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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Chico-Paradise, California MSA REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for this metropolitan area have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the State minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the metropolitan area estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

Chico-Paradise is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in California.

Occupational divisions in Chico-Paradise:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 320 $19.91 $24.33 $50,620 6.0%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 140 $21.19 $25.83 $53,730 12.0%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 130 $17.53 $17.85 $37,120 1.4%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 210 $21.31 $23.87 $49,640 3.6%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 230 $22.49 $23.66 $49,210 5.8%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 60 $32.10 $30.37 $63,180 3.7%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 340 $32.78 $30.27 $62,960 3.5%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 120 $24.54 $23.46 $48,790 4.5%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 90 $7.69 $11.38 $23,670 15.3%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 60 $20.54 $22.22 $46,210 2.9%
    15017 Construction Managers 100 $22.06 $22.97 $47,780 3.3%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 60 $16.55 $20.51 $42,650 4.8%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 170 $12.92 $12.92 $26,880 5.6%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators (*) $6.25 $18.90 $39,320 23.3%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 1,580 $22.77 $26.21 $54,520 2.4%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 430 $23.30 $24.63 $51,220 2.7%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters (*) $18.75 $20.12 $41,850 2.8%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 70 $15.20 $16.02 $33,320 6.7%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 60 $16.88 $17.95 $37,330 6.5%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 50 $11.23 $14.45 $30,060 4.6%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 80 $17.38 $19.95 $41,490 3.1%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 100 $17.00 $17.67 $36,750 1.7%
    21902 Cost Estimators 80 $16.92 $18.33 $38,130 2.9%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 300 $17.43 $17.03 $35,420 3.6%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 40 $26.08 $27.00 $56,170 8.8%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 100 $33.47 $30.73 $63,920 5.9%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 30 $19.28 $20.75 $43,160 3.0%
    22199 All Other Engineers 50 $24.93 $24.01 $49,930 3.8%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists (*) $9.26 $10.84 $22,540 14.0%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 60 $16.16 $17.41 $36,210 8.8%
    22514 Drafters 80 $14.53 $15.31 $31,830 2.2%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 40 $19.34 $20.87 $43,420 3.3%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 30 $13.27 $13.92 $28,950 2.5%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 90 $16.72 $18.41 $38,300 5.9%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 180 $14.24 $15.23 $31,680 5.4%
    25105 Computer Programmers 120 $16.58 $19.72 $41,020 6.6%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27108 Psychologists 70 $27.60 $27.21 $56,590 3.4%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 70 $13.02 $14.62 $30,420 3.6%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 200 $14.04 $15.43 $32,100 2.9%
    27307 Residential Counselors 150 $8.06 $8.92 $18,560 4.7%
    27311 Recreation Workers 560 $6.97 $8.05 $16,750 8.1%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 120 $36.45 $33.79 $70,280 12.1%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel (*) $7.90 $8.79 $18,280 13.2%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 260 $7.59 $8.67 $18,040 2.9%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 110 * * $42,050 4.7%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,080 * * $40,810 4.7%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 580 * * $38,910 5.7%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 470 * * $44,920 7.0%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 260 $17.96 $17.38 $36,140 8.4%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 100 $11.13 $10.92 $22,710 2.5%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 270 $13.55 $12.90 $26,830 5.8%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 220 $21.27 $21.51 $44,740 4.4%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 100 $20.22 $20.78 $43,230 4.8%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 110 $19.69 $20.32 $42,270 10.3%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 1,210 $9.50 $9.20 $19,140 3.5%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 110 # $57.53** $119,670** 21.3%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 30 $24.17 $26.18 $54,460 9.6%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 80 $18.14 $18.40 $38,270 2.2%
    32308 Physical Therapists 40 $31.93 $29.02 $60,360 5.3%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 130 $18.49 $19.62 $40,800 7.7%
    32502 Registered Nurses 1,500 $18.60 $19.54 $40,640 2.6%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 380 $14.58 $14.91 $31,020 1.1%
    32511 Physician Assistants 30 $30.83 $27.05 $56,250 6.5%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring (*) $9.80 $9.97 $20,730 3.3%
    32517 Pharmacists 190 $33.33 $29.79 $61,960 3.0%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 200 $11.77 $12.07 $25,100 4.4%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 40 $18.60 $18.89 $39,300 3.3%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 70 $21.65 $22.33 $46,450 5.5%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 110 $12.18 $13.43 $27,930 7.0%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 160 $12.87 $17.71 $36,830 22.6%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 70 $9.02 $10.19 $21,180 4.3%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 120 $18.06 $18.14 $37,740 2.1%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 30 $13.76 $14.10 $29,320 3.3%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 30 $9.31 $9.61 $19,980 5.3%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 40 $14.41 $14.70 $30,570 3.4%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 40 $14.69 $16.02 $33,320 3.1%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 50 $9.84 $9.96 $20,710 1.0%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 40 $9.02 $12.04 $25,040 2.6%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 50 $7.51 $8.04 $16,730 2.4%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 940 $12.84 $14.59 $30,360 3.1%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 200 $13.77 $18.08 $37,600 9.5%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate (*) $15.62 $14.47 $30,100 2.7%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 60 $31.18 $34.41** $71,570** 17.4%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 90 $18.86 $22.20 $46,170 4.0%
    43021 Travel Agents 30 $9.74 $9.53 $19,830 9.2%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 110 $13.45 $15.96 $33,190 8.0%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 100 $17.10 $17.33 $36,040 2.0%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 320 $15.08 $16.93 $35,210 2.2%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 2,680 $6.75 $8.36 $17,400 1.8%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 200 $9.38 $9.80 $20,390 2.5%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 310 $6.64 $7.51 $15,620 2.1%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 740 $8.92 $10.48 $21,790 2.5%
    49023 Cashiers 2,090 $6.56 $8.21 $17,090 1.7%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 60 $8.25 $10.67 $22,200 2.0%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 130 $8.72 $8.68 $18,060 8.1%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 320 $8.09 $9.56 $19,880 1.4%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,010 $13.24 $14.44 $30,040 3.9%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 330 $8.43 $8.55 $17,780 1.5%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 40 $13.57 $13.36 $27,790 3.5%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 120 $10.83 $11.19 $23,270 4.5%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 70 $10.08 $10.94 $22,750 2.3%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (*) $23.22 $23.96 $49,830 2.8%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks (*) $15.25 $15.71 $32,680 2.1%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 110 $11.72 $12.52 $26,040 1.7%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents (*) $8.37 $9.44 $19,630 2.0%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 70 $6.32 $7.19 $14,960 6.6%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers (*) $13.48 $12.31 $25,610 2.6%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical (*) $7.47 $8.15 $16,940 8.1%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 140 $14.18 $14.84 $30,860 6.3%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 190 $13.08 $12.02 $25,010 5.3%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 1,170 $10.70 $11.35 $23,600 2.2%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 830 $9.13 $9.30 $19,350 2.0%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 170 $11.34 $12.06 $25,080 2.9%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 60 $11.06 $11.06 $23,000 2.9%
    55321 File Clerks 210 $6.63 $7.07 $14,710 2.5%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 100 $9.99 $11.80 $24,550 1.8%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 70 $9.52 $9.78 $20,340 5.0%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,190 $10.69 $11.14 $23,160 1.2%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 80 $11.69 $12.33 $25,650 3.2%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 220 $10.76 $11.02 $22,930 2.6%
    55347 General Office Clerks 1,980 $9.95 $10.30 $21,410 3.0%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 110 $13.91 $13.52 $28,130 2.8%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 30 $9.88 $10.35 $21,540 1.4%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 50 $11.95 $12.73 $26,470 6.5%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 100 $7.65 $9.04 $18,800 4.6%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 110 $8.11 $8.53 $17,730 5.5%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service (*) $6.81 $8.95 $18,620 5.6%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 60 $16.80 $16.35 $34,010 7.0%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 60 $13.00 $13.66 $28,410 1.0%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 310 $8.46 $9.77 $20,310 3.6%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 50 $10.26 $10.74 $22,340 4.1%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 390 $9.55 $10.98 $22,830 2.2%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 330 $9.12 $11.16 $23,220 1.3%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 260 $9.52 $11.26 $23,420 7.0%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors (*) $36.29 $33.52 $69,720 7.8%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 40 $7.94 $8.27 $17,210 3.0%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 460 $9.86 $11.47 $23,870 4.5%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 130 $25.35 $24.93 $51,860 10.1%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 380 $7.33 $7.73 $16,070 6.5%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 130 $6.64 $8.37 $17,420 4.4%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 250 $6.05 $6.49 $13,500 2.5%
    65005 Bartenders 320 $6.15 $6.74 $14,030 3.3%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 970 $6.11 $6.35 $13,210 1.8%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 250 $6.08 $6.70 $13,930 1.9%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 530 $6.04 $6.19 $12,880 3.6%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 190 $8.34 $9.17 $19,080 2.4%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 100 $13.92 $14.43 $30,020 1.5%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 500 $8.33 $8.45 $17,580 4.9%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 170 $8.21 $8.74 $18,180 3.6%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 530 $6.01 $6.23 $12,950 2.9%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 80 $6.46 $7.30 $15,190 3.5%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 590 $6.56 $7.35 $15,280 2.2%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 870 $6.01 $6.59 $13,700 2.5%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 320 $6.93 $7.35 $15,290 1.9%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 190 $11.79 $11.68 $24,290 2.4%
    66005 Medical Assistants 220 $9.92 $9.99 $20,780 2.4%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 890 $7.78 $7.90 $16,430 2.9%
    66011 Home Health Aides (*) $9.17 $8.23 $17,120 1.7%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 80 $12.26 $10.98 $22,840 8.9%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 190 $10.76 $10.28 $21,380 2.2%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 480 $6.71 $6.98 $14,520 1.6%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,170 $7.62 $8.41 $17,490 2.9%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 80 $9.03 $9.79 $20,350 14.6%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 120 $10.86 $10.91 $22,690 10.1%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 160 $6.66 $7.22 $15,020 5.2%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 230 $7.64 $7.75 $16,130 5.1%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides (*) $7.43 $7.48 $15,560 3.0%
    68038 Child Care Workers 410 $6.26 $6.89 $14,320 2.9%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 220 $8.06 $9.22 $19,170 1.7%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers (*) $11.12 $13.11 $27,270 9.3%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 50 $6.07 $6.68 $13,880 4.7%
    79021 Farm Equipment Operators 90 $8.00 $8.21 $17,070 3.9%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 700 $8.76 $9.77 $20,320 2.3%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 40 $7.74 $8.09 $16,820 9.6%
    79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 670 $6.23 $6.50 $13,530 4.3%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 220 $18.51 $20.49 $42,620 2.3%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 160 $19.72 $21.66 $45,040 2.2%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers (*) $13.12 $13.92 $28,940 10.6%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 30 $11.66 $13.90 $28,910 2.0%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 90 $15.97 $17.28 $35,940 1.4%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 100 $8.44 $9.63 $20,030 2.0%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 120 $12.25 $12.25 $25,470 4.0%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 790 $11.68 $11.88 $24,700 3.5%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 460 $13.52 $13.85 $28,810 2.4%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 100 $12.35 $13.80 $28,700 7.3%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 50 $14.24 $14.29 $29,720 3.1%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics (*) $11.32 $11.78 $24,500 2.9%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 90 $22.04 $20.12 $41,850 3.2%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 30 $11.59 $10.61 $22,070 3.8%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 90 $12.36 $13.02 $27,070 4.5%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 40 $11.37 $11.44 $23,780 1.5%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 60 $8.31 $8.41 $17,490 2.3%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 120 $12.64 $14.48 $30,110 1.4%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 510 $14.23 $15.11 $31,420 4.5%
    87202 Electricians 130 $15.53 $17.45 $36,300 5.5%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 90 $15.44 $16.87 $35,090 9.3%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons (*) $14.84 $14.35 $29,840 3.4%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 160 $11.61 $12.70 $26,410 1.4%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 140 $13.06 $14.24 $29,610 2.9%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 60 $16.71 $20.72 $43,100 19.8%
    87808 Roofers 90 $12.26 $12.19 $25,360 4.3%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers (*) $13.20 $16.00 $33,280 2.6%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89108 Machinists 80 $11.24 $11.83 $24,600 1.9%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 60 $10.91 $11.08 $23,040 1.4%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 300 $10.07 $10.80 $22,470 4.6%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 $13.67 $12.87 $26,760 1.8%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $7.57 $7.83 $16,290 2.1%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $11.56 $12.12 $25,200 2.3%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 80 $7.04 $7.15 $14,880 1.8%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 60 $7.64 $10.55 $21,940 8.1%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 30 $6.98 $7.12 $14,810 2.4%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment (*) $10.44 $9.12 $18,970 7.6%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93914 Welders and Cutters 280 $11.70 $11.68 $24,300 1.6%
    93917 Solderers and Brazers (*) $12.16 $11.62 $24,180 17.8%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision (*) $9.45 $9.44 $19,640 1.2%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 100 $7.99 $8.24 $17,140 1.8%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 80 $11.04 $12.00 $24,950 7.4%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 430 $12.03 $12.80 $26,620 3.0%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 780 $7.72 $9.70 $20,170 9.6%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 100 $9.87 $10.06 $20,930 7.5%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 120 $15.06 $15.07 $31,350 4.6%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 40 $12.22 $11.64 $24,200 5.2%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 70 $6.30 $6.88 $14,320 4.1%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 200 $6.78 $8.20 $17,050 2.6%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 30 $23.73 $28.87 $60,050 22.3%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 100 $12.51 $13.13 $27,320 3.5%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 30 $18.62 $17.77 $36,950 2.3%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers (*) $9.59 $10.23 $21,270 7.4%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 70 $10.25 $10.79 $22,440 2.1%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 40 $7.80 $7.82 $16,260 3.2%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 40 $10.37 $16.60 $34,520 8.3%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 220 $7.45 $7.82 $16,270 1.2%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 720 $7.25 $7.58 $15,770 1.1%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners (*) $6.22 $6.66 $13,840 3.0%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 460 $8.25 $8.79 $18,280 2.1%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for California

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001