.97 $33,210 8.8%
    89508 Upholsterers 210 $12.54 $12.89 $26,800 2.3%
    89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision 380 $9.33 $9.30 $19,330 2.3%
    89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 200 $10.43 $11.73 $24,400 10.7%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 350 $7.22 $7.97 $16,580 9.9%
    89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters 140 $16.93 $16.87 $35,100 7.0%
    89705 Job Printers 750 $6.18 $7.64 $15,890 11.4%
    89706 Paste-Up Workers 150 $15.97 $16.16 $33,620 6.9%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 350 $17.84 $18.23 $37,910 2.3%
    89712 Photoengravers 50 $17.81 $17.52 $36,450 8.0%
    89713 Camera Operators 100 $14.33 $14.38 $29,910 8.1%
    89715 Scanner Operators 80 $20.84 $19.98 $41,570 2.1%
    89717 Strippers 340 $18.30 $18.38 $38,230 2.4%
    89718 Platemakers (*) $16.66 $16.81 $34,960 2.1%
    89719 All Other Lithography and Photoengraving Workers 30 $18.36 $18.51 $38,490 6.9%
    89799 All Other Precision Printing Workers 40 $15.17 $15.38 $31,990 2.0%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 750 $10.13 $10.20 $21,220 3.5%
    89808 Food Batchmakers 170 $11.10 $11.08 $23,050 1.8%
    89899 All Other Precision Food and Tobacco Workers 100 $12.82 $11.85 $24,650 5.0%
    89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers 40 $15.62 $15.68 $32,620 4.6%
    89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 100 $13.11 $26.72 $55,570 13.5%
    89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers (*) $12.42 $13.09 $27,230 3.7%
    89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 180 $12.92 $13.88 $28,870 5.3%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians (*) $15.28 $19.35 $40,250 18.9%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 1,330 $14.68 $15.31 $31,840 4.7%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 90 $10.88 $11.63 $24,190 2.8%
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 1,200 $16.27 $15.88 $33,040 2.0%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 680 $18.06 $20.46 $42,550 7.9%
    91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 490 $17.26 $16.66 $34,650 2.9%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 630 $13.39 $13.61 $28,300 1.7%
    91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 950 $8.55 $9.76 $20,300 2.9%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 460 $14.40 $14.81 $30,800 2.4%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 680 $14.66 $14.79 $30,760 3.1%
    91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 210 $12.80 $12.59 $26,190 1.9%
    91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 490 $13.16 $12.64 $26,280 2.3%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 1,060 $11.08 $11.17 $23,240 1.3%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 680 $14.68 $14.58 $30,330 2.1%
    91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 270 $15.74 $15.30 $31,830 2.8%
    91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 250 $10.94 $11.68 $24,300 5.5%
    91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 120 $16.10 $16.83 $35,010 2.5%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 390 $13.81 $13.65 $28,390 1.7%
    91708 Soldering and Brazing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $14.55 $14.87 $30,920 2.9%
    91711 Soldering and Brazing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $10.59 $11.30 $23,510 1.2%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 190 $13.81 $14.30 $29,750 5.5%
    91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $9.56 $10.48 $21,800 2.8%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 1,660 $10.05 $9.92 $20,640 2.2%
    91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $11.39 $11.90 $24,760 1.0%
    91914 Foundry Mold Assembly and Shake-Out Workers 50 $12.11 $12.43 $25,850 3.3%
    91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 130 $14.40 $14.02 $29,160 2.0%
    91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 430 $10.38 $11.08 $23,040 1.6%
    91926 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $10.75 $10.95 $22,770 3.7%
    91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 130 $12.77 $13.10 $27,260 6.1%
    91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders 140 $14.18 $13.92 $28,940 1.6%
    92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 170 $13.19 $13.10 $27,250 5.2%
    92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 510 $11.19 $11.66 $24,260 1.6%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 120 $11.50 $13.36 $27,780 5.1%
    92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 90 $14.60 $14.82 $30,830 7.3%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 740 $16.22 $16.47 $34,270 5.2%
    92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators 180 $15.56 $15.63 $32,520 7.4%
    92519 All Other Printing Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 100 $13.34 $14.18 $29,490 5.5%
    92522 Specialty Materials Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 160 $12.84 $13.77 $28,650 2.4%
    92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 400 $9.73 $10.09 $20,980 4.6%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 240 $16.57 $15.86 $32,990 4.3%
    92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 100 $12.42 $12.90 $26,820 1.3%
    92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 90 $11.59 $11.50 $23,920 6.2%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 1,610 $16.48 $17.12 $35,600 3.6%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 720 $14.64 $14.56 $30,280 4.4%
    92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders 220 $21.00 $18.62 $38,740 2.3%
    92702 Textile Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $9.24 $9.02 $18,760 2.1%
    92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 580 $11.15 $10.96 $22,800 1.2%
    92708 Extruding and Forming Machine Operators and Tenders, Synthetic or Glass Fibers (*) $14.26 $15.08 $31,360 10.3%
    92714 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 80 $11.20 $14.35 $29,840 8.3%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 1,930 $9.23 $10.03 $20,860 1.3%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 780 $10.59 $10.60 $22,060 2.8%
    92723 Shoe Sewing Machine Operators and Tenders 220 $8.53 $8.11 $16,870 10.6%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 1,380 $8.23 $8.58 $17,840 2.5%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 690 $7.46 $8.38 $17,430 7.3%
    92902 Electronic Semiconductor Processors (*) $10.26 $10.19 $21,200 3.0%
    92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 90 $14.42 $13.26 $27,590 7.9%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $15.62 $14.50 $30,150 5.0%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 490 $12.39 $12.51 $26,020 1.9%
    92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 100 $11.48 $10.71 $22,270 2.9%
    92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 110 $12.67 $13.79 $28,680 11.1%
    92926 Boiler Operators and Tenders, Low Pressure 130 $15.96 $16.17 $33,630 2.0%
    92932 Dairy Processing Equipment Operators, Including Setters 360 $14.93 $14.94 $31,070 1.9%
    92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators (*) $14.19 $13.91 $28,940 4.6%
    92938 Chemical Equipment Tenders (*) $13.57 $13.68 $28,460 1.5%
    92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 460 $13.43 $12.94 $26,910 2.8%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 770 $12.64 $12.21 $25,390 1.9%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 190 $17.50 $16.78 $34,890 6.2%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 480 $14.19 $13.90 $28,900 1.5%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 930 $11.19 $11.57 $24,060 2.3%
    92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $12.54 $12.26 $25,500 1.8%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 150 $11.73 $11.67 $24,280 1.9%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 1,130 $11.60 $13.01 $27,070 3.7%
    92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 380 $13.97 $14.39 $29,920 2.5%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 650 $11.67 $11.74 $24,430 0.9%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 3,670 $11.02 $11.32 $23,550 2.0%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 920 $12.54 $13.25 $27,560 2.1%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 3,080 $10.03 $10.94 $22,760 2.9%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 480 $14.85 $14.96 $31,130 2.3%
    93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 3,300 $12.12 $12.40 $25,790 2.8%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 3,750 $11.79 $12.20 $25,380 4.6%
    93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 1,570 $10.20 $11.48 $23,880 6.6%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 2,560 $10.01 $10.48 $21,800 3.3%
    93908 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers (*) $9.87 $9.27 $19,280 5.5%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 1,180 $15.68 $16.33 $33,970 1.7%
    93917 Solderers and Brazers 880 $9.37 $9.48 $19,730 3.9%
    93921 Pressers, Hand (*) $9.29 $10.65 $22,150 13.1%
    93923 Sewers, Hand 230 $8.25 $8.26 $17,170 1.8%
    93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 290 $9.51 $9.84 $20,460 2.4%
    93928 Portable Machine Cutters 50 $10.93 $11.22 $23,330 1.5%
    93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 380 $7.90 $8.61 $17,910 8.3%
    93944 Molders and Casters, Hand 80 $10.57 $12.07 $25,110 11.2%
    93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 170 $11.78 $12.12 $25,210 4.7%
    93951 Engraving and Printing Workers, Hand 90 $9.57 $9.76 $20,310 1.9%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 570 $11.46 $12.90 $26,840 2.0%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 9,980 $9.83 $10.45 $21,730 1.4%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 5,760 $8.77 $9.12 $18,970 1.9%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 740 $16.80 $17.13 $35,630 4.0%
    95005 Gas Plant Operators 110 $24.81 $25.90 $53,870 2.8%
    95008 Chemical Plant and System Operators 80 $17.79 $17.92 $37,270 4.1%
    95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 190 $19.15 $20.09 $41,780 4.8%
    95023 Auxiliary Equipment Operators, Power (*) $22.97 $24.06 $50,040 14.2%
    95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 40 $22.84 $22.90 $47,630 3.4%
    95032 Stationary Engineers (*) $18.61 $18.59 $38,670 2.2%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 900 $13.54 $14.71 $30,610 2.6%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 12,580 $15.16 $15.72 $32,690 1.8%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 15,060 $11.03 $11.75 $24,440 2.2%
    97108 Bus Drivers 1,560 $10.35 $10.40 $21,630 2.0%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 4,070 $10.34 $10.22 $21,250 3.3%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 2,740 $9.18 $9.11 $18,950 5.5%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 3,350 $12.15 $12.30 $25,590 4.2%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 230 $9.72 $10.17 $21,160 2.6%
    97502 Captains, Water Vessel 40 $11.17 $10.96 $22,790 2.9%
    97505 Mates, Ship, Boat, and Barge 40 $5.93 $6.82 $14,190 3.2%
    97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 2,080 * * $108,840** 19.3%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 2,620 $7.61 $7.97 $16,570 1.8%
    97808 Parking Lot Attendants 1,850 $7.54 $7.86 $16,350 3.2%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 1,550 $11.99 $13.24 $27,530 15.9%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 840 $18.90 $20.92 $43,500 5.5%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 370 $17.15 $18.64 $38,780 4.6%
    97941 Hoist and Winch Operators 50 $23.13 $22.38 $46,540 4.2%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 180 $26.13 $25.30 $52,620 5.3%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 3,140 $13.45 $13.59 $28,270 1.4%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 350 $11.95 $13.21 $27,480 1.2%
    97956 Operating Engineers 1,390 $23.15 $23.17 $48,200 5.2%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 1,170 $14.94 $17.54 $36,480 3.6%
    97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 650 $9.43 $12.89 $26,810 7.0%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 2,070 $9.30 $11.21 $23,310 3.5%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 570 $20.97 $19.41 $40,370 4.0%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 730 $13.46 $14.21 $29,550 5.3%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 590 $12.65 $12.82 $26,660 4.2%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 350 $10.81 $11.78 $24,510 6.9%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 140 $10.97 $11.63 $24,180 11.0%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 250 $13.80 $14.50 $30,170 5.6%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,200 $9.67 $9.89 $20,580 1.7%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 300 $11.89 $12.11 $25,190 10.0%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 8,250 $11.15 $12.23 $25,440 2.0%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 11,790 $7.02 $7.93 $16,500 2.1%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 1,590 $7.95 $8.95 $18,610 3.5%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 11,700 $11.12 $12.18 $25,330 3.0%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001