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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Duluth-Superior (Minnesota-Wisconsin) MSA

The Duluth-Superior metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes parts of Minnesota and Wisconsin.

Occupational divisions in Duluth-Superior:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 420 $21.97 $24.82 $51,620 2.6%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 110 $22.09 $23.91 $49,730 2.4%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 110 $16.97 $17.84 $37,110 2.9%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 350 $20.08 $22.44 $46,680 2.5%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 220 $18.52 $20.52 $42,690 4.1%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 180 $32.83 $29.89 $62,180 2.1%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 330 $31.98 $28.19 $58,640 3.9%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 240 $26.19 $26.48 $55,080 2.2%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 70 $9.91 $11.52 $23,960 8.7%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 80 $22.78 $25.76 $53,580 2.3%
    15017 Construction Managers 100 $21.23 $21.37 $44,460 4.0%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 60 $25.04 $26.01 $54,110 2.6%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 310 $10.29 $11.16 $23,210 6.8%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 90 $5.81 $10.66 $22,170 20.7%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 2,810 $19.97 $23.41 $48,690 2.7%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 560 $19.60 $20.15 $41,920 2.8%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 180 $12.53 $14.18 $29,490 3.1%
    21111 Tax Preparers 40 $10.06 $10.51 $21,860 13.9%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 580 $16.76 $17.47 $36,350 1.5%
    21117 Budget Analysts 30 $22.71 $23.47 $48,820 3.8%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 120 $19.68 $20.87 $43,420 2.4%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 70 $13.33 $13.76 $28,630 3.1%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 120 $16.88 $16.84 $35,030 1.3%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance (*) $11.96 $13.47 $28,020 11.0%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 330 $17.19 $17.83 $37,080 6.4%
    21902 Cost Estimators 120 $15.63 $16.56 $34,450 2.4%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 40 $15.06 $13.98 $29,070 6.8%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 90 $18.71 $19.28 $40,090 3.0%
    21917 Assessors 50 $14.41 $14.82 $30,830 7.2%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 730 $16.37 $17.97 $37,370 1.5%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 130 $21.09 $22.19 $46,150 2.1%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 90 $29.92 $28.78 $59,870 5.5%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 50 $23.84 $24.17 $50,270 4.4%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 80 $23.54 $24.56 $51,080 2.2%
    22199 All Other Engineers 160 $25.94 $24.77 $51,510 2.7%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 40 $18.37 $21.38 $44,470 3.5%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists (*) $10.65 $12.50 $26,000 8.0%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 180 $17.38 $17.04 $35,450 3.0%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 110 $18.30 $18.48 $38,440 3.2%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 30 $17.66 $17.54 $36,480 2.5%
    22514 Drafters 150 $14.39 $15.35 $31,930 2.9%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 60 $13.35 $14.47 $30,090 4.4%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 300 $19.97 $20.26 $42,130 2.7%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 80 $18.81 $20.59 $42,830 4.7%
    24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 50 $20.46 $20.89 $43,450 2.3%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists 140 $16.90 $17.68 $36,770 2.8%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 40 $11.21 $12.34 $25,660 9.0%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 140 $12.76 $13.33 $27,720 2.8%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 150 $22.87 $23.88 $49,660 3.0%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 30 $21.76 $21.98 $45,710 3.4%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 190 $16.68 $17.37 $36,130 1.8%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 40 $12.39 $12.34 $25,680 3.4%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27108 Psychologists 120 $22.03 $22.37 $46,520 2.1%
    27199 All Other Social Scientists 40 $20.30 $21.83 $45,410 3.1%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 330 $16.12 $16.18 $33,660 2.2%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 540 $20.88 $19.87 $41,330 8.0%
    27307 Residential Counselors 660 $8.24 $8.84 $18,390 2.8%
    27308 Human Services Workers 500 $10.30 $10.71 $22,280 3.6%
    27311 Recreation Workers 280 $6.89 $7.78 $16,180 2.4%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28105 Adjudicators, Hearings Officers, and Judicial Reviewers 40 $17.80 $19.51 $40,580 2.4%
    28108 Lawyers 290 $32.30 $30.78 $64,030 4.6%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 130 $15.22 $15.39 $32,000 4.2%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 60 * * $44,760 3.4%
    31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $53,760 8.0%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 130 $12.21 $12.49 $25,990 4.4%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 120 * * $37,220 3.6%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,610 * * $35,910 3.4%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 1,130 * * $39,150 1.5%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 340 * * $39,530 3.0%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 230 $19.33 $19.70 $40,970 1.4%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 70 $10.91 $11.64 $24,220 5.7%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 280 $7.23 $8.47 $17,610 4.3%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 450 * * $23,240 3.9%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 110 $18.00 $17.68 $36,770 3.3%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 40 $11.42 $10.29 $21,410 5.5%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 30 $18.13 $18.45 $38,370 5.5%
    31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 30 $10.75 $12.82 $26,660 4.9%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 110 $16.27 $18.29 $38,050 3.5%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 110 $22.17 $22.74 $47,300 5.4%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 700 $9.73 $9.38 $19,500 3.8%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 360 # $56.54** $117,610** 18.5%
    32105 Dentists 80 # $50.93** $105,920** 16.0%
    32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners (*) $8.91 $9.74 $20,270 8.9%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 110 $16.47 $17.01 $35,390 1.4%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 70 $20.47 $20.38 $42,380 1.9%
    32308 Physical Therapists 150 $23.62 $24.98 $51,950 3.8%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 90 $22.16 $21.69 $45,120 1.8%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 40 $11.66 $11.78 $24,500 2.1%
    32502 Registered Nurses 2,880 $21.61 $23.13 $48,110 2.6%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 1,020 $12.61 $12.68 $26,380 1.3%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 300 $10.64 $10.04 $20,890 5.3%
    32511 Physician Assistants 50 $31.35 $28.62 $59,520 8.3%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 100 $10.23 $10.26 $21,350 12.0%
    32517 Pharmacists 180 $32.02 $28.56 $59,390 3.3%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 170 $9.86 $10.11 $21,020 1.9%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 60 $15.62 $16.07 $33,420 3.5%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 180 $19.49 $18.79 $39,070 2.9%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 140 $12.96 $13.38 $27,840 2.5%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 150 $17.73 $16.42 $34,150 6.3%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 110 $10.74 $11.84 $24,630 2.4%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 260 $15.27 $15.72 $32,700 2.3%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 40 $17.83 $17.65 $36,700 1.5%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 40 $11.04 $12.34 $25,660 2.9%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 100 $13.75 $14.30 $29,750 1.1%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 30 $9.08 $9.29 $19,320 2.9%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 420 $13.80 $15.21 $31,630 2.2%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 90 $13.06 $14.32 $29,780 3.1%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 130 $14.63 $15.66 $32,580 3.3%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 80 $16.34 $18.11 $37,670 14.1%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 130 $7.48 $8.62 $17,920 5.1%
    34023 Photographers 50 $11.12 $12.32 $25,620 9.0%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 40 $14.27 $14.17 $29,470 5.6%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 60 $13.37 $14.09 $29,300 2.4%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 140 $11.45 $12.05 $25,070 3.1%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 50 $18.74 $24.58 $51,130 15.9%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 670 $15.24 $16.51 $34,350 2.2%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,470 $11.29 $13.43 $27,920 2.1%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 170 $18.58 $20.01 $41,610 6.2%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 70 $26.07 $32.92 $68,480 12.3%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 70 $12.61 $15.58 $32,410 9.6%
    43021 Travel Agents 40 $8.26 $8.37 $17,420 3.9%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 120 $12.11 $12.75 $26,520 2.0%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 40 $13.46 $16.00 $33,280 9.8%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 30 $25.28 $26.80 $55,750 4.5%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 240 $16.79 $17.59 $36,590 3.3%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 760 $15.43 $17.39 $36,170 2.9%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 3,970 $7.01 $8.17 $17,000 1.3%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 250 $11.64 $11.93 $24,820 2.9%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 510 $6.04 $6.30 $13,110 1.7%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,200 $6.84 $7.50 $15,590 1.6%
    49023 Cashiers 3,430 $6.34 $7.11 $14,790 1.4%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 1,380 $7.51 $7.52 $15,640 2.2%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 600 $6.81 $9.55 $19,860 3.8%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,060 $12.44 $13.83 $28,770 2.4%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 560 $7.59 $7.61 $15,830 1.1%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 50 $8.23 $8.71 $18,110 4.4%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 80 $8.52 $8.92 $18,550 2.6%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators (*) $13.13 $15.81 $32,880 8.1%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 110 $9.89 $10.09 $20,990 3.1%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 50 $10.52 $11.01 $22,910 5.0%
    53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 270 $16.20 $16.23 $33,750 5.4%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 100 $12.17 $12.01 $24,980 1.2%
    53705 Municipal Clerks (*) $8.25 $10.93 $22,730 6.8%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 150 $6.56 $6.67 $13,870 1.7%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 80 $8.37 $9.60 $19,960 3.0%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 440 $7.96 $8.39 $17,440 2.9%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 200 $11.12 $10.89 $22,650 2.9%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 350 $10.17 $10.20 $21,210 1.5%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 1,620 $10.32 $10.77 $22,390 1.4%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 80 $11.87 $12.63 $26,260 1.0%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,040 $8.17 $8.42 $17,520 1.3%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 340 $11.17 $10.96 $22,810 3.0%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 90 $13.06 $12.98 $27,010 0.9%
    55321 File Clerks 100 $9.54 $10.19 $21,190 1.7%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 190 $10.22 $10.46 $21,750 2.3%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 40 $8.69 $9.65 $20,080 3.0%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 90 $9.46 $9.24 $19,220 1.5%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,510 $10.39 $10.55 $21,950 1.1%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 120 $12.61 $12.35 $25,680 1.9%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 260 $10.21 $10.64 $22,130 1.6%
    55347 General Office Clerks 2,310 $9.31 $9.70 $20,170 0.9%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 50 $10.13 $10.95 $22,770 1.9%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 30 $6.60 $8.02 $16,690 5.6%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 150 $10.08 $11.41 $23,720 0.8%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 150 $8.67 $9.16 $19,050 1.2%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 110 $7.98 $8.06 $16,750 1.6%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 30 $8.48 $9.01 $18,750 1.3%
    57311 Messengers 30 $8.57 $8.21 $17,080 1.7%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 60 $13.82 $13.52 $28,110 1.3%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 70 $14.09 $13.64 $28,370 2.1%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 150 $15.89 $15.97 $33,210 1.2%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 30 $15.97 $16.26 $33,820 2.0%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 560 $8.25 $9.57 $19,910 1.6%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 90 $8.35 $8.57 $17,830 3.1%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 540 $10.45 $11.53 $23,970 3.3%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 60 $10.99 $12.99 $27,030 2.2%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 410 $9.73 $10.27 $21,360 1.4%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors (*) $5.79 $9.59 $19,940 8.8%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 70 $20.62 $21.75 $45,230 3.1%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 90 $10.00 $10.11 $21,030 5.1%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 900 $9.52 $10.65 $22,140 3.2%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63008 Fire Fighters 160 $13.39 $13.11 $27,270 9.9%
    63011 Police Detectives 40 $19.78 $20.50 $42,640 4.0%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 280 $17.64 $17.11 $35,590 3.4%
    63044 Crossing Guards 40 $7.38 $7.62 $15,850 4.4%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 540 $6.95 $7.61 $15,820 2.4%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 300 $7.45 $7.99 $16,620 2.4%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 230 $6.00 $6.40 $13,310 2.5%
    65005 Bartenders 1,160 $6.09 $6.25 $13,010 2.9%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 2,120 $5.76 $5.64 $11,730 1.2%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 360 $5.83 $5.89 $12,240 1.7%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 350 $6.10 $6.85 $14,250 4.2%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 270 $8.38 $8.73 $18,160 2.2%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 130 $15.38 $14.70 $30,570 3.3%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 790 $6.56 $6.97 $14,490 2.1%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 380 $8.17 $8.60 $17,880 3.8%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 390 $5.87 $5.83 $12,120 3.7%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 220 $6.68 $6.85 $14,250 4.2%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 1,170 $7.08 $7.37 $15,320 1.3%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,570 $5.87 $5.98 $12,430 1.5%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 670 $5.88 $6.74 $14,020 3.4%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 230 $10.73 $10.47 $21,770 4.3%
    66005 Medical Assistants 290 $10.05 $9.88 $20,550 1.6%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,790 $8.72 $8.79 $18,280 1.4%
    66011 Home Health Aides 950 $7.54 $7.90 $16,440 2.9%
    66014 Psychiatric Aides 40 $8.08 $8.12 $16,880 7.4%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 120 $12.45 $12.26 $25,510 1.8%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 50 $12.96 $13.05 $27,150 0.9%
    66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians (*) $8.59 $8.32 $17,310 2.6%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 160 $8.23 $8.88 $18,480 1.4%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,030 $6.55 $7.04 $14,650 2.8%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,800 $7.26 $8.13 $16,920 1.5%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 290 $7.49 $8.29 $17,250 1.5%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68002 Barbers (*) $8.59 $8.89 $18,480 14.0%
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 390 $7.35 $7.68 $15,970 3.4%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 760 $5.92 $6.56 $13,640 3.6%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 50 $5.80 $5.59 $11,640 3.5%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 470 $7.89 $8.52 $17,710 1.5%
    68038 Child Care Workers 410 $5.84 $6.30 $13,100 1.9%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 30 $9.09 $8.59 $17,880 7.6%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 370 $6.33 $7.55 $15,700 3.1%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers (*) $14.46 $14.49 $30,140 2.0%
      Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 30 $12.68 $12.68 $26,380 2.3%
    73011 Logging Tractor Operators 70 $12.15 $11.78 $24,490 6.3%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 40 $6.06 $6.41 $13,330 2.2%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 840 $7.21 $8.49 $17,660 4.0%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 30 $7.70 $7.66 $15,930 3.2%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 30 $13.01 $14.82 $30,820 2.1%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 420 $19.41 $20.43 $42,480 1.8%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 190 $22.85 $24.39 $50,720 3.0%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 320 $17.77 $18.88 $39,270 1.4%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 120 $18.44 $19.03 $39,580 1.9%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 60 $17.07 $16.39 $34,090 1.8%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 540 $21.83 $21.66 $45,050 4.6%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 40 $13.18 $13.72 $28,540 1.1%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 150 $13.85 $12.89 $26,810 1.3%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 70 $15.20 $15.99 $33,260 1.7%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 290 $16.82 $17.73 $36,870 2.4%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 60 $18.15 $18.79 $39,080 4.0%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 210 $15.90 $15.60 $32,440 2.8%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 960 $10.87 $11.49 $23,890 1.5%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 570 $13.89 $13.61 $28,300 2.4%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 210 $13.74 $13.07 $27,190 4.5%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 300 $15.21 $14.81 $30,800 1.8%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 300 $16.13 $15.55 $32,350 2.8%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 30 $10.05 $10.22 $21,260 1.4%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 100 $19.66 $19.55 $40,670 3.6%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 130 $12.84 $13.62 $28,330 3.2%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 110 $22.09 $21.65 $45,020 1.6%
    85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 40 $18.64 $19.32 $40,180 3.3%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 110 $17.03 $16.71 $34,760 8.5%
    85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers (*) $18.11 $18.70 $38,900 4.3%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers (*) $8.69 $9.45 $19,660 6.5%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 80 $8.75 $9.22 $19,170 3.5%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 320 $17.01 $15.88 $33,020 1.4%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 550 $16.73 $16.35 $34,000 3.8%
    87202 Electricians 660 $20.01 $20.92 $43,510 2.9%
    87302 Brickmasons 110 $21.46 $20.74 $43,130 2.6%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 60 $17.72 $17.53 $36,450 2.6%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 170 $17.45 $16.12 $33,540 4.9%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 170 $22.86 $23.36 $48,580 5.9%
    87602 Carpet Installers (*) $15.52 $15.00 $31,190 4.8%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 80 $14.67 $15.48 $32,210 8.3%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 240 $16.07 $15.41 $32,050 2.2%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers (*) $17.75 $17.17 $35,700 3.9%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers (*) $12.90 $14.21 $29,560 3.4%
    87808 Roofers 160 $16.14 $16.53 $34,370 3.4%
    87811 Glaziers 40 $20.67 $18.46 $38,390 5.1%
    87905 Blasters and Explosives Workers 30 $16.48 $15.37 $31,970 2.0%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 30 $14.42 $14.31 $29,750 1.5%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89108 Machinists 320 $15.03 $14.44 $30,030 2.1%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 210 $21.57 $20.17 $41,950 2.8%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 40 $12.11 $13.16 $27,370 2.6%
    89717 Strippers 30 $14.79 $13.54 $28,170 1.8%
    89808 Food Batchmakers (*) $9.66 $9.67 $20,110 1.6%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 40 $12.79 $12.60 $26,200 2.2%
    91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 50 $15.70 $15.52 $32,270 4.1%
    91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $14.29 $13.33 $27,720 8.0%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $13.91 $12.30 $25,590 2.6%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 60 $12.72 $13.00 $27,040 1.6%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 60 $11.93 $11.43 $23,780 1.9%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $12.79 $12.76 $26,530 4.5%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 110 $6.42 $6.71 $13,950 3.1%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 40 $7.55 $7.66 $15,930 4.6%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 160 $8.20 $8.13 $16,900 1.4%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 80 $7.06 $7.05 $14,660 3.3%
    92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 80 $17.89 $17.35 $36,080 2.5%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $8.30 $8.67 $18,040 2.0%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 30 $9.61 $10.79 $22,430 5.5%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $9.24 $10.43 $21,680 3.8%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 200 $17.87 $17.38 $36,140 2.1%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93914 Welders and Cutters 510 $15.87 $15.72 $32,710 4.9%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 80 $14.60 $13.94 $29,000 3.9%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 510 $8.64 $9.47 $19,700 1.7%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 210 $9.57 $10.32 $21,460 0.8%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 90 $16.44 $16.76 $34,870 2.6%
    95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 100 $18.82 $20.21 $42,040 2.8%
    95032 Stationary Engineers 30 $16.27 $16.42 $34,160 1.8%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 180 $13.62 $13.39 $27,850 1.5%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 1,880 $13.43 $14.33 $29,800 3.0%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 1,060 $8.69 $10.13 $21,060 3.2%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 550 $9.78 $10.58 $22,000 11.3%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 40 $6.54 $10.94 $22,750 5.9%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 140 $11.59 $10.83 $22,530 1.7%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 160 $5.87 $6.31 $13,130 2.5%
    97808 Parking Lot Attendants (*) $6.30 $6.50 $13,520 2.6%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 90 $8.98 $12.45 $25,900 2.4%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 240 $17.85 $17.36 $36,100 1.8%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 220 $18.16 $17.64 $36,700 2.8%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 50 $16.27 $17.53 $36,470 2.2%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 220 $16.62 $14.37 $29,880 2.6%
    97956 Operating Engineers 340 $20.49 $19.30 $40,140 1.9%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 110 $14.75 $14.56 $30,290 2.6%
    97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 30 $14.81 $14.37 $29,890 4.5%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 140 $8.79 $9.25 $19,240 2.4%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 50 $15.95 $15.82 $32,900 5.1%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 110 $10.95 $11.98 $24,930 6.8%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers (*) $7.44 $7.60 $15,810 4.4%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 60 $12.47 $12.18 $25,330 5.9%
    98702 Stevedores, Except Equipment Operators (*) $17.73 $18.54 $38,570 6.6%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 120 $9.87 $10.16 $21,130 6.9%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 630 $10.62 $11.74 $24,420 1.7%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 370 $6.86 $7.58 $15,770 1.7%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 230 $6.64 $7.49 $15,590 2.3%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,220 $10.31 $10.87 $22,610 3.1%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001