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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Columbus (Georgia-Alabama) MSA

The Columbus metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes parts of Georgia and Alabama.

Occupational divisions in Columbus:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 590 $23.97 $26.43 $54,980 4.2%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 220 $20.11 $21.11 $43,900 2.4%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 120 $19.33 $21.84 $45,420 3.4%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 380 $24.98 $26.29 $54,690 2.0%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 300 $19.66 $21.42 $44,560 3.2%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 200 $34.91 $32.95 $68,540 2.8%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 330 $25.22 $26.00 $54,080 2.5%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 180 $26.42 $30.99 $64,450 9.7%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 110 $16.55 $17.73 $36,880 3.8%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 170 $25.64 $26.08 $54,250 2.1%
    15017 Construction Managers 190 $21.00 $23.88 $49,680 4.4%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 180 $23.24 $24.64 $51,240 5.7%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 300 $13.51 $14.76 $30,700 2.2%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers (*) $10.62 $11.00 $22,880 7.2%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators (*) $26.38 $27.57 $57,340 10.7%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 2,770 $22.97 $27.10 $56,370 1.6%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 420 $22.54 $25.37 $52,770 3.9%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters (*) $19.96 $21.91 $45,580 10.1%
    21105 Credit Analysts 30 $15.36 $17.68 $36,770 5.7%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 270 $19.08 $21.09 $43,870 9.2%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 750 $17.46 $18.28 $38,020 4.1%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 140 $16.52 $17.01 $35,380 4.6%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 50 $15.93 $18.40 $38,270 5.0%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 150 $18.23 $19.38 $40,300 3.0%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 40 $20.51 $18.52 $38,520 9.3%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 440 $16.58 $18.40 $38,270 2.8%
    21902 Cost Estimators 80 $17.90 $19.29 $40,110 2.0%
    21905 Management Analysts 110 $18.43 $20.43 $42,500 5.6%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 50 $16.81 $16.50 $34,310 3.2%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 120 $14.48 $15.61 $32,470 1.4%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 650 $15.87 $16.82 $34,990 1.7%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 70 $23.69 $24.90 $51,790 4.0%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 90 $25.09 $25.73 $53,520 3.0%
    22127 Computer Engineers 80 $25.75 $26.49 $55,100 4.1%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 90 $20.93 $21.63 $45,000 1.7%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 130 $21.64 $22.26 $46,300 2.1%
    22199 All Other Engineers 150 $25.03 $25.34 $52,710 3.3%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists (*) $11.85 $16.20 $33,700 6.4%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 80 $15.32 $15.83 $32,930 1.1%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 70 $15.03 $17.49 $36,380 4.9%
    22514 Drafters 120 $13.00 $13.47 $28,010 4.6%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 40 $8.67 $10.60 $22,050 1.6%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 130 $16.58 $18.01 $37,460 3.2%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 30 $14.46 $15.18 $31,580 1.9%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 360 $24.25 $25.11 $52,230 2.7%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 70 $16.32 $18.51 $38,500 3.3%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists (*) $15.87 $18.49 $38,460 7.7%
    25105 Computer Programmers 340 $20.57 $21.58 $44,880 4.4%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides (*) $12.98 $14.63 $30,430 6.7%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 30 $18.44 $20.60 $42,850 4.2%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer (*) $21.55 $22.51 $46,820 4.0%
    25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 30 $17.41 $17.27 $35,920 3.2%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27108 Psychologists 100 $25.73 $25.04 $52,080 4.1%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 230 $15.98 $17.23 $35,830 3.0%
    27311 Recreation Workers 220 $10.17 $10.66 $22,180 4.5%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28102 Judges and Magistrates 40 $26.21 $31.29 $65,070 26.9%
    28108 Lawyers 210 $45.16 $41.34** $85,980** 12.6%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 40 $14.70 $16.42 $34,160 8.0%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 50 * * $48,560 3.0%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $50,370 4.4%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $64,430 5.5%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 230 $10.13 $9.95 $20,690 4.6%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 260 * * $36,860 2.1%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,560 * * $36,420 2.0%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 880 * * $38,040 2.5%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 350 * * $38,620 3.3%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 830 $18.13 $18.83 $39,170 2.6%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 220 $17.03 $16.75 $34,830 5.1%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 30 * * $43,670 4.5%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 130 $19.27 $20.12 $41,840 3.0%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 130 $20.65 $20.25 $42,110 2.5%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 1,320 $6.36 $6.67 $13,880 3.8%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 520 # $54.46** $113,270** 12.5%
    32105 Dentists 50 # $45.40** $94,430** 23.3%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 30 $24.82 $33.39 $69,460 16.3%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists (*) $16.50 $16.56 $34,450 1.2%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 60 $18.55 $18.30 $38,060 7.1%
    32308 Physical Therapists 80 $23.61 $24.63 $51,220 3.6%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 60 $20.09 $20.29 $42,200 2.9%
    32399 All Other Therapists 70 $14.09 $14.67 $30,510 1.2%
    32502 Registered Nurses 1,810 $19.86 $20.49 $42,620 3.0%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 860 $11.29 $11.52 $23,970 1.4%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 100 $7.67 $8.37 $17,410 5.2%
    32511 Physician Assistants 110 $33.14 $31.35 $65,220 8.2%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 30 $12.24 $12.75 $26,530 5.9%
    32517 Pharmacists 190 $30.65 $28.46 $59,190 3.4%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 180 $8.08 $8.43 $17,530 2.5%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 40 $15.91 $16.21 $33,710 1.8%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 110 $16.39 $16.02 $33,320 2.9%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 170 $11.06 $11.86 $24,670 13.3%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 130 $15.11 $15.06 $31,320 3.0%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 130 $9.99 $9.85 $20,490 2.1%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 120 $14.93 $15.26 $31,740 2.4%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 50 $10.43 $10.76 $22,380 2.6%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 50 $8.50 $8.43 $17,540 3.3%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 410 $11.49 $13.02 $27,080 1.4%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 90 $14.14 $15.33 $31,880 1.2%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 40 $14.51 $15.83 $32,920 2.8%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 70 $12.25 $12.63 $26,270 1.1%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 150 $6.02 $9.45 $19,650 19.1%
    34023 Photographers 70 $9.22 $9.96 $20,720 4.4%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 60 $6.15 $7.26 $15,090 2.7%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 50 $9.45 $9.45 $19,650 2.7%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 110 $12.90 $13.13 $27,300 0.9%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 90 $16.22 $15.52 $32,270 2.5%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 50 * * $25,940 1.3%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 420 $18.02 $19.14 $39,810 5.8%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,550 $12.81 $15.68 $32,620 3.9%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 230 $19.41 $19.92 $41,430 10.0%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate 30 $13.54 $16.05 $33,390 12.1%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 110 $10.12 $13.65 $28,380 6.6%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 30 $13.76 $15.70 $32,660 9.0%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 150 $15.23 $21.36 $44,420 13.5%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 300 $12.97 $14.83 $30,850 7.4%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 90 $15.64 $16.77 $34,880 4.8%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services (*) $12.07 $18.38 $38,230 23.2%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 30 $24.55 $31.18 $64,860 7.4%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 130 $20.34 $23.54 $48,960 4.6%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 660 $16.65 $18.77 $39,050 3.3%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 3,800 $7.18 $8.60 $17,890 4.9%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 330 $9.89 $11.14 $23,180 8.5%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 630 $6.45 $7.07 $14,710 2.3%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,160 $6.91 $7.28 $15,140 1.2%
    49023 Cashiers 3,680 $6.18 $6.51 $13,530 0.9%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 210 $8.47 $8.70 $18,090 3.5%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 270 $10.55 $13.00 $27,040 1.2%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,180 $12.97 $14.07 $29,270 1.6%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 460 $7.73 $7.76 $16,150 1.4%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 190 $9.87 $9.62 $20,020 1.8%
    53117 Credit Checkers 30 $9.18 $11.01 $22,900 7.2%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 170 $8.86 $9.43 $19,620 5.7%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 310 $8.88 $9.43 $19,620 2.2%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 40 $10.32 $10.61 $22,080 3.2%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (*) $21.77 $21.80 $45,350 2.3%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 130 $9.82 $9.81 $20,410 2.2%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks (*) $8.63 $10.65 $22,150 5.3%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 250 $9.95 $9.79 $20,370 3.9%
    53702 Court Clerks (*) $9.87 $10.56 $21,970 4.3%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 100 $10.99 $12.90 $26,840 16.9%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 90 $6.78 $6.96 $14,480 2.7%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 90 $8.58 $8.40 $17,460 3.6%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 180 $7.02 $7.11 $14,800 3.6%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 170 $6.61 $7.11 $14,780 7.5%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 240 $10.58 $10.44 $21,710 8.7%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 270 $9.55 $9.61 $19,990 3.7%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 2,200 $9.85 $9.98 $20,750 1.2%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,050 $7.68 $7.74 $16,090 1.1%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 210 $8.69 $8.93 $18,580 2.4%
    55317 Correspondence Clerks 50 $8.62 $8.84 $18,380 4.8%
    55321 File Clerks 270 $6.98 $7.30 $15,180 3.5%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 330 $9.91 $10.18 $21,170 2.2%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 70 $9.56 $9.57 $19,910 0.9%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 130 $9.14 $9.67 $20,120 2.8%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 80 $8.28 $8.38 $17,430 1.7%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,600 $10.31 $10.26 $21,340 1.0%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 240 $10.82 $10.84 $22,550 1.0%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 360 $10.32 $9.85 $20,490 1.0%
    55347 General Office Clerks 2,330 $8.32 $9.21 $19,150 1.9%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 140 $8.10 $8.35 $17,360 1.3%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators (*) $10.48 $12.59 $26,190 2.2%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment (*) $10.70 $11.29 $23,480 1.3%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 530 $9.18 $8.98 $18,670 3.7%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 310 $7.69 $7.96 $16,550 3.9%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 80 $8.61 $8.29 $17,250 4.5%
    57311 Messengers 60 $7.59 $7.50 $15,600 3.3%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 150 $10.27 $11.20 $23,300 1.7%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 190 $12.96 $13.09 $27,230 1.3%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 110 $8.33 $9.48 $19,720 5.1%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 30 $9.17 $9.17 $19,060 1.6%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 730 $9.28 $9.56 $19,880 1.1%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 120 $7.67 $7.73 $16,070 1.1%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 740 $10.09 $10.73 $22,320 2.4%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 90 $10.29 $11.45 $23,820 1.2%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 670 $10.86 $10.84 $22,550 5.1%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors (*) $6.73 $14.66 $30,490 13.1%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 60 $14.26 $16.19 $33,670 8.0%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 100 $8.26 $9.12 $18,970 6.8%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 1,340 $10.20 $10.81 $22,490 1.7%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 170 $9.05 $10.06 $20,910 8.1%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 1,090 $7.15 $7.43 $15,450 2.1%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 210 $5.72 $5.81 $12,080 2.6%
    65005 Bartenders 160 $5.73 $5.79 $12,030 2.0%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 1,620 $5.69 $5.61 $11,680 1.5%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 220 $5.81 $5.98 $12,440 3.7%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 290 $5.83 $5.89 $12,250 2.7%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 40 $6.12 $6.71 $13,950 3.7%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 190 $9.71 $9.84 $20,470 1.4%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 720 $7.37 $7.47 $15,540 2.7%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 430 $6.09 $6.61 $13,750 1.7%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 650 $5.88 $6.09 $12,670 2.1%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 110 $6.84 $7.14 $14,860 2.6%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 1,930 $6.04 $6.24 $12,990 2.0%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,760 $5.94 $6.11 $12,710 3.0%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 190 $10.11 $10.16 $21,120 3.1%
    66005 Medical Assistants 340 $7.93 $8.32 $17,300 4.9%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,310 $7.20 $7.27 $15,130 1.5%
    66011 Home Health Aides 260 $7.60 $7.59 $15,780 2.1%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 70 $7.42 $8.05 $16,750 3.5%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 200 $8.65 $9.00 $18,720 3.4%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 730 $6.01 $6.28 $13,060 1.4%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,520 $6.57 $6.85 $14,250 1.5%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 60 $11.52 $11.67 $24,280 1.9%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 150 $7.57 $7.56 $15,720 1.7%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 280 $7.26 $7.92 $16,460 3.4%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 330 $6.52 $6.97 $14,490 2.4%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 60 $5.81 $5.56 $11,560 3.1%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 30 $6.87 $7.08 $14,720 6.7%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 130 $6.83 $6.95 $14,460 2.1%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 30 $12.78 $13.37 $27,810 2.4%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 60 $6.99 $7.03 $14,620 2.7%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 790 $7.32 $7.44 $15,480 1.4%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 30 $6.14 $6.69 $13,920 7.7%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 30 $8.61 $9.25 $19,240 1.5%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 410 $16.48 $17.32 $36,020 2.4%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 260 $15.04 $15.52 $32,280 1.9%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 610 $15.48 $16.15 $33,580 0.9%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 110 $13.51 $14.12 $29,380 11.2%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 170 $11.66 $13.01 $27,050 2.0%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 210 $13.53 $15.58 $32,410 4.6%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 120 $10.10 $11.06 $23,010 1.5%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 620 $9.58 $9.69 $20,160 0.9%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 40 $9.46 $10.21 $21,240 7.7%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 380 $13.69 $14.09 $29,300 0.9%
    85112 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Textile Machines 380 $12.50 $12.31 $25,600 1.3%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 50 $11.67 $14.45 $30,050 1.9%
    85123 Millwrights 70 $13.48 $13.74 $28,570 1.0%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 120 $10.65 $10.76 $22,380 2.3%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 1,230 $10.42 $10.73 $22,320 1.8%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 510 $12.03 $12.72 $26,460 2.6%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 200 $12.09 $13.13 $27,310 7.0%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 160 $12.56 $13.15 $27,360 2.1%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics 50 $16.12 $16.27 $33,830 2.3%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 30 $10.72 $10.47 $21,770 4.4%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 30 $11.07 $11.79 $24,510 1.4%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers (*) $17.01 $15.84 $32,950 9.2%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 30 $13.61 $12.67 $26,360 7.3%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 30 $13.40 $13.14 $27,330 9.5%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 60 $15.44 $15.69 $32,630 1.3%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 250 $12.82 $12.93 $26,890 2.4%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers (*) $10.66 $10.87 $22,610 9.5%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 30 $10.13 $10.21 $21,240 1.3%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 40 $6.81 $7.23 $15,050 4.9%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 290 $12.75 $13.22 $27,490 2.8%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 520 $11.16 $11.70 $24,330 3.0%
    87202 Electricians 590 $12.95 $12.92 $26,860 1.6%
    87302 Brickmasons 90 $10.24 $9.81 $20,400 12.1%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 80 $9.12 $9.30 $19,350 3.0%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 370 $11.74 $11.62 $24,170 4.1%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 330 $12.19 $12.40 $25,790 3.1%
    87508 Pipelayers 110 $9.44 $9.59 $19,940 1.2%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 60 $9.37 $9.13 $19,000 1.3%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 90 $9.12 $9.01 $18,750 1.9%
    87802 Insulation Workers (*) $10.64 $10.40 $21,620 7.7%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 30 $12.57 $12.19 $25,350 5.7%
    87808 Roofers 80 $11.28 $11.10 $23,090 3.9%
    87811 Glaziers 30 $10.20 $10.30 $21,420 2.3%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 40 $15.54 $15.53 $32,300 1.6%
    89108 Machinists 400 $11.87 $12.28 $25,540 4.4%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 140 $10.58 $10.99 $22,850 1.6%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 70 $9.47 $9.48 $19,720 1.2%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 30 $7.92 $8.04 $16,730 1.8%
    89508 Upholsterers 40 $9.18 $8.72 $18,130 6.0%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 40 $6.05 $6.28 $13,070 7.6%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing (*) $12.21 $12.11 $25,190 1.6%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 40 $10.77 $11.40 $23,710 8.8%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $9.59 $10.51 $21,860 8.1%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $11.11 $10.81 $22,490 1.2%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 170 $10.13 $10.46 $21,760 5.5%
    91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $11.08 $12.33 $25,650 9.6%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 40 $8.16 $8.40 $17,470 2.3%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 90 $12.02 $12.47 $25,940 10.6%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $10.74 $10.60 $22,050 2.3%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 40 $9.88 $10.12 $21,050 3.9%
    92702 Textile Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 640 $10.71 $10.36 $21,540 1.8%
    92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 1,320 $9.95 $10.14 $21,090 1.2%
    92711 Textile Draw-Out Machine Operators and Tenders 300 $9.57 $9.39 $19,530 2.4%
    92714 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 210 $9.14 $9.05 $18,830 2.6%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 130 $6.83 $7.13 $14,820 2.0%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 310 $9.27 $8.88 $18,460 1.7%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 80 $6.11 $6.53 $13,590 2.3%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 130 $5.96 $6.90 $14,340 2.4%
    92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 120 $11.70 $11.51 $23,930 1.7%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 40 $12.48 $12.92 $26,880 9.0%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $9.72 $9.70 $20,180 1.8%
    92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 90 $9.53 $10.07 $20,950 2.0%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 100 $9.59 $9.57 $19,900 3.0%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 340 $9.53 $9.46 $19,670 1.1%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 160 $6.06 $8.15 $16,950 3.7%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 520 $9.54 $10.33 $21,480 1.7%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision (*) $11.12 $11.04 $22,970 1.4%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 190 $10.90 $11.71 $24,350 1.7%
    93941 Metal Pourers and Casters, Basic Shapes (*) $9.94 $10.45 $21,730 6.4%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand (*) $9.14 $8.50 $17,670 2.8%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 710 $11.06 $10.97 $22,820 3.2%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 340 $8.76 $9.52 $19,800 1.1%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 170 $9.91 $10.39 $21,610 8.7%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 70 $11.57 $12.82 $26,670 4.3%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 1,150 $11.24 $12.08 $25,120 2.9%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 1,090 $7.91 $8.55 $17,780 2.4%
    97108 Bus Drivers (*) $8.21 $9.76 $20,310 1.7%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School (*) $13.13 $11.82 $24,580 17.1%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 310 $8.07 $9.93 $20,650 7.8%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 130 $7.59 $7.55 $15,710 5.7%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 110 $11.46 $11.20 $23,290 2.3%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 90 $10.65 $10.35 $21,530 2.1%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 50 $9.76 $10.71 $22,280 4.3%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 570 $9.54 $9.98 $20,760 1.6%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 30 $7.95 $8.05 $16,740 1.7%
    97956 Operating Engineers 50 $11.19 $12.29 $25,560 1.3%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 230 $8.93 $8.77 $18,250 2.0%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 80 $7.68 $8.07 $16,770 5.7%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 210 $7.02 $7.18 $14,920 3.0%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 220 $7.51 $7.73 $16,090 2.1%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 30 $8.86 $8.45 $17,580 3.9%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 80 $7.95 $8.19 $17,040 3.7%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 30 $7.83 $8.10 $16,860 2.8%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 270 $8.75 $9.08 $18,880 1.9%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 100 $6.30 $6.80 $14,150 3.3%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 960 $7.82 $8.11 $16,860 2.3%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 910 $6.96 $7.43 $15,450 1.7%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 330 $6.84 $7.18 $14,940 3.4%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,380 $7.27 $7.54 $15,680 2.0%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001